Shades of azure

Last updated

Azure
 
Color icon azure.png
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0080FF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 128, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(55, 117, 255°)
SourceOn the RGB color wheel, Azure is defined as the colour halfway between blue and cyan. It has a hex code of 0080FF. [1]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Azure pigment Azurblau Pigment.JPG
Azure pigment

Azure ( /ˈæʒər,ˈʒər/ AZH-ər, AY-zhər, UK also /ˈæzjʊər,ˈzjʊər/ AZ-ure, AY-zure) [2] [3] [4] is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

Contents

On the RGB color wheel, "azure" (hexadecimal #0080FF) is defined as the color at 210 degrees, i.e., the hue halfway between blue and cyan. In the RGB color model, used to create all the colors on a television or computer screen, azure is created by adding a little green light to blue light. The complementary color of azure is orange.

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel

In a color proximity sense, a primary color has a color range of 120° (60° on each side of the color's hue) and any color has to be within that range to be considered a variation of that color. Secondary colors have a color range of 60° (30°), tertiary colors have a color range of 30° (15°), quaternary colors have a color range of 15° (7.5°), quinary colors have a color range of 7.5° (3.75°), and so on. Because azure is located at a hue angle of 210°, it has a tertiary color range of 195° and 225°, and any color out of this range is more related to cyan or blue than azure. If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, azure (subtractive primary) appears midway between blue and cyan, or violet and spring green:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join blue and cyan in an additive mixture of azure Blended colour wheel.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join blue and cyan in an additive mixture of azure
Azure as a tertiary color on the RGB color wheel
   violet
   blue
  azure
   cyan

Distinction between indigo, azure and cyan

All of the colors shown below in the section variations of azure are referenced as having a hue code of between 195 and 225 (the hue code is the h code in the HSV color space), signifying that these colors are tones of azure. The only exception, as noted below, is the web color azure which, with a color code of 180, is actually a tone of cyan.

Strictly speaking, according to the mathematical logic of the RGB color wheel, indigo colors are those colors with hue codes of between 255 and 225, azure colors are those colors with hue codes of between 195 and 225, and cyan colors are those colors with hue codes of between 150 and 210.

Azure (web color)

Azure mist
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F0FFFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(240, 255, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(180°, 6%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(99, 8, 192°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very pale cyan
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In the X11 color system which became a standard for early web colors, azure is depicted as a pale cyan or whitish cyan rather than a shade of azure.

In an artistic context, this color could also be called azure mist or cyan mist.

Variations of azure

In this section, the term shade is used in its technical sense as used in color theory, meaning a blueish color mixed with black or dark gray. The colors arranged in order of their value (brightness) (V in the HSV code), the brighter colors toward the top and the darker colors toward the bottom.

Alice blue

Alice Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F0F8FF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(240, 248, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(208°, 6%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(97, 8, 233°)
Source X11 [5]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Greenish white
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color Alice blue is a pale tint of azure.

Light sky blue

Light Sky Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEFA
sRGB B (r, g, b)(135, 206, 250)
HSV (h, s, v)(203°, 46%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(80, 55, 233°)
Source X11 color names
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color light sky blue.

Baby blue

Baby Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #89CFF0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(137, 207, 240)
HSV (h, s, v)(199°, 43%, 94%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(80, 48, 227°)
SourceMaerz and Paul [6]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors.

This color is associated with baby boys in Western culture.

The first recorded use of baby blue as a color name in English was in 1892. [7]

Sky blue

Sky Blue
 
Common connotations
boys, daylight, water, air, paleness
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEEB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(135, 206, 235)
HSV (h, s, v)(197°, 43%, 92%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(79, 46, 223°)
Source X11 color names
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color sky blue.

Bright blue sky with white clouds Clouds Blue Sky 001.jpg
Bright blue sky with white clouds

The first recorded use of sky blue as a color name in English was in 1728 in the Cyclopædia of Ephraim Chambers. [8] Prior to the Chambers reference, the color had first been used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant[ clarification needed ] of the merchant must be skie coloured". [9] [10]

Deep sky blue

Deep Sky Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #00BFFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 191, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(195°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(73, 83, 234°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Deep sky blue is an azure-cyan color associated with deep sky blue.

Deep sky blue (Capri) is a web color.

This color is on the color wheel (RGB/HSV color wheel) halfway between azure and cyan.

The traditional name for this color is Capri. [11]

The first use of Capri as a color name in English was in 1920. [12]

The color Capri in general is named for the azure-cyan color of the Mediterranean Sea around the island of Capri off Italy, the site of several villas belonging to the Roman Emperor Tiberius, including his imperial residence in his later years, the Villa Jovis . Specifically, the color Capri is named after the color of the Blue Grotto on the island of Capri [13] as it appears on a bright sunny day. Today the island of Capri is a resort island popular with tourists.

The name deep sky blue for this color did not come into use until the promulgation of the X11 color list in 1987.

Blue Grotto waters showing their distinctive azure colour Blue Grotto , Capri , Naples , Campania , Italy - panoramio.jpg
Blue Grotto waters showing their distinctive azure colour

The name Capri is still used for this color as well as the name deep sky blue.

Cerulean

Cerulean
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #007BA7
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 123, 167)
HSV (h, s, v)(196°, 100%, 65%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(48, 56, 234°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of cerulean as a color name in English was in 1590. [14]

The word is probably derived from the Latin word caeruleus, "dark blue, blue, or blue-green", which in turn probably derives from caelulum, diminutive of caelum, "heaven, sky". [15]

Pale azure

Pale azure
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #87D3F8
sRGB B (r, g, b)(135, 211, 248)
HSV (h, s, v)(200°, 46%, 97%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(81, 52, 228°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Green-blue

Green-blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1164B4
sRGB B (r, g, b)(17, 100, 180)
HSV (h, s, v)(209°, 91%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(42, 76, 252°)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Green-blue was a Crayola color from 1958 to 1990.

Maya blue

Maya Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #73C2FB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(115, 194, 251)
HSV (h, s, v)(205°, 54%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(76, 66, 238°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Maya blue was a pigment widely used by the Mayan civilization.

Jordy blue

Jordy Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8AB9F1
sRGB B (r, g, b)(138, 185, 241)
HSV (h, s, v)(213°, 43%, 95%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(74, 57, 246°)
Source Xona.com Color List
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color jordy blue.

The color name jordy blue has been in use since 2001, when this color was promulgated as one of the colors on the Xona.com Color List.

Columbia blue

Columbia Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B9D9EB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(185, 217, 235)
HSV (h, s, v)(202°, 21%, 92%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(85, 25, 226°)
Source Columbia University [16]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Columbia blue is a medium light tone of azure named after Columbia University. The typical Columbia blue is defined by Pantone Columbia Blue (PANTONE 290). [16]

Picton blue

Picton Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #45B1E8
sRGB B (r, g, b)(69, 177, 232)
HSV (h, s, v)(200°, 70%, 91%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 69, 235°)
Source Xona.com Color List
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color picton blue.

The color name picton blue dates back to at least 2001, and came into wider use when the Resene Paints colors were used as one of the sources for the Xona Games Color List. [17]

United Nations blue

United Nations Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4B92DB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(75, 146, 219)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 66%, 86%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 75, 248°)
Source Vexillological
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color United Nations blue.

Flag of the United Nations Flag of the United Nations.svg
Flag of the United Nations

The color resembles the shade of blue seen on the flag of the United Nations.

Cornflower blue

Cornflower Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6495ED
sRGB B (r, g, b)(100, 149, 237)
HSV (h, s, v)(219°, 58%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(62, 83, 254°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Cornflowers Fiordalisi selvatici.jpg
Cornflowers
Cornflower blue ice cream Cornflower ice-cream.jpg
Cornflower blue ice cream

At right is displayed the web color cornflower blue.

Bleu de France

Bleu de France
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #318CE7
sRGB B (r, g, b)(49, 140, 231)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 79%, 91%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(57, 90, 250°)
Source Pourpre.com
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color bleu de France is displayed at right.

Bleu de France is a color that has been associated in heraldry with the Kings of France since the 12th century.

Dodger blue

Dodger Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1E90FF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(30, 144, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 88%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 107, 252°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color Dodger blue.

Brandeis blue

Brandeis Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0070FF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 112, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(214°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(50, 124, 258°)
Source Internet
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Brandeis blue is the tone of azure used in association with Brandeis University.

The university administration defines Brandeis blue as corresponding to the Pantone color of 294 or the process color of 100c 86m 14y w24k. [18]

True blue

True Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #2D68C4
sRGB B (r, g, b)(45, 104, 196)
HSV (h, s, v)(217°, 77%, 77%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(45, 84, 256°)
Source UCLA Athletics website
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color true blue is a deep tone of azure that is the color of the uniforms of the sports teams of UCLA. It is also one of the shades of blue used by the Los Angeles Chargers though they use the name powder blue.

Tang blue

Tang Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0059CF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 89, 207)
HSV (h, s, v)(214°, 100%, 81%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(41, 100, 258°)
Source ColorHex
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Royal blue tang Royal blue tang.jpg
Royal blue tang

The color tang blue is a deep tone of azure that is the color of royal blue tang fish.

Royal blue (web color)

Royal Blue (web color)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4169E1
sRGB B (r, g, b)(65, 105, 225)
HSV (h, s, v)(225°, 71%, 88%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(48, 103, 260°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color royal blue is a rich tone of azure.

Celestial blue

Celestial Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4997D0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(73, 151, 208)
HSV (h, s, v)(205°, 65%, 82%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(60, 64, 241°)
Source Plochere
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color celestial blue.

The first recorded use of celestial blue as a color name in English was in 1535. [19]

The source of this color is the Plochere Color System, a color system formulated in 1948 that is widely used by interior designers. [20]

Vista blue

Vista Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #7C9ED9
sRGB B (r, g, b)(124, 158, 217)
HSV (h, s, v)(218°, 43%, 85%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 57, 251°)
Source Pantone TPX [21]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color vista blue.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #15-3930 TPX—Vista Blue. [22]

Silver Lake blue

Silver Lake Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #5D89BA
sRGB B (r, g, b)(93, 137, 186)
HSV (h, s, v)(212°, 50%, 73%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(56, 51, 246°)
Source Pantone TPX [23]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color Silver Lake blue.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #17-4030 TPX—Silver Lake Blue. [24]

Tufts blue

Tufts Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #3E8EDE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(62, 142, 222)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 72%, 87%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(58, 81, 249°)
Source
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Tufts blue is the tone of azure used in association with Tufts University.

Honolulu blue

Honolulu Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0076B6
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 118, 182)
HSV (h, s, v)(201°, 100%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(47, 69, 244°)
Source [25]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Honolulu blue is the tone of azure used in association with the Detroit Lions football team.

Air Force blue

Air Force Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #5D8AA8
sRGB B (r, g, b)(93, 138, 168)
HSV (h, s, v)(204°, 45%, 66%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(55, 37, 234°)
Source Vexillological: [26]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color air force blue, also known as RAF blue. This is the tone of air force blue used by the Royal Air Force, the first air force to choose an "air force blue" color by which to identify itself, in 1920.

The color "air force blue" is a medium tone of azure since it has a hue code of 204 which is a hue code between 195 and 225, signifying a tone of azure.

Steel blue

Steel Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4682B4
sRGB B (r, g, b)(70, 130, 180)
HSV (h, s, v)(207°, 61%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 54, 243°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Steel blue is a grayish tone of azure that resembles the color blue steel, i.e., steel which has been subjected to bluing in order to protect it from rust.

The first recorded use of steel blue as a color name in English was in 1817. [27]

French blue

French Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0072BB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 114, 187)
HSV (h, s, v)(203°, 100%, 73%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(46, 75, 248°)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

French blue [28] is a deep azure color commonly[ citation needed ] used in quality men's dress shirts.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first use of French Blue in English was in The Times of 1802. [29]

Lapis lazuli

Rough and polished Lapis lazuli. Small lapis.jpg
Rough and polished Lapis lazuli.
Lapis Lazuli
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #26619C
sRGB B (r, g, b)(38, 97, 156)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 76%, 61%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(40, 58, 249°)
Source Pourpre.com[ not specific enough to verify ]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color lapis lazuli is displayed at left.

Slab of polished lapis lazuli Lapis Lazuli, Afganistan.jpg
Slab of polished lapis lazuli

Lapis Lazuli is a color that is a representation of the most common color of lapis lazuli.

Royal blue (traditional)

Royal blue (traditional)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #002366
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 35, 102)
HSV (h, s, v)(219°, 100%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(16, 44, 260°)
SourceJohn C. Foster "Color names starting with ROSE through RUST" Texas Precancel Club
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The traditional color called royal blue is a dark shade of azure.

Light blue

Light blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #ADD8E6
sRGB B (r, g, b)(173, 216, 230)
HSV (h, s, v)(195°, 25%, 90%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(84, 28, 216°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color light blue is part of the X11 color system, with a hue code of 194. This color is closer to cyan than to blue. Variations of this color are known as sky blue, baby blue, or angel blue.

The first recorded use of "light blue" as a color term in English is in the year 1915. [30]

Baby blue

Baby blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #89CFF0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(137, 207, 240)
HSV (h, s, v)(199°, 43%, 94%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(80, 48, 227°)
SourceMaerz and Paul [31]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors. With a hue code of 199, this color is a tone of azure.

The first recorded use of baby blue as a color name in English was in 1892. [7]

Blue (NCS) (psychological primary blue)

Blue (NCS)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0087BD
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 135, 189)
HSV (h, s, v)(197°, 100%, 74%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(53, 65, 237°)
SourcesRGB approximation to NCS 2060-B [32]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision Opponent colors.svg
Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision

The color defined as blue in the NCS or Natural Color System is an azure-like color shown at right (NCS 2060-B). The Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow, green, and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision.

The “Natural Color System” is widely used in Scandinavia.

Blue (Munsell)

Blue (Munsell)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0093AF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 147, 175)
HSV (h, s, v)(190°, 100%, 69%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(56, 52, 220°)
Source Munsell Color Wheel
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut MunsellColorWheel.svg
The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut

The color defined as blue in the Munsell color system (Munsell 5B) is shown at right. The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity), spaced uniformly (according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception) in three dimensions in the Munsell color solid, which is shaped like an elongated oval at an angle. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors: red, yellow, green, blue, and purple.

Munsell can only be displayed approximately on a computer screen, as these spectral colors have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut. In the 21st century, this hue is classified as an intermediate between azure and cyan.

Uranian blue

Uranian Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #AFDBF5
sRGB B (r, g, b)(175, 219, 245)
HSV (h, s, v)(202°, 29%, 96%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(85, 35, 229°)
Source Color-Hex
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Uranian blue is a light greenish blue, the color of Uranus.

Uranus with clouds Uranus clouds.jpg
Uranus with clouds

Spanish blue

Spanish Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0070BB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 112, 187)
HSV (h, s, v)(204°, 100%, 73%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(46, 76, 249°)
SourceGallego and Sanz [33]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spanish blue is the color that is called Azul (the Spanish word for "blue") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm. It is a shade of azure. [ citation needed ]

Argentinian blue

Argentinian Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6CB4EE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(108, 180, 238)
HSV (h, s, v)(207°, 55%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(71, 65, 241°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color Argentinian blue is a light azure color seen on the national flag of Argentina.

Flag of Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg
Flag of Argentina

Berkeley blue

Berkeley Blue
 
California Golden Bears logo.svg
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #003262
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 50, 98)
HSV (h, s, v)(209°, 100%, 38%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(21, 39, 253°)
Source Berkeley branding guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Berkeley Blue is one of the official colors of the University of California, Berkeley, along with California Gold. [34] Until 2007, the university had used Yale Blue in its place, given Berkeley's historical ties to Yale University, particularly in its founding. [35] Berkeley's school colors are the originators for those of all the campuses in the University of California system, of which Berkeley is the oldest as its flagship.

Blue (Crayola)

Blue (Crayola)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1F75FE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(31, 117, 254)
HSV (h, s, v)(217°, 88%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 120, 258°)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Blue (Crayola) is the color called blue in Crayola crayons.

"Blue" was one of the original Crayola crayons formulated in 1903.

Ruddy blue

Ruddy Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #76ABDF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(118, 171, 223)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 47%, 87%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 56, 243°)
Source ColorSwatches
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Ruddy blue represents the coloring of the beak of the ruddy duck. It is a light shade of azure.

Ruddy duck (male) Ruddy Duck (25508491104).jpg
Ruddy duck (male)

Celtic blue

Celtic Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #246BCE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(36, 107, 206)
HSV (h, s, v)(215°, 83%, 81%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(46, 91, 255°)
Source Encycolorpedia
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Celtic blue is a shade of blue, also known as glas celtig in Welsh, or gorm ceilteach in both the Irish language and in Scottish Gaelic. Julius Caesar reported (in Commentarii de Bello Gallico) that the Britanni used to colour their bodies blue with vitrum, a word that means primarily "glass", but also the domestic name for the "woad" (Isatis tinctoria), besides the Gaulish loanword glastum (from Proto-Celtic *glastos "green"). The connection seems to be that both glass and the woad are "water-like" (lat. vitrum is from Proto-Indo-European *wed-ro- "water-like").

Polynesian blue

Polynesian Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #224C98
sRGB B (r, g, b)(34, 76, 152)
HSV (h, s, v)(219°, 78%, 60%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(34, 66, 257°)
Source ColorSwatches
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Polynesian blue is a dark blue color, almost navy.

Moroccan Blue

Chefchaouen Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #468fea
sRGB B (r, g, b)(70, 143, 234)
HSV (h, s, v)(213°, 70%, 92%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 89, 252°)
Source Color-Hex
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Moroccan blue (also Chefchaouen blue) is a vivid blue color.

Yale Blue

Yale "Blue Site" Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #00356B
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 53, 107)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 100%, 42%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(22, 45, 254°)
Source Identity Guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Yale Blue is the dark azure color used in association with Yale University. The hue of Yale Blue is one of the two official colors of Indiana State University, [36] the University of Mississippi, [37] and Southern Methodist University. [38] The official color "DCU Blue" of Dublin City University is very close to Yale Blue. [39]

Yale Blue was also an official color of University of California, Berkeley [35] and Duke University. [40]

Penn blue

University of Pennsylvania Blue
 
Penn Quakers logo.svg
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #011F5B
sRGB B (r, g, b)(1, 31, 91)
HSV (h, s, v)(220°, 99%, 36%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(14, 37, 260°)
Source Penn branding guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Penn Blue is one of the official colors of the University of Pennsylvania, along with Penn Red. While the school colors were defined by 1910, [41] university history points to earlier times when the colors may have been chosen, including a possible visit by George Washington to the University, where students used the color of his tunic to determine school colors or a track meet where Penn athletes declared that they would wear the colors "of the teams we beat," which would be those of both Harvard University and Yale University. [42] Originally defined as the colors used on the American flag, the colors have since deviated. [41]

Sapphire

Sapphire
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #082567
sRGB B (r, g, b)(8, 37, 103)
HSV (h, s, v)(222°, 92%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(17, 45, 260°)
Source 99Colors
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Sapphire gemstone Yogo2759.JPG
Sapphire gemstone

Sapphire is a deep shade of navy blue, based on the color of an average sapphire gemstone. However, sapphires can also be pink, yellow, or orange.

Delft blue

Delft Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1F305E
sRGB B (r, g, b)(31, 48, 94)
HSV (h, s, v)(224°, 67%, 37%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(21, 35, 258°)
Source Derwent
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Delft blue is a dark blue color. The name is derived from the Dutch pottery Delftware, also known simply as "Delft Blue".

Resolution blue

Resolution Blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #002387
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 35, 135)
HSV (h, s, v)(224°, 100%, 53%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(20, 64, 263°)
Source Xona.com Color List
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Resolution blue is a vivid blue color. This color name first came into use in 2001 when it was formulated as one of the colors on the Xona.com Color List.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fuchsia (color)</span> Color

Fuchsia is a vivid pinkish-purplish-red color, named after the color of the flower of the fuchsia plant, which was named by a French botanist, Charles Plumier, after the 16th-century German botanist Leonhart Fuchs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lavender (color)</span> Color

Lavender is a light shade of purple or violet. It applies particularly to the color of the flower of the same name. The web color called lavender is displayed at right—it matches the color of the very palest part of the lavender flower; however, the more saturated color shown below as floral lavender more closely matches the average color of the lavender flower as shown in the picture and is the tone of lavender historically and traditionally considered lavender by the average person as opposed to those who are website designers. The color lavender might be described as a medium purple or a light pinkish-purple. The term lavender may be used in general to apply to a wide range of pale, light or grayish-purples but only on the blue side. Lilac is pale purple on the pink side. In paints, the color lavender is made by mixing purple and white paint.

Cerulean, also spelled caerulean, is a shade of blue ranging between azure and a darker sky blue.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Red-violet</span> Overview of color term

Red-violet refers to a rich color of high medium saturation about 3/4 of the way between red and magenta, closer to magenta than to red. In American English, this color term is sometimes used in color theory as one of the purple colors—a non-spectral color between red and violet that is a deep version of a color on the line of purples on the CIE chromaticity diagram.

Baby blue is a tint of azure, one of the pastel colors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spring green</span> Color

Spring green is a color that was traditionally considered to be on the yellow side of green, but in modern computer systems based on the RGB color model is halfway between cyan and green on the color wheel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of orange</span> Varieties of the color orange

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

Spring bud is the color that used to be called spring green before the X11 web color spring green was formulated in 1987 when the X11 colors were first promulgated. This color is now called spring bud to avoid confusion with the web color.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Air Force blue</span> Shades of the colour azure

Air Force blue colours are a variety of colours that are mostly various tones of the colour azure, the purest tones of which are identified as being the colour of the sky on a clear day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of green</span> Varieties of the color green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a green or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of red</span> Varieties of the color red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of pink</span> Varieties of the color pink

Pink colors are usually light or desaturated shades of reds, roses, and magentas which are created on computer and television screens using the RGB color model and in printing with the CMYK color model. As such, it is an arbitrary classification of color.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of magenta</span> Varieties of the color magenta

The color magenta has notable tints and shades. These various colors are shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of yellow</span> Overview about the shades of yellow

Varieties of the color yellow may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a yellow or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of blue</span> Variety of the color blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of cyan</span> Varieties of the color cyan

The color cyan, a greenish-blue, has notable tints and shades. It is one of the subtractive primary colors along with magenta, and yellow.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of violet</span> Varieties of the color violet

Violet is a color term derived from the flower of the same name. There are numerous variations of the color violet, a sampling of which are shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sky blue</span> Color

Sky blue is a colour that resembles that of an unclouded sky around noon (azure) reflecting off a metallic surface. The entry for "sky-blue" in Murray's New English Dictionary (1919) reports a first sighting of the term in the article on "silver" in Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia of 1728. However, many writers had used the term "sky blue" to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find "sky blue" in A Collection of Voyages and Travels, vol. 2, p. 322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers: "they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle". The sense of this colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant [turban] of the merchant must be skie coloured".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of chartreuse</span> Varieties of the color chartreuse

Shades of chartreuse are listed below. Historically, many of these colors have gone under the name of either yellow or green, as the specifics of their color composition was not known until later.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of rose</span> Varieties of the color rose

Rose is the color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel, on which it is at hue angle of 330 degrees.

References

  1. On colour plate 33 (page 89) of the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul, the colours on the right side of colour plate 33 from top to bottom represent the most highly saturated colours on the color wheel from cyan to azure, and the colours on the bottom of colour plate 33 from right to left represent the most highly saturated colours on the colour wheel from azure to blue. The colour sample that represents azure is colour sample L12 on Plate 33 on Page 89. See reference to Azure on Page 190 in the index. See also discussion of the color azure, Page 149.
  2. Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN   978-1-4058-8118-0.
  3. Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN   978-0-521-15255-6.
  4. "azure". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 4 February 2020.
  5. W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, SVG color keywords
  6. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called baby blue in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color baby blue is displayed on page 93, Plate 35, Color Sample E2.
  7. 1 2 Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Baby Blue: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample E2
  8. "sky-blue, n. and adj". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  9. "sky-coloured | sky-colored, adj". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  10. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 204; Color Sample of Sky Blue: Page 89 Plate 33 Color Sample E6
  11. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Capri: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample L7; The color Capri is shown as lying halfway between Cyan and Azure.
  12. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191
  13. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 152 Discussion of the color Capri
  14. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Cerulean: Page 89 Plate 33 Color Sample E6
  15. "cerulean | Search Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  16. 1 2 "Colors | Identity Guidelines" . Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  17. Doucette, Matthew. "Color List". Xona Games, Inc. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  18. "Brandeis University Identity Manual" (PDF). brandeis.edu. 2013. p. 6. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  19. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 192; Color Sample of Celestial blue: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample D3
  20. Plochere Color System: Archived 21 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  21. Type the words "Vista Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  22. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder—Type the words "Vista Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  23. Type the words "Silver Lake Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  24. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder—Type the words "Silver Lake Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear:
  25. Detroit Lions Media Room
  26. History of the RAF, Chapter 7 – Cultural & Organizational Heritage, p. 370
  27. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205
  28. Color Sample of French Blue on ISCC-NBS color chart (color sample #178):
  29. "French, adj. and n." . Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  30. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190
  31. The color displayed in this color box matches the color called baby blue in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color baby blue is displayed on page 93, Plate 35, Color Sample E2.
  32. The sRGB values are taken by converting the NCS color 2060-B using the “NCS Navigator” tool at the NCS website.
  33. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN   84-89840-31-8
  34. Colors | UC Berkeley Brand Identity. brand.berkeley.edu. Retrieved on April 6, 2014.
  35. 1 2 "History, Symbols, and Traditions: What are Cal's official colors?". University of California, Berkeley. 8 May 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
  36. "About - Indiana State University".
  37. "Ole Miss Traditions: Red & Blue". University of Mississippi. 1 October 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  38. "SMU SPIRIT AND TRADITIONS". Southern Methodist University . Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  39. "Public Affairs and Media Relations Office - corporate identity - DCU identity - DCU".
  40. "The origin of Duke Blue". Duke University Libraries . Retrieved 3 December 2007.
  41. 1 2 "History of Penn Colors". University Archives and Records Center. University Archives and Records Center.
  42. "History and Traditions". University of Pennsylvania Athletics. University of Pennsylvania Athletics. Retrieved 28 March 2020.