Shasta County, California

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Shasta County, California
County of Shasta
Shasta Dam Colored.jpg
Lassen-Peak-Large.jpg
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay.jpg
Images, from top down: Shasta Dam at the southern end of Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, Sundial Bridge
Shasta-county-seal.png
Shasta County, California
Interactive map of Shasta County
Map of California highlighting Shasta County.svg
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 40°46′N122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04 Coordinates: 40°46′N122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04
CountryUnited States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley/Cascade Range
Incorporated 1850
Named for Mount Shasta, [note 1] which was named after the Shasta people
County seat Redding
Largest cityRedding
Government
  Type Council–CEO
  Chair [1] Les Baugh
  Vice Chair [2] Patrick Henry Jones
  Board of Supervisors [3]
Supervisors
  • Joe Chimenti
  • Tim Garman
  • Mary Rickert
  • Patrick Henry Jones
  • Les Baugh
  County executive officerPatrick J. Minturn (Acting) [4]
  Deputy County executive officerMary Williams
Area
  Total3,847 sq mi (9,960 km2)
  Land3,775 sq mi (9,780 km2)
  Water72 sq mi (190 km2)
Population
  Total182,155
  Density47/sq mi (18/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Website www.shastacounty.gov

Shasta County ( /ˈʃæstə/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), officially the County of Shasta, is a county in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Its population is 182,155 as of the 2020 census, up from 177,223 from the 2010 census. The county seat is Redding. [5]

Contents

Shasta County comprises the Redding, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range.

Points of interest in Shasta County include Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, and the Sundial Bridge.

History

Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. The county was named after Mount Shasta; the name is derived from the English equivalent for the Shasta people. Their population declined in the 1850s due to disease, low birth rates, starvation, killings, and massacres as white settlers moved in. [6] The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14,179-foot (4,322 m) peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County. Parts of the county's territory were transferred to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles (9,960 km2), of which 3,775 square miles (9,780 km2) is land and 72 square miles (190 km2) (1.9%) is water. [7] Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.

Flora and fauna

According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands; however, during the 1920s the railroad sold off much of its grassland holdings, leading to the rapid clearing of brush and large scale conversion from habitat to agricultural uses. [8] Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems. [9] Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include White-bark pine, [10] California Black Oak and California Buckeye. [11]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 (86.7%) White, 1,548 (0.9%) African American, 4,950 (2.8%) Native American, 4,391 (2.5%) Asian, 271 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,501 (2.5%) from other races, and 7,836 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons (8.4%). [20]

2000

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 378
1860 4,3601,053.4%
1870 4,173−4.3%
1880 9,492127.5%
1890 12,13327.8%
1900 17,31842.7%
1910 18,9209.3%
1920 13,361−29.4%
1930 13,9274.2%
1940 28,800106.8%
1950 36,41326.4%
1960 59,46863.3%
1970 77,64030.6%
1980 115,71549.0%
1990 147,03627.1%
2000 163,25611.0%
2010 177,2238.6%
2020 182,1552.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [21]
1790-1960 [22] 1900–1990 [23]
1990-2000 [24] 2010-2015 [25]

As of the census [26] of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, and 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,426 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,738. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Annual events

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Shasta at one time favored the Democratic Party in Presidential elections. It went Democratic in all but one presidential election from 1932 to 1976, and was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. However, since 1980, it has become one of the most Republican counties in the state in Presidential and congressional elections. [28] The last Democrat to carry the county in a presidential race was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

United States presidential election results for Shasta County, California [29]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 60,78965.41%30,00032.28%2,1412.30%
2016 51,77863.90%22,30127.52%6,9458.57%
2012 48,06762.83%25,81933.75%2,6153.42%
2008 49,58861.68%28,86735.91%1,9352.41%
2004 52,24967.22%24,33931.31%1,1431.47%
2000 43,27865.04%20,12730.25%3,1394.72%
1996 34,73655.17%20,84833.11%7,37711.72%
1992 28,19041.24%21,60531.61%18,56427.16%
1988 32,40259.36%21,17138.79%1,0121.85%
1984 33,04162.19%19,29836.32%7881.48%
1980 27,54758.09%15,36432.40%4,5079.50%
1976 17,27345.63%19,20050.72%1,3813.65%
1972 16,61846.68%17,21448.35%1,7714.97%
1968 11,82140.44%14,51049.64%2,8999.92%
1964 9,17832.37%19,14267.52%300.11%
1960 9,46238.94%14,69160.45%1480.61%
1956 8,83343.84%11,23955.78%770.38%
1952 10,07356.43%7,65642.89%1220.68%
1948 5,01039.69%7,17756.86%4363.45%
1944 4,02340.87%5,79858.90%220.22%
1940 3,90930.70%8,66268.03%1621.27%
1936 2,15928.75%5,23669.72%1151.53%
1932 1,38223.90%4,17072.12%2303.98%
1928 2,30152.20%2,02545.94%821.86%
1924 1,95141.95%59812.86%2,10245.19%
1920 2,10862.07%1,02830.27%2607.66%
1916 2,00837.20%2,82852.39%56210.41%
1912 160.34%2,04043.55%2,62856.11%
1908 1,89147.61%1,38934.97%69217.42%
1904 1,89155.10%93527.24%60617.66%
1900 1,68144.70%1,94851.79%1323.51%
1896 1,21037.55%1,93660.09%762.36%
1892 1,23442.77%1,13739.41%51417.82%
1888 1,49050.70%1,39447.43%551.87%
1884 1,17351.54%1,04245.78%612.68%
1880 86849.46%87749.97%100.57%


In the United States House of Representatives, Shasta County is in California's 1st congressional district , represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. [30]

In the California State Legislature, Shasta County is in the 1st Senate District , represented by Republican Brian Dahle, [31] and the 1st Assembly District , represented by Republican Megan Dahle. [32]

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Redding Area Bus Authority (RABA) provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299.

Amtrak's Coast Starlight serves Redding Station once a day in each direction. [ citation needed ]

Airports

Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other (general aviation) airports within the county include Benton Field (near Redding), Fall River Mills Airport, and Shingletown Airport.

Law enforcement

Shasta County Sheriff

The sheriff provides prison administration and coroner services for the entire county and patrol, investigative, and coroner services for the unincorporated portions of the county.

Municipal police

Redding and Anderson have municipal police departments.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Education

School districts include: [35]

Unified:

Secondary:

Elementary:

High schools and below

Colleges and universities

Shasta County has four colleges and universities:

Healthcare

The board of supervisors issued a declaration opposing state vaccine mandates and fired the health officer after an election brought changes to the board. [36]

Housing

Points of interest

Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest. Shasta Lake Campground.JPG
Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Shasta County. county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Redding City93,611
2 Anderson City11,323
3 Shasta Lake City10,371
4 Cottonwood CDP6,268
5 Happy Valley CDP4,949
6 Bella Vista CDP3,641
7 Burney CDP3,000
8 Palo Cedro CDP2,931
9 Shingletown CDP2,442
10 Jones Valley CDP1,160
11 Shasta CDP1,043
12 Mountain Gate CDP815
13 Millville CDP724
14 Johnson Park CDP686
15 Fall River Mills CDP616
16 Lakehead CDP469
17 French Gulch CDP373
18 McArthur CDP334
19 Whitmore CDP311
20 Hat Creek CDP266
21 Castella CDP214
22 Cassel CDP207
23 Keswick CDP188
24 Montgomery Creek CDP176
25 Round Mountain CDP160
26 Oak Run CDP158
27 Igo CDP103
28 Ono CDP93
29 Big Bend CDP79
30 Old Station CDP64
31 Redding Rancheria [39] AIAN 40
32 Montgomery Creek Rancheria [40] AIAN33
33 Roaring Creek Rancheria [41] AIAN19
34 Platina CDP13
33 Big Bend Rancheria [42] AIAN5

See also

Notes

  1. Originally, Mount Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County
  2. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. Data unavailable
  5. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  6. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

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