Shahnaz Pahlavi

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Shahnaz Pahlavi
Princess Shahnaz of Iran.png
Born (1940-10-27) 27 October 1940 (age 78)
Tehran, Iran
Spouse Ardeshir Zahedi (1957–1964)
Khosrow Jahanbani (1971–2014)
IssueZahra Mahnaz Zahedi
Keykhosrow Jahanbani
Fawzia Jahanbani
Full name
Shahnaz Pahlavi
Persian: شهناز پهلوی
House Pahlavi
Father Mohammad Reza Shah
Mother Fawzia Fuad of Egypt

Shahnaz Pahlavi (Persian : شهناز پهلوی, born 27 October 1940) is the first child of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his first wife, Princess Fawzia of Egypt. [1]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.

Pahlavi dynasty monarchy of Iran from 1925 until 1979

The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Islamic Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.

Contents

Early life and education

Shahnaz Pahlavi was born in Tehran on 27 October 1940. She is the only child of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his first wife Princess Fawzia Fuad. [2] [3] Shahnaz is the half-sister of Crown Prince Reza Pahlavi, Princess Farahnaz Pahlavi, Prince Ali Reza Pahlavi II and Princess Leila Pahlavi – the four children of the Shah by his third wife, Shahbanou Farah Pahlavi. [4] Her maternal grandparents were King Fuad I and Queen Nazli of Egypt; and her paternal grandparents were Rezā Shāh Pahlavi and Queen Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran. She is also the niece of King Farouk I of Egypt and thus a cousin of the last Egyptian King, Fuad II. [5]

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.4 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran Last crown prince of the former Imperial State of Iran

Reza Pahlavi is the last heir apparent to the throne of the Imperial State of Iran and is the current head of the exiled House of Pahlavi. He is the older son of the late Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his third wife Farah Diba.

Farahnaz Pahlavi Iranian royal

Princess Farahnaz Pahlavi is the eldest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi by his third wife, Farah Diba.

Shahnaz Pahlavi was educated in Switzerland. [6]

Personal life

Her first marriage, at age sixteen, was to Ardeshir Zahedi on 11 October 1957, at Golestan Palace in Tehran. [1] [6] He was one-time Iranian foreign minister and twice Iranian ambassador to the United States (1957–64 and 1972–79). [6] [7] Zahedi and she first met in Germany in 1955. [6] The couple have one daughter, Princess (styled "Vala Gohari") Zahra Mahnaz Zahedi (born 2 December 1958 in Tehran). [8] They divorced in 1964.

Ardeshir Zahedi Iranian diplomat

Ardeshir Zahedi, GCVO (Persian: اردشیر زاهدی‎; born 16 October 1928 - was a former Iranian diplomat who served as the country's foreign minister and its ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s.

Golestan Palace palace

The Golestan Palace is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran's capital city, Tehran.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Shahnaz later married Khosrow Jahanbani in February 1971 at the Iranian Embassy, Paris. [9] Their marriage lasted until Jahanbani's death in April 2014. They have one son, Keykhosrow (born 20 November 1971), and one daughter, Fawzia (born 1973).

Khosrow Jahanbani Iranian royal

Khosrow Jahanbani was the son of Iranian general Amanullah Jahanbani and second husband of Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.

During her father's reign, Shahnaz had investments in agricultural enterprises and assembly plants of Honda bicycles and motorcycles. [10]

Honda []known as a manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles

Honda Motor Company, Ltd. is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.

After the 1979 Revolution

Since the Iranian Revolution Shahnaz Pahlavi has lived in Switzerland. [4]

Iranian Revolution Revolution in Iran to overthrow the Shah and replace him with Ayatollah Khomeini.

The Iranian Revolution was a series of events involving the overthrow of the monarch of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and replacing his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The movement against the United States-backed monarchy was supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

Switzerland federal republic in Western Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

Honours

Ancestry

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References

  1. 1 2 "Royal Beauty: Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi (1960's/70's)". Iranian. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  2. Charmody, Diedre (27 July 1973). "Nixon forth to see Shah". The Leader Post. New York. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  3. "A quick look at the Shah's life". Lawrence Journal. AP. 28 July 1980. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Shah's daughter 'could not stand' exile". BBC. 12 June 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  5. "Ashraf Pahlavi: Portrait of a Persian Princess". www.payvand.com. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Only child of Shah of Iran will marry in simple rites". Ocala Star Banner. Tehran. AP. 10 October 1957. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  7. "Iran Shah's daughter to wed engineer in simple ceremony". Lewiston Evening Journal. Tehran. AP. 10 October 1957. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  8. "Milestones, Dec. 15, 1958". Time. 15 December 1958. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  9. "The Qajar Dynasty". Royal Ark. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  10. "105 Iranian films said controlled by royal family". The Leader Post. Tehran. AP. 22 January 1979. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  11. Pinterest
  12. Royal Ark