Shanghai Opera House (Chinese :上海歌剧院; pinyin :Shànghǎi Gējù Yuàn; Shanghainese: Zånhae Gujihyu) is the official government-funded western-style opera company of Shanghai, China, and the resident opera company at the new Shanghai Grand Theatre (上海大剧院 Shanghai Da Juyuan). Although the term "Opera House" is often applied to the building, both in English and Chinese texts, officially the building is not an opera house and the term "Shanghai Opera House" properly applies only to the performing company, not the building, as is also true for its senior sister company, the China National Opera House (CNOH) in Beijing. The reason for the distinction is found in that the Chinese character Yuan (院) applies primarily to a school or institute or dramatic troupe rather than the building in which a school, institute or dramatic company resides.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.
Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.
The Shanghainese language, also known as the Shanghai dialect, Hu language or Hu dialect, is a variety of Wu Chinese spoken in the central districts of the City of Shanghai and its surrounding areas. It is classified as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Shanghainese, like other Wu variants, is mutually unintelligible with other varieties of Chinese, such as Mandarin.
The offices, practice rooms and small rehearsal theatre are located at No.10 100-lòng Changshu Road, Jing'an District, Shanghai.
Jing'an District, is one of the central districts of Shanghai. It has an area of 37 km². With 1,180,000 inhabitants.
The repertoire of the opera company includes various western works: Aida, L'Elisir d'Amore, Orfeo ed Euridice, Eugene Onegin (opera), Otello, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), The Nose (opera), Die Fledermaus, Les Pêcheurs de Perles, Samson et Dalila, La Traviata, I Pagliacci, L'amour des Trois Oranges.
Aida is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni. Set in the Old Kingdom of Egypt, it was commissioned by Cairo's Khedivial Opera House and had its première there on 24 December 1871, in a performance conducted by Giovanni Bottesini. Today the work holds a central place in the operatic canon, receiving performances every year around the world; at New York's Metropolitan Opera alone, Aida has been sung more than 1,100 times since 1886. Ghislanzoni's scheme follows a scenario often attributed to the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, but Verdi biographer Mary Jane Phillips-Matz argues that the source is actually Temistocle Solera.
Orfeo ed Euridice is an opera composed by Christoph Willibald Gluck, based on the myth of Orpheus and set to a libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi. It belongs to the genre of the azione teatrale, meaning an opera on a mythological subject with choruses and dancing. The piece was first performed at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 5 October 1762, in the presence of Empress Maria Theresa. Orfeo ed Euridice is the first of Gluck's "reform" operas, in which he attempted to replace the abstruse plots and overly complex music of opera seria with a "noble simplicity" in both the music and the drama.
Eugene Onegin, Op. 24, is an opera in 3 acts, composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The libretto, organised by the composer himself, very closely follows certain passages in Alexander Pushkin's novel in verse, retaining much of his poetry. Tchaikovsky's friend Konstantin Shilovsky contributed M. Triquet's verses in Act 2, Scene 1, while Tchaikovsky himself arranged the text for Lensky's arioso in Act 1, Scene 1, and almost all of Prince Gremin's aria in Act 3, Scene 1.
Its repertoire of Chinese-language western-style operas (dangdai geju) includes: White-Haired Girl , Zan Yuen ("broad grasslands"), Fangcaoxin ("Fangfang, heart of grass"), Red Guards on Honghu Lake , Sister Jiang , Leiyu (based on Cao Yu's play Thunderstorm ), Shangshi ("Mourning" 1981 folk opera based on a story by Lu Xun) and The Savage Land .
Zan Yuen is a 1995 Chinese-language western-style opera (中国当代歌剧). The plot concerns a Mongolian tribe returning from Siberia to China during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor in the Qing dynasty.
Fangcaoxin is a 1983 Chinese-language western-style opera or musical, and 1986 film. It was filmed as Fangcaoxin in 1986, and appears listed in some sources by an English title "The Passion and the Love."
Red Guards on Honghu Lake is a Chinese modern opera in six acts. It was first performed in October 1956 in Wuhan, Hubei by the Hubei Experimental Theater Society (湖北省实验歌剧团). It is set in Honghu, Hubei. Its music was composed by Zhu Benhe, Zhang Jing'an, and Ouyang Qianshu. It was adapted to the cinema in 1961.
Shanghai Opera Theater
The Shanghai Grand Theatre is one of the largest and best-equipped automatic stages in the world. Since the theatre opened on August 27, 1998, it has staged over 6,000 performances of operas, musicals, ballets, symphonies, chamber music concerts, spoken dramas and various Chinese operas. The site is located at the intersection of Central Boulevard and Huangpi Road South in the northern part of the People's Square in Huangpu District, Shanghai. It is the home of the Shanghai Opera House Company; however, the title "Shanghai Opera House" officially applies to only the performing company and not to the building. The Shanghai Grand Theatre is also the resident for other performing companies.
Hu Ge is a Chinese actor and singer. While studying at the Shanghai Theater Academy, he was invited to play the leading role Li Xiaoyao in the 2005 television series Chinese Paladin, and immediately skyrocketed to fame as one of China's most popular actors. Since then, he has starred in several iconic historical television series; such as The Little Fairy (2006), The Young Warriors (2006), The Legend of the Condor Heroes (2008), Chinese Paladin 3, The Myth (2010), Xuan-Yuan Sword: Scar of Sky (2012) and Sound of the Desert (2014). In September 2012, he was nominated for Best Newcomer at the 31st Hundred Flowers Awards for his role as Lin Juemin in Chinese historical film 1911 (2012). Hu gained widespread acclaim with his roles as Ming Tai in the spy drama The Disguiser (2015) and Mei Changsu in the wuxia drama Nirvana in Fire, for which he received the Best Actor Award at the 22nd Magnolia Awards and the Golden Eagle Awards.
Shi Guangnan was a Chinese composer, best known for his patriotic and nationalistic songs from the Cultural Revolution era that combined traditional melodies with westernized accompaniment.
Yuan Quan, also known as Yolanda Yuan, is a Chinese actress and singer. She graduated from the Central Academy of Drama where she majored in drama.
Madame White Snake is an opera with music by Zhou Long and libretto by Cerise Lim Jacobs, published by Oxford University Press. Awarded the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Music, it was premiered on Feb. 26, 2010, by Opera Boston at the Cutler Majestic Theatre. It is based on the Legend of the White Snake and was created by Jacobs as a gift to her now late husband. The Pulitzer Committee described the opera as, "a deeply expressive opera that draws on a Chinese folk tale to blend the musical traditions of the East and the West." Zhou stated, "I have been working very hard to blend the East and the West for years." The opera was performed, in English, in Beijing in October 2010. In China Zhou's 2010 English-language opera shares the same title as the traditional Beijing opera version, Legend of the White Snake, Báishézhuàn, but is distinguished by the term "geju" rather than "jingju".
The Chinese Orphan is a 2011 Chinese-language western-style opera by woman composer Lei Lei to a libretto by Zou Jingzhi. The plot is based on the story The Orphan of Zhao. The premiere was at Beijing's NCPA in 2011. The international premiere was at the Hong Kong Cultural Centre Grand Theatre in March 2012. A documentary relating to the commissioning of the opera and with excerpts from rehearsals was one of the first releases of the NCPA's own in house audio and video company in 2017.
Chinese contemporary classical opera is a musical art form drawing on western opera traditions - distinct from modern developments of traditional Chinese opera.
The Tale of Huai Yin (槐荫记) is a 1958 Chinese-language western-style opera by Zhang Dinghe (张定和). It was part of the second wave of enthusiasm for geju on the eve of the 1966 beginning of the Cultural Revolution. The libretto was by Lu Su, Huang Cengjiu and Guan Taiping.
Yuan Chenye, also known as Chen-Ye Yuan is a Chinese operatic baritone. He graduated from Central Conservatory of Music in 1990 and in the same year passed entrance to the China Central Opera Company. He won the Tchaikovsky Prize in 1993 took part in the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions of 1998, and sang the role of Zhou Enlai in Marin Alsop's Naxos recording of Nixon in China (opera).
The China National Opera House (CNOH) or China Central Opera (中央歌剧院) is a State-run opera company based in Beijing, China, and under the Chinese Ministry of Culture. CNOH consists of an opera troupe, a choir, a symphony orchestra and a stagecraft, costume and scenery departments. It is affiliated, through common direction under the Ministry of Culture, with the Shanghai Opera House company and other geju companies around China.
Du Shiniang (杜十娘) is a popular story and theatre plot in China. It exists as a Yue opera, as a Sichuan opera, and also as a 2006 "hybrid" Chinese-language western-style opera in the repertoire of the China Central Opera. The plot concerns the courtisane Du Shiniang, Miss Tenth-Daughter Du, who falls in love with a literati, Li Jia.
Shanghai Jingju Theatre Company is a theatre company based in Shanghai, China, which produces Jingju. It was founded in 1955, with Zhou Xinfang its director. The Shanghai Beijing-Opera Theatre is at 168 Yueyang Road, Xuhui, Shanghai.
Mao Yuan is a Chinese composer. He was for many years one of the resident composers of the CNOH producing such works as the 1966 geju The Great Wall of the South Seas, co-composed with Ma Fei. In 1982 the Houston Ballet commissioned the ballet The Bamboo Painter, Zheng Banqiao.
Diàoyúchéng (钓鱼城) is a 2012 Chinese-language western-style opera based on the story of the siege of Diaoyu Fortress during the Mongol conquest of the Song Dynasty, and the resistance of the brothers Ran Jin and Ran Pu. The work was produced by staff of Chongqing Opera. Music was collectively composed by Xu Zhanhai (徐占海) Zheng Bing (郑冰) and Wang Hua (王华) to a libretto by Feng Boming (冯柏铭) and Feng Bilie (冯必烈). It will be performed at the CHNCPA in May 2013.
On December 31, 2014, a deadly stampede occurred in Shanghai, near Chen Yi Square on the Bund, where around 300,000 people had gathered for the new year celebration. 36 people were killed and there were 49 injured, 13 seriously. As of January 3, 2015, 9 remained in a serious condition.
Shanghai Dramatic Arts Centre (上海话剧艺术中心) is a professional theatrical company based in Shanghai, China, founded on January 23, 1995 after the merger of Shanghai's two largest theatres, the Shanghai People's Art Theatre (上海人民艺术剧院) and the Shanghai Youth Drama Troupe (上海青年话剧团). Its founders are Xia Yan, Huang Zuolin and Xiong Foxi. Currently, its contracted actors include Michael Chen, Ryan Cheng, Xu Zheng and Ma Yili.
Chen Xu is a former Chinese prosector who served as the Prosecutor General of Shanghai People's Procuratorate from 2008 to 2016. He was investigated in March 2017 by the Communist Party's anti-graft agency, suspected of corruption.
Game of Hunting is a 2017 Chinese television series directed and written by Jiang Wei, which focuses on the occupation of Headhunters. It stars Hu Ge as the protagonist. The series aired on Hunan TV from 6 November to 9 December 2017.
Xiju, also known as Wuxi opera, is a genre of opera which originated in the southern region of the Yangtze River Delta in China. It evolved from "Tanhuang" (滩簧), a folk opera art in the region of Wuxi and Changzhou of Jiangsu province. As one of the main local operas in Jiangsu Province, Wuxi opera has been reputed as "a piece of plum flower in Taihu Lake", a title given to the three major operas in East China, alongside Yue opera and Huangmei opera.