دانشگاه صنعتی شریف
|Endowment|| US$ 62.92 million |
(December 10, 2014)
|President||Mahmoud Fotouhi Firouzabad|
|Newspaper|| Sharif Daily |
|Colours||Light Blue , FireBrick|
|Affiliations|| FUIW |
Sharif University of Technology (SUT, Persian : دانشگاه صنعتی شریف) is a public research university in Tehran, Iran and is widely considered to be the nation's leading institution for engineering and physical science disciplines which it is known as iranian MIT. The international campus of the university is located in Kish Island, Persian Gulf.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet.
A public university is a university that is publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape.
Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.4 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.
Established in 1966 under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, it was formerly named the Aryamehr University of Technology (Persian : دانشگاه صنعتی آریامهر) and for a short period after the 1979 revolution, the university was called Tehran University of Technology. Following the revolution the university was named after Majid Sharif Vaghefi, who was one of the People's Mujahedin of Iran group's leaders who was killed by the members of a splinter group (later renamed to Peykar Organization) who had recently converted from Islam to Marxism and were adamant to forcefully change the Mujahedin's organization's ideology to Marxism.
The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran or the Mojahedin-e Khalq is an Iranian political–militant organization based on Islamic and Socialist ideology and advocates overthrowing the Islamic Republic of Iran leadership and installing its own government. It was the "first Iranian organization to develop systematically a modern revolutionary interpretation of Islam – an interpretation that deferred sharply from both the old conservative Islam of the traditional clergy and the new populist version formulated in the 1970s by Ayatollah Khomeini and his government." The MEK is considered the Islamic Republic of Iran's biggest and most active political opposition group.
Today, the university provides both undergraduate and graduate programs in 15 main departments. The student body consists of about 6,000undergraduate students and 4,700 graduate students from all the 30 provinces of Iran. Funding for Sharif University is provided by the government and through private funding. Undergraduate admission to Sharif is limited to the top 800 of the 500,000 students who pass the national entrance examination administered annually by the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology.
The Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) is the government ministry of science, research and technology in the Islamic Republic of Iran. State-run (non-medical) universities of Iran are under the direct supervision of Iran's Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. The ministry was established in 2000 when the ministry of culture and higher education was renamed as the ministry of science, research and technology.
In the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences rankings, SUT is ranked 5th in the Middle East.It is in the top 251-275 universities in the world and 37th in Asia in the 2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. In the 2014 Times Higher Education top 100 for newer universities (less than 50 years old), SUT ranked 1st in the Middle East, 6th in Asia, and 27th in the world.
Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings. The league table was originally compiled and issued by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2003, making it the first global university ranking with multifarious indicators.
Times Higher Education World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Times Higher Education (THE) magazine. The publisher had collaborated with Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) to publish the joint THE–QS World University Rankings from 2004 to 2009 before it turned to Thomson Reuters for a new ranking system. The publication now comprises the world's overall, subject, and reputation rankings, alongside three regional league tables, Asia, Latin America, and BRICS & Emerging Economies which are generated by different weightings.
Founded in 1966, SUT was established in order to train and supply a part of required expert human resources of the country on an equal level to credible universities of the world. Compared with other worldwide universities, it is a young and growing pioneer in both basic and applied sciences. The main aims of SUT are: (1) to create an organization where students can be instructed in both theoretical and applied sciences, with special emphasis on the particular needs of Islamic society; (2) to teach students the advanced knowledge and techniques required to participate in the fields of engineering and technology and to cultivate them into creative engineers, good scientists and innovative technologists; and (3) to educate engineers who are ready to be employed, who contribute significantly to their jobs, and who have a strong sense of public responsibility and a desire to continue to learn. The emphasis is placed on the promotion of multidisciplinary research at the graduate and doctoral levels. Based on that, SUT provides a scientific and dynamic environment for those who are trying to gain knowledge. In other words, SUT is a place for those who are trying to understand and comprehend scientific realities and facts, and are trying to convey those to others.
The university was founded in 1966 with the name Aryamehr University of Industry by Dr. Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi (محمدعلی مجتهدی). At that time, there were 54 faculty members and a total of 412 students who were selected by national examination. Also only four departments were established: Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering. [ citation needed ].In 1972, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi appointed Sayyed Hosein Nasr as president of the university with the goal of modeling the school based on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but with roots in Iranian culture. In 1974 a new campus of the university was established in Isfahan. But later that campus became an independent university, named Isfahan University of Technology (IUT). The emblem of IUT still closely resembles SUT's emblem
Dr. Mohammad Ali Modjtahedi Gilani was an Iranian University professor and lifetime principal of the highly prestigious Alborz High School in Tehran, Iran.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Islamic Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.
Hossein Nasr is an Iranian professor emeritus of Islamic studies at George Washington University, and an Islamic philosopher. He is the author of scholarly books and articles.
Currently the university has grown to an elite school with over 9000 students, 700 of whom are studying for a doctorate, and over 500 faculty members in 15 main departments.
The main campus of the university is located in the Tarasht neighborhood, near Azadi Square, Tehran, Iran. It is located close to the Azadi Tower, which is the symbol of Tehran and one of the main transportation hubs. The endowment of Sharif University of Technology has been estimated at around $25 million.
Sharif University also has an International Campus on Kish Island in Persian Gulf. International Campus of Sharif University of Technology was started in 2005. Today there are two faculties active in this campus: Faculty of Engineering and Science, and Faculty of Management. The campus is currently admitting students for bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD degrees in engineering courses and for a master's degree in management.
Sharif University was established in 1966 as an Engineering university with departments of Electrical, Metallurgical, Mechanical, and Chemical Engineering.Currently, Sharif University has 14 science and engineering departments:
In engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Aerospace engineering.
In science, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematical Science.
Other non-engineering departments include the School of Management and Economics, Languages and Linguistics Department, and the Department of Philosophy of Science which offer exclusively graduate degrees.
The university has supported establishment of Research Centers. These are usually started with a spin-off funding provided by or through university, but will start to accept research and development projects from industry in their first months of establishment. Most of the employees of these centers are Sharif University students, while in some cases recent alumni or students of other universities have been recruited as well.
Following is a list of research centers affiliated with Sharif University.
Academic Ranking of World Universities
Times Higher Education
U.S. News & World Report
Sharif University is a public university and its funding is provided by the government of Iran. For the top ranks of the national university entrance exam, education is free in all public universities. Those ranking lower are required to pay part or all of the tuition.[ citation needed ]
Industrial companies have supported Sharif University, and provided research funding for the desired programs and projects. For instance, the Petroleum Engineering department was supported by Iran Oil industries [ citation needed ].
Sharif University was appointed as a Center of Excellence (fa:قطب علمی) by Iran's Ministry of Science and Technology in the fields of Advanced Materials, Aerospace Systems, Biological Process Engineering, Communication, Design, Robotics and Automation, Energy Conversion, Earthquake Engineering, Mathematics, Physics, Power System Management and Control, and Telecommunications, as well as Hydrodynamics and Dynamic of Marine Vehicles.This appointment is based on national standing based on research achievements and invested funding in the mentioned topics.
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Prior to the Islamic Revolution many political organizations including but not limited to Fadaian Khalg and People's Mujahedin of Iran active members and supporters were among students of the Sharif University. In the 14 years since its inception many active members and supporters were arrested and killed by SAVAK among those Abdolmajid Pirzadeh Jahromi, Majid Ahmadzadeh (Fedaian Khlaq) can be named.
Through the student political movement after the 2nd of Khordad Movement, Sharif students were also actively involved. The major groups with political intentions at Sharif, during 1997–2003, were student Basij and the Association of Muslim students, briefly called Anjoman (Association). Most other smaller groups were allies of either Basij or Anjoman. Basij was a serious opposer of Mohammad Khatami, the president of the time. Whereas, Anjoman was a loyal follower. There has been several clashes between member students of the two groups. Free speech tribunes, occasionally end in harsh quarrel-like debates. However, the major clash between Anjoman and Basij occurred while the student movement was in silence in most other universities. In 2006, a serious controversy resulting in physical tensions, occurred after Basij attempted to bury bodies of unknown Martyrs of the Iran–Iraq War at the universities' Mosque court.
Many of Sharif alumni and affiliates are spread all around the world since lots of them continue their graduate studies in Europe or North America and also some of them immigrated to these countries, therefore it is not easy to establish local organization to be contacted by the alumni. Sharif University of Technology Association (SUTA) is a global organization that was formed in 2000 to facilitate communication and collaboration among the graduates, faculty and staff of the Sharif University.
This non-profit organization is registered in the state of California, USA and has many chapters and affiliates around the world. Its mission is to enhance professional, academic, and social contacts among its membership, and to strengthen the ties between the association members living outside of Iran and the University.
Since 2000 SUTA has had a reunion/conference every other year, in the following cities: San Diego (California), Toronto (Canada), Heidelberg (Germany), Santa Clara (California), Vancouver (Canada), Gothenburg (Sweden), Ottawa (Canada) and Milan (Italy).
|Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi||1965–1967||Mechanical Engineering|
|Fazlollah Reza||1967||Network and Information Theory|
|Mohammad Reza Amin||1968–1972||Physics|
|Mehdi Zarghamee||1975–1977||Structural Engineering|
|Hossein Ali Anvari||1978–1979||Electrical Engineering|
|Ali Mohammad Ranjbar||1979–1980||Electrical Engineering|
|Ali Akbar Salehi||1982–1985||Nuclear Engineering|
|Ali Akbar Salehi||1989–1993||Nuclear Engineering|
|Sayed Khatiboleslam Sadrnezhaad||1995–1997||Metallurgical Engineering|
|Saeed Sohrabpour||1997–2010||Mechanical Engineering|
|Reza Roosta Azad||2010–2014||Chemical Engineering|
|Mahmud Fotuhi Firuzabad||2014–current||Electrical Engineering|
The university is known for its large number of alumni who join the academic world, including the late Maryam Mirzakhani, Professor of Mathematics at Stanford University and the first female to be awarded a Fields Medal.
A number of SUT alumni have been active in industry. Akbar Torkan, director of Petro-Pars Co. and previous Transportations Minister, Mehdi Setareh, professor of Architecture at Virginia Tech, Manoochehr Manteghi, managing director of Iran Khodro, Ahmad Ghalebaani, former managing director of SAIPA, and Mehdi Mir Moezzi, managing director of Iran national petroleum company can be named as some of the more famous alumni.
Many of the SUT alumni have entered in politics, including Mohammad Ali Najafi former minister of higher education and member of Tehran City Council, Es'hagh Jahangiri, former Minister of Industries and Mines, Abbas Mohtaj, former commander of Iranian Navy, Mohammad Atrianfar, former head of Tehran City Council, Morteza Alviri, former Mayor of Tehran, Ali Larijani, speaker of Majlis and former presidential candidate and former head of IRIB and Mohsen Sazegara, former government official, political activist.
Also, some of the opposition groups outside Iran have members who are SUT alumni. These members include Foad Mostafa Soltani, former leader of Komala political party of Iranian Kurdistan and Maryam Rajavi, president of People's Mujahedin of Iran Organization.
Multiple alumni of SUT also continued their career as professional athletes. Having been affiliated with SUT's athletic teams, Ali Daei, former member and later head coach of Iranian national football team and Iraj Mozzafari, former captain of Iranian national Volleyball team can be named. Adel Ferdosipour, prominent football commentator and Elshan Moradi Chess Grandmaster are also SUT alumni.
Other publicly known figures with a Sharif related background include Peyman Yazdanian, music composer and Mohammad-Javad Larijani, director of Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics.
Imprisoned human rights blogger Kouhyar Goudarzi was an aerospace student at Sharif until pressure from state security forces allegedly caused his dismissal.Omid Kokabee, an Applied Physics and Mechanics alumnus, was arrested while visiting Iran during his Postdoctoral research in University of Texas at Austin. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison for “communicating with a hostile government” and “illegitimate/illegal earnings.”
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) is a university in Northeastern Iran named after the great epic poet Ferdowsi who is the author of Shahnameh. The FUM campus is in Mashhad, the capital city of the Razavi Khorasan province, which is most famous and revered for housing the tomb of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam. The university was established in 1949 with the title of Razavi University, making it the fourth oldest major university in Iran in the modern sense (there are however other academic colleges established before. FUM offers 180 bachelors, masters, and Ph.D. programs to 26,000 international and local, male and female students studying under about 900 faculty members with the aid of 2,500 staff employees. Foreign students especially from Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq make the university a popular institution in attracting non-Iranian students so that the university could be ranked first in Iran amongst other universities in recruiting foreign students, after the efforts made during the presidency of Ahmadinejad who declared Mashhad as "Iran's spiritual capital".
University of Tehran is the oldest modern university located in Tehran, Iran. It is also one of the most prestigious universities in the Middle East. Based on its historical, socio-cultural, and political pedigree, as well as its research and teaching profile, UT has been nicknamed "The mother university of Iran". It has been ranked as one of the best universities in the Middle East in national and international rankings and among the top universities in the world. It is also the premier knowledge producing institute among all OIC countries. The university offers 111 bachelor's degree programs, 177 master's degree programs, and 156 Ph.D. programs. Many of the departments were absorbed into the University of Tehran from the Dar al-Funun established in 1851 and the Tehran School of Political Sciences established in 1899.
Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), formerly called the Tehran Polytechnic, is a public research university located in Tehran, Iran.
Shahid Beheshti University is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran. Based on the latest rankings of universities in the world and based on the ranking systems of Kakarry, Simonds and QS, Shahid Beheshti University has been ranked fifth for two consecutive years 2017 and 2018 after Sharif University, Iran University of Science and Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology and Tehran University, respectively at the 701 + and 1000-800. At the present time, SBU has 19 faculties, including: Literature and Human Sciences, Theology and Religious Studies, Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Law, Physics, Chemistry, Economics and Political Sciences, Education and Psychology, Mathematical Sciences, Earth Sciences, Biological Sciences, Management and Accounting, Architecture and Urban Planning, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Renewable Energies and New Technologies Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Mechanical and Energy Systems Engineering, and Water and Environmental Engineering. Today, there are 69 programs at Bachelor's, 208 at Master's and 136 at Ph.D. levels, and there are 9562 BA/BSc, 6859 MA/MSc and 1356 Ph.D. students studying at the university. Shahid Beheshti University (SBU) is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran. Since 1990, the university has placed more emphasis on postgraduate, in particular, Ph.D., and research programs, while still aiming to enhance the quality of its well-established undergraduate courses. Students at the university are inspired by an outstanding and rewarding academic environment not only in Iran but in the region. The university and the members of the academia are at the forefront of world research in many fields, and the teaching is informed by the very latest developments in each discipline.
Shiraz University, formerly known as Pahlavi University, is a public university located in Shiraz, Iran. In the latest ranking of Iranian universities based on scientific output, Shiraz University is listed among the top three research-oriented schools in the nation. In the first report of state universities ranking and among almost 70 universities and higher education institutes, Shiraz University is ranked as level 1.
The Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST) is a research institution and university of engineering and science in Iran. The university is home to 15 faculties offering undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in a wide range of engineering-based subjects as well as maths and physics. In 1995 IUST awarded Iran’s first PhDs in materials, metallurgical and traffic engineering. IUST is the only university in the Middle East which has a school of railway engineering and a school of progress engineering. It is also the only university in Iran which has a school of automotive engineering. There are also 12 research centres, nine centres of excellence and 19 specialised libraries as well as four satellite campuses in other parts of the country. IUST is located on Hengam Street in the Narmak neighborhood in northeast Tehran. IUST and its surrounding communities provide a cultural and recreational environment suited to the work of a major research institution.
Tarbiat Modares University is an exclusively graduate university with its main campus in Tehran, Iran. It was founded in 1982 and is consistently ranked among top universities in Iran. Tarbiat Modares University (TMU) is the only exclusively graduate university in Iran and was founded to train university professors. Admission is through national level university exams and in most programs is limited to top performers.
Urmia University is a public university in West Azerbaijan province, Iran. The main campus of Urmia University is in Nazlu, in the vicinity of Urmia. It has six campuses, seven schools, more than 14,000 students, and several exclusive research centers including: Microelectronic, Antenna and Microwave Laboratory, Nanotechnology, MEMS, and Artemia. The Urmia University also has two satellite campuses in Khoy and Miyandoab city. Nazlu campus of Urmia University is the biggest university campus in size in northwest of Iran. Urmia University is ranked as one of Iran's "Grade A" universities by Ministry of Science, Research and Technology.
Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran. It is located approximately 19 kilometers from Shahin Shahr and educates in the fields of science, engineering and agriculture. The campus has dormitories, a shopping center, sports and recreation centers, and medical centers. The university is situated in the northern vicinity of the historical, industrial, and commercial city of Isfahan.It is notable that the IUT along with Sharif University of Technology and Amirkabir University of Technology has one of the highest rates of student expulsion due to high academic standards..
Sahand University of Technology (SUT) is a leading engineering school in Iran. Located in the northwest of Iran, 20 km southwest of Tabriz in Sahand satellite city, offering both undergraduate and postgraduate studies. The university offers 2 Associate degrees, 21 bachelor's degrees, 55 master's degrees, and 60 Ph.D degrees in 8 colleges. It is named after the nearby mountain of Sahand.
Khajeh Nasir Toosi University of Technology (KNTU), also known as K. N. Toosi University of Technology, is a public university in Tehran, Iran, named after medieval Persian scholar Khajeh Nasir Toosi. The university is considered one of the most prestigious, government-sponsored institutions of higher education in Iran. Acceptance to the university is highly competitive and entrance to all undergraduate and graduate programs requires scoring among the top 1% of students in the Nationwide University Entrance Exams, known as "کنکور سراسری".
Jawad A. Salehi, IEEE Fellow, born in Kazemain (Kadhimiya), Iraq, on December 22, 1956 is an Iranian electrical and computer engineer, pioneer of optical code division multiple access (CDMA) and a highly cited researcher. He is also a board member of Academy of Sciences of Iran and a fellow of Islamic World Academy of Sciences. He was also elected as a member of Iranian Science and Culture Hall of Fame in Electrical Engineering, October 2010.
The Petroleum University of Technology is a leading Iranian public university funded by the Ministry of Petroleum particularly by its main company, the NIOC. It was founded in 1939 in Abadan in response to the increasing industrialization of Iran oil company, and is officially the second oldest university in Iran after University of Tehran and based on The Center for World University Rankings (CWUR), this university has the 7th worldwide rank in oil an gas sector and petroleum engineering. It offers B.Sc., M.S and Doctorate programs for upstream and downstream oil and gas industry such as petroleum engineering, chemical engineering, offshore engineering, instrumentation engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, accounting, and marine engineering.
The Imam Hossein Comprehensive University is a public university located in Tehran, Iran.
Ali Mohammad Ranjbar is an Iranian professor of electrical engineering and former chancellor of Sharif University of Technology.
Malek Ashtar University of Technology (MUT) is a public research university of engineering, science in Iran. Founded in 1984, MUT's main campus is located at Tehran, the capital of Iran. Its other campuses are located in Isfahan and Urmia. The university is named after Malik al-Ashtar, one of the most loyal companions of Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Malek-Ashtar University of Technology is often referred to as "MUT" by the abbreviation.
The Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch is a private research university located in Tehran, Iran. Founded in 1982, Central Tehran is the flagship institution of the universities affiliated with the Islamic Azad University system. The university is the oldest, the largest and the top university among all branches of Islamic Azad University academic organization, established in 1982, originally as "Islamic Azad University of Tehran". The university campuses rest on 297,904 m² of various districts of Tehran. It offers approximately 550 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines such as Sciences, Engineering, Art, Architecture, Humanities, Social Sciences and Medical Sciences.
Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University (SRTTU), formerly the "American Institute of Higher Education Tehran", is a public university in Tehran, Iran. It was founded in 1980. Its first president was Ghodratollahe Toorang and it was named after Mohammad Ali Rajaee, the president of the country in that time after he was assassinated. The university is located in the north of Tehran which called Lavizan.
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