Shangzhi

Last updated
Shangzhi

尚志市
ChinaHarbinShangzhi.png
Location of Shangzhi in Harbin
Location of Harbin Prefecture within Heilongjiang (China).png
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°12′25″N127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965 Coordinates: 45°12′25″N127°57′54″E / 45.207°N 127.965°E / 45.207; 127.965 [1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
Divisions
  • 10 towns
  • 7 townships
Seat Shangzhi Town (尚志镇)
Area
[2]
  Total8,824.9 km2 (3,407.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total585,386
  Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
1506XX
Area code(s) 0451
Climate Dwb
Website www.shangzhi.gov.cn

Shangzhi (Chinese :尚志; pinyin :Shàngzhì) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) away from central Harbin and has an area of approximately 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi). The city proper has a population of around 120,000, while the total administrative population is approximately 600,000 inhabitants.[ when? ] The most spacious county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Yanshou County to the north, Wuchang to the southwest, Acheng District to the northwest, and Bin County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the southeast.

Contents

The city of Shangzhi was once called Zhuhe (珠河; Zhūhé). It was developed during the Guangxu era in the late Qing dynasty, and was renamed to Shangzhi to commemorate the anti-Japanese war hero Zhao Shangzhi in 1946.

The most famous place in Shangzhi is the Yabuli (simplified Chinese :亚布力; traditional Chinese :亞布力; pinyin :Yàbùlì) Skiing Centre - [ citation needed ]

Climate

Shangzhi has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very dry, bitterly cold winters, very warm and humid summers, and short, rather dry spring and autumn in between. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −19.2 °C (−2.6 °F) in January to 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is +3.42 °C (38.2 °F). Close to three-fourths of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 49% in July to 63% in March, the city receives 2,450 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shangzhi (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−11.9
(10.6)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.1
(35.8)
13.2
(55.8)
20.4
(68.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.2
(81.0)
26.0
(78.8)
20.8
(69.4)
12.2
(54.0)
−0.1
(31.8)
−9.3
(15.3)
10.0
(50.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−19.2
(−2.6)
−14.3
(6.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.3
(43.3)
13.5
(56.3)
19.4
(66.9)
22.0
(71.6)
20.7
(69.3)
13.7
(56.7)
5.1
(41.2)
−6.1
(21.0)
−15.7
(3.7)
3.4
(38.2)
Average low °C (°F)−25.4
(−13.7)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−10.9
(12.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.3
(43.3)
13.5
(56.3)
17.4
(63.3)
16.1
(61.0)
7.6
(45.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−2.6
(27.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)6.3
(0.25)
6.6
(0.26)
16.4
(0.65)
28.4
(1.12)
49.3
(1.94)
89.1
(3.51)
183.8
(7.24)
152.9
(6.02)
61.2
(2.41)
32.8
(1.29)
18.4
(0.72)
11.2
(0.44)
656.4
(25.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)6.56.96.99.212.614.716.214.912.09.08.19.0126.0
Average relative humidity (%)75716460637281837870717472
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.6181.7232.0224.3248.3243.3229.9220.6215.4192.4155.5140.12,450.1
Percent possible sunshine 59626356545249515757545255
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 19712000) [4] [5]

Administrative divisions

Map including Yimianpo (labeled as I-mien-p'o Yi Mian Po 
) (AMS, 1955) Txu-oclc-6614368-nl52-8.jpg
Map including Yimianpo (labeled as I-mien-p'o 一靣坡) (AMS, 1955)

Shangzhi is divided into 10 towns and seven townships: [6]

Towns

Townships

Notable people

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References

  1. Google (2014-07-02). "Shangzhi" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  5. 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  6. 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:尚志市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China . Retrieved 2013-02-10.