Shahbanu

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Imperial Arms of the Pahlavi Shahbanu of Iran Imperial Arms of the Shahbanou of Iran.svg
Imperial Arms of the Pahlavi Shahbanu of Iran

Shahbanu (Persian : شهبانوŠahbānū lit. "King's Lady") was the title for queen consort in Persian and other Iranian languages. The two Persian Sassanian empresses regnant, Purandokht and Azarmidokht, c. 630, were the last two that carried the title before Farah Pahlavi, the wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran (Persia), [1] assumed the title on being crowned queen in 1967 for the first time since the Arab conquest of Iran in the 7th century.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king, or an empress consort in the case of an emperor. A queen consort usually shares her husband's social rank and status. She holds the feminine equivalent of the king's monarchical titles, but historically, she does not share the king's political and military powers.

Iranian languages language family

The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family that are spoken natively by the Iranian peoples.

As an empress during Sassanid times, the principal Shahbanu was also titled bâmbişnân bâmbişn ("Queen of Queens") analogous to the emperor's title şâhânşâh (lit. "King of Kings") to distinguish her from the other queens in the royal household.

Farah Pahlavi sometimes continues to be referred to as Shahbanu, as is customarily done internationally for titleholders associated with abolished monarchies, but the title is no longer valid in Iran. According to Persian Constitution of 1906, Yasmine Pahlavi, Crown Princess of Iran, would currently hold this title.

Persian Constitution of 1906

The Persian Constitution of 1906, was the first constitution of Persia (Iran) that resulted from the Persian Constitutional Revolution and it was written by Hassan Pirnia, Hossein Pirnia, and Ismail Mumtaz, among others. It divides into five chapters with many articles that developed over several years. The Belgian constitution, like the constitutions of other European states, served as a partial model for the Iranian constitution.

Yasmine Pahlavi, Crown Princess of Iran is an Iranian lawyer and the wife of Reza Pahlavi, the last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran.

See also

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References

  1. Sedghi, Hamideh (2007-07-09). Women and Politics in Iran: Veiling, Unveiling, and Reveiling. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   9781139463720.