Shanghai Opera House

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Shanghai Grand Theatre at night - the resident location of "Shanghai Opera House" and other troupes. Shanghai Grand Theatre - at night.JPG
Shanghai Grand Theatre at night - the resident location of "Shanghai Opera House" and other troupes.

Shanghai Opera House (Chinese :上海歌剧院; pinyin :Shànghǎi Gējù Yuàn; Shanghainese: Zånhae Gujihyu) is the official government-funded western-style opera company of Shanghai, China, [1] and the resident opera company at the new Shanghai Grand Theatre (上海大剧院 Shanghai Da Juyuan). [2] Although the term "Opera House" is often applied to the building, both in English and Chinese texts, officially the building is not an opera house and the term "Shanghai Opera House" properly applies only to the performing company, not the building, as is also true for its senior sister company, the China National Opera House (CNOH) in Beijing. The reason for the distinction is found in that the Chinese character Yuan (院) applies primarily to a school or institute or dramatic troupe rather than the building in which a school, institute or dramatic company resides.

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters.

The Shanghainese language, also known as the Shanghai dialect, Hu language or Hu dialect, is a variety of Wu Chinese spoken in the central districts of the City of Shanghai and its surrounding areas. It is classified as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Shanghainese, like other Wu variants, is mutually unintelligible with other varieties of Chinese, such as Mandarin.

Contents

The offices, practice rooms and small rehearsal theatre are located at No.10 100-lòng Changshu Road, Jing'an District, Shanghai. [3]

Jingan District District

Jing'an District, is one of the central districts of Shanghai. It has an area of 37 km². With 1,180,000 inhabitants.

Repertoire

The repertoire of the opera company includes various western works: Aida, L'Elisir d'Amore, Orfeo ed Euridice, Eugene Onegin (opera), Otello, Pelléas et Mélisande (opera), The Nose (opera), Die Fledermaus, Les Pêcheurs de Perles, Samson et Dalila, La Traviata, I Pagliacci, L'amour des Trois Oranges.

<i>Aida</i> opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi

Aida is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni. Set in the Old Kingdom of Egypt, it was commissioned by Cairo's Khedivial Opera House and had its première there on 24 December 1871, in a performance conducted by Giovanni Bottesini. Today the work holds a central place in the operatic canon, receiving performances every year around the world; at New York's Metropolitan Opera alone, Aida has been sung more than 1,100 times since 1886. Ghislanzoni's scheme follows a scenario often attributed to the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, but Verdi biographer Mary Jane Phillips-Matz argues that the source is actually Temistocle Solera.

<i>Orfeo ed Euridice</i> opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck

Orfeo ed Euridice is an opera composed by Christoph Willibald Gluck, based on the myth of Orpheus and set to a libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi. It belongs to the genre of the azione teatrale, meaning an opera on a mythological subject with choruses and dancing. The piece was first performed at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 5 October 1762, in the presence of Empress Maria Theresa. Orfeo ed Euridice is the first of Gluck's "reform" operas, in which he attempted to replace the abstruse plots and overly complex music of opera seria with a "noble simplicity" in both the music and the drama.

<i>Eugene Onegin</i> (opera) opera by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Eugene Onegin, Op. 24, is an opera in 3 acts, composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The libretto, organised by the composer himself, very closely follows certain passages in Alexander Pushkin's novel in verse, retaining much of his poetry. Tchaikovsky's friend Konstantin Shilovsky contributed M. Triquet's verses in Act 2, Scene 1, while Tchaikovsky himself arranged the text for Lensky's arioso in Act 1, Scene 1, and almost all of Prince Gremin's aria in Act 3, Scene 1.

Its repertoire of Chinese-language western-style operas (dangdai geju) includes: White-Haired Girl , Zan Yuen ("broad grasslands"), Fangcaoxin ("Fangfang, heart of grass"), Red Guards on Honghu Lake , Sister Jiang , Leiyu (based on Cao Yu's play Thunderstorm ), Shangshi ("Mourning" 1981 folk opera based on a story by Lu Xun [4] ) and The Savage Land . [5] [6]

<i>Zan Yuen</i> opera

Zan Yuen is a 1995 Chinese-language western-style opera (中国当代歌剧). The plot concerns a Mongolian tribe returning from Siberia to China during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor in the Qing dynasty.

Fangcaoxin is a 1983 Chinese-language western-style opera or musical, and 1986 film. It was filmed as Fangcaoxin in 1986, and appears listed in some sources by an English title "The Passion and the Love."

Red Guards on Honghu Lake is a Chinese modern opera in six acts. It was first performed in October 1956 in Wuhan, Hubei by the Hubei Experimental Theater Society (湖北省实验歌剧团). It is set in Honghu, Hubei. Its music was composed by Zhu Benhe, Zhang Jing'an, and Ouyang Qianshu. It was adapted to the cinema in 1961.

See also

Shanghai Opera Theater

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References

  1. www.shanghaiopera.com.cn history (English) Archived 2012-12-22 at the Wayback Machine .
  2. Planet Geography (3rd edition) Stephen Codrington - 2005 "Figure 19. 17 Shanghai's Opera House is an example of the new public facilities now being built by the government. The Opera House is situated in an area with many such projects, including the Shanghai Museum, People's Park. Municipal ..."
  3. Photograph of offices, 上海市静安区常熟路100弄10号
  4. Shanghai Opera "Mourning" (Chinese) 歌剧名篇 – 伤逝 Archived 2013-01-15 at Archive.is
  5. 歌剧名篇 > 国内 Archived 2012-04-19 at the Wayback Machine . " 白毛女, 苍原, 芳草心, 洪湖赤卫队, 江姐, 雷雨, 伤逝, 原野 "
  6. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture – Page 420 Edward L. Davis – 2012 "Jin Xiang's style is characterized by a particular sensibility for musical colouring. His opera The Savage Land (Yuanye, 1987) features a Chinese-style verismo, reminiscent of Russian opera but at the same time permuted by distinctly Chinese ..."