Seine-Maritime

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Seine-Maritime
Prefecture du departement et de region.JPG
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen
Proposed flag for Seine-Maritime.svg
Flag
Arms of the French Department of Seine-Maritime.svg
Coat of arms
Seine-Maritime-Position.svg
Location of Seine-Maritime in France
Coordinates: 49°40′N0°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833 Coordinates: 49°40′N0°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833
Country France
Region Normandy
Prefecture Rouen
Subprefectures Dieppe
Le Havre
Government
   President of the General Council Pascal Martin
Area
1
  Total6,278 km2 (2,424 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,255,755
  Rank 14th
  Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 76
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 708
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-Maritime (French pronunciation:  [sɛn maʁitim] ) is a department of France in the Normandy region of northern France. It is situated on the northern coast of France, at the mouth of the Seine, and includes the cities of Rouen and Le Havre. Until 1955 it was named Seine-Inférieure.

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801609,843    
1821655,804+0.36%
1831693,683+0.56%
1841737,206+0.61%
1851762,039+0.33%
1861789,988+0.36%
1872790,022+0.00%
1881814,068+0.33%
1891839,876+0.31%
1901853,883+0.17%
1911877,383+0.27%
1921880,671+0.04%
1931905,278+0.28%
1936915,628+0.23%
1946846,131−0.79%
1954941,684+1.35%
19621,035,844+1.20%
19681,113,977+1.22%
19751,172,743+0.74%
19821,193,039+0.25%
19901,223,429+0.31%
19991,239,138+0.14%
20061,243,830+0.05%
20161,255,755+0.10%
source: [1]
1790 - Creation of the Seine-Inférieure department
The department was created from part of the old province of Normandy during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the application of a law of 22 December 1789.
1815 - Occupation
After the victory at Waterloo of the coalition armies, the department was occupied by British forces from June 1815 till November 1818.
1843 – Railways and industry
In Rouen, Elbeuf, and Bolbec, the number of textile factories is increasing. Metallurgy and naval construction as well.
1851 - A republican department
Following the then president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's 1851 Coup d'état, Seine-Inférieure was one of several departments placed under a state of emergency (literally, in French, state of siege) [2] following fears of significant resistance to the new government.
World War II
In 1942, during occupation by Nazi Germany, at the channel coast of Seine-Inférieure took place two Allied raids, the Bruneval raid and Dieppe raid.
2005 - Inhabitants renamed
Previously lacking a demonym, the inhabitants of Seine-Maritime (as the department had been renamed in 1955) determined, following a public consultation, that they should be known in official documents as "Seinomarins" [3] (males) and "Seinomarines" (females).

Heraldry

Arms of the French Department of Seine-Maritime.svg
The arms of the departement Seine-Maritime are blazoned :
Gules a fess wavy argent between two lions passant gardant or armed and langued azure.


Geography

The department can be split into three main areas: [4]

Administration

The département was created in 1790 as Seine-Inférieure, one of five departements that replaced the former province of Normandy. In 1800 five arrondissements were created within the département, namely Rouen, Le Havre, Dieppe, Neufchatel and Yvetot, although the latter two were disbanded in 1926. On 18 January 1955 the name of the département was changed to Seine-Maritime, in order to provide a more positive-sounding name and in-keeping with changes made in a number of other French departements.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [5] Party
Seine-Maritime's 1st constituency Damien Adam La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 2nd constituency Annie Vidal La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 3rd constituency Hubert Wulfranc French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 4th constituency Sira Sylla La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 5th constituency Christophe Bouillon Socialist Party
Seine-Maritime's 6th constituency Sébastien Jumel French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 7th constituency Agnès Firmin-Le Bodo The Republicans
Seine-Maritime's 8th constituency Jean-Paul Lecoq French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 9th constituency Stéphanie Kerbarh La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 10th constituency Xavier Batut La République En Marche!


Transport

In 1843 the railway from Paris reached the region. The département is connected to the adjacent Eure department via the Tancarville and Pont de Normandie bridge crossings of the Seine.

Culture

Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is set in Seine Maritime.

The novel La Place by Annie Ernaux largely takes place in Seine-Maritime and describes events and changes that take place in relation to French society in the 20th century especially in relation to the rural population.

The first story of the long-running series Valérian and Laureline is set in Seine-Maritime, with the character Laureline originating from the area.

Cauchois is the dialect of the Pays de Caux, and is one of the most vibrant forms of the Norman language beyond Cotentinais.

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Upper Normandy Place in France

Upper Normandy is a former administrative region of France. On 1 January 2016, Upper and Lower Normandy merged becoming one region called Normandy.

Communes of the Seine-Maritime department List of the 708 communes of the French department of Seine-Maritime

The following is a list of the 708 communes of the French department of Seine-Maritime.

Pays de Bray

The Pays de Bray is a small natural region of France situated to the north-east of Rouen, straddling the French departments of the Seine-Maritime and the Oise. The landscape is of bocage, a land use which arises from its clay soil, and is suited to the development of pasture for the raising of dairy cattle. It produces famous butters and cheeses such as Neufchâtel.

The 3 arrondissements of the Seine-Maritime department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Dieppe, with 343 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 237,203 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Le Havre, with 149 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 387,520 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Rouen, with 216 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 631,032 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Dieppe Arrondissement in Normandy, France

The arrondissement of Dieppe is an arrondissement of France in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy région. It has 343 communes. Its population is 237,203 (2016), and its area is 3,120.3 km2 (1,204.8 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Le Havre Arrondissement in Normandy, France

The arrondissement of Le Havre is an arrondissement of France in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region. It has 149 communes. Its population is 387,520 (2016), and its area is 1,221.2 km2 (471.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Rouen Arrondissement in Normandy, France

The Arrondissement of Rouen is an arrondissement of France in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region. It has 216 communes. Its population is 631,032 (2016), and its area is 1,936.1 km2 (747.5 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Seine-Maritime department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

The N 15 was a trunk road in France.

The Canton of Cany-Barville is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 18 communes, which joined the canton of Saint-Valery-en-Caux in 2015.

Sandouville Commune in Normandy, France

Sandouville is a commune in the Seine-Maritime département in the Normandy region in northern France.

The Canton of Aumale is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 15 communes, which joined the canton of Gournay-en-Bray in 2015.

The Canton of Bacqueville-en-Caux is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 25 communes, which joined the new canton of Luneray in 2015.

The Canton of Fontaine-le-Dun is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 16 communes, which joined the canton of Saint-Valery-en-Caux in 2015.

The Canton of Fécamp is a canton in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Normandy region of northern France.

The Canton of Saint-Romain-de-Colbosc is a canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Normandy region of northern France.

The Canton of Caudebec-en-Caux is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 16 communes, which joined the canton of Notre-Dame-de-Gravenchon in 2015.

The Canton of Yerville is a former canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Haute-Normandie region of northern France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 18 communes, which joined the canton of Yvetot in 2015.

The Canton of Yvetot is a canton situated in the Seine-Maritime département and in the Normandy region of northern France.

Pont de Brotonne

The Brotonne Bridge is a bridge in the region of Upper Normandy in France, situated between the cities of Le Havre and Rouen. It has crossed the Seine since 1977, to the east of the commune of Caudebec-en-Caux. Its construction was financed by the General council of Seine-Maritime for the purpose of opening up the Pays de Caux and assuring a connection between the commune of Yvetot and the A13 autoroute by way of the forêt de Brotonne, from which the bridge gets its name. Only two bridges are located further downstream the Seine from the pont de Brotonne: the Pont de Tancarville and the Pont de Normandie.

References

  1. "Le SPLAF". splaf.free.fr.
  2. Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)
  3. "Seinomarins, un beau nom !". Commune76.
  4. "Seine Maritime". France-For-Visitors.com. Rough Guides. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  5. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.