Serie A

Last updated
Serie A
Serie A logo (2018).png
Organising body Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC)
Founded1898;121 years ago (1898) (officially)
1929 (as round-robin)
CountryItaly
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 20
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Serie B
Domestic cup(s) Coppa Italia
Supercoppa Italiana
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Juventus (34th title)
(2017–18)
Most championships Juventus (34 titles)
Most appearances Paolo Maldini (647)
Top goalscorer Silvio Piola (274)
TV partners List of broadcasters
Website legaseriea.it
Soccerball current event.svg 2018–19 Serie A

Serie A (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈsɛːrje ˈa] ), also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, [1] is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and the winner is awarded the Coppa Campioni d'Italia. It has been operating for over eighty years since the 1929–30 season. It had been organized by Lega Calcio until 2010, when the Lega Serie A was created for the 2010–11 season.

Sponsor (commercial) commercial supporter of an event, activity, or person

Sponsoring something is the act of supporting an event, activity, person, or organization financially or through the provision of products or services. The individual or group that provides the support, similar to a benefactor, is known as sponsor.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

The Italian football league system, also known as the Italian football pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for the association football in Italy, that consists of 1008 divisions having 7594 teams in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation, with one team from San Marino also competing. The system has a hierarchical format with promotion and relegation between leagues at different levels, allowing even the smallest club the theoretical possibility of ultimately rising to the very top of the system.

Contents

Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world and it is often depicted as the most tactical national league. [2] Serie A was the world's second-strongest national league in 2014 according to IFFHS [3] and has produced the highest number of European Cup finalists: Italian clubs have reached the final of the competition on 27 occasions, winning the title 12 times. [4] Serie A is ranked third among European leagues according to UEFA's league coefficient, behind La Liga, Premier League, and ahead of Bundesliga and Ligue 1, which is based on the performance of Italian clubs in the Champions League and the Europa League during the last five years. [5] Serie A led the UEFA ranking from 1986 to 1988 and from 1990 to 1999. [6]

European Champion Clubs Cup

The European Champion Clubs' Cup, also known as Coupe des Clubs Champions Européens, or simply the European Cup, is a trophy awarded annually by UEFA to the football club that wins the UEFA Champions League. The competition in its older format shared its name with the trophy, being also known as the European Cup, before being renamed for the 1992–93 season onwards.

In European football, the UEFA coefficients are statistics used for ranking and seeding teams in club and international competitions. Introduced in 1979, the coefficients are calculated by UEFA, who administer football within Europe.

The Campeonato Nacional de Liga de Primera División, commonly known as La Liga, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system. Administered by the Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional, also known as the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (LFP), La Liga is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest-placed teams at the end of each season relegated to the Segunda División and replaced by the top three teams in that division.

In its current format, the Italian Football Championship was revised from having regional and interregional rounds, to a single-tier league from the 1929–30 season onwards. The championship titles won prior to 1929 are officially recognised by FIGC with the same weighting as titles that were subsequently awarded. However, the 1945–46 season, when the league was played over two geographical groups due to the ravages of WWII, is not statistically considered, even if its title is fully official. [7] All the winning teams are recognised with the title of Campione d'Italia ("Champion of Italy"), which is ratified by the Lega Serie A before the start of the next edition of the championship.

1929–30 Serie A sports season

The 1929–30 Serie A was the 30th football tournament in Italy. Internazionale won its third Scudetto as Ambrosiana. This was the first edition of the Serie A using a round-robin format.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

A title of honor or honorary title is a title bestowed upon individuals or organizations as an award in recognition of their merits.

The league hosts three of the world's most famous clubs as Juventus, Milan and Internazionale, all founding members of the G-14, a group which represented the largest and most prestigious European football clubs from 2000 to 2008, [8] being the first two cited also founding members of its successive organisation, European Club Association (ECA). More players have won the coveted Ballon d'Or award while playing at a Serie A club than any league in the world other than Spain's La Liga. [9] – although Spain's La Liga has the highest total number of Ballon d'Or winners. Juventus, Italy's most successful club of the 20th century [10] and the most successful Italian team, [11] is tied for fourth in Europe and eighth in the world with the most official international titles. [12] The club is also the only one in the world to have won all possible official confederation competitions. [13] Milan is joint third club for official international titles won in the world, with 18. [14] Internazionale, following their achievements in the 2009–10 season, became the first Italian team to have achieved a treble. Inter are also the only team in Italian football history to have never been relegated. [15] [16] Juventus, Milan and Inter, along with Roma, Fiorentina, Lazio and Napoli, are known as the Seven Sisters of Italian football. [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [note 1]

Juventus F.C. association football club from Italy

Juventus Football Club, colloquially known as Juve, is an Italian professional football club based in Turin, Piedmont. Founded in 1897 by a group of Torinese students, the club has worn a black and white striped home kit since 1903 and has played home matches in different grounds around its city, the latest being the 41,507-capacity Allianz Stadium. Nicknamed Vecchia Signora, the club has won 34 official league titles, 13 Coppa Italia titles and eight Supercoppa Italiana titles, being the record holder for all these competitions; two Intercontinental Cups, two European Cups / UEFA Champions Leagues, one European Cup Winners' Cup, a joint national record of three UEFA Cups, two UEFA Super Cups and one UEFA Intertoto Cup. Consequently, the side leads the historical Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC) ranking whilst on the international stage occupies the 4th position in Europe and the eight in the world for most confederation titles won with eleven trophies, having led the UEFA ranking during seven seasons since its inception in 1979, the most for an Italian team and joint second overall.

A.C. Milan italian association football club based in the city of Milan founded in 1899

Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as A.C. Milan or simply Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, Italy, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30.

Inter Milan professional association football club founded in 1908 based in Milan, Italy

Football Club Internazionale Milano, commonly referred to as Internazionale or simply Inter and colloquially known as Inter Milan outside Italy, is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy. Inter is the only Italian club to have never been relegated from the top flight.

Serie A is one of the most storied football leagues in the world. Of the 100 greatest footballers in history chosen by FourFourTwo magazine in 2017, 42 players have played in Serie A, more than any other league in the world. [22] Juventus is the team that has produced the most World Cup champions (25), with Inter (19), Roma (15) and Milan (10), being respectively third, fourth and ninth in that ranking. [23]

<i>FourFourTwo</i> periodical literature

FourFourTwo is a football magazine published by Future. Issued monthly, it published its 200th edition in February 2011. It takes its name from the football formation of the same name, 4-4-2.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

History

Serie A, as it is structured today, began during the 1929–30 season. From 1898 to 1922, the competition was organised into regional groups. Because of ever growing teams attending regional championships, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) split the CCI (Italian Football Confederation) in 1921. When CCI teams rejoined the FIGC created two interregional divisions renaming Categories into Divisions and splitting FIGC sections into two North-South leagues. In 1926, due to internal crises, the FIGC changed internal settings, adding southern teams to the national division, ultimately leading to the 1929–30 final settlement. No title was awarded in 1927 after Torino were stripped of the championship by the FIGC. Torino were declared champions in the 1948–49 season following a plane crash near the end of the season in which the entire team was killed.

Italian Football Federation governing body of association football in Italy

The Italian Football Federation, also known as Federcalcio, is the governing body of football in Italy. It is based in Rome and the technical department is in Coverciano, Florence.

Torino F.C. Italian football club

Torino Football Club, commonly referred to as Torino or simply Toro, is an Italian professional football club based in Turin, Piedmont. It currently plays in Serie A.

Torino were declared 1948–49 Serie A champions on 6 May 1949, after the Superga tragedy, an air disaster that killed the entire Torino squad. At the time of the declaration, Torino led the runner-up Internazionale by four points with four matches remaining. Their remaining four matches were played by their reserve team, and they finished the league five points ahead of the runner up.

The Serie A Championship title is often referred to as the scudetto ("small shield") because since the 1924–25 season, the winning team will bear a small coat of arms with the Italian tricolour on their strip in the following season. The most successful club is Juventus with 34 championships, followed by both Milan and Internazionale, with 18 championships apiece. From the 2004–05 season onwards, an actual trophy was awarded to club on the pitch after the last turn of the championship. The trophy, called the Coppa Campioni d'Italia, has officially been used since the 1960–61 season, but between 1961 and 2004 was consigned to the winning clubs at the head office of the Lega Nazionale Professionisti.

In April 2009, Serie A announced a split from Serie B. Nineteen of the twenty clubs voted in favour of the move in an argument over television rights; the relegation-threatened Lecce had voted against the decision. Maurizio Beretta, the former head of Italy's employers' association, became president of the new league. [24] [25] [26] [27]

In April 2016, it was announced that Serie A was selected by the International Football Association Board to test video replays, which were initially private for the 2016–17 season, allowing them to become a live pilot phase, with replay assistance implemented in the 2017–18 season. [28] On the decision, FIGC President Carlo Tavecchio said, "We were among the first supporters of using technology on the pitch and we believe we have everything required to offer our contribution to this important experiment." [29]

Format

For most of Serie A's history, there were 16 or 18 clubs competing at the top level. Since 2004–05, however, there have been 20 clubs altogether. One season (1947–48) was played with 21 teams for political reasons. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

Scudetto patch Scudetto.svg
Scudetto patch

During the season, which runs from August to May, each club plays each of the other teams twice; once at home and once away, totalling 38 games for each team by the end of the season. Thus, in Italian football a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called the andata, each team plays once against each league opponent, for a total of 19 games. In the second half of the season, called the ritorno, the teams play in exactly the same order that they did in the first half of the season, the only difference being that home and away situations are switched. Since the 1994–95 season, teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and no points for a loss.

The top four teams in the Serie A qualify straight to the UEFA Champions League group stages (from the 2017–18 season). Teams finishing fifth and sixth qualify for the UEFA Europa League tournament. A third UEFA Europa League spot is reserved for the winner of the Coppa Italia. If the Coppa Italia champion already qualified for European football by finishing among the top seven teams in Serie A, the seventh-ranked team in Serie A is awarded the UEFA Europa League spot. The three lowest-placed teams are relegated to Serie B.

From 2005–06 season if two or more teams are tied in points (for any place), the deciding tie-breakers are as follows:

  1. Head-to-head records (results and points)
  2. Goal difference of head-to-head games
  3. Goal difference overall
  4. Higher number of goals scored
  5. Draw

Until 2004–05 season, a playoff would be used to determine the champions, European spots or relegation, if the two teams were tied on points. Any play-off was held after the end of regular season. The last championship playoff occurred in the 1963–64 season when Bologna and Inter both finished on 54 points. Bologna won the play-off 2–0.

Serie A clubs

Prior to 1929, many clubs competed in the top level of Italian football as the earlier rounds were competed up to 1922 on a regional basis then interregional up to 1929. Below is a list of Serie A clubs who have competed in the competition when it has been a league format (66 in total).

2018–19 members

TeamHome cityStadiumCapacity2017–18 season
Atalanta Bergamo Stadio Atleti Azzurri d'Italia 21,300 7th in Serie A
Bologna Bologna Stadio Renato Dall'Ara 38,279 15th in Serie A
Cagliari Cagliari Sardegna Arena 16,233 16th in Serie A
Chievo Verona Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi 38,402 13th in Serie A
Empoli Empoli Stadio Carlo Castellani 16,284 Serie B Champions
Fiorentina Florence Stadio Artemio Franchi 43,147 8th in Serie A
Frosinone Frosinone Stadio Benito Stirpe 16,227 Serie B Playoff winner
Genoa Genoa Stadio Luigi Ferraris 36,685 12th in Serie A
Internazionale Milan San Siro 80,018 4th in Serie A
Juventus Turin Juventus Stadium 41,507 Serie A Champions
Lazio Rome Stadio Olimpico 72,698 5th in Serie A
Milan MilanSan Siro80,018 6th in Serie A
Napoli Naples Stadio San Paolo 60,240 2nd in Serie A
Parma Parma Stadio Ennio Tardini 27,906 2nd in Serie B
Roma RomeStadio Olimpico72,698 3rd in Serie A
Sampdoria GenoaStadio Luigi Ferraris36,685 10th in Serie A
Sassuolo Sassuolo Mapei Stadium – Città del Tricolore
(Reggio Emilia)
23,717 11th in Serie A
SPAL Ferrara Stadio Paolo Mazza 13,020 17th in Serie A
Torino Turin Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino 27,994 9th in Serie A
Udinese Udine Stadio Friuli-Dacia Arena 25,132 14th in Serie A

Seasons in Serie A

There are 67 teams that have taken part in 87 Serie A championships in a single round that was played from the 1929–30 season until the 2018–19 season. The teams in bold compete in Serie A currently. Internazionale is the only team that has played Serie A football in every season.

Logos

Serie A had logos that featured its sponsor Telecom Italia (TIM). The logo that was introduced in 2010, had minor change in 2016 due to the change of the logo of Telecom Italia itself. [30] [31] In August 2018, a new logo was announced. [32]

Television rights

In the past, individual clubs competing in the league had the rights to sell their broadcast rights to specific channels throughout Italy, unlike in most other European countries. Currently, the two broadcasters in Italy are the satellite broadcaster Sky Italia and streaming platform DAZN for its own pay television networks; RAI is allowed to broadcast only highlights (in exclusive from 13:30 to 22:30 CET). This is a list of television rights in Italy (since 2018–19):

For the 2010–11 and 2011–12 seasons, Serie A clubs negotiating club TV rights collectively rather than individually for the first time since 1998–99. The domestic rights for those two seasons were sold for billion to Sky Italia. [33]

International

Global rights for the 2010–11 and 2011–12 seasons were sold for million to MP & Silva. [34]

In countries and territories outside of Italy, the league is broadcast on:

CountryBroadcaster
Albania SuperSport
Australia beIN Sports
Azerbaijan CBC Sport
Bosnia and Herzegovina Arena Sport
Brunei Fox Sports [35]
Malaysia
Bulgaria Max Sport
Canada DAZN
Telelatino
China CCTV5
Croatia Arenasport
Czech Republic Sport1
DenmarkStrive Sport
France beIN SPORTS
Germany DAZN
Greece Nova Sports
Hong Kong beIN Sports
Iceland Stöð 2 Sport
India Sony ESPN
Indonesia beIN Sports
Ireland Premier Sports [36]
United Kingdom
Israel Sport 5
Japan DAZN
Kosovo IPKO
Lithuania Sport1
Macedonia Arena Sport
MENA beIN Sports
Mongolia Sportbox
Montenegro Arena Sport
Netherlands Ziggo Sport
New Zealand Sky Sport
Nigeria HiTV
NorwayStrive Sport
Philippines ABS-CBN S+A
beIN Sports
Poland Eleven Sports Network
Portugal Sport TV
Romania Digi Sport
Russia Match TV
Telesport [37]
Serbia Arena Sport
Slovakia Sport1
Slovenia ŠportTV
South Africa Multichoice
Spain beIN Sports
SwedenStrive Sport
Switzerland Teleclub
Thailand beIN Sports
PPTV
Turkey beIN SPORTS
United States ESPN
ESPN+
Latin America ESPN
Worldwide (selected countries only) Rai Italia
Serie A Pass

In the 1990s, Serie A was at its most popular in the United Kingdom when it was shown on Football Italia on Channel 4, although it has actually appeared on more UK channels than any other league, rarely staying in one place for long since 2002. Serie A has appeared in the UK on BSB's The Sports Channel (1990–91), Sky Sports (1991–92), Channel 4 (1992–2002), Eurosport (2002–04), Setanta Sports and Bravo (2004–07), Channel 5 (2007–08), ESPN (2009–13), BT Sport (2013–2018), Eleven Sports Network (2018), Premier and FreeSports (2019-present). [38]

Champions

ClubWinnersRunners-upChampionship seasons
Juventus 3421 1905, 1925–26, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1966–67, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976-77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2004–05 , [nb 1] 2005–06 , [nb 2] 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18
Milan 1815 1901, 1906, 1907, 1950–51, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1958–59, 1961–62, 1967–68, 1978–79, 1987–88, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2003–04, 2010–11
Internazionale 1814 1909–10, 1919–20, 1929–30, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1962–63, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1970–71, 1979–80, 1988–89, 2005–06, [nb 2] 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10
Genoa 94 1898, 1899, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1914–15, 1922–23, 1923–24
Torino 77 1926–27 , [nb 3] 1927–28, 1942–43, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1975–76
Bologna 74 1924–25, 1928–29, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1940–41, 1963–64
Pro Vercelli 71 1908, 1909, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1920–21, 1921–22 (CCI)
Roma 314 1941–42, 1982–83, 2000–01
Napoli 27 1986–87, 1989–90
Lazio 26 1973–74, 1999–2000
Fiorentina 25 1955–56, 1968–69
Cagliari 11 1969–70
Casale 1- 1913–14
Novese 1- 1921–22 (FIGC)
Hellas Verona 1- 1984–85
Sampdoria 1- 1990–91

Bold indicates clubs which will play in the 2018–19 Serie A.

By city

CityChampionshipsClubs
Turin
41
Juventus (34), Torino (7)
Milan
36
Milan (18), Inter Milan (18)
Genoa
10
Genoa (9), Sampdoria (1)
Bologna
7
Bologna (7)
Vercelli
7
Pro Vercelli (7)
Rome
5
Roma (3), Lazio (2)
Florence
2
Fiorentina (2)
Naples
2
Napoli (2)
Cagliari
1
Cagliari (1)
Casale Monferrato
1
Casale (1)
Novi Ligure
1
Novese (1)
Verona
1
Verona (1)

By region

RegionChampionshipsClubs
Piedmont
50
Juventus (34), Torino (7), Pro Vercelli (7), Casale (1), Novese (1)
Lombardy
36
Milan (18), Internazionale (18)
Liguria
10
Genoa (9), Sampdoria (1)
Emilia-Romagna
7
Bologna (7)
Lazio
5
Roma (3), Lazio (2)
Campania
2
Napoli (2)
Tuscany
2
Fiorentina (2)
Sardinia
1
Cagliari (1)
Veneto
1
Verona (1)

Records

Paolo Maldini has made the most appearances in Serie A (647) Maldini2008.JPG
Paolo Maldini has made the most appearances in Serie A (647)
Top 10 players with most appearances [39]
Last updated as of 19 May 2018
PlayerPeriodClub(s)Games
1 Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Maldini 1985–2009 Milan 647
2 Flag of Italy.svg Gianluigi Buffon 1995–2018 Parma, Juventus 640
3 Flag of Italy.svg Francesco Totti 1992–2017 Roma 619
4 Flag of Argentina.svg Javier Zanetti 1995–2014 Internazionale 615
5 Flag of Italy.svg Gianluca Pagliuca 1987–2007 Sampdoria, Internazionale, Bologna, Ascoli 592
6 Flag of Italy.svg Dino Zoff 1961–1983 Udinese, Mantova, Napoli, Juventus 570
7 Flag of Italy.svg Pietro Vierchowod 1980–2000 Como, Fiorentina, Roma, Sampdoria, Juventus, Milan, Piacenza 562
8 Flag of Italy.svg Roberto Mancini 1981–2001 Bologna, Sampdoria, Lazio 541
9 Flag of Italy.svg Silvio Piola 1929–1954 Pro Vercelli, Lazio, Juventus, Novara 537
10 Flag of Italy.svg Enrico Albertosi 1958–1980 Fiorentina, Cagliari, Milan 532
Silvio Piola is the highest goalscorer in Serie A history with 274 goals Silvio Piola.jpg
Silvio Piola is the highest goalscorer in Serie A history with 274 goals
Top 10 goalscorers [40]
Last updated as of 19 May 2018
PlayerPeriodClub(s)Goals
1 Flag of Italy.svg Silvio Piola 1929–1954 Pro Vercelli, Lazio, Juventus, Novara 274
2 Flag of Italy.svg Francesco Totti 1992–2017 Roma 250
3 Flag of Sweden.svg Gunnar Nordahl 1948–1958 Milan, Roma 225
4 Flag of Brazil.svg Flag of Italy.svg José Altafini 1958–1976 Milan, Napoli, Juventus 216
4 Flag of Italy.svg Giuseppe Meazza 1929–1947 Internazionale, Milan, Juventus 216
6 Flag of Italy.svg Antonio Di Natale 2002–2016 Empoli, Udinese 209
7 Flag of Italy.svg Roberto Baggio 1986–2004 Fiorentina, Juventus, Milan, Bologna, Internazionale, Brescia 205
8 Flag of Sweden.svg Kurt Hamrin 1956–1971 Juventus, Padova, Fiorentina, Milan, Napoli 190
9 Flag of Italy.svg Giuseppe Signori 1991–2004 Foggia, Lazio, Sampdoria, Bologna 188
9 Flag of Italy.svg Alessandro Del Piero 1993–2012 Juventus 188
9 Flag of Italy.svg Alberto Gilardino 1999–2017 Piacenza, Verona, Parma, Milan, Fiorentina, Genoa, Bologna, Palermo, Empoli, Pescara 188

Players

Non-EU players

Unlike La Liga, which imposed a quota on the number of non-EU players on each club, Serie A clubs could sign as many non-EU players as available on domestic transfer.

During the 1980s and 1990s, most Serie A clubs signed a large number of players from foreign nations (both EU and non-EU members). Notable foreign players to play in Serie A during this era included England internationals Paul Gascoigne and David Platt, France's Michel Platini and Laurent Blanc, Lothar Matthäus and Jürgen Klinsmann from Germany, Dutchmen Ruud Gullit and Dennis Bergkamp, and Argentina's Diego Maradona.

But since the 2003–04 season, a quota has been imposed on each of the clubs limiting the number of non-EU, non-EFTA and non-Swiss players who may be signed from abroad each season, [41] following provisional measures [42] introduced in the 2002–03 season, which allowed Serie A and B clubs to sign only one non-EU player in the 2002 summer transfer window.

In the middle of the 2000–01 season, the old quota system was abolished, which no longer limited each team to having more than five non-EU players and using no more than three in each match. [42] [43] Concurrent with the abolishment of the quota, the FIGC had investigated footballers that used fake passports. Alberto and Warley, Alejandro Da Silva and Jorginho Paulista of Udinese; [44] Fábio Júnior and Gustavo Bartelt of Roma; [45] Dida of Milan; Álvaro Recoba of Inter; Thomas Job, Francis Zé, Jean Ondoa of Sampdoria; and Jeda and Dede of Vicenza were all banned in July 2001 for lengths ranging from six months to one year. [46] However, most of the bans were subsequently reduced.

The number of non-EU players was reduced from 265 in 2002–03 season to 166 in 2006–07 season. [47] It also included players who received EU status after their respective countries joined the EU (see 2004 and 2007 enlargement), which made players such as Adrian Mutu, Valeri Bojinov, Marek Jankulovski and Marius Stankevičius EU players.

The rule underwent minor changes in August 2004, [48] June 2005, [49] June 2006. [50] [51] and June 2007. [52]

Since the 2008–09 season, three quotas have been awarded to clubs that do not have non-EU players in their squad (previously only newly promoted clubs could have three quotas); clubs that have one non-EU player have two quotas. Those clubs that have two non-EU players, are awarded one quota and one conditional quota, which is awarded after: 1) Transferred 1 non-EU player abroad, or 2) Release 1 non-EU player as free agent, or 3) A non-EU player received EU nationality. Clubs with three or more non-EU players, have two conditional quotas, but releasing two non-EU players as free agent, will only have one quota instead of two. [53] Serie B and Lega Pro clubs cannot sign non-EU player from abroad, except those followed the club promoted from Serie D.

Large clubs with many foreigners usually borrow quotas from other clubs that have few foreigners or no foreigners in order to sign more non-EU players. For example, Adrian Mutu joined Juventus via Livorno in 2005, as at the time Romania was not a member of the EU. Other examples include Júlio César, Victor Obinna and Maxwell, who joined Internazionale from Chievo (first two) and Empoli respectively.

On 2 July 2010, the above conditional quota reduced back to one, though if a team did not have any non-EU players, that team could still sign up to three non-EU players. [54] [55] [56] In 2011 the signing quota reverted to two. [57]

Homegrown players

Serie A also imposed Homegrown players rule, a modification of Homegrown Player Rule (UEFA). Unlike UEFA, Serie A at first did not cap the number of players in first team squad at 25, meaning the club could employ more foreigners by increasing the size of the squad. [58] However, a cap of 25 (under-21 players were excluded) was introduced to 2015–16 season (in 2015–16 season, squad simply require 8 homegrown players but not require 4 of them from their own youth team). [59] In the 2016–17 season, the FIGC sanctioned Sassuolo for fielding ineligible player, Antonino Ragusa. [60] Although the club did not exceed the capacity of 21 players that were not from their own youth team (only Domenico Berardi was eligible as youth product of their own) as well as under 21 of age (born 1995 or after, of which four players were eligible) in their 24-men call-up, [61] It was reported that on Lega Serie A side the squad list was not updated. [62]

In 2015–16 season, the following quota was announced.

Size of first team squadLocal + club youth product
← 25min. 8 (max. 4 not from own youth team)

FIFA World Players of the Year

Official match ball

See also

Related Research Articles

The 2003–04 season in Italian Serie A football contained 18 teams for the 16th and last time from the 1988–89 season. With the bottom three being relegated, the 15th placed side would face the sixth-highest team from Serie B, with the winner playing in the Serie A in the subsequent 2004–05 season.

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Leonardo Bonucci is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a centre-back for Serie A club Juventus and the Italy national team.

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The 2011–12 Serie A was the eightieth season since its establishment, and the second under a league committee separate from Serie B. It began on 3 September 2011 and ended on 13 May 2012. The league was originally scheduled to start on 27 August, but this was delayed due to a strike by the players. The fixtures were drawn up on 27 July 2011.

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The 2013–14 Serie A was the 112th season of top-tier Italian football, the 82nd in a round-robin tournament, and the 4th since its organization under a league committee separate from Serie B. The season began on 24 August 2013 and concluded on 18 May 2014. As in previous years, Nike provided the official ball for all matches with a new Nike Incyte model used throughout the season. Juventus were the defending champions, and successfully defended their title to win a third Serie A title in a row.

The 2014–15 Serie A was the 113th season of top-tier Italian football, the 83rd in a round-robin tournament, and the fifth since its organization under a league committee separate from Serie B. It began on 30 August 2014.

The 2015–16 Serie A was the 114th season of top-tier Italian football, the 84th in a round-robin tournament, and the 6th since its organization under a league committee separate from Serie B. Juventus were the defending champions. The campaign began on 22 August 2015 and ended on 15 May 2016.

2016–17 Serie A

The 2016–17 Serie A was the 115th season of top-tier Italian football, the 85th in a round-robin tournament, and the 7th since its organization under a league committee separate from Serie B. Juventus were the defending champions. The season ran from 20 August 2016 to 28 May 2017.

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  1. In the 1990s, when the term originated, Parma was seen as one the Seven Sisters and Napoli was not included
  1. Title was revoked and left unassigned through the courts following the Calciopoli Scandal.
  2. 1 2 Title was put sub judice, then assigned to Internazionale, through the courts following the Calciopoli Scandal.
  3. Title was revoked and left unassigned due to the Allemandi match fixing scandal.