The Walter Scott Medal for Valor is a medal awarded for acts of bravery by the Garda Síochána.
It is not a state award, being in the gift of the Garda Commissioner.
The Garda medal was instituted at the behest of Colonel Walter Scott, a New York City philanthropist who took an interest in policing. In 1923 he gave to the Garda a one thousand dollar gold Bond, which would pay in perpetuity for a gold medal.
The award was to be presented under the following condition: No action, however heroic, will merit the award of the Scott medal unless it takes the shape of an act of personal bravery, performed intelligently in the execution of duty at imminent risk to the life of the doer, and armed with full previous knowledge of the risk involved.
In 1942, the award condition was amended to most exceptional bravery and heroism involving the risk of life in the execution of duty.
The medal was designed by John F. Maxwell, a Dublin-based teacher who also designed the Garda Síochána crest. 44 millimetres (1.7 in) in diameter with five panels on the face. The inscription on the top panel is "The Scott Medal" and on the lower panel "For Valor" (note the American English usage of the word "valour"). On the right and left are the eagle and shield of the United States and the harp and sunburst of Ireland, respectively. The centerpiece is the Garda Crest with the intertwined letters G.S. for Garda Síochána.The medal is a Celtic cross which is
The reverse is inscribed "Gharda Síochána na h-Éireann". The four outside panels are the arms of the four provinces of Ireland, Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connaught. [ dubious ]
An Garda Síochána, more commonly referred to as the Gardaí or "the Guards", is the national police service of the Republic of Ireland. The service is headed by the Garda Commissioner who is appointed by the Irish Government. Its headquarters are in Dublin's Phoenix Park.
Detective Garda Jerry McCabe was a member of the Garda Síochána, the national police force of Ireland. McCabe was killed in Adare, County Limerick on 7 June 1996, by members of the Provisional IRA, during the attempted robbery of a post office van.
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Brian Connaughton, Garda Síochána and recipient of the Scott Medal, 8 October 1899 – 26 March 1983.
Henry L. Smith, was a Garda Síochána and recipient of the Scott Medal.
Joseph Scott was an Irish policeman with Garda Síochána and a recipient of the Scott Medal.
Vincent Nolan, Garda Síochána and recipient of the Scott Medal, 27 August 1936 – 25 January 1980.
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Patrick J. Molloy is an Irish law enforcement officer with Garda Síochána (22601G) and a recipient of the Scott Medal.
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Thomas J. Flaherty was an Irish policeman with Garda Síochána (22405G) and a recipient of the Scott Medal.
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Peter P. Canavan was an Irish policeman with the Garda Síochána (17441F) and a recipient of the Scott Medal.
Martin Donnellan, Garda Síochána Detective Sergeant 17179D and recipient of the Scott Medal, born 1948.
John M.G. Cosgrove, Garda Síochána 17458H and recipient of the Scott Medal, born 1949.
John Aiden Donnelly, Garda Síochána 20051D and recipient of the Scott Medal.
Samuel Donegan was a member of the Garda Síochána who was killed by a booby-trap bomb left by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in 1972.
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The Garryhinch ambush was a surprise attack on the Garda Síochána by the Provisional IRA on 16 October 1976. A bomb planted by the IRA in a farmhouse at Garryhinch on the County Laois-County Offaly border in the Republic of Ireland was detonated. Garda Michael Clerkin was killed in the blast, and four other Gardaí at the scene were badly wounded. The incident was one of the few occasions during The Troubles when police officers in the Republic of Ireland were deliberately targeted.