Second Army (Japan)

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Japanese Second Army
Japanese Troops in the Battle of Shaho.jpg
Japanese Troops in the Battle of Shaho
ActiveSept 1894-Aug 1945 
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Corps
Nickname(s)Ikioi (, Vigorous)
Engagements First Sino-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II

The Japanese 2nd Army (第2軍, Dai-ni gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army. It was raised and demobilized on four separate occasions.

Contents

History

The Japanese 2nd Army was initially raised during the First Sino-Japanese War from September 27, 1894, to May 14, 1895, under the command of General Ōyama Iwao.

It was revived for the Russo-Japanese War from March 6, 1904, to January 2, 1906, under the command of General Oku Yasukata. It fought in most of the major campaigns of the war, including the Battle of Nanshan, Battle of Te-li-Ssu, Battle of Tashihchiao, Battle of Shaho, Battle of Liaoyang, Battle of Sandepu, and Battle of Mukden.

The Japanese 2nd Army was raised again on August 23, 1937, and placed under the command of the Japanese Northern China Area Army as reinforcement to Japanese forces in China following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. The 2nd Army participated in the North China Incident, Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation, Battle of Xuzhou and Battle of Taierzhuang before being demobilized on December 15, 1938.

The fourth and final incarnation of the Japanese 2nd Army was on July 4, 1942, when it was revived under the command of the Japanese First Area Army in Manchukuo. It was transferred to the Japanese Second Area Army on October 30, 1943. Towards the closing stages of the war, on June 30, 1945, it was transferred to the Southern Expeditionary Army Group and was based in the Celebes at the end of World War II.

List of commanders

Commanding officer

NameFromTo
1Marshal Ōyama Iwao 25 September 189426 May 1895
Xdemobilized26 May 18956 March 1904
2General Oku Yasukata 6 March 190412 January 1906
Xdemobilized12 January 190623 August 1937
3General Toshizō Nishio 23 August 193730 April 1938
4General Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko 30 April 19389 December 1939
xdemobilized9 December 19384 July 1942
5Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki 4 July 194228 May 1943
6Lieutenant General Ichirō Shichida 28 May 194329 October 1943
7Lieutenant General Fusatarō Teshima 29 October 194315 August 1945

Chief of Staff

NameFromTo
2Colonel Inoue Hikaru 1 October 189414 May 1895
Xdemobilized26 May 18956 March 1904
2Major General Ochiai Toyosaburo 6 March 190412 September 1904
3Major General Ōsako Naomichi 12 September 190418 January 1906
Xdemobilized18 January 190631 August 1937
4Major General Yorimichi Suzuki 31 August 193711 June 1938
5Lieutenant General Kazumoto Machijiri 11 June 193821 November 1938
6Major General Shigenari Aoki 21 November 19389 December 1938
Xdemobilized9 December 19381 July 1942
7Major General Goro Isoya 1 July 19428 April 1943
8Major General Ichimaro Horike 8 April 194323 October 1943
9Major General Shikao Fujitsuka 23 October 194326 December 1944
10Major General Yuki Fukabori 1 February 19457 April 1945
11Major General Shintarō Imada 7 April 194524 May 1945
12Major General Minetarō Yoshida 5 June 194515 August 1945

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References