Serge Gainsbourg

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Serge Gainsbourg
Serge Gainsbourg par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1981.jpg
Gainsbourg in 1981
Born
Lucien Ginsburg

(1928-04-02)2 April 1928
Paris, France
Died2 March 1991(1991-03-02) (aged 62)
Paris, France
NationalityFrench
Other names
  • Julien Grix
  • Gainsbarre
Occupation
  • Music artist
  • songwriter
  • pianist
  • poet
  • painter
  • screenwriter
  • writer
  • actor
  • director
Years active1957–1991
Spouse(s)
    Elisabeth "Lize" Levitsky
    (m. 1951;div. 1957)
      Béatrice Pancrazzi
      (m. 1964;div. 1966)
Partner(s)
Children4, including Charlotte Gainsbourg
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
  • guitar
Labels (Universal Music Group)
Associated acts Charlotte Gainsbourg
Website Official website from Universalmusic

Serge Gainsbourg (French pronunciation:  [sɛʁʒ ɡɛ̃sbuʁ] ; [4] born Lucien Ginsburg; [5] 2 April 1928 – 2 March 1991) [1] was a French singer, songwriter, pianist, film composer, poet, painter, screenwriter, writer, actor and director. [6] Regarded as the most important figure in French pop whilst alive, he was renowned for often provocative and scandalous releases which caused uproar in France, dividing its public opinion, [7] [8] as well as his diverse artistic output, which ranged from his early work in jazz, chanson, and yé-yé to later efforts in rock, funk, reggae, and electronica. [9] Gainsbourg's varied musical style and individuality make him difficult to categorize, although his legacy has been firmly established and he is often regarded as one of the world's most influential popular musicians. [10]

Contents

His lyrical works incorporated wordplay, with humorous, bizarre, provocative, sexual, satirical or subversive overtones, including sophisticated rhymes, mondegreen, onomatopoeia, spoonerism, dysphemism, paraprosdokian and pun. Gainsbourg wrote over 550 songs, [11] [12] which have been covered more than 1,000 times by a range of artists. [13] Since his death from a second heart attack in 1991, Gainsbourg's music has reached legendary stature in France, and he is regarded as one of France's greatest ever musicians[ citation needed ] and one of the country's most popular and endeared public figures. [14] He has also gained a cult following in the English-speaking world with chart success in the United Kingdom and the United States with "Je t'aime... moi non-plus" and "Bonnie and Clyde", respectively.

Biography

Born in Paris, France, Gainsbourg was the son of Jewish Russian migrants, Joseph Ginsburg (28 December 1898, in Kharkov, Russian Empire now Ukraine—22 April 1971) and Olga [15] (née Bessman; 1894 – 16 March 1985), who fled to Paris after the 1917 Russian Revolution. [16] [17] Joseph Ginsburg was a classically trained musician whose profession was playing the piano in cabarets and casinos; he taught his children—Gainsbourg and his twin sister Liliane—to play the piano. [18] [19] [20]

Gainsbourg's childhood was profoundly affected by the occupation of France by Germany during World War II. The identifying yellow star that Jews were required to wear haunted Gainsbourg; in later years he was able to transmute this memory into creative inspiration. During the occupation, the Jewish Ginsburg family was able to make their way from Paris to Limoges, traveling under false papers. Limoges was in the Zone libre under the administration of the collaborationist Vichy government and still a perilous refuge for Jews. After the war, Gainsbourg obtained work teaching music and drawing in a school outside of Paris, in Le Mesnil-le-Roi. The school was set up under the auspices of local rabbis, for the orphaned children of murdered deportees. Here Gainsbourg heard the accounts of Nazi persecution and genocide, stories that resonated for Gainsbourg far into the future. [21] Before he was 30 years old, Gainsbourg was a disillusioned painter but earned his living as a piano player in bars. [22]

Gainsbourg changed his first name to Serge, feeling that this was representative of his Russian background and because, as Jane Birkin relates: "Lucien reminded him of a hairdresser's assistant." [23] He chose Gainsbourg as his last name, in homage to the English painter Thomas Gainsborough, whom he admired. [24]

He married Elisabeth "Lize" Levitsky on 3 November 1951 and divorced in 1957. He married a second time on 7 January 1964, to Françoise-Antoinette "Béatrice" Pancrazzi (b. 28 July 1931), with whom he had two children: a daughter named Natacha (b. 8 August 1964) and a son, Paul (born in spring 1968). He divorced Béatrice in February 1966.

In late 1967 he had a brief but ardent love affair with Brigitte Bardot, to whom he dedicated the song and album Initials B.B. . He initially composed the song "Je t'aime... moi non plus" as a duet with her, but Bardot, married at the time, pleaded with Gainsbourg not to release it.

In mid-1968 Gainsbourg fell in love with the younger English singer and actress Jane Birkin, whom he met during the shooting of the film Slogan. Their relationship lasted over a decade. [25] In 1971 they had a daughter, the actress and singer Charlotte Gainsbourg. Although many sources state that they were married, [26] according to their daughter Charlotte this was not the case. [25]

His last official partner was Bambou. In 1986, they had a son, Lucien, known as Lulu. [1] In 2010, Lise Lévitzky published a book called Lise et Lulu which raises the possibility of Gainsbourg being bisexual. [27] [28] In 2017, Constance Meyer published a book titled La jeune fille et Gainsbourg, in which she reveals that she had a love affair with the musician during his last years, which began in 1985 when, then aged 16, she sent him a love letter. [29]

Early work

His early songs were influenced by Boris Vian and were largely in the vein of old-fashioned chanson .

Around 1958 he backed the Parisian "Cabaret Milord l'Arsouille" star, singer Michèle Arnaud. She discovered a shy songwriter, who considered his compositions too modern and provocative for mainstream chanson. Arnaud offered to sing and even record such songs, and propelled his early career.

Later, Gainsbourg began to move beyond this and experiment with a succession of musical styles: modern jazz early on, yé-yé pop in the 1960s, then funk, rock and reggae in the 1970s and electronica in the 1980s. [9]

Gainsbourg, Gall, and del Monaco in a screenshot of the Eurovision Song Contest, on 20 March 1965 Eurovision Song Contest 1965 - Serge Gainsbourg, France Gall & Mario del Monaco.jpg
Gainsbourg, Gall, and del Monaco in a screenshot of the Eurovision Song Contest, on 20 March 1965

Many of his songs contained themes with a bizarre, morbid or sexual twist in them. An early success, "Le Poinçonneur des Lilas", describes the day in the life of a Paris Métro ticket man, whose job is to stamp holes in passengers' tickets. Gainsbourg describes this chore as so monotonous, that the man eventually thinks of putting a hole into his own head and being buried in another.

By the time the yéyés emerged in France, Gainsbourg was 32 years old and was not feeling very comfortable: he spent much time with Jacques Brel or Juliette Gréco but the public and critics rejected him, mocking his prominent ears and nose. During this period, Gainsbourg began working with Gréco, a collaboration that lasted throughout the 'Left Bank' period culminating in the song "La Javanaise" in the fall of 1962.

He performed a few duets in 1964 with the artist Philippe Clay, with whom he shared some resemblance. Around this time, Gainsbourg met Elek Bacsik, who pleased Gainsbourg, despite knowing that such a sound would not allow him access to success. The album Gainsbourg Confidentiel sold only 1,500 copies. The decision was taken right upon leaving the studio: "I'll get into hack work and buy myself a Rolls". Still, his next album, Gainsbourg Percussions, inspired by the rhythms and melodies of Miriam Makeba and Babatunde Olatunji, was a world away from the yéyé wave, on the scene which was to become a key to the Gainsbourg fortune.

More success began to arrive when, in 1965, his song "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" was the Luxembourg entry in the Eurovision Song Contest. Performed by French teen and charming singer France Gall, it won first prize. The song was recorded in English as "A Lonely Singing Doll" by British teen idol Twinkle. [1]

His next song for Gall, "Les Sucettes" ("Lollipops"), caused a scandal in France: Gainsbourg had written the song with double meanings and strong sexual innuendo, of which the singer was apparently unaware when she recorded it. Whereas Gall thought that the song was about a girl enjoying lollipops, it was actually about oral sex. The controversy arising from the song, although a big hit for Gall, threw her career off-track in France for several years.[ citation needed ]

Gainsbourg arranged other Gall songs and LPs that were characteristic of the late 1960s psychedelic styles, among them her 1968 album. Another Gainsbourg song, "Boum Bada Boum", was entered by Monaco in the 1967 contest, sung by Minouche Barelli; it came fifth. He also wrote hit songs for other artists, such as Françoise Hardy ("Comment te dire adieu", based on a complex scheme of rare rhymes), Anna Karina ("Sous le soleil exactement", "Ne dis rien"), and his lifelong friend and muse-égérie, Michèle Arnaud ("Les Papillons Noirs"). [1]

In 1967, Gainsbourg appeared as a dancer along with Jean Yanne and Sacha Distel in the Sacha Show with Marie Laforet singing "Ivan, Boris & Moi".

His relationship with Brigitte Bardot led to a series of prominent pop duets, such as "Ford Mustang" and "Bonnie and Clyde".

In 1969, he released "Je t'aime... moi non-plus", which featured explicit lyrics and simulated sounds of female orgasm. The song appeared that year on an LP, Jane Birkin/Serge Gainsbourg . Originally recorded with Brigitte Bardot, it was released with his future girlfriend Birkin when Bardot backed out. While Gainsbourg declared it the "ultimate love song", it was considered too "hot"; the song was censored or banned from public broadcast in numerous countries and in France even the toned-down version was suppressed. The Vatican made a public statement citing the song as offensive. Despite (or perhaps because of) the controversy, it sold well and charted within the top ten in many European countries.

The 1970s

Histoire de Melody Nelson was released in 1971. This concept album, produced and arranged by Jean-Claude Vannier, tells the story of a Lolita-esque affair, with Gainsbourg as the narrator. It features prominent string arrangements and even a massed choir at its tragic climax. The album has proven influential with artists such as Air, David Holmes, Jarvis Cocker, Beck and Dan the Automator. [30]

He had a heart attack in May 1973, but refused to cut back on smoking and drinking. [31]

In 1975, he released the album Rock Around the Bunker , an album written entirely on the subject of National Socialism. Gainsbourg used black comedy, as he and his family had suffered during World War II, being forced to wear the yellow star as the mark of a Jew. Rock Around the Bunker belonged to the mid-1970s "retro" trend.

The next year saw the release of another major work, L'Homme à tête de chou (Cabbage-Head Man), featuring the new character Marilou and sumptuous orchestral themes. Cabbage-Head Man is one of his nicknames, as it refers to his ears. Musically, L'homme à tête de chou turned out to be Gainsbourg's last LP in the English rock style he had favoured since the late 1960s. He would go on to produce two reggae albums recorded in Jamaica (1979 and 1981) and two electronic funk albums recorded in New York (1984 and 1987).

In Jamaica in 1979, he recorded "Aux Armes et cætera", a reggae version of the French national anthem "La Marseillaise", with Robbie Shakespeare, Sly Dunbar and Rita Marley. Following harsh and anti-semitic criticism in right-wing newspaper Le Figaro by Charles de Gaulle biographer Michel Droit,[ citation needed ] his song earned him death threats from right-wing veteran soldiers of the Algerian War of Independence, who were opposed to their national anthem being arranged in reggae style. In 1979, a show had to be cancelled, because an angry mob of French Army parachutists came to demonstrate in the audience. Alone onstage, Gainsbourg raised his fist and answered: "The true meaning of our national anthem is revolutionary" and sang it a capella with the audience. The soldiers joined them, a scene enjoyed by millions as French TV news broadcast it, creating more publicity. Shortly afterward, Gainsbourg purchased the original manuscript of "La Marseillaise". He replied to his critics that his version was closer to the original as the manuscript actually features the words "Aux armes et cætera..." for the chorus. This album, described by legendary drummer Sly Dunbar as "Perhaps the best record he ever played on", was his biggest commercial success, including major hits "Lola Rastaquouère", "Aux armes et cætera", and a French version of Sam Theard's jazz classic "You Rascal You" entitled "Vieille canaille". [32] Rita Marley and the I-Three would record another controversial reggae album with him in 1981, Mauvaises nouvelles des étoiles. Bob Marley was furious, when he discovered that Gainsbourg made his wife Rita sing erotic lyrics. [33] Posthumous new mixes, including dub versions by Soljie Hamilton and versions of both albums by Jamaican artists, were released as double "Dub Style" albums in 2003, to critical praise in France as well as abroad and to international commercial success. Although belatedly, Aux Armes Et Cætera – Dub Style and Mauvaises Nouvelles Des Étoiles – Dub Style further established Gainsbourg, posthumously, as an influential icon in European pop music.

Final years

Tribute graffiti covers the outer wall of Serge Gainsbourg's house on the rue de Verneuil in Paris, looked after by Charlotte Gainsbourg after her father's death Maison Serge Gainsbourg.jpg
Tribute graffiti covers the outer wall of Serge Gainsbourg's house on the rue de Verneuil in Paris, looked after by Charlotte Gainsbourg after her father's death

In 1982, Gainsbourg wrote an album for French rocker Alain Bashung, Play blessures . The album, although now considered a masterpiece by French critics, was a commercial failure. [34]

After a turbulent 13-year relationship, Jane Birkin left Gainsbourg. [11] He still went on to write and produce three more albums for her: Baby Alone in Babylone (1983), Lost Song (1987), Amour des feintes (1990), with many songs being about their relationship (including "Fuir le bonheur de peur qu'il ne se sauve", which would be read by Catherine Deneuve during Gainsbourg funerals in 1991).

In the 1980s, near the end of his life, Gainsbourg became a regular figure on French TV. His appearances were increasingly devoted to his controversial sense of humour and provocation. In March 1984, he burned three-quarters of a 500-French-franc bill on television to protest against taxes rising up to 74% of income. [35] [36]

Serge Gainsbourg Gainsbourgb.jpg
Serge Gainsbourg

He would show up drunk and unshaven on stage: in April 1986, on Michel Drucker's live Saturday evening television show Champs-Élysées, with the American singer Whitney Houston, he objected to Drucker's translating his comments to Houston and in English stated: "I said, I want to fuck her"—Drucker, utterly embarrassed, insisted that this meant "He says you are great..." [33] That same year, in another talk show interview, he appeared alongside Catherine Ringer, the well-known singer from Les Rita Mitsouko who had appeared in pornographic films. Gainsbourg spat out at her, "You're nothing but a filthy whore". [37]

For many in France, this incident was the last straw, and much of his later work was overlooked since it was often done and performed while he was inebriated. After Gainsbourg's passing, Eddy Mitchell reported that their duet of "You Rascal You" had far fewer sales than would have normally been expected because of this. Michel Drucker, also, reported that he had a difficult time apologizing to Whitney Houston. After that particular incident, Gainsbourg was never again really "clean" in public, almost always having a drink in his hand and a lit cigarette between his lips, thus disgusting many with his behavior and demeanor in all he said and did. Famous humorist Pierre Desproges, who commented the incident with Catherine Ringer, said that he had admired Gainsbourg when he was alive (meaning to say that he was currently as good as dead), and that he was "the only genius looking like a garbage can" ("le seul génie qui ressemble à une poubelle").

His songs became increasingly eccentric during this period, ranging from the anti-drug "Aux Enfants de la Chance", to the highly controversial duet with his daughter Charlotte named "Lemon Incest". [38] This translates as "Inceste de citron", a wordplay on "un zeste de citron" (a lemon zest). The title demonstrates Gainsbourg's love for silly and sometimes outrageous puns – another example of which is "Beau oui comme Bowie", a song he gave to Isabelle Adjani.

Yet he continued to produce albums and songs for women—typically women with a frail voice—some of them highly successful, like the aforementioned Baby Alone in Babylone (1983) and Amour des feintes (1990) for Jane Birkin, Variations sur le même t'aime (1990) for Vanessa Paradis, Pull marine (1983) for Isabelle Adjani, "White and Black Blues" for Joëlle Ursull (which came second at the 1990 Eurovision).

In December 1988, while a judge at a film festival in Val d'Isère, he was extremely intoxicated at a local theatre where he was to do a presentation. While on stage he began to tell an obscene story about Brigitte Bardot and a champagne bottle, only to stagger offstage and collapse in a nearby seat. [37] Subsequent years saw his health deteriorate. He had to undergo liver surgery but denied any connection to cancer or cirrhosis. His appearances and releases became sparser as he had to rest and recover in Vezelay. During these final years, he released Love on the Beat , a controversial electronic album with mostly sexual themes (examplified by the titular song, for which he sampled actual sexual screams from Bambou), and his last studio album, You're Under Arrest , which presented more synth-driven songs, as well as two live albums. [1]

Film work

Acting

Gainsbourg appeared in nearly 50 film and television roles. In 1960, he co-starred with Rhonda Fleming in the Italian film La rivolta degli schiavi (The Revolt of the Slaves) as Corvino, the Roman Emperor Massimiano's evil henchman. In 1968 he wrote music for and appeared as himself in Le Pacha directed by Georges Lautner. In 1969, he appeared in William Klein's pop art satire Mr. Freedom , and in the same year he co-starred alongside Jane Birkin in The Pleasure Pit as well as in Slogan , for which he wrote the title song "La Chanson de Slogan". Also with Birkin, he acted in the French-Yugoslav film Devetnaest djevojaka i jedan mornar  [ fr ] (19 girls and one sailor) where he played a role of a partisan. They acted together again in Cannabis the following year, and again in Seven Deaths in the Cat's Eye in 1973. He also made a brief appearance with Birkin in Herbert Vesely's 1980 film Egon Schiele – Exzess und Bestrafung .

Directing

Gainsbourg wrote and directed four feature films: Je t'aime moi non plus , Équateur , Charlotte for Ever , and Stan the Flasher. He also made a short film, Le Physique et le Figuré, and co-wrote the first color film made for French television "Anna." [39] [40] He directed a few music videos, including the controversial "Morgane de toi" for his friend Renaud Seychan, featuring a group of naked children running on a beach.

Composing

Throughout his career, Gainsbourg wrote the soundtracks for nearly 60 films and television programs. In 1996, he received a posthumous César Award for Best Music Written for a Film for Élisa , along with Zbigniew Preisner and Michel Colombier.

Writing

Gainsbourg wrote a short novel entitled Evguénie Sokolov, a first person narrative where the titular protagonist recounts how he became a famous avant-garde painter by exploiting his uncontrollable and violent farts, generating the trademark shaky graphic style of his works which he calls "gazogrammes". [41]

Death and legacy

The gravesites of Serge, Olga and Joseph Gainsbourg Gainsbourg Serge tombe.jpg
The gravesites of Serge, Olga and Joseph Gainsbourg

Gainsbourg, who smoked five packs of unfiltered Gitane cigarettes a day, [42] died on 2 March 1991 of a heart attack, a month shy of his 63rd birthday. He was buried in the Jewish section of the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris. French President François Mitterrand said of him, "He was our Baudelaire, our Apollinaire  ... He elevated the song to the level of art." [43]

Since his death, Gainsbourg's music has reached legendary stature in France. [44] He has also gained a following in the English-speaking world, with numerous artists influenced by his arrangements. One of the most frequent interpreters of Gainsbourg's songs was British singer Petula Clark, whose success in France was propelled by her recordings of his tunes. In 2003, she wrote and recorded La Chanson de Gainsbourg as a tribute to the composer of some of her biggest hits.[ citation needed ] The majority of Gainsbourg's lyrics are collected in the volume Dernières nouvelles des étoiles. [45]

The Parisian house in which Gainsbourg lived from 1969 until 1991, at 5 bis Rue de Verneuil, remains a celebrated shrine, with his ashtrays and collections of various items, such as police badges and bullets, intact. The outside of the house is covered in graffiti dedicated to Gainsbourg, as well as with photographs of significant figures in his life, including Bardot and Birkin. [46]

Film biopic

Comics artist Joann Sfar wrote and directed a feature film titled Gainsbourg (Vie héroïque) , which was released in France in 2010. Gainsbourg is portrayed by Eric Elmosnino and Kacey Mottet Klein. The film won three César Awards, including Best Actor for Elmosnino, and nominated for an additional eight. [47]

Exhibitions

In 2008, Paris' Cité de la Musique held the Gainsbourg 2008 exhibition, curated by sound artist Frédéric Sanchez. [48] [49]

Tributes left at the gravesite Serge Gainsbourg, cimetiere Montparnasse.jpg
Tributes left at the gravesite

Discography

Studio albums

YearAlbumChart Certifications
FR
[50] [51] [52]
1958 Du chant à la une 137
1959 N° 2 -
1961 L'Étonnant Serge Gainsbourg -
1962 Serge Gainsbourg N° 4 -
1963 Gainsbourg Confidentiel -
1964 Gainsbourg Percussions -
1968 Bonnie & Clyde (with Brigitte Bardot)-
1968 Initials B.B. -
1969 Jane Birkin/Serge Gainsbourg 4
1971 Histoire de Melody Nelson 56
1973 Vu de l'extérieur -
1975 Rock around the bunker 5
1976 L'Homme à tête de chou 85FR: Gold [53]
1979 Aux armes et cætera 1FR: Platinum [53]
1981 Mauvaises nouvelles des étoiles 3FR: Gold [53]
1984 Love on the Beat 3FR: Platinum [53]
1987 You're Under Arrest 2FR: Platinum [53]

Live albums

Selected film scores

Singles and EPs

The majority of his EPs (represented in italics) were also released as 7-inch promo jukebox singles.

YearSinglePeak chart positions
AUT [54] BE (WA) [55] FRA [56] IT [57] NL [58] NOR [59] SUI [60] UK [61] US [62]
1958Le Poinçonneur des Lilas---------
1959La Jambe de bois (Friedland)---------
Le Claqueur de doigts---------
L'Anthracite---------
1960L'Eau à la bouche-49-------
Les Loups dans la bergerie---------
Romantique 60---------
1961La Chanson de Prévert---------
Les Oubliettes---------
1962Les Goémons---------
1963Vilaine fille, mauvais garçon-- [upper-alpha 1] - [upper-alpha 1] ------
Strip-tease---------
1964Comment trouvez-vous ma sœur ?---------
Chez les yé-yé---------
Couleur Café---------
1966Qui est "In", Qui est "Out"-47-------
1967Vidocq---------
Anna---------
Toutes folles de lui---------
Comic Strip-45-------
L'Horizon---------
1968"Bonnie and Clyde" (with Brigitte Bardot) [upper-alpha 2] -18-------
"Manon 70"---------
"Requiem pour un con"--49 [upper-alpha 3] ------
"Ce sacré grand-père"---------
"Initials B.B." [upper-alpha 2] -4293 [upper-alpha 4] ------
Mister Freedom--80 [upper-alpha 5] ------
"L'anamour"---------
1969"Élisa"---------
"Je t'aime... moi non plus" (with Jane Birkin)123 [63] 2211158
"La Chanson de Slogan" (with Jane Birkin)---------
"La Horse"--94 [upper-alpha 5] ------
1970"Un petit garçon applé Charlie Brown"---------
"Cannabis"---------
1971"Ballade de Melody Nelson"--29 [64] ------
1972"La Décadanse" (with Jane Birkin)-1347 [64] 20-----
"Sex-Shop"---------
"Moogy-Woogy"---------
1973"Je suis venu te dire que je m'en vais"-3573 [upper-alpha 4] ------
1974"Je t'aime... moi non plus" (re-release)-------31-
1975"Rock Around the Bunker"-47-------
"L'Ami Caouette"-31-------
1976"Marilou sous la neige"-50-------
"Ballade de Johnny-Jane"---------
1977"Madame Claude"---------
"My Lady Héroïne"-47-------
"Good Bye Emmanuelle"---------
"Chanson du chevalier blanc"---------
1978"Sea, Sex and Sun"---------
1979"Des laids, des laids" / "Aux armes et cætera"---------
"Vieille Canaille"---------
1980"Harley-Davidson"---------
"Requiem pour un twister"---------
"Dieu fumeur de Havanes" (with Catherine Deneuve)--8 [65] ------
1981"Souviens-toi de m'oublier" (with Catherine Deneuve)---------
"Le Physique et le figuré"---------
"Ecce Homo"---------
1982"Bana Basadi Balalo"---------
1984"Love on the Beat"---------
1985"Lemon Incest" (with Charlotte Gainsbourg)--2------
"No Comment"---------
1986"Vieille Canaille" (with Eddy Mitchell)--17 [65] ------
"Je t'aime... moi non plus" (with Brigitte Bardot)---------
"Charlotte Forever" (with Charlotte Gainsbourg)---------
1987"You're Under Arrest"--47------
1988"Aux enfants de la chance"--35------
"Mon Légionnaire"---------
1989"Hey Man Amen" (Live) [upper-alpha 2] ---------
"Couleur Café" (Live)---------
1990"Stan the Flasher"---------
1991"Requiem Pour un Con" (Remix 91)--8------
1995"Élisa" (re-release)--36------
2000"Je t'aime" (The Mixes)---------
2003"Lola Rastaquouère"---------
Marilou Reggae---------
"Aux Armes!" (featuring Big Youth)---------
2010"Les Cœurs Verts"---------
Le Jardinier d'Argenteuil---------
Si j'étais un espion---------
2011"Comme un boomerang"-- [upper-alpha 6] 40------
2017"Équateur"---------
2020À la Maison de la Radio---------

Notes

  1. 1 2 "La Javanaise" on the B-side of the EP charted at number 38 in Belgium and when re-released in 2011, charted at number 87 in France
  2. 1 2 3 Also released as an EP
  3. Chart position in 2010
  4. 1 2 Chart position in 2011
  5. 1 2 Chart position in 2009
  6. "Comme un boomerang" did not chart on the Ultratop 50, but did reach #11 on the Ultratip chart [66]

Editions

A 207-track survey of Gainsbourg's career from 1959 to 1981 on nine CDs, issued both separately and in a box: Vol. 1 Le Poinçonneur Des Lilas, 1959-1960; Vol. 2 La Javanaise, 1961-1963; Vol. 3 Couleur Café, 1963-1964; Vol. 4 Initials B.B., 1966-1968; Vol. 5 Je T'Aime Moi Non Plus, 1969-1971; Vol. 6 Je Suis Venu Te Dire Que Je M'en Vais, 1973-1975; Vol. 7 L'Homme à Tête de Chou, 1975-1981; Vol. 8 Aux Armes et Cætera, 1979-1981; and Vol. 9 Anna, 1967–1980. A two-CD highlights collection, also called De Gainsbourg à Gainsbarre, was culled from this edition in 1990. The box was reissued in 1994 with two more discs containing the later albums Love on the Beat (1984) and You're Under Arrest (1987).
An 18-CD box issued to mark the tenth anniversary of Gainsbourg's death containing each of his sixteen studio albums and the EP Essais Pour Signature (1958) in its original format (one per CD), plus a disc of rarities, Inédits, Les Archives 1958-1981. A separate 3-CD box, Le Cinéma de Serge Gainsbourg: Musiques de Films 1959–1990 (2001, Mercury) covered his film music.
A 20-CD, 271-track box issued to mark the twentieth anniversary of Gainsbourg's death. The first sixteen discs contain his studio albums and related tracks. They are followed by a disc of singles, a disc of television and radio recordings, and two discs of film music.

Albums written for other artists

Singles written for other artists

Selected tribute albums and posthumous releases

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"Je t'aime… moi non plus" is a 1967 song written by Serge Gainsbourg for Brigitte Bardot. In 1969, Gainsbourg recorded the best known version with Jane Birkin. The duet reached number one in the UK, and number two in Ireland, but was banned in several countries due to its overtly sexual content.

Les sucettes 1966 song by France Gall

"Les Sucettes" ("Lollipops") is a French pop song written by Serge Gainsbourg and first recorded by France Gall in 1966. One of Gall's biggest hits, it was an unusually risqué song for its time, though in performing it she was unaware of the fact.

<i>Baby Alone in Babylone</i> 1983 studio album by Jane Birkin

Baby Alone in Babylone is an album by Jane Birkin. The album was released in 1983 and was the first collaboration between Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg since their split. Michelle De Rouville was credited for the photography.

<i>Jane Birkin/Serge Gainsbourg</i> 1969 studio album by Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg

Jane Birkin/Serge Gainsbourg is a 1969 collaborative studio album by Serge Gainsbourg and Jane Birkin. It was originally released by Fontana Records. It includes "Je t'aime... moi non plus", which reached number 1 on the UK Singles Chart.

The married couple Maritie and GilbertCarpentier were artistic producers of very popular variety TV and radio shows in France and in many French-speaking countries, from the 1950s to the 1990s.

Jean-Claude Vannier is a French musician, composer and arranger. Vannier has composed music, written lyrics, and produced albums for many singers.

<i>Je taime moi non plus</i> (film) 1976 film by Serge Gainsbourg

Je t'aime moi non plus is a 1976 feature film written, directed, and scored by Serge Gainsbourg, starring Jane Birkin, Hugues Quester and Joe Dallesandro, and featuring a cameo by Gérard Depardieu.

Je t’aime may refer to:

<i>Variations sur le même taime</i> 1990 studio album by Vanessa Paradis

Variations sur le même t'aime is the second album by popular French singer Vanessa Paradis. It was released in France in 1990, and contains the hit singles "Tandem" and "Dis-lui toi que je t'aime".

<i>Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited</i> 2006 compilation album by Various artists

Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited is a tribute album to the works of late French singer/songwriter Serge Gainsbourg. First released on Virgin Records in 2006, it consists of English language cover versions of Gainsbourg songs, performed by a diverse array of contemporary artists. Gainsbourg's former wife, Jane Birkin, sang on one track.

<i>Aux armes et cætera</i> (album) 1979 studio album by Serge Gainsbourg

Aux Armes et cætera is the thirteenth studio album by Serge Gainsbourg, released in the early spring of 1979. It was recorded in Kingston, Jamaica, with some of the island's best reggae musicians as well as members of the I Threes, Bob Marley's backup chorus which includes Rita Marley. Further expanded by new mixes, dubs and Jamaican versions released in 2003 and 2015, the album is considered by many as being one of his masterpieces. The French edition of Rolling Stone magazine named this album the 50th greatest French rock album. The recording marked the first time a white singer had recorded a full reggae-influenced album in Jamaica, following previous single-song recordings from Paul Simon and Peter Tosh and Mick Jagger.

<i>Best of Vanessa Paradis</i> 2009 greatest hits album by Vanessa Paradis

Best of Vanessa Paradis is the first greatest hits album from French musician and actress Vanessa Paradis. The album is also known as simply Best of.

Guitar Song 2001 single by Texas

Guitar Song is a 2001 single release by Texas taken from their greatest hits album The Greatest Hits. It contains a sample of the song "Je t'aime... moi non plus" performed by Serge Gainsbourg and Jane Birkin. The song was released in 2001 exclusively in Belgium. It proved quite popular there, charting inside the top 50 in both Flanders and Wallonia.

<i>LHomme à tête de chou</i> 1976 studio album by Serge Gainsbourg

L’Homme à tête de chou is a concept album by Serge Gainsbourg, released on Philips Records in 1976.

<i>Mauvaises nouvelles des étoiles</i> 1981 studio album by Serge Gainsbourg

Mauvaises nouvelles des étoiles is the fourteenth studio album by French singer-songwriter Serge Gainsbourg. It was released through Mercury Records and Universal Music Group on 17 November 1981. Produced by Philippe Lerichomme, the album musically follows the reggae style of its predecessor, Aux Armes et Caetera (1979).

Salut les copains is a series of albums released through Universal Music France to commemorate the best of music featured in French scene as sponsored by the "Salut les copains" radio program in France and the French Salut les copains magazine. The tracks include French original singles, French-language covers of known hits as well as European and American hits popular in France. The track list is a representative wide selection of the "Yé-yé" generation of French music.

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  5. Ginsburg is sometimes spelled Ginzburg in the media, including print encyclopedias and dictionaries. Ginsburg is however the name engraved on Gainsbourg's grave; Lucien Ginsburg is the name by which Gainsbourg is referred to, as a performer, in the Sacem catalog (along with Serge Gainsbourg as the author/composer/adaptor).
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References