Shakhtyorsk

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Shakhtyorsk

Шахтёрск
Schachtjorsk-Zentrum.jpg
Central Shakhtyorsk
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Flag
Location of Shakhtyorsk
Shakhtyorsk
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Shakhtyorsk
Location of Shakhtyorsk
Outline Map of Sakhalin Oblast.svg
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Shakhtyorsk
Shakhtyorsk (Sakhalin Oblast)
Coordinates: 49°09′32″N142°06′25″E / 49.15889°N 142.10694°E / 49.15889; 142.10694 Coordinates: 49°09′32″N142°06′25″E / 49.15889°N 142.10694°E / 49.15889; 142.10694
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast [1]
Administrative district Uglegorsky District [1]
Town of district significance Shakhtyorsk [1]
Foundedafter 1905
Town status since1947
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
  Total8,382
   Capital oftown of district significance of Shakhtyorsk [1]
   Municipal district Uglegorsky Municipal District [3]
  Urban settlementShakhtyorskoye Urban Settlement [3]
   Capital ofShakhtyorskoye Urban Settlement [4]
Time zone UTC+11 (MSK+8   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [5] )
Postal code(s) [6]
694910
Dialing code(s) +7 42432 [7]
OKTMO ID64652110001

Shakhtyorsk (Russian : Шахтёрск; Japanese : 塔路, Tōro) is a town in Uglegorsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the western coast of the Sakhalin Island, 376 kilometers (234 mi) northwest of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 8,382(2010 Census); [2] 10,643(2002 Census); [8] 12,945(1989 Census). [9]

Contents

Etymology

The name of the town derives from the Russian word "шахтёр" ("miner"), referring to the black coal production in the surrounding area.

History

It was founded after 1905 as Tōro, in the region then known as the Karafuto Prefecture of Japan.[ citation needed ] After the Soviet Union gained control over the southern part of the Sakhalin Island in August 1945, it became part of Sakhalin Oblast. It was granted town status and given its present name in 1947.[ citation needed ]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated within Uglegorsky District as the town of district significance of Shakhtyorsk. [1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Shakhtyorsk is incorporated within Uglegorsky Municipal District as Shakhtyorskoye Urban Settlement. [3]

Economy

The town's economy relies mainly on black coal mining, which supports a power station.

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References

Shakhtyorsk narrow gauge railway, Central Processing Plant in Shakhtyorsk Schachtjorsk-ZOF.jpg
Shakhtyorsk narrow gauge railway, Central Processing Plant in Shakhtyorsk

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Law #25-ZO
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. 1 2 3 Law #524
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 64 652 110». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 64 652 110. ).
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. Телефонные коды Сахалина - Dialing codes of Sakhalin (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources