Official seal until 1979
|Active||22 June 1913–1 April 1991|
Shahrbani (Persian : شهربانی; Šahrbānī) formerly called Nazmiyeh (Persian : نظمیه; Naẓmīya) was a law enforcement force in Iran, with police duties inside cities. Founded during Qajar dynasty, it was eventually merged with the rural and roads police Gendarmerie and Islamic Revolution Committees in 1991 to form Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA).
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.
Law enforcement is any system by which some members of society act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and norms governing that society. Although the term may encompass entities such as courts and prisons, it is most frequently applied to those who directly engage in patrols or surveillance to dissuade and discover criminal activity, and those who investigate crimes and apprehend offenders, a task typically carried out by the police or another law enforcement organisation. Furthermore, although law enforcement may be most concerned with the prevention and punishment of crimes, organizations exist to discourage a wide variety of non-criminal violations of rules and norms, effected through the imposition of less severe consequences.
Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.
The Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran or Disciplinary Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran, abbreviated as NAJA is the uniformed police force in Iran. The force was created in early 1992 by merging the Shahrbani, Gendarmerie and Islamic Revolutionary Committees into a single force. It has more than 60,000 police personnel, including border guard personnel, and is under the control of the Ministry of Interior. In 2003, some 400 women became the first female members of the police force since the 1979 Iranian Revolution
The Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran include the Army (Artesh), the Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepāh) and the Law Enforcement Force (Police).
This article tackes the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is divided into three forces:
The Iranian Gendarmerie also called the Government Gendarmerie, was the first modern highway patrol and rural police force in Iran. A paramilitary force, it also played a significant part in politics from its establishment in 1910 during the Qajar dynasty until the advent of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1921. It continued to serve until the end of the Pahlavi era and was modernized into the Imperial Iranian Gendarmerie. Originally established as a constitutional army, the force employed Swedish officers in command of Iranian personnel to perform both traditional police duties and conduct military campaigns against tribal forces. In 1991 the Iranian Gendarmerie was merged with other police forces to form the Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Malek Ashtar Garrison is a village and military installation in Masumiyeh Rural District, in the Central District of Arak County, Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 231, in 64 families. The garrison is named after Malik al-Ashtar and is a recruit training centre for Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran conscripts.
Modesty guards or Modesty Patrols either request or force women to dress modestly, depending on the country and the location. The definition of modesty is different in each location. For example, in the Western Wall in Jerusalem, women simply have to cover their shoulders and not wear shorts, while in Iran their body and hair has to be covered. Iranian women are also jailed if their clothes are revealing while making a video posted online.
Traffic Police of NAJA, abbreviated as RAHVAR, is a Law enforcement agency in Iran responsible for traffic guard and highway patrol. According to World Health Organization representative in Iran, "no other country in the region has Iran's traffic police technology".
Islamic Revolution Committees or Committees of Islamic Revolution, simply known as the Committee (کمیته), was a law enforcement force in Iran acting under Ministry of Interior. The Committee was responsible for enforcing Islamic regulations and moral standards on social behavior. Founded as one of Organizations of the Iranian Revolution in 1979, it was eventually merged with Shahrbani and Gendarmerie to form Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA) in 1991.
Islamic Republic of Iran Border Guard Command, commonly known as NAJA Border Guard, is a subdivision of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA) and Iran's sole agency that performs border guard and control in land borders, and coast guard in maritime borders. The unit was founded in 2000, and from 1991 to 2000, the unit's duties was done by of Security deputy of NAJA. Before 1991, border control was Gendarmerie's duty.
Intelligence and Public Security Police of NAJA or simply Security Police, abbreviated as PAVA, is a domestic security agency and law enforcement agency in Iran. The agency a subdivision of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran and part of Council for Intelligence Coordination.
Police Aviation Unit of NAJA or HAVA NAJA is the police aviation of Iran, providing aerial support for other branches of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran such as the Iranian Traffic Police and the Border Guard in pursuit, surveillance and tracking missions. The main base of the unit is the Shahid Ariyafar Airport in the southern part of Tehran.
Emergency Police Centre of NAJA commonly known with its emergency telephone number as Police-110 is a dispatcher center of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran which sends emergency responder units.
Special Units Command of NAJA, acronymed YEGUP, is a subdivision of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran in charge of its special forces. It consists of 3 units, named after Mûsâ ibn Ja‘far, Imam Khomeini and Amīr al-Mu'minīn. The command has specialist units for hostage rescue, mounted police, riot police, police dog, airborne, etc. Anti-Terror Special Force are a part of this police force.
Amin Police University is a police academy in Iran affiliated with the Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran. The academy has provided training courses for police forces from 16 countries and is headed by General Mohammad Taqi Assar.
ASVARAN is the mounted police unit of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran and a subdivision of its Special Units Command. The unit specializes in crowd control and riot control.
SAPCA is the search and rescue and police dog unit of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran and a subdivision of its Special Units Command. The unit was established in 2010.
Sardar, roughly equivalent to "General", is the honorific title used for officers of high rank, ranking Second Brigadier General and higher in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and commanders of the Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran (Police) who have previously served in the former military or the Islamic Revolution Committees, as well as the commanders of the disbanded Jihad of Construction. Sardars are often graduates of the University of Command and Staff.
General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the most senior military body in Iran, with an aim to implement policy, monitor and coordinate activities within the Armed Forces.
Hossein Ashtari is an Iranian military officer who currently serves as Iran's Chief of police, the chief commander of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran, since 2015.
Guidance Patrol is a kind of vice squad in the Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran, established in 2005 with the task to arrest mostly women who deem improperly dressed according to the dress code.
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