Senglea

Last updated

Senglea

L-Isla

Città Invicta, Civitas Invicta
City and Local council
Senglea montage.jpg
From top: Skyline, typical street, Parish Church, Gardjola, Land Front
IslaHTML.gif
Flag
Isla coa.svg
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Civitas Invicta (Belt Qatt Mirbuħa)
(Unconquered City)
Isla in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°53′16″N14°31′1″E / 35.88778°N 14.51694°E / 35.88778; 14.51694 Coordinates: 35°53′16″N14°31′1″E / 35.88778°N 14.51694°E / 35.88778; 14.51694
Country Flag of Malta.svg  Malta
Region South Eastern Region
District Southern Harbour District
Borders Cospicua
Government
   Mayor Clive Pulis (PL)
Area
  Total0.2 km2 (0.08 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)
  Total2,720
  Density14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Senglean (m), Sengleana (f), Sengleani (pl)
Isolan (m), Isolana (f), Isolani (pl)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
ISL
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-20
Patron saint Marija Bambina
Christ the Redeemer
Day of festa 8 September
Third Sunday of June
Website Official website

Senglea (Maltese : L-Isla [ˈlɪslɐ] ), also known by its title Città Invicta (or Civitas Invicta), is a fortified city in the South Eastern Region of Malta. It is one of the Three Cities in the Grand Harbour area, the other two being Cospicua and Vittoriosa, and has a population of approximately 2,720 people. The city's title Città Invicta was given because it managed to resist the Ottoman invasion at the Great Siege of Malta in 1565. The name Senglea comes from the Grand Master who built it Claude de la Sengle and gave the city a part of his name. While Senglea is the 52nd most populated locality on the island, due to its incredibly small land area, it is the 2nd most densely populated locality after Sliema.

Contents

History

Dockyard at Senglea in 1846, calotype by Calvert Jones Calvert Jones, The Dockyard at Senglea, Malta 1846.jpg
Dockyard at Senglea in 1846, calotype by Calvert Jones
Victory St in Senglea, 1880 Victory Street Senglea 1880.jpg
Victory St in Senglea, 1880

During the time of the Knights of St. John, Senglea was also used as a hunting area, and was known as L'Isola di San Giuliano.

In 1311 St. Julian's church or chapel was founded in Isola. This was the first building to be constructed on what later became Senglea. On 8 May 1552 the foundation stone of Fort St.Michael was laid. Work on the fort, which was designed by Architect Pedro Pardo, was completed in 1553. Construction of walled town Senglea took place during the following decade. The area, which had until the 1550s been known as Isola di San Giuliano or Isola di San Michele, was given city status by Grand Master Claude De La Sengle and was named after him. [1]

Senglea played an important role in the Great Siege of Malta in 1565 and remained unconquered. The city was given the title Civitas Invicta (meaning "Unconquered City") by Grand Master Jean Parisot de Valette. In 1581 Senglea became a Parish dedicated to the Nativity of Our Lady. The donation of the statue of Our Lady, popularly known as "Il-Bambina", is estimated to have occurred in 1618. Thousands of inhabitants of the city were killed in a plague epidemic in 1676. [1]

In 1798, Senglea was involved in the blockade against French forces, who were ousted from Malta in 1800. [1] The city narrowly escaped being hit by another plague in 1813; a statue of Our Lady was erected in the city's centre as a sign of gratitude. [2]

The parish church was bestowed with the title of Basilica by Pope Benedict XV in 1921. Senglean-born Ignazio Panzavecchia was elected as the first Prime Minister of Malta in the first Self Government Constitution in the same year. Because of his ecclesiastical status he decided not to take up the position. Following Panzavecchia's refusal Joseph Howard was appointed as Prime Minister. [1]

During the Second World War Senglea suffered heavy bombardments which devastated most of the city and killed many of its citizens. On 16 January 1941 a blitz by the Luftwaffe on HMS Illustrious, docked at the nearby Corradino, caused 21 fatalities and destroyed most of the city's buildings including the Basilica. [3] King George VI visited the devastated city on 20 June 1943. [4]

The newly built Basilica was consecrated by Archbishop Sir Mikiel Gonzi on 24 August 1957. The following day the Basilica resumed its normal functions after almost 16 years and the statue of Marija Bambina was placed inside its new "temple" amongst huge celebrations.

Pope John Paul II visited Senglea in May 1990. To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Luftwaffe bombing of the city, a monument which honours the local victims of both World Wars was unveiled besides the Basilica on 5 September 1991. The first Local Council of Senglea was formed after an election on 3 March 1994. The first mayor of the city was Stephen Perici. [1]

The Italian city of Cassino became a twin city with Senglea in 2003. [5] In 2010 Senglea won a European Destinations of Excellence award for aquatic tourism. [1]

Culture

Senglea is particularly famous for the statue of Jesus Christ the Redeemer (Ir-Redentur tal-Isla), located in the oratory of the basilica which is dedicated to the birth of the Virgin Mary (Marija Bambina). [1]

Senglea also has a statue dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, which is often referred to as Il-Madonna tan-Nofs, literally meaning "Our Lady of the Centre". It was originally erected in the city centre during the time of the plague, as gratitude, for being the only town not contaminated. [1]

The local band club is currently named "Socjeta' Filarmonika La Vincitrice". [6] The city's semi-professional football team Senglea Athletic was formed in 1934 to replace the defunct Senglea United side. [7]

Population

With an area of just over half a square mile, Senglea is Malta's smallest locality. It is also its most densely populated. Around the start of the 20th century, Senglea had more than 8200 people, making it the most densely populated town in Europe. At the time, Senglea, as well as Cospicua, were the centre of Malta's elite and intelligentsia. The Second World War rapidly altered its social structure as many left to take refuge in outlying towns and countryside, never to return. In recent years, rehabilitation of the Cottonera Waterfront as a yacht marina has spurred a lot of interest from foreign expatriates and businessmen.[ citation needed ] A March 2011 estimate put its population at 2,964. [8] Its population stood at 2,821 as of March 2013, [9] and this decreased to 2,784 in March 2014. [10]

Transport

Senglea is linked to the capital city of Valletta by a network of bus services. Prior to their introduction in the early 20th century, the cities were connected by boat services. In July 2011, following the introduction of a new bus network by Arriva, boats between the two locations were restarted in response to complaints that bus journeys were too slow. [11]

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Senglea is twinned with: [18] [19]

Related Research Articles

Giovanni Francesco Abela

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Kalkara Local council in South Eastern Region, Malta

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Cospicua City and Local council in South Eastern Region, Malta

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Fort Saint Michael

Fort Saint Michael was a small fort in the land front of the city of Senglea, Malta. It was originally built in the 1552 and it played a significant role in the Great Siege of Malta of 1565. Following the siege, it was rebuilt as Saint Michael Cavalier, and it was completed in 1581. The cavalier was partially demolished in the 20th century, and only a part of its base still exists today.

The Three Cities is a collective description of the three fortified cities of Birgu, Senglea and Cospicua in Malta. The oldest of the Three Cities is Birgu, which has existed since prior to the Middle Ages. The other two cities, Senglea and Cospicua, were both founded by the Order of Saint John in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Three Cities are enclosed by the Cottonera Lines, along with several other fortifications. The term Cottonera is synonymous with the Three Cities, although it is sometimes taken to also include the nearby town of Kalkara.

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Malta is the country with the most holidays in the European Union. Since 2005, any holidays falling on Saturdays or Sundays do not add an extra day to the workers' leave pool.

Claude de la Sengle

Fra' Claude de la Sengle was the 48th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 1553 his death. His successor was Fra' Jean Parisot de Valette.

Juan de Homedes

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2008 Maltese local elections Local election held in Malta in 2008

Local elections were held in Malta on 8 March 2008, the same day of the general election. This year, the election was held in 23 of the 68 Maltese localities. These 23 localities are: Valletta, Senglea, Żebbuġ, Żejtun, Balzan, Dingli, Fontana, Għajnsielem, Għasri, Iklin, Kirkop, Marsa, Mellieħa, Mqabba, Nadur, Pembroke, Qrendi, San Ġiljan, San Pawl il-Baħar, Santa Venera, Ta' Xbiex, Xewkija and Żurrieq. A separate local election was held on 24 May in Mtarfa, after the previous council was dissolved a monthly earlier. 12 candidates contested the election, in which 3 councillors were elected for the Nationalist Party while 2 councillors were elected for the Malta Labour Party (MLP).

Basilica of the Nativity of Mary, Senglea Church in Senglea, Malta

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South Eastern Region Region of Malta

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Fortifications of Senglea

The fortifications of Senglea are a series of defensive walls and other fortifications which surround the city of Senglea, Malta. The first fortification to be built was Fort Saint Michael in 1552, and the majority of the fortifications were built over the next decade when it was founded by Grand Master Claude de la Sengle. Modifications continued until the 18th century, but large parts of the fortifications were demolished between the 19th and 20th centuries. Today, all that remain of Senglea's fortifications are the seaward bastions and part of the land front.

1813–1814 Malta plague epidemic Last major outbreak of plague on the islands of Malta and Gozo

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Historical information". Senglea Local Council. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  2. "Statue of the Madonna and Child" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands . 27 August 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  3. Mangion, Fabian (13 February 2011). "Young Senglea priest among victims of Illustrious blitz". The Times of Malta .
  4. Douglas-Hamilton, James (1981). The air battle for Malta: the diaries of a fighter pilot. Mainstream Publishing. p. 112. ISBN   0-906391-20-2.
  5. 1 2 Abela, Joseph (26 August 2002). "Senglea and Montecassino". The Times of Malta.
  6. "President and Mrs Abela end official visit in Senglea". DI-VE. 3 October 2010.
  7. Baldacchino, Carmel (2 April 2009). "The fore-runners of Senglea Athletic". The Times of Malta.
  8. "Population statistics" (PDF). Malta Government Gazette. mjha.gov.mt. 9 August 2011.
  9. "Estimated Population by Locality" (PDF). Malta Government Gazette. 31 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  10. "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
  11. Carabott, Sarah (14 July 2011). "Back to the future for Arriva?". The Times of Malta .
  12. 1 2 3 "Prominent Sengleans". Senglea Local Council. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  13. Mangion, Fabian (8 March 2015). "Recalling a brave, sincere patriot forgotten by Malta". Times of Malta . Archived from the original on 25 March 2015.
  14. Abela, Joseph (16 June 2008). "Louis Shickluna - A successful Senglean shipbuilder". The Times of Malta.
  15. "Gigi passes away as Labour party salutes". Malta Today . 8 June 2003. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012.
  16. Azzopardi, Marika (7 February 2010). "Charles Clews – Comedian Extraordinaire". The Malta Independent . Archived from the original on 15 March 2012.
  17. Schunk, Andrew (15 April 2010). "Anthony Perici, city's first full-time mayor, dies". Twinsburg Bulletin . Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  18. "Twinning". localgovernment.gov.mt. Government of Malta. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  19. "Zarasai". visitlithuania.net. Visit Lithuania Travel Agency. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  20. Serracino, Joseph (16 December 2017). "Dawra kulturali mal-Port il-Kbir" (PDF). Orizzont. p. 23.