|King of Joseon|
|Predecessor||Yejong of Joseon|
|Successor||Yeonsangun of Joseon|
|Born||19 August 1457|
|Died||19 January 1495 37)(aged|
|Consort|| Queen Gonghye |
|Issue|| Yeonsangun of Joseon |
Jungjong of Joseon
|Father||Deokjong of Joseon|
|Seongjong of Joseon|
|Revised Romanization||I Hyeol|
Seongjong of Joseon (August 19, 1457 – January 19, 1495) was the ninth king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He succeeded King Yejong in 1469 and ruled until 1494.
Korea is a region in East Asia consisting of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Korea is bordered by Russia to the northeast, China to the northwest, and neighbours Japan to the east via the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan.
Yejong of Joseon was the 8th king of the Joseon Dynasty Korea. He succeeded his father, King Sejo in 1468 at 18 years of age, but was too physically ill to govern, and died a year later.
He was the grandson of King Sejo, nephew of Yejong and second son of Crown Prince Uigyeong (Crown Prince Uigyeong's first son was Grand Prince Wolsan (1454-1487), who was King Seongjong's elder brother). He succeeded King Yejong in 1469 when the weak king died and his son was too young to succeed him. Since he was too young to govern the kingdom effectively (he was 12 when he was crowned), Queen Jeonghee, his grandmother, ruled the nation in his name, along with the king's mother, Queen Insu (whose husband had never actually been king, but he was ascended to throne posthumously). In 1476, at the age of 19, he began to govern the country in his own name.
Sejo of Joseon was the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He was the son of King Sejong and brother of Munjong of Joseon and uncle of Danjong of Joseon, against whom he led a coup d'état to become king himself in 1455.
Crown Prince Uigyeong or Deokjong of Joseon or Prince Dowon was a crown prince of the Korean Joseon Dynasty.
His reign was marked by the prosperity and growth of the national economy, based on the laws laid down by kings Taejong, Sejong, and Sejo. He himself was a gifted ruler. In 1474, the code of law, first ordered by King Sejo, was completed and put into effect. Seongjong also ordered revisions and improvements to the code.
Taejong of Joseon was the third king of the Joseon dynasty in Korea and the father of King Sejong the Great.
Besides the law, he also encouraged Confucian scholars; He greatly expanded Hongmungwan (홍문관;弘文館), the royal library and advisory council to the king at the same time, and strengthened so-called Three Offices (Hongmungwan, Office of Inspector General, Office of Censors) as check and balance on the Royal Court. For the first time since King Sejong, he brought many liberal Confucian scholars to his court, whose political views went against those of the conservative officials (members of the nobility) who had helped kings Taejong and Sejo to power. In this way he made his rule more effective by appointing able administrators regardless of their political views. His policy resulted in many positive innovations, increasing his number of supporters. The king himself was an artist and scholar, and liked to argue about the finer points of politics with more liberal scholars. He encouraged scholars to publish numerous books about geography and social etiquette, for example, as well as areas of knowledge that benefited the common people.
It was under Seongjong's reign that the Widow Remarriage Ban (1477) was enacted, which strengthened pre-existing social stigma against women who remarried by barring their sons from public office.In 1489, Seongjong condemned a woman of the royal clan, Yi Guji, when it was discovered that she had cohabited with her slave after being widowed.
A widow is a woman whose spouse has died and a widower is a man whose spouse has died. The treatment of widows and widowers around the world varies.
Yi Guji was a Joseon princess, writer, artist, and poet. She was forced to commit suicide after it was discovered that she had cohabited with a slave after being widowed.
He also sent several military campaigns against the Jurchens on the northern border in 1491, like many of his predecessors. The campaign, led by Gen. Heo Jong (허종;許琮), was successful, and the defeated Jurchens led by Udige (兀狄哈) retreated to the north of Amrokgang. King Seongjong was succeeded by his son, Yeonsangun, in 1494.
The Yalu River, also called the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China. Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea and China and is notable as a site involved in military conflicts such as the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, World War II, and the Korean War.
|Joseon dynasty monarchs|
Gwanghae-gun or Prince Gwanghae was the fifteenth king of the Joseon dynasty. His personal name was Yi Hon. As he was deposed in a coup d'état, later official historians did not give him a temple name like Taejo or Sejong.
Cheoljong of Joseon was the 25th king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. He was a distant relative of King Yeongjo.
Jungjong of Joseon, born Yi Yeok or Lee Yeok, ruled during the 16th century in what is now Korea. He succeeded his half-brother, Yeonsangun, because of the latter's tyrannical misrule, which culminated in a coup placing Jungjong on the throne.
Injo of Joseon was the sixteenth king of the Joseon dynasty in Korea. He was the grandson of Seonjo and son of Grand Prince Jeongwon (정원군). King Injo was king during both the first and second Manchu invasions, which ended with the surrender of Joseon to the Qing dynasty in 1636.
Myeongjong of Joseon was the 13th king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He was the second son of Jungjong, and his mother was Queen Munjeong, who was Jungjong's third queen.
Munjong of Joseon was the fifth King of the Joseon Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1450 to 1452. He was the eldest son of King Sejong and succeeded him in 1450, but died of disease two years later. He was succeeded by his son, Danjong of Joseon.
Jeongjo of Joseon was the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He made various attempts to reform and improve the nation of Korea. He was preceded by his grandfather King Yeongjo and succeeded by his son King Sunjo.
Jeongjong of Joseon, born Yi Bang-gwa, whose changed name is Yi Gyeong, was the second king of Joseon Dynasty (1399–1400). He was the second son of the founder and first king of the dynasty, King Taejo of Joseon.
Danjong of Joseon was the sixth king of the Joseon Dynasty. He was forced to abdicate by his uncle, who became Sejo of Joseon, and exiled to Yeongwol County, where he was later put to death and his remains are buried.
Yeonsan-gun or Prince Yeonsan, born Yi Yung or Lee Yoong, was the 10th king of Korea's Joseon Dynasty. He was the eldest son of Seongjong by his second wife, Lady Yoon. He is often considered the worst tyrant of the Joseon Dynasty, and perhaps all of Korean history, notorious for launching two bloody purges of the seonbi scholar elite. He also seized a thousand women from the provinces to serve as palace entertainers, and appropriated the Seonggyungwan study hall as a personal pleasure ground. Overthrown, Yeonsan-gun did not receive a temple name.
The King and I is a South Korean historical drama series that aired on SBS from August 27, 2007 to April 1, 2008 on Mondays and Tuesdays at 21:55. Starring Oh Man-seok, Ku Hye-sun and Go Joo-won, the series was moderately successful, with its ratings peak at 20%.
Queen Jeonghui or Queen Jung-Hee, also known as Queen Dowager Jaseong (자성왕대비), was Queen Consort to King Sejo of Joseon and the mother of Sejo's successor King Yejong of Joseon. Following her husband's death in 1468, she served as regent for her weak son from 1468 to 1469 and co-regent for her young grandson from 1469 to 1477, along with her daughter-in-law, Grand Queen Dowager Insu. She was from the Papyeong Yun clan.
Queen Hyoui was the wife and Queen Consort of King Jeongjo of Joseon. She came from the Cheongpung Kim clan.
Queen Jeonghyeon or Queen Jung-Hyun also known as Queen Dowager Jasun (자순왕대비) was the wife and Queen Consort of King Seongjong of Joseon, the 9th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty. She was of the Papyeong Yun clan
Queen Ansun also known as Queen Dowager Inhye (인혜왕대비) was the second wife and Queen Consort of King Yejong of Joseon, the 8th monarch of the Joseon Dynasty.
Queen Insu was the only wife of Crown Prince Uigyeong of Joseon. She was given the title honorary Queen Insu when her son became king in 1469. 'Queen Sohye' is her posthumous name. She was co-regent of Korea during the minority of her sons alongside her mother-in-law Queen Jeonghui.
Seongjong of JoseonBorn: 1457 Died: 1494
| King of Joseon |
with Queen Jeonghui (1469–1477)