Seal of Arkansas

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The Great Seal of the State of Arkansas
Seal of Arkansas.svg
Versions
Arkansas state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg
Historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
Armiger State of Arkansas
Adopted1864 (modified 1907)
Motto Regnat Populus

The Arkansas State Seal was adopted in 1864 and modified to its present form on May 23, 1907. The outer ring of the seal contains the text "Great Seal of the State of Arkansas". The inner seal contains the Angel of Mercy, the Sword of Justice and the Goddess of Liberty surrounded by a bald eagle. The eagle holds in its beak a scroll inscribed with the Latin phrase "Regnat Populus", the state motto, which means "The People Rule". (The scroll read "Regnant Populi" prior to 1907.) On the shield of the seal are a steamboat, a plow, a beehive and a sheaf of wheat, symbols of Arkansas's industrial and agricultural wealth.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Original seal

Seal in 1853 Historic Arkansas State Seal.jpg
Seal in 1853

1864 seal

Seal of Arkansas from 1864 to 1907. Seal of Arkansas (1864-1907).png
Seal of Arkansas from 1864 to 1907.

The Arkansas General Assembly redefined the seal explicitly in 1864. The Arkansas Code details the elements used in the state seal ever since:

Arkansas General Assembly legislature of Arkansas

The Arkansas General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of the upper house Arkansas Senate with 35 members, and the lower Arkansas House of Representatives with 100 members. All 135 representatives and state senators represent an equal amount of constituent districts. The General Assembly convenes on the second Monday of every other year. A session lasts for 60 days unless the legislature votes to extend it. The Governor of Arkansas can issue a "call" for a special session during the interims between regular sessions. The General Assembly meets at the Arkansas State Capitol in Little Rock.

An eagle at the bottom, holding a scroll in its beak inscribed Regnat Populus, with a bundle of arrows in one claw and an olive branch in the other; a shield covering the breast of the eagle, engraved with a steamboat at the top, a beehive and plow in the middle, and a sheaf of wheat at the bottom; the Goddess of Liberty at the top, holding a wreath in her right hand, a pole in the left hand, surmounted by a liberty cap, and surrounded by a circle of stars outside of which is a circle of rays; the figure of an angel on the left, inscribed "mercy;" and a sword on the right hand, inscribed "justice" and surrounded with the words "seal of the State of Arkansas." [1]

1907 seal

The modern seal was created in 1907, following a reorganization of the elements described in 1864.

Seals of the government of Arkansas

There are several seals of the government of Arkansas, which use a variety of designs, including the state seal, and other distinct elements.

Constitutional offices

Arkansas State Treasurer

The Arkansas State Treasurer acts as the head banker for the State of Arkansas, handling deposits, withdrawals, redemptions of state warrants, and investments of state funds. The position was created in 1819 when Arkansas became a territory. When Arkansas became a state in 1836, its constitution established the Office of the Treasurer of State, a position that would be elected by the legislature.

Arkansas Commissioner of State Lands

Arkansas Commissioner of State Lands is an executive position and constitutional officer within the Arkansas government which has been an elective post since 1874. Land Commissioners are elected to four year terms. The current state Land Commissioner is Republican Tommy Land.

Agencies and departments

Arkansas National Guard Component of the US National Guard of the state of Arkansas

The Arkansas National Guard comprises both the Arkansas Army National Guard and Arkansas Air National Guard. The state functions of the National Guard range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service by the President.

County seals

Few counties in Arkansas have county seals. The Ashley County, Faulkner County, Pulaski County and Randolph County seals essentially mirror the Seal of Arkansas, with the county name in the outer seal.

See also

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References

  1. Arkansas Code 1-4-108