Senate of Chile

Last updated
Senate of the Republic of Chile
Senado de la República de Chile
54th National Congress

Emblema Senado de la Republica Chile.png

Seal
Type
Type
Term limits
Unlimited 8-year terms
Leadership
Carlos Montes Cisternas, PS
Since March 11, 2018
Vice-President
Carlos Bianchi Chelech,Independent
Since March 11, 2018
Structure
Seats 43
Senado de Chile eleccion 2017.svg
Political groups

Government

Opposition

Others

  •      Independent (1)
Elections
Open list Proportional representation
Last election
November 19, 2017
Next election
November 21, 2021
Meeting place
Senate Chamber, National Congress Building, Valparaíso, Chile
Website
http://www.senado.cl
Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile
Comptroller General
Constitutional Court

The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral National Congress, as established in the current Constitution of Chile.

Chile republic in South America

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses. Bicameralism is distinguished from unicameralism, in which all members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures that have three or more separate assemblies, chambers, or houses. As of 2015, fewer than half the world's national legislatures are bicameral.

National Congress of Chile legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile

The National Congress of Chile is the legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.

Contents

Composition

According to the present Constitution of Chile, the Senate is composed of thirty-eight directly elected senators, chosen by universal popular suffrage vote in 19 senatorial circumscriptions. These serve eight-year terms, with half of them being replaced every fourth year. They must be eligible to vote, have completed secondary school, or its equivalent, and be at least 35 years old.

Constitution of Chile

The current Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile, approved by Chilean voters in a controversial plebiscite on September 11, 1980, under the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, partially effective March 11, 1981, fully effective 11 March 1990 and amended considerably on August 17, 1989 and on September 22, 2005 (legislatively), and also in 1991, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010, replaced the earlier constitution of 1925. It is Chile's eighth constitution.

Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two-round system for single-winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature.

The Senate sessions at the new (1990) National Congress located in the port city of Valparaíso that replaced the old National Congress located in downtown Santiago, the nation's capital.

Valparaíso Place in Chile

Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile. "Greater Valparaíso" is the third largest metropolitan area in the country. Valparaíso is located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) northwest of Santiago by road and is one of the South Pacific's most important seaports. Valparaíso is the capital of Chile's second most populated administrative region and has been the headquarters for the Chilean National Congress since 1990. Valparaíso has seven universities.

Abolition of the unelected

Amendments to the Constitution, approved by a joint session of Congress on August 16, 2005, eliminated non-directly elected senators from March 11, 2006, the day 20 newly elected senators were sworn in, leaving the total number of senators at 38, all directly elected. Previously, according to the Constitution of 1980, "designated" or "institutional" senators were appointed to the chamber. Two former heads of state, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle and Augusto Pinochet, were installed as senators for life. Pinochet later resigned from this position and Frei lost his seat in the 2005 reform. However, Frei remained in the Senate by winning an elective seat.

Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle Chilean politician and former President

Eduardo Alfredo Juan Bernardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle is a Chilean politician and civil engineer who was President of Chile from 1994 to 2000. He was also a Senator, fulfilling the role of President of the Senate from 2006 to 2008. He attempted a comeback as the candidate of the ruling Concertación coalition for the 2009 presidential election, but was narrowly defeated. His father was Eduardo Frei Montalva, who was President of Chile from 1964 to 1970.

Augusto Pinochet Former dictator of the republic of Chile

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte was a Chilean general, politician and US-backed dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.

Historical evolution

The Senate of Chile was created in 1812 to support the formulations of policies of the Government Junta. Since then it has undergone several constitutional reorganizations that have altered the scope of its constitutional powers, its composition and the generation of its members.

First senate

Created by Article 7 of the Provisional Constitutional Manual of 1812. It was composed of seven titular members (one for each province) and three alternate members and was supposed to serve as a counterbalance to the executive power of the Government Junta. The senators were directly nominated by the provinces in agreement with the central government. It functioned from November, 1812 to January, 1814, when it was reorganized to better respond to the problems caused by the successive military defeats at the hands of the advancing Spanish Army.

Government Junta of Chile, also known as the Provisional Junta, was the political structure established to rule Chile following the Military Coup organized by Juan Martínez de Rozas and José Miguel Carrera. It lasted until replaced by the December Junta.

Consultive senate

Created by Article 13 of the Provisional Government Manual of 1814. As its predecessor, it was composed of seven titular members (only) nominated by the provinces in lists of three from which they were selected by the Supreme Director. It functioned from March to July, 1814, when the Spanish Army captured Santiago, putting an end to the Patria Vieja government.

The Supreme Director of Chile was the seat in charge of Chile's administration following the independence from Spain in 1810, until 1826. Several juntas also ruled the country during this period.

First conservative senate

Created by Title III of the Constitution of 1818. It was composed of five titular members and five alternate members selected directly by the Supreme Director. It was supposed to function only when the lower house was not in function or could not meet, and had the power to enact "provisory rules" that had the same effect as laws (hence the "conservative" moniker, because it "conserved" the power.) It functioned from October, 1818 to May, 1822.

Election cycles

Key to Senate classes by regions:

-the 23 current senators whose seats expire in March 2026.

-the 20 current senators whose seats expire in March 2022. Plus 7 new senators, who will be elected in 2022

Class Election Expire New Majority Chile Vamos Other pacts Total
1 2018 2026 10 12 1 23
2 2014 2022 11 7 2 20
Total 21 19 3 43

Current composition Senate of Chile

Constituency Region Class Senator Name Political Group Party Prior Public Office/Position Education Assumed Office Term Expires
1 Arica and Parinacota
Tarapacá
1 Fulvio Rossi Ciocca.jpg Fulvio Rossi New Majority PS Deputy District 2° (Iquique, Huara, Camiña, Colchane, Pica, Pozo Almonte and Alto Hospicio) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
1 Arica and Parinacota
Tarapacá
1 Jaime Orpis Bouchon.jpg Jaime Orpis Chile Vamos Independent Deputy District 25° (Macul, San Joaquín and La Granja) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
2 Antofagasta 2 Pedro Araya Guerrero.jpg Pedro Araya New Majority DC Deputy District 4° (Antofagasta, Mejillones, Sierra Gorda and Taltal) University of Antofagasta March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
2 Antofagasta 2 Alejandro Guillier.jpg Alejandro Guillier New Majority New Majority's independents Journalist and television reporter Catholic University of the North March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
3 Atacama 1 Maria Isabel Allende Bussi.jpg Isabel Allende New Majority PS Deputy District 29° (Puente Alto, Pirque, San José de Maipo and La Pintana) University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
3 Atacama 1 Baldo Prokurica Prokurica.jpg Baldo Prokurica Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 6° (Caldera, Tierra Amarilla, Vallenar, Freirina, Huasco and Alto del Carmen) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
4 Coquimbo 2 Adriana Munoz D'Albora.jpg Adriana Muñoz New Majority PPD Deputy by District 9° (Combarbalá, Punitaqui, Monte Patria, Illapel, Salamanca, Los Vilos and Canela) University of Chile
University of Vienna
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
4 Coquimbo 2 Jorge Pizarro Soto.jpg Jorge Pizarro New Majority DC Deputy by District 8° (Coquimbo, Ovalle and Rio Hurtado) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
5 Valparaíso Cordillera 1 Ignacio Walker Prieto.jpg Ignacio Walker New Majority DC Foreign Minister during the government of Ricardo Lagos University of Chile
Princeton University
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
5 Valparaíso Cordillera 1 Lily Perez San Martin.jpg Lily Pérez Out of pact Amplitude Deputy District 38° (Curepto, Constitución, Empedrado, Pencahue, Maule, San Clemente, Pelarco, Río Claro and San Rafael) University of the Pacific (Chile)
Gabriela Mistral University
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
6 Valparaíso Coast 1 Ricardo Lagos Weber.jpg Ricardo Lagos Weber New Majority PPD General Secretariat of Government minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile
University of Sussex
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
6 Valparaíso Coast 1 Francisco Chahuan Chahuan.jpg Francisco Chahuán Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 14° (Viña del Mar and Concon) University of Valparaíso March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
7 Santiago West 2 Guido Girardi Lavin.jpg Guido Girardi New Majority PPD Deputy District 18° (Cerro Navia, Lo Prado and Quinta Normal) University of Chile March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
7 Santiago West 2 Andres Allamand.jpg Andrés Allamand Chile Vamos RN Defense Minister under President Sebastián Piñera University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2 Manuel Jose Ossandon Irarrazabal.jpg Manuel José Ossandón Chile Vamos Independent Mayor of Puente Alto Inacap March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
8 Santiago East 2 Carlos Montes Cisternas.jpg Carlos Montes New Majority PS Deputy District 26° (La Florida) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2 Juan Pablo Letelier Morel.jpg Juan Pablo Letelier New Majority PS Deputy District 33° (Mostazal, Graneros, Codegua, Machalí, Requínoa, Rengo, Olivar, Doñihue, Coinco, Coltauco, Quinta de Tilcoco and Malloa) Georgetown University March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
9 O'Higgins 2 Alejandro Garcia Huidobro Sanfuentes.jpg Alejandro García-Huidobro Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 32° (Rancagua) University of Chile August 2, 2011 March 11, 2022
10 Maule North 1 Jose Andres Rafael Zaldivar Larrain.jpg Andrés Zaldívar New Majority DC Interior Minister during the government of Michelle Bachelet University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
10 Maule North 1 Juan Antonio Coloma Correa oficial.jpg Juan Antonio Coloma Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 31° (Talagante, Peñaflor, El Monte, Isla de Maipo, Melipilla, María Pinto, Curacaví, Alhué and San Pedro) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
11 Maule South 1 Manuel Matta Aragay.jpg Manuel Matta New Majority DC Ambassador of Chile in El Salvador University of Chile May 7, 2014 March 11, 2018
11 Maule South 1 Hernan Larrain Fernandez oficial.jpg Hernán Larraín Chile Vamos UDI No previous public office Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 1994 March 11, 2018
12 Biobío Coast 2 Alejandro Navarro Brain.jpg Alejandro Navarro New Majority MAS Deputy District 45° (Tomé, Penco, Florida, Hualqui, Coronel and Santa Juana) University of Concepción March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
12 Biobío Coast 2 Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe Herrera.jpg Jacqueline Van Rysselberghe Chile Vamos UDI Intendant of the Bío Bío Region University of Concepción March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
13 Biobío Cordillera 2 Felipe Harboe Bascunan.jpg Felipe Harboe New Majority PPD Deputy District 22° (Santiago) Central University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
13 Biobío Cordillera 2 Victor Perez Varela oficial.jpg Víctor Pérez Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 47° (Los Ángeles, Tucapel, Antuco, Quilleco, Santa Bárbara, Quilaco, Mulchén, Negrete, Nacimiento, San Rosendo, Laja and Alto Biobío) University of Concepción March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
14 Araucanía North 1 Jaime Quintana Leal.jpg Jaime Quintana New Majority PPD Deputy District 49° (Victoria, Curacautín, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
University of La Frontera
March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
14 Araucanía North 1 Alberto Espina Otero.jpg Alberto Espina Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 21° (Providence and Ñuñoa) University of Chile March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
15 Araucanía South 1 Eugenio Tuma Zedan.jpg Eugenio Tuma New Majority PPD Deputy District 51° (Carahue, Nueva Imperial, Saavedra, Teodoro Schmidt, Freire, Pitrufquén and Cholchol) University of Chile March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
15 Araucanía South 1 Jose Garcia Ruminot.jpg José García Ruminot Chile Vamos RN Deputy District 50° (Temuco and Padre Las Casas) Higher Institute of Trade March 11, 2002 March 11, 2018
16 Los Ríos 2 Alfonso De Urresti Longton.jpg Alfonso De Urresti New Majority PS Deputy District 53° (Corral, Lanco, Mafil, Mariquina and Valdivia) University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
16 Los Ríos 2 Ena von Baer.jpg Ena von Baer Chile Vamos UDI Senator for Constituency 8 Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
RWTH Aachen University
March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
17 Los Lagos 2 Rabindranath Quinteros Lara.jpg Rabindranath Quinteros New Majority PS Mayor of Puerto Montt University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
17 Los Lagos 2 Ivan Moreira Barros.jpg Iván Moreira Chile Vamos UDI Deputy District 27° (El Bosque, La Cisterna and San Ramon) Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022
18 Aysén 1 Antonio Horvath Kiss.jpg Antonio Horvath Independent Independent Deputy District 59° (Coihaique, Lago Verde, Aisén, Cisnes, Guaitecas, Chile Chico, Río Ibáñez, Cochrane, O'Higgins and Tortel) University of Chile March 11, 1994 March 11, 2018
18 Aysén 1 Patricio Walker Prieto oficial.jpg Patricio Walker New Majority DC Deputy by District 8° (Coquimbo, Ovalle and Río Hurtado) Diego Portales University March 11, 2010 March 11, 2018
19 Magallanes 2 Carlos Antonio Karim Bianchi Chelech.jpg Carlos Bianchi Out of pact DRP Councillor of Punta Arenas Luis Alberto Barrera High School, Punta Arenas March 11, 2006 March 11, 2022
19 Magallanes 2 Carolina Goic Borojevic.jpg Carolina Goic New Majority DC Deputy District 60° (Puerto Natales, Torres del Paine, Punta Arenas, Río Verde, Laguna Blanca, San Gregorio, Porvenir, Primavera, Timaukel, Cabo de Hornos and Antártica) Pontifical Catholic University of Chile March 11, 2014 March 11, 2022

See also

Notes

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