Seacliff State Beach

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Seacliff State Beach
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Location Aptos, California
Coordinates 36°58′20″N121°54′50″W / 36.97222°N 121.91389°W / 36.97222; -121.91389 Coordinates: 36°58′20″N121°54′50″W / 36.97222°N 121.91389°W / 36.97222; -121.91389
Established1931 [1]
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation
www.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=543

Seacliff State Beach is a state beach park on Monterey Bay, in the town of Aptos, Santa Cruz County, California. It is located off Highway 1 on State Park Drive, about 5 miles (8 km) south of Santa Cruz, . The beach is most known for the concrete ship SS Palo Alto lying in the water. North of Seacliff State Beach is New Brighton State Beach.

Contents

History

The beach was originally home to the Ohlone people. [1] Spanish missionaries established the Mission Santa Cruz about eight miles west of here.

In 1821, when Mexico gained independence from Spain the area was divided up into land grants. [2] The area of the beach was a part of the Rancho Aptos grant to Rafael Castro in 1833. [3] Castro worked with Claus Spreckels to establish the Castro-Spreckels wharf. The beach soon became a successful shipping port. The logging industry also thrived here with the local coast redwood trees.

The port facilitated major trade with the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. In 1838, King Kamehameha III requested that Mexican vaqueros from California travel to Hawaiʻi to teach Hawaiians how to manage herds of wild cattle. Seacliff became a popular place to recruit vaqueros, who were known as paniolos by the Hawaiians.

In the 1850s, Thomas Fallon acquired part of the beach and turned it into a resort. He named this new resort "New Brighton", in honor of his favorite seaside resort in England.

In the 1920s, after Claus Spreckels' death, sections of the beach were developed into the Seacliff Park and the Rio Del Mar Country Club. [4]

In 1930, the first California state grant for preserving land was granted for the beach and, in 1931, it became a state beach.

SS Palo Alto

The beach's most notable feature is the concrete ship SS Palo Alto lying at the end of a pier. The ship was hauled to Seacliff Beach in 1929 and sunk and turned into an amusement center, complete with a dance floor, cafe, pool, and carnival booths. [5] The Cal-Nevada Company constructed a dance floor on the main deck, a cafe in the superstructure of the ship, a 4-foot heated swimming pool and a series of carnival type concessions on the aft-deck. The Cal-Nevada Company went bankrupt after only two seasons and the ship was stripped. This left the pier and the ship used only for fishing. [6] It is now permanently closed to the public. In the 2016-2017 storm season, a section of the ship overturned, and the pier damaged. [7]

Animal and plant life

The beach is home to many types of birds and marine life, including mussels, ocean worms, sea stars, sea anemones, barnacles, rock crabs, harbor seals, anglers, flounder, mackerel, halibut, lingcod, perch, cabezon, jacksmelt, steelhead, anchovy, bocaccio (tomcod), kingfish, dark seabirds, sea lions, dolphins, harbor seals, sea otters and whales. The Palo Alto serves as a main place for marine life. [2]

Recreation

Seacliff includes RV facilities, picnic tables, and fire pits. It is also a popular place for surfing and fishing.

See also

Related Research Articles

Aptos, California Place in California, United States

Aptos is an unincorporated town in Santa Cruz County, California. The town is made up of several small villages, which together form Aptos: Aptos Hills-Larkin Valley, Aptos Village, Cabrillo, Seacliff, Rio del Mar, and Seascape. Together, they have a combined population of 24,402.

Rio del Mar, California Census-designated place in California, United States

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Rancho Aptos

Rancho Aptos was a 6,686-acre (27.06 km2) Mexican land grant in present day Santa Cruz County, California given in 1833 by Governor José Figueroa to Rafael Castro. The grant on the Monterey Bay was immediately downcoast of his sister, Martina Castro's Rancho Soquel, and upcoast of his father, José Joaquín Castro's Rancho San Andrés. Rancho Aptos stretched from the area just to the west of Aptos Creek to parts of Nisene Marks and Day Valley in the north, and Rio del Mar to the east, including present day Aptos.

Rancho Soquel

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The Episcopal Church of St. John the Baptist was a historic chapel in Capitola, California from 1889 to 2009.

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Aptos Creek is a southward flowing 9.5 miles (15.3 km) creek that begins on Santa Rosalia Mountain on the southwestern slope of the Santa Cruz Mountains in Santa Cruz County, California and enters Monterey Bay, at Seacliff State Beach in Aptos, California.

McFadden Wharf California historic landmark

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William G. Irwin

William G. Irwin was a capitalist and successful sugar planter in the Kingdom of Hawai'i. He was born in England, and emigrated to Hawaii with his family while still a child. He would remain a British citizen throughout his life. Educated at Punahou School, he was in the right place at the right time to make a lot of money in the sugar plantation market. After the passage of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, Irwin formed the William G. Irwin & Co partnership. California entrepreneur Claus Spreckels offered him a separate partnership in 1881, a union that would come to include the Spreckels interests in sugar plantations, and have subsidiaries in banking activities and ship building. Two decades later, after amassing a fortune in his association with Spreckels, Irwin moved away from the plantation activities and relocated to San Francisco, where he continued his affiliations with financial institutions. At his death, Irwin's estate was estimated to be in excess of $10,000,000. His only child Helene married the first time into the wealthy Crocker family of California, and through her second marriage to Paul I. Fagan, became an owner of the San Francisco Seals baseball team.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Friends of Santa Cruz State Parks - Seacliff State Beach". Thatsmypark.org. Archived from the original on 2010-05-02. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  2. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2009-01-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Spanish and Mexican Heritage Sites". Parks.ca.gov. 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  4. "Aptos Chamber of Commerce : History". Aptoschamber.com. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  5. "MBNMS: Seacliff State Beach". Montereybay.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  6. "seacliff". santa cruz state parks. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  7. "Historic Cement Ship Torn Apart by Massive Waves". 2017-01-22. Retrieved 2018-04-16.