Seine-et-Marne

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Seine-et-Marne
Hotel prefecture Seine-et-Marne abbaye Saint-Pere Melun.JPG
Prefecture building of the Seine-et-Marne department, in Melun
Drapeau propose pour le departement de Seine-et-Marne.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Seine-et-Marne.svg
Coat of arms
Seine-et-Marne-Position.svg
Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°36′N03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E / 48.600; 3.000 Coordinates: 48°36′N03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E / 48.600; 3.000
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Prefecture Melun
Subprefectures Fontainebleau
Meaux
Provins
Torcy
Government
   President of the General Council Jean-Jacques Barbaux
Area
1
  Total5,915 km2 (2,284 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,397,665
  Rank 10th
  Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 77
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 23
Communes 507
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-et-Marne (pronounced  [sɛn e maʁn] ) is a French department named after the Seine and Marne rivers and located in the Île-de-France region.

Contents

History

Seine-et-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de-France.

Economy

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry Champ de ble Seine-et-Marne.jpg
Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60 percent of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is where most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de-France. Cereals and sugar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Safran Aircraft Engines research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to theme parks such as Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris.

Climate

Seine-et-Marne has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm (25.6 in), which is higher than the average of Île-de-France (600 mm (23.6 in)). Average temperature in Melun during the 1953–2002 period was 3.2 °C (37.8 °F) for January and 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) for July.

The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

Geography

Seine-et-Marne forms a part of the Île-de-France region; the department covers 49% of the region's land area. It is bordered by Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne to the West; Loiret and Yonne to the South; Aube and Marne to the East; and Aisne and Oise to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais.

The highest point of the département is Saint-George's Hill (215 m).

Principal towns

Most Populous Seine-et-Marne communes [1]
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation
1 Meaux Meaux Meaux 53,766
2 Chelles Chelles Torcy 53,569
3 Melun Melun Melun 40,066
4 Pontault-Combault Pontault-Combault Torcy 37,847
5 Savigny-le-Temple Savigny-le-Temple Melun 30,068
6 Villeparisis Villeparisis Torcy 25,889
7 Bussy-Saint-Georges Torcy Torcy 25,419
8 Champs-sur-Marne Champs-sur-Marne Torcy 24,913
9 Torcy Torcy Torcy 23,669
10 Roissy-en-Brie Pontault-Combault Torcy 22,559
11 Combs-la-Ville Combs-la-Ville Melun 22,086
12 Dammarie-lès-Lys Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry Melun 21,094
13 Lagny-sur-Marne Lagny-sur-Marne Torcy 20,718
14 Le Mée-sur-Seine Savigny-le-Temple Melun 20,713
15 Ozoir-la-Ferrière Ozoir-la-Ferrière Torcy 19,917

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801299,160    
1806304,263+0.34%
1831323,881+0.25%
1841333,311+0.29%
1851345,076+0.35%
1861352,312+0.21%
1872341,490−0.28%
1881348,991+0.24%
1891356,747+0.22%
1901358,325+0.04%
1911363,561+0.15%
1921349,234−0.40%
1931406,108+1.52%
1936409,311+0.16%
1946407,137−0.05%
1954453,438+1.36%
1962524,486+1.84%
1968604,340+2.39%
1975755,762+3.25%
1982887,112+2.32%
19901,078,166+2.47%
19991,197,673+1.17%
20061,273,488+0.88%
20111,338,427+1.00%
20161,397,665+0.87%
source: [2]

People from Seine-et-Marne are known as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Originally Seine-et-Marne was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris conurbation and the building of new towns in the northwest of the region. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a sister city relationship with Orlando, Florida, United States, as both host Disney theme parks.

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et-Marne in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
86.6%13.4%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4%2.3%3.8%5.9%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Seine-et-Marne's 1st constituency Aude Luquet MoDem
Seine-et-Marne's 2nd constituency Valérie Lacroute The Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 3rd constituency Yves Jégo Union of Democrats and Independents
Seine-et-Marne's 4th constituency Christian Jacob The Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 5th constituency Franck Riester Agir
Seine-et-Marne's 6th constituency Jean-François Parigi The Republicans
Seine-et-Marne's 7th constituency Rodrigue Kokouendo La République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 8th constituency Jean-Michel Fauvergue La République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 9th constituency Michèle Peyron La République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 10th constituency Stéphanie Do La République En Marche!
Seine-et-Marne's 11th constituency Olivier Faure Socialist Party

Tourism

See also

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

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Paris Île-de-France Regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry organization

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References

  1. "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee . Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/