Serang

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Serang
ᮞᮦᮛᮀ
Great Mosque of Serang.jpg
Cagar Alam Pulau Dua, Banten, 23042017.jpg
Pintu Masuk Stasiun Serang, Agustus 2019.jpg
Clockwise from the top:
Ats-Tsauroh Great Mosque of Serang, Serang Railway Station, Pulau Dua Nature Reserve
Flag of Serang City.png
Lambang Kota Serang.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Paddy Field City
Motto(s): 
Kota Serang Madani
(Self-reliant City of Serang)
Locator Kota Serang.png
Location within Banten
Indonesia Java location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Serang
Location in Java and Indonesia
Indonesia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Serang
Serang (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°7′12″S106°9′1″E / 6.12000°S 106.15028°E / -6.12000; 106.15028 Coordinates: 6°7′12″S106°9′1″E / 6.12000°S 106.15028°E / -6.12000; 106.15028
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Province Flag of Banten, Indonesia.svg  Banten
Established2 November 2007 [1]
Government
  Mayor Syafrudin
  Vice Mayor Subadri Ushuludin
Area
  Total266.71 km2 (102.98 sq mi)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
  Total692,101
  Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Area code (+62) 254
Registration plate A
Website serangkota.go.id

Serang municipality (Indonesian : Kota Serang, Sundanese: ᮞᮦᮛᮀ) is the capital of Banten province and was formerly also the administrative center of Serang Regency in Indonesia (the Regency's capital is now at Baros). The city is located towards the north of Banten province, on the island of Java. Before Banten province was formed in 2000 Serang was part of West Java province.

Contents

Serang has a tropical rainforest climate, with no dry season month. [3] It faces the Java Sea, which is home to Thousand Islands.

Serang had a population of 576,961 in the 2010 census, [4] making it the third most populous city in the province of Banten. The 2020 Census gave a total of 692,101. [2] Serang is located approximately 15 km from the border of Jabodetabek and sometimes considered as amalgamated with the Greater Jakarta.

Culture

Religion

Seba Baduy festival of the indigenous Baduy people. Seba Baduy Banten Kota Serang.jpg
Seba Baduy festival of the indigenous Baduy people.

The majority of people in Serang and Banten Province embrace Islam, but other religions coexist peacefully. Serang is often known as " kota santri " or the "city of pious people", due to the history as a traditional center of Islamic learning. [5] The city hosts two of the major congregational mosques in Banten province, Ats-Tsauroh Great Mosque of Serang and Al-Bantani Grand Mosque, which hold the capacity of 2,500 and 10,000 worshippers respectively. [6] [7]

Language

Compared with the majority in Banten Province who speak the Sundanese language, in addition to Sundanese language. Some residents local people in Serang speak the Javanese language with a dialect similar to the Cirebon dialect of Javanese. The reason for this is that many Javanese migrants arrived in early 1527 to build the Banten Sultanate, and remained to form the base of today's population.

Transportation

The city is served by Serang station, operated by Indonesia's rail operator PT Kereta Api Indonesia.

The Tangerang–Merak Toll Road, part of the Trans-Java toll road, passes through the city of Serang.

The road to the proposed Sunda Strait Bridge would start in Serang, pass through Merak in neighboring Cilegon city to cross over the Sunda Strait to Sumatra.

Administrative districts

Serang was formerly a part of Serang Regency. On 2 November 2007, the status of Serang was changed into a municipality (kota madya) independent of the Regency. Since that time, Serang City becomes a semi-enclave within Serang Regency, as the city borders the regency in the south, east, and west, while it borders with Java Sea in the north.

The City of Serang is divided into six districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census [8] and the 2020 Census. [2] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (urban kelurahan) in each district, and its postal codes.

NameArea
in km2
Population
Census
2010 [8]
Population
Census
2020 [2]
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Curug49.6047,30857,3461047171
Walantaka48.4875,672102,5431447183
Cipocok Jaya31.5480,93098,907847121 - 47128
Serang (district)25.88208,017226,1961247111 - 47119
Taktakan 47.8878,184100,2961247162
Kasemen63.3687,674106,8131047191
Totals266.74577,785692,10166

Climate

Serang has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round. Rain gets noticeably heavier from December to March.

Climate data for Serang
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.4
(86.7)
30.9
(87.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.0
(89.6)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90.0)
32.3
(90.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
32.0
(89.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F)22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.1
(71.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
21.8
(71.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)305
(12.0)
257
(10.1)
197
(7.8)
154
(6.1)
132
(5.2)
85
(3.3)
86
(3.4)
82
(3.2)
82
(3.2)
119
(4.7)
162
(6.4)
217
(8.5)
1,878
(73.9)
Source: [9]

Emblem

The emblem of Serang consists of

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References

  1. according to Law UU No. 32/2007
  2. 1 2 3 4 Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  3. "Serang, Indonesia Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  4. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Mencari Kota Santri. Times Indonesia. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  6. Masjid Agung Ats Tsauroh. Dunia Masjid. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  7. MASJID AL-BANTANI. Sistem Informasi Masjid. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
  8. 1 2 Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. "Serang climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Serang weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org.

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