|Secretaría de la Seguridad Pública|
Secretariat of Public Security logo
|Headquarters||Av. Constituyentes 947, Belén de Las Flores, Álvaro Obregón, 01110 Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal, Mexico Mexico City |
|Annual budget||$126 million[ citation needed ] (2010)|
The Mexican Secretariat of Public Security or Secretariat of Public Safety, also known as Ministry of Public Security and Ministry of Public Safety (Spanish : Secretaría de Seguridad Pública, SSP), was the federal ministry of the Mexican Executive Cabinet that aimed to preserve freedom, order, and public peace and safeguard the integrity and rights of the people. The Assistant Attorney General uses the Powers of the Union to prevent the commission of crimes, develop public security policies of the Federal Executive, propose policies on crime, administer the federal prison system, and administer justice to juvenile offenders based on the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration and other federal laws, regulations, decrees, agreements, and orders of the President of the Republic. It had its headquarters in Álvaro Obregón, Mexico City.
President Enrique Peña Nieto announced on November 15, 2012, that he will eliminate the Secretariat of Public Security, as part of his planned administrative reforms, after he takes office. : Comision Nacional de Seguridad), an internal organ of the Secretariat of the Interior as seen on its website.It was dissolved on January 3, 2013, and was replaced by the "National Security Commission" (Spanish
Coinciding with new president Andrés Manuel López Obrador taking office, a new Secretariat of Security and Civilian Protection was established in 2018.
The Secretariat will plan and conduct their activities in accordance with the objectives, strategies and priorities, National Development Plans and the National Program are issued by the Head of the Federal Executive. According to Organic Law of the Federal Civil Servicein its 'Article 30a' has an office on the following main functions, to develop security policies and propose public policy on crime at the federal level, including the rules, instruments and actions to effectively prevent the commission of crimes, to propose Federal Executive measures to ensure consistency of policy between the criminal divisions of the federal public service, chairing the National Council for Public Security, at the Council of National Security, policies, actions and strategies of coordination in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice policy for the entire national territory, dealing expeditiously with complaints and citizens' complaints regarding the exercise of its powers, organize, manage, administer and monitor the PFP and to ensure the honest performance of their staff and implement its disciplinary system, safeguard the integrity and heritage of the people, prevent the commission of federal crimes, and to preserve the Freedom, order and public peace, establish a system to collect, analyze, examine and process information for the prevention of crime, using methods that ensure strict adherence to human rights and run the penalties for federal crimes and to administer the federal prison system, as well as organize and conduct activities to support the released.
For the study, planning, and dispatching of the matters within its competence, the Secretariat will be composed of the following administrative units and bodies:
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The security policy of the Enrique Peña Nieto administration prioritizes the reduction of violence rather than attacking Mexico's drug trafficking organizations head-on, marking a departure from the strategy of the past six years during Felipe Calderón's administration. Peña Nieto has set up a number of conceptual and organizational changes from the past regime policy, and one of the biggest contrasts is the focus on lowering murder rates, kidnappings, and extortions, as opposed to arresting or killing the country's most-wanted drug lords and intercepting their drug shipments. The government of Calderón, however, has justified its position by stating that the current violence in the country is a necessary stage in Mexico's drug war, as weakening criminal groups fight for territorial control against one another and the government. Moreover, part of Peña Nieto's strategy also consists on the creation of a national police made up of 40,000 members, known as a "gendarmerie." He also proposed on centralizing the sub-federal police forces under one command. The president-elect emphasized that he does not support the involvement or presence of armed U.S. agents in Mexico, but considers allowing the United States to instruct Mexico's military training in counterinsurgency tactics. Beyond that, Peña Nieto promised that no other measures will be taken by the U.S. in Mexico. While campaigning, Peña Nieto appointed a former general of the National Police of Colombia as his external advisor for public security, and boldly promised to reduce 50% of the murder rates in Mexico by the end of his six-year term.
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