Searcy County, Arkansas

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Searcy County, Arkansas
SEARCY COUNTY COURTHOUSE.jpg
Searcy County Courthouse
Map of Arkansas highlighting Searcy County.svg
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1838
Seat Marshall
Largest city Marshall
Area
  Total 669 sq mi (1,733 km2)
  Land 666 sq mi (1,725 km2)
  Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
  (2016) 7,967
  Density 12/sq mi (5/km2)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Searcy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,195. [1] The county seat is Marshall. [2] The county was formed December 13, 1838, from a portion of Marion County and named for Richard Searcy, the first clerk and judge in the Arkansas Territory. The city of Searcy, Arkansas, some seventy miles away, shares the name despite having never been part of Searcy County. The county is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity sharing sovereignty as the United States of America

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2017. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

History

During the American Civil War, Searcy County, Arkansas had strong, pro-Union leanings, forming an organization known as the "Arkansas Peace Society".

Chocolate Roll Capital of the World™

The Chocolate Roll™ is a dessert endemic to Searcy but little known outside the near region. A typical Chocolate Roll™ is made from pie dough spread with a mixture of cocoa powder, shortening, and sugar, then rolled up and baked. [3] In 2012 The Greater Searcy County Chamber of Commerce declared Searcy County the "Chocolate Roll Capital of the World™", and asserted trademarks. [4] Since 2012 Marshall High School has hosted an annual Chocolate Roll™ Festival that includes the World Champion Chocolate Roll Contest™. [5] The 6th was held on March 18, 2017. [6]

Shortcrust pastry

Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for the base of a tart, quiche or pie. Shortcrust pastry can be used to make both sweet and savory pies such as apple pie, quiche, lemon meringue or chicken pie.

Cocoa solids A mixture of many substances remaining after cocoa butter is extracted from cacao beans

Dry cocoa solids are the components of cocoa beans remaining after cocoa butter, the fat component, is extracted from chocolate liquor, roasted cocoa beans that have been ground into a liquid state. Cocoa butter is 50% to 57% of the weight of cocoa beans and gives chocolate its characteristic melting properties. Cocoa powder is the powdered form of the solids sold as an end product.

An unregistered or common law trademark is an enforceable mark created by a business or individual to signify or distinguish a product or service. A common law or unregistered trademark is legally different from a registered trademark granted by statute.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 669 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 666 square miles (1,720 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.4%) is water. [7]

Major highways

Arkansas Highway 14 highway in Arkansas

Highway 14 is an east–west state highway in north Arkansas. The route of 227.35 miles (365.88 km) begins at Boat Dock Road near Table Rock Lake and runs east to Mississippi County Route W1020 (CR W1020) at Golden Lake. The highway's general alignment between the western terminus and Marked Tree closely follows the original routing as established in the initial 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering plan. The route from Highway 140 in Lepanto east across Interstate 55 to Golden Lake is a later extension.

Arkansas Highway 16 highway in Arkansas

Highway 16 is an east–west state highway in Arkansas. The route begins in Siloam Springs at US Highway 412 (US 412) and Highway 59 and runs east through Fayetteville and the Ozark National Forest to US Highway 67 Business (US 67B) in Searcy. Highway 16 was created during the 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering, and today serves as a narrow, winding, 2-lane road except for overlaps of 10 miles (16 km) through Fayetteville. Much of the highway winds through the Ozarks, including the Ozark National Forest, where a portion of the highway is designated as an Arkansas Scenic Byway. The route has a short spur route in Siloam Springs designated as Highway 16 Spur.

Arkansas Highway 27 highway in Arkansas

Arkansas Highway 27 is a designation for two north–south state highways in Arkansas. One route begins at US Highway 59 (US 59) and US 71 near Ben Lomond north to Highway 7 in Dardanelle. A second segment begins at Highway 7 in Dover and runs north to Highway 14 at Harriet. An original Arkansas state highway, Highway 27 was created as one continuous route in 1926, but was split around Russellville in 1961.

Adjacent counties

Marion County, Arkansas county located in Arkansas

Marion County is located in the Ozark Mountains in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for Francis Marion, the famous "Swamp Fox" of the Revolutionary War. Created as Arkansas's 35th county in 1836, Marion County is home to one incorporated town and four incorporated cities, including Yellville, the county seat. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns. The county included part of what is now Searcy County, Arkansas, with many opposing to dividing them, which helped fueled the bloody Tutt-Everett War between 1844 and 1850.

Baxter County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

Baxter County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 41,513. The county seat is Mountain Home. It is Arkansas's 66th county, formed on March 24, 1873, and named for Elisha Baxter, the tenth governor of Arkansas.

Stone County, Arkansas county in Arkansas

Stone County is located in the Ozark Mountains in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for rugged, rocky area terrain of the Ozarks. Created as Arkansas's 74th county on April 21, 1873, Stone County has two incorporated cities: Mountain View, the county seat and most populous city, and Fifty-Six. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns.

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 936
1850 1,979111.4%
1860 5,271166.3%
1870 5,6146.5%
1880 7,27829.6%
1890 9,66432.8%
1900 11,98824.0%
1910 14,82523.7%
1920 14,590−1.6%
1930 11,056−24.2%
1940 11,9428.0%
1950 10,424−12.7%
1960 8,124−22.1%
1970 7,731−4.8%
1980 8,84714.4%
1990 7,841−11.4%
2000 8,2615.4%
2010 8,195−0.8%
Est. 20167,967 [8] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790–1960 [10] 1900–1990 [11]
1990–2000 [12] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Searcy County USA Searcy County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Searcy County

As of the 2000 census, [14] there were 8,261 people, 3,523 households, and 2,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,292 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,397, and the median income for a family was $27,580. Males had a median income of $21,768 versus $16,276 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,536. About 17.80% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.00% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Along with adjacent Newton County, Searcy is unique among Arkansas counties in being traditionally Republican in political leanings even during the overwhelmingly Democratic "Solid South" era. This Republicanism resulted from their historical paucity of slaves, in turn created by infertile soils unsuitable for intensive cotton farming, and produced support for the Union during the Civil War.[ citation needed ] These were the only two counties in Arkansas to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, [15] Wendell Willkie in 1940, Charles Evans Hughes in 1916, and even Calvin Coolidge in 1924. In Presidential elections post-1932, Harry S. Truman and Jimmy Carter are the only Democrats to carry the county. [16] In the 1992 election George H. W. Bush won his second-highest margin in the state, and the Republican nominee has received over 60 percent in Presidential elections from 2000 to 2012 inclusive. [17] In 2016, Searcy County voted over 79 percent for Donald Trump, while former Arkansas First Lady Hillary Clinton received just 16 percent.

Presidential elections results
Searcy County vote
by party in presidential elections [18]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 79.27%2,95516.12% 6014.61% 172
2012 73.06%2,69922.04% 8144.90% 181
2008 70.86%2,72624.98% 9614.16% 160
2004 64.25%2,56534.32% 1,3701.43% 57
2000 64.32%2,61030.29% 1,2295.40% 219
1996 45.00%1,78642.05% 1,66912.95% 514
1992 44.48%1,77242.14% 1,67913.38% 533
1988 66.21%2,74332.34% 1,3401.45% 60
1984 67.10%2,81931.25% 1,3131.64% 69
1980 58.79%2,45936.72% 1,5364.49% 188
1976 45.91% 2,69954.09%3,180
1972 78.76%3,16321.24% 8530.00% 0
1968 56.83%1,90921.55% 72421.61% 726
1964 52.13%1,64947.68% 1,5080.19% 6
1960 68.55%2,29730.50% 1,0220.95% 32
1956 72.35%2,44126.94% 9090.71% 24
1952 66.44%1,99633.52% 1,0070.03% 1
1948 45.74% 1,06451.81%1,2052.45% 57
1944 61.07%1,40938.62% 8910.30% 7
1940 56.72%1,29243.11% 9820.18% 4
1936 56.81%1,01043.14% 7670.06% 1
1932 46.79% 84652.38%9470.83% 15
1928 69.65%1,42529.62% 6060.73% 15
1924 60.33%79731.42% 4158.25% 109
1920 60.80%1,07033.75% 5945.45% 96
1916 59.37%91940.63% 6290.00% 0
1912 45.41%51438.69% 43815.90% 180
1908 45.69%63642.89% 59711.42% 159
1904 61.55%70935.07% 4043.39% 39
1900 60.52%86939.48% 5670.00% 0
1896 54.35%73745.35% 6150.29% 4

The county is in Arkansas's 1st congressional district, which from Reconstruction until 2010 sent only Democrats to the U.S. House. That year, it elected Republican Rick Crawford, who currently holds the seat as of 2014. In the Arkansas House of Representatives Searcy County is represented by second-term Republican David Branscum from the 83rd (and formerly the 90th prior to 2013) district. [19] The state senator, Missy Thomas Irvin, is also a Republican, serving her second term from the 18th district. [20]

Since 1980, in gubernatorial races, the county has tended to favor Republicans in all but one contest. It voted for Frank White in his successful run against freshman Democrat incumbent Bill Clinton in 1980. It supported White again in 1982 and 1986 in rematches with Clinton. It also voted for Woody Freeman over Clinton in 1984. It was the only county in Arkansas where Republican Sheffield Nelson won in both 1990 and 1994. [21] In 1990, it was Nelson's best county in the entire state, winning 64 percent to then-Governor Bill Clinton's 36 percent in Searcy County. In 1994, Searcy County was among the two counties to vote for Nelson over incumbent Democrat Jim Guy Tucker, Benton County being the other (which actually voted for Clinton over Nelson in 1990).

In 1998, Searcy County voted for Republican Mike Huckabee with just under 70 percent, and again in 2002, albeit with a reduced margin of 57 percent. In 2006, it voted 52 percent for Republican ex-Congressman Asa Hutchinson, who lost to Democrat Mike Beebe. In 2010, however, it did vote for incumbent Democrat Mike Beebe with a margin of 57 percent to 40 percent over former state Senator Jim Keet, the first time it had done so since 1978. Keet was regarded as a weak candidate, as he failed to carry a single county.

Education

Public education is provided for early childhood, elementary and secondary education from multiple school districts including:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Townships

Townships in Searcy County, Arkansas as of 2010 Searcy County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large.jpg
Townships in Searcy County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Searcy County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated place s that are fully or partially inside the township. [22] [23]

Township FIPS  code ANSI  code
(GNIS  ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Bear Creek No. 4 05-90177 02406938 Marshall 98921.208.1846.655120.80.1740.4507 35°58′16″N92°37′26″W / 35.971174°N 92.623964°W / 35.971174; -92.623964
Bear Creek No. 5 05-90178 02406939 Marshall 728492.22190.081.4793.8310.0020.005180 35°54′35″N92°38′47″W / 35.909629°N 92.646337°W / 35.909629; -92.646337
Bear Creek No. 6 05-90179 02406940 Marshall 91336.6414.1524.91764.530.0960.2486 35°54′16″N92°36′32″W / 35.904425°N 92.608797°W / 35.904425; -92.608797
Calf Creek 05-90708 00066892 3264.011.5581.202210.30.5141.331 35°54′12″N92°50′49″W / 35.903196°N 92.846919°W / 35.903196; -92.846919
Long Creek 05-92274 00069086 47410.724.1444.219114.50.0600.1554 35°55′23″N92°29′16″W / 35.923104°N 92.487694°W / 35.923104; -92.487694
Mount Pleasant 05-90981 00066895 4654.281.65108.750281.70.2480.6423 35°47′22″N92°50′34″W / 35.789412°N 92.842860°W / 35.789412; -92.842860
Oxley 05-92801 02407397 36411.374.3932.01882.930.0270.06993 35°52′02″N92°27′47″W / 35.867295°N 92.463161°W / 35.867295; -92.463161
Prairie 05-93012 00069090 Pindall 55013.825.3439.793103.10.0180.04662 36°03′55″N92°53′29″W / 36.065325°N 92.891250°W / 36.065325; -92.891250
Red River 05-93087 00069091 3219.693.7833.14485.840.0640.1658 35°48′55″N92°41′14″W / 35.815267°N 92.687262°W / 35.815267; -92.687262
Rock Creek 05-93213 00069093 54710.483.9952.915137.00.0970.2512 36°01′19″N92°29′48″W / 36.021866°N 92.496667°W / 36.021866; -92.496667
St. Joe 05-93279 00069094 St. Joe 39013.075.0529.83877.280.2390.6190 35°59′13″N92°51′15″W / 35.986869°N 92.854089°W / 35.986869; -92.854089
Shady Grove 05-93351 00069095 1894.412.8742.834110.90.9712.515 35°44′37″N92°39′19″W / 35.743664°N 92.655141°W / 35.743664; -92.655141
Spring 05-93456 00069096 Marshall 58812.594.8646.715121.00.2270.5879 35°54′17″N92°42′38″W / 35.904585°N 92.710556°W / 35.904585; -92.710556
Tomahawk 05-93618 00069098 Gilbert, St. Joe 57410.684.1253.762139.20.4211.090 36°02′13″N92°42′57″W / 36.036902°N 92.715763°W / 36.036902; -92.715763
Wileys Cove 05-94062 00069099 Leslie 77717.186.6345.225117.10.2100.5439 35°51′20″N92°31′11″W / 35.855434°N 92.519860°W / 35.855434; -92.519860
Source: U.S. Census Bureau [24] [25]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Robinson, Kat (August 14, 2015). "Chocolate Rolls, The Pride of Searcy County Arkansas". Tie Dye Travels with Kat Robinson. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  4. "Searcy County — "Chocolate Roll Capital of the World!!"". The Greater Searcy County Chamber of Commerce. November 6, 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  5. "2016 Chocolate Roll Festival – Bigger and Better!!". The Greater Searcy County Chamber of Commerce. January 9, 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  6. "6th Annual MHS Chocolate Roll Contest and Festival". arkansas.com. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  11. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  13. Based on 2000 census data
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. Geographie Electorale
  16. David Leip's Election Atlas (Electoral Maps for Arkansas by year)
  17. The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Arkansas)
  18. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  19. Arkansas House page
  20. Arkansas Senate site Archived 2014-01-07 at the Wayback Machine .
  21. David Leip's Election Atlas (Gubernatorial electoral Maps for Arkansas by year)
  22. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Searcy County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
  23. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  24. "County Subdivisions: Arkansas". Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (TXT) on 2014-05-31.
  25. "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau.

Coordinates: 35°55′32″N92°42′00″W / 35.92556°N 92.70000°W / 35.92556; -92.70000