Sesto Fiorentino

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Sesto Fiorentino
Comune di Sesto Fiorentino
Pieve di san martino.jpg
Pieve of San Martino.
Sesto Fiorentino-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Location of Sesto Fiorentino
Sesto Fiorentino
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Sesto Fiorentino
Location of Sesto Fiorentino in Italy
Italy Tuscany location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sesto Fiorentino
Sesto Fiorentino (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 43°50′N11°12′E / 43.833°N 11.200°E / 43.833; 11.200
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Metropolitan city Florence (FI)
Frazioni Canonica, Cercina, Colonnata, Gualdo, La Zambra, Osmannoro, Padule, Querceto, Quinto Alto, Quinto Basso, Valiversi
Government
  MayorLorenzo Falchi (Italian Left)
Area
[1]
  Total49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2015 [2] ) [3]
  Total48,946
  Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sestesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
50019
Dialing code 055
Patron saint Saint Martin of Tours
Saint day11 November
Website Official website

Sesto Fiorentino (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈsɛsto fjorenˈtiːno] ), known locally as just Sesto, is a municipality ( comune ) in the Metropolitan City of Florence, Tuscany, central Italy.

Contents

History

Villa Guicciardini Corsi Salviati in Sesto Fiorentino. Villa guicciardini corsi salviati 05.JPG
Villa Guicciardini Corsi Salviati in Sesto Fiorentino.

The oldest known human settlement in the area dates from the Mesolithic (c. 9,000 years ago). The Etruscan presence is known from the 7th century BC, but the town proper was created by the Romans as Sextus ab urbe lapis ("Sixth mile from the Town Milestone"). The first churches were built in the early Middle Ages, among which the most important became the Pieve of San Martino. Sesto Fiorentino was subject to the Archbishop of Florence. Later it was under the Florentine Republic, which dried the plain and boosted the area's economy starting from the Renaissance age.

In 1735, Marquis Carlo Ginori founded one of the first porcelain plants in Europe, the Manifattura di Doccia. Now under the name Richard-Ginori, the company is still located in Sesto, and is the largest porcelain manufacturer in Italy. Toward the end of the 19th century, craftsmen who had been trained at Richard-Ginori began to start their own pottery studios, some of which also grew into factories. There are currently over one hundred producers of pottery in Sesto Fiorentino, and a state school for teaching pottery, now called L'Istituto Statale d'Arte. [4] [5]

Sesto Fiorentino was annexed by plebiscite to the newly unified Kingdom of Italy in 1860. The town was a protagonist in the late 19th century workers struggle, and in 1897 it elected the second socialist member ever of the Italian Parliament, Giuseppe Pescetti. In 1899 it was the first town in Tuscany to have a socialist mayor.

Main sights

Tomba della Mula and view of Monte Morello. Tomba della Mula - dal vialetto.jpg
Tomba della Mula and view of Monte Morello.

International relations

Sesto Fiorentino is twinned with:

In literature

Sesto Fiorentino and its surroundings inspired the setting for the book The Adventures of Pinocchio .

Sherlock Holmes scholars determined that the unnamed Italian town in "The Adventure of the Empty House" was Sesto, and a bust of Holmes stands in the town. [9]

People

Poet Alberta Bigagli was born in Sesto Firorentino in 1928. [10]

Cyclist Alfredo Martini died in Sesto Fiorentino in 2014. Since 2021, a yearly cycling race honours his name.

Related Research Articles

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Doccia porcelain

The Doccia porcelain manufactory, at Doccia, a frazione of Sesto Fiorentino near Florence, was in theory founded in 1735 by marchese Carlo Ginori near his villa, though it does not appear to have produced wares for sale until 1746. It has remained the most important Italian porcelain factory ever since.

Carlo Ginori

Marchese Carlo Ginori (1702–1757), Italian politician (Tuscany) and founder of the Doccia porcelain factory in Sesto Fiorentino, near Florence, Italy. He pioneered the development of porcelain production, contemporary with Meissen, in mid-eighteenth-century Europe. Ginori's porcelain was collected by Medicis and most of the nobility of Europe. Napoleon's wife, Marie Louise of Austria, ordered an enormous service set that survives to this day.

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Italian Population Statistics". istat.it. December 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  3. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. Ceramica Toscana.it, The ceramics tradition in Sesto Fiorentino Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Ceramica Toscana.it, L'Istituto Statale d'Arte Archived 2009-04-17 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Sica, Grazia Gobbi (13 December 2007). The Florentine Villa: Architecture History Society By Grazia Gobbi Sica. ISBN   9781134067176.
  7. "Wieliczka Miasta partnerskie" [Polish]. Urząd Miasta i Gminy Wieliczka. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
  8. www.arso.org
  9. "Sherlock Holmes Fans Play 'Great Game'". NPR. 2005-12-01. Retrieved 2015-11-06.
  10. "Alberta Bigagli". Casa editrice Tabula fati. Retrieved 2015-11-06.