Sharif University of Technology

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Sharif University of Technology
دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
Dāneŝgāhe Sannatiye Ŝarif
Sharif logo.svg
Sharif University of Technology (SUT)
coat of arms
Former name
Aryamehr University
Type Public
Established1966 [1]
Endowment US$ 62.92 million
(10 December 2014) [2]
President Mahmoud Fotouhi Firouzabad
Vice-president Dawood Rashtchian
Administrative staff
395
Students10,251
Undergraduates 5,776
Postgraduates 4,726
Location,
35°42′6.47″N51°21′5.18″E / 35.7017972°N 51.3514389°E / 35.7017972; 51.3514389 Coordinates: 35°42′6.47″N51°21′5.18″E / 35.7017972°N 51.3514389°E / 35.7017972; 51.3514389
Newspaper Sharif Daily
Scientia Iranica
Colours      Light Blue ,     FireBrick
Athletics19 sports
IUSF
Affiliations FUIW
IAU
ICTP
TWAS
Website en.sharif.edu

Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Persian : دانشگاه صنعتی شریف, romanized: Dāneŝgāhe Sannatiye Ŝarif is a public research university in Tehran, Iran and is widely considered to be the nation's leading institution for engineering and physical science disciplines. The international campus of the university is located in Kish Island, Persian Gulf.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajik Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

A public university is a university that is publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape.

Contents

Established in 1966 under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, it was formerly named the Aryamehr University of Technology (Persian : دانشگاه صنعتی آریامهر Dāneŝgāhe Sannatiye Āryāmehr) and for a short period after the 1979 revolution, the university was called Tehran University of Technology. Following the revolution the university was named after Majid Sharif Vaghefi, who was one of the People's Mujahedin of Iran group's leaders who was killed by the members of a splinter group (later renamed to Peykar Organization) who had recently converted from Islam to Marxism and were adamant to forcefully change the Mujahedin's organization's ideology to Marxism.

Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Iranian political party

The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran, or the Mojahedin-e Khalq, is an Iranian political-militant organization based on Islamic and socialist ideology. It advocates overthrowing the Islamic Republic of Iran leadership and installing its own government. It was the "first Iranian organization to develop systematically a modern revolutionary interpretation of Islam – an interpretation that differed sharply from both the old conservative Islam of the traditional clergy and the new populist version formulated in the 1970s by Ayatollah Khomeini and his government". The MEK is considered the Islamic Republic of Iran's biggest and most active political opposition group.

Today, the university provides both undergraduate and graduate programs in 15 main departments. The student body consists of about 6,000 [3] undergraduate students and 4,700 [3] graduate students from all the 30 provinces of Iran. Funding for Sharif University is provided by the government and through private funding. Undergraduate admission to Sharif is limited to the top 800 of the 500,000 students who pass the national entrance examination administered annually by the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. [4]

Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (Iran)

The Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) is the government ministry of science, research and technology in the Islamic Republic of Iran. State-run (non-medical) universities of Iran are under the direct supervision of Iran's Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. The ministry was established in 2000 when the ministry of culture and higher education was renamed as the ministry of science, research and technology.

In the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences rankings, SUT is ranked 5th in the Middle East. [5] It is in the top 251–275 universities in the world and 37th in Asia in the 2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. [6] [7] In the 2014 Times Higher Education top 100 for newer universities (less than 50 years old), SUT ranked 1st in the Middle East, 6th in Asia, and 27th in the world. [8]

<i>Academic Ranking of World Universities</i> global university ranking

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings. The league table was originally compiled and issued by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2003, making it the first global university ranking with multifarious indicators.

<i>Times Higher Education World University Rankings</i> annual publication of university rankings

Times Higher Education World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Times Higher Education (THE) magazine. The publisher had collaborated with Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) to publish the joint THE–QS World University Rankings from 2004 to 2009 before it turned to Thomson Reuters for a new ranking system. The publication now comprises the world's overall, subject, and reputation rankings, alongside three regional league tables, Asia, Latin America, and BRICS & Emerging Economies which are generated by different weightings.

Founded in 1966, SUT was established in order to train and supply a part of required expert human resources of the country on an equal level to credible universities of the world. Compared with other worldwide universities, it is a young and growing pioneer in both basic and applied sciences. The main aims of SUT are: (1) to create an organization where students can be instructed in both theoretical and applied sciences, with special emphasis on the particular needs of Islamic society; (2) to teach students the advanced knowledge and techniques required to participate in the fields of engineering and technology and to cultivate them into creative engineers, good scientists and innovative technologists; and (3) to educate engineers who are ready to be employed, who contribute significantly to their jobs, and who have a strong sense of public responsibility and a desire to continue to learn. The emphasis is placed on the promotion of multidisciplinary research at the graduate and doctoral levels. Based on that, SUT provides a scientific and dynamic environment for those who are trying to gain knowledge. In other words, SUT is a place for those who are trying to understand and comprehend scientific realities and facts, and are trying to convey those to others. [9]

History

The university was founded in 1966 with the name Aryamehr University of Industry by Dr. Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi (محمدعلی مجتهدی). At that time, there were 54 faculty members and a total of 412 students who were selected by national examination. Also only four departments were established: Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering. [10] In 1972, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi appointed Sayyed Hosein Nasr as president of the university with the goal of modeling the school based on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but with roots in Iranian culture. [11] [12] In 1974 a new campus of the university was established in Isfahan. But later that campus became an independent university, named Isfahan University of Technology (IUT). The emblem of IUT still closely resembles SUT's emblem [ citation needed ].

Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi Iranian academic

Dr. Mohammad Ali Modjtahedi Gilani was an Iranian University professor and lifetime principal of the highly prestigious Alborz High School in Tehran, Iran.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi the last shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.

Hossein Nasr Iranian philosopher

Hossein Nasr is an Iranian professor emeritus of Islamic studies at George Washington University, and an Islamic philosopher. He is the author of scholarly books and articles.

Currently the university has grown to an elite school with over 9000 students, 700 of whom are studying for a doctorate, and over 500 faculty members in 15 main departments. [13]

Campuses

Main campus

The main campus of the university is located in the Tarasht neighborhood, near Azadi Square, Tehran, Iran. It is located close to the Azadi Tower, which is the symbol of Tehran and one of the main transportation hubs. The endowment of Sharif University of Technology has been estimated at around $25 million. [14]

Buildings

Avicenna Building, the main classroom building Ibn Sina Tower.JPG
Avicenna Building, the main classroom building
  • SUT Languages and Linguistics Center
  • SUT Avicenna Building (ساختمان ابن سینا), the main classroom building named in honor of 9th century Persian scientist Avicenna
  • Student Union (Shahid Rezaee Building)
  • Jaber ebne hayyan Building, named in honor of 8th century Persian scientist Jābir ibn Hayyān
  • Aboreihan Birooni, named in honor of 11th century Persian scientist Abu Rayhan Biruni (hosting departments of Mathematical Sciences and Industrial Engineering)
  • Khodro
  • Central library
  • SUT Mosque
  • The gym (I and II)
  • Publication Office
  • The Restaurant

International campus

International Campus'
coat of arms Sharif-International-Logo.jpg
International Campus'
coat of arms

Sharif University also has an International Campus on Kish Island in Persian Gulf. International Campus of Sharif University of Technology was started in 2005. Today there are two faculties active in this campus: Faculty of Engineering and Science, and Faculty of Management. The campus is currently admitting students for bachelor's, master's, and PhD degrees in engineering courses and for a master's degree in management.

Buildings

  • Central Building
  • Faculty of Engineering and Science Building
  • Laboratories and Workshops Building
  • Language Centre Building

Academic profile

A General view of the main campus Sharif University of Technology.jpg
A General view of the main campus

Profile

Sharif University was established in 1966 as an Engineering university with departments of Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering. [10] Currently, Sharif University has 14 science and engineering departments:

In engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Aerospace engineering.

In science, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematical Science.

Other non-engineering departments include the School of Management and Economics, Languages and Linguistics Department, and the Department of Philosophy of Science which offer exclusively graduate degrees.

Affiliated research centers

The university has supported establishment of Research Centers. These are usually started with a spin-off funding provided by or through university, but will start to accept research and development projects from industry in their first months of establishment. Most of the employees of these centers are Sharif University students, while in some cases recent alumni or students of other universities have been recruited as well.

Following is a list of research centers affiliated with Sharif University. [15]

World Rankings

Academic Ranking of World Universities [16]

QS Rankings [17]

Times Higher Education [18]

U.S. News & World Report [19]

Research and endowment

Sharif University is a public university and its funding is provided by the government of Iran. For the top ranks of the national university entrance exam, education is free in all public universities. Those ranking lower are required to pay part or all of the tuition.[ citation needed ]

Industrial companies have supported Sharif University, and provided research funding for the desired programs and projects. For instance, the Petroleum Engineering department was supported by Iran Oil industries [ citation needed ].

Sharif University was appointed as a Center of Excellence (fa:قطب علمی) by Iran's Ministry of Science and Technology in the fields of Advanced Materials, Aerospace Systems, Biological Process Engineering, Communication, Design, Robotics and Automation, Energy Conversion, Earthquake Engineering, Mathematics, Physics, Power System Management and Control, and Telecommunications, as well as Hydrodynamics and Dynamic of Marine Vehicles. [20] This appointment is based on national standing based on research achievements and invested funding in the mentioned topics.

Student life

Political activities

Prior to the Islamic Revolution many political organizations including but not limited to Fadaian Khalg and People's Mujahedin of Iran active members and supporters were among students of the Sharif University. In the 14 years since its inception many active members and supporters were arrested and killed by SAVAK among those Abdolmajid Pirzadeh Jahromi, Majid Ahmadzadeh (Fedaian Khlaq) can be named.

Through the student political movement after the 2nd of Khordad Movement, Sharif students were also actively involved. The major groups with political intentions at Sharif, during 1997–2003, were student Basij and the Association of Muslim students, briefly called Anjoman (Association). Most other smaller groups were allies of either Basij or Anjoman. Basij was a serious opposer of Mohammad Khatami, the president of the time. Whereas, Anjoman was a loyal follower. There has been several clashes between member students of the two groups. Free speech tribunes, occasionally end in harsh quarrel-like debates. However, the major clash between Anjoman and Basij occurred while the student movement was in silence in most other universities. In 2006, a serious controversy resulting in physical tensions, occurred after Basij attempted to bury bodies of unknown Martyrs of the Iran–Iraq War at the universities' Mosque court. [21]

Sharif University of Technology Association (SUTA)

Many of Sharif alumni and affiliates are spread all around the world since lots of them continue their graduate studies in Europe or North America and also some of them immigrated to these countries, therefore it is not easy to establish local organization to be contacted by the alumni. Sharif University of Technology Association (SUTA) is a global organization that was formed in 2000 to facilitate communication and collaboration among the graduates, faculty and staff of the Sharif University.

This non-profit organization is registered in the state of California, USA and has many chapters and affiliates around the world. Its mission is to enhance professional, academic, and social contacts among its membership, and to strengthen the ties between the association members living outside of Iran and the University. [22]

Since 2000 SUTA has had a reunion/conference every other year, in the following cities: San Diego (California), Toronto (Canada), Heidelberg (Germany), Santa Clara (California), Vancouver (Canada), Gothenburg (Sweden), Ottawa (Canada) and Milan (Italy).

Faculty and alumni

Chancellors

ChancellorTenureAlma materSpeciality
Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi 1965–1967 Flag of France.svg Université Lille Nord de France Mechanical Engineering
Fazlollah Reza 1967 Flag of the United States.svg New York University Network and Information Theory
Mohammad Reza Amin 1968–1972 Flag of the United States.svg UC Berkeley Physics
Hossein Nasr 1972–1975 Flag of the United States.svg MIT Physics
Mehdi Zarghamee 1975–1977 Flag of the United States.svg UIUC Structural Engineering
Alireza Mehran 1977–1978 Flag of Switzerland.svg University of Geneva Biophysics
Hossein Ali Anvari 1978–1979 Flag of France.svg ENSEEIHT Electrical Engineering
Ali Mohammad Ranjbar 1979–1980 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Imperial College London Electrical Engineering
Abbas Anvari 1980–1982 Flag of Sweden.svg Chalmers University of Technology Physics
Ali Akbar Salehi 1982–1985 Flag of the United States.svg MIT Nuclear Engineering
Abbas Anvari 1985–1989 Flag of Sweden.svg Chalmers University of Technology Physics
Ali Akbar Salehi 1989–1993 Flag of the United States.svg MIT Nuclear Engineering
Mohammad Etemadi 1993–1995 Flag of the United States.svg University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Electronics
Sayed Khatiboleslam Sadrnezhaad 1995–1997 Flag of the United States.svg MIT Metallurgical Engineering
Saeed Sohrabpour 1997–2010 Flag of the United States.svg UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering
Reza Roosta Azad 2010–2014 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg University of Waterloo Chemical Engineering
Mahmud Fotuhi Firuzabad 2014–current Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg University of Saskatchewan Electrical Engineering

Notable alumni

The university is known for its large number of alumni who join the academic world, including the late Maryam Mirzakhani, Professor of Mathematics at Stanford University and the first female to be awarded a Fields Medal, Ramin Golestanian is a professor at the Department of Physics and the Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics at Oxford University. He is a fellow of St Cross College and is affiliated with the Oxford Centre for Soft and Biological Matter. In 2014 he was awarded the Holweck Prize for his "pioneering contributions to the field of active soft matter, particularly microscopic swimmers and active colloids". In 2017 he was awarded the Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Lecture Prize. Hazhir Rahmandad is an Iranian American Scientist and Engineer. Rahmandad obtained his B.Sc. in Industrial Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology. He holds a Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Rahmandad is an Associate Professor in the System Dynamics group at MIT Sloan School of Management where he teaches simulation modeling and system dynamics. Ali Hajimiri is an academic, inventor, and entrepreneur in various fields of technology including electrical engineering and biomedical engineering. He is currently the Bren Professor of Electrical Engineering and Medical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He received the B.S. degree in electrical engineering from the Sharif University of Technology and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Stanford University. Faramarz Fekri received the B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Before coming to Georgia Tech, he was with the Telecommunication Research Laboratories (TRLabs), Calgary, Canada. In Fall of 1996, he started his Ph.D. studies at Georgia Tech. After receiving his Ph.D. degree in Summer 2000, Dr. Fekri joined the faculty of the School of ECE at Georgia Tech, where he is now a full professor. He is a member of the Center for Signal and Information Processing (CSIP), the Center for Energy and Geo Processing (CeGP), the Center for The Machine Learning at Georgia Tech, and the Georgia Tech Information Security Center (GTISC). He was also affiliated with the Georgia Tech Broadband Institute (GTBI). Payam Heydari received his B.S. and M.S. degrees, with honors, in electrical engineering from Sharif University of Technology in 1992 and 1995, respectively. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Southern California in 2001. He is currently a professor of electrical engineering at the University of California, Irvine.

A number of SUT alumni have been active in industry. Akbar Torkan, director of Petro-Pars Co. and previous Transportations Minister, Mehdi Setareh, professor of Architecture at Virginia Tech, Manoochehr Manteghi, managing director of Iran Khodro, Ahmad Ghalebaani, former managing director of SAIPA, and Mehdi Mir Moezzi, managing director of Iran national petroleum company can be named as some of the more famous alumni.

Many of the SUT alumni have entered in politics, including Mohammad Ali Najafi former minister of higher education and member of Tehran City Council, Es'hagh Jahangiri, former Minister of Industries and Mines, Abbas Mohtaj, former commander of Iranian Navy, Mohammad Atrianfar, former head of Tehran City Council, Morteza Alviri, former Mayor of Tehran, Ali Larijani, speaker of Majlis and former presidential candidate and former head of IRIB and Mohsen Sazegara, former government official, political activist.

Also, some of the opposition groups outside Iran have members who are SUT alumni. These members include Foad Mostafa Soltani, former leader of Komala political party of Iranian Kurdistan and Maryam Rajavi, president of People's Mujahedin of Iran Organization.

Multiple alumni of SUT also continued their career as professional athletes. Having been affiliated with SUT's athletic teams, Ali Daei, former member and later head coach of Iranian national football team and Iraj Mozzafari, former captain of Iranian national Volleyball team can be named. Adel Ferdosipour, prominent football commentator and Elshan Moradi Chess Grandmaster are also SUT alumni.

Other publicly known figures with a Sharif related background include Peyman Yazdanian, music composer and Mohammad-Javad Larijani, director of Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics.

Imprisoned human rights blogger Kouhyar Goudarzi was an aerospace student at Sharif until pressure from state security forces allegedly caused his dismissal. [23] Omid Kokabee, an Applied Physics and Mechanics alumnus, [24] was arrested while visiting Iran during his Postdoctoral research in University of Texas at Austin. [25] He was sentenced to 10 years in prison for “communicating with a hostile government” and “illegitimate/illegal earnings.” [26]

See also

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