Shepparton

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Shepparton
Victoria
Shepparton cow parade.jpg
Shepparton CBD, communications tower and "Mooving Art" display from Monash Park
Australia Victoria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shepparton
Location in Victoria
Coordinates 36°23′S145°24′E / 36.383°S 145.400°E / -36.383; 145.400 Coordinates: 36°23′S145°24′E / 36.383°S 145.400°E / -36.383; 145.400
Population51,631 (2018) [1]  (28th)
 • Density207.44/km2 (537.26/sq mi)
Established24 September 1860 (1860-09-24) [2]
Gazetted 28 September 1860
Area248.9 km2 (96.1 sq mi) [3] (2011 urban)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) City of Greater Shepparton
County Moira
State electorate(s) Shepparton
Federal Division(s) Nicholls
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
22.4 °C
72 °F
8.6 °C
47 °F
441.6 mm
17.4 in

Shepparton ( /ˈʃɛpərtən/ ) [4] (Yortayorta: Kanny-goopna) [5] is a city located on the floodplain of the Goulburn River in northern Victoria, Australia, approximately 181 kilometres (112 mi) north-northeast of Melbourne. As at June 2018 the estimated population of Shepparton, including the adjacent town of Mooroopna, was 51,631. [1]

Contents

It began as a sheep station and river crossing in the mid-19th century, before undergoing a major transformation as a railway town. Today it is an agricultural and manufacturing centre, and the centre of the Goulburn Valley irrigation system, one of the largest centres of irrigation in Australia. It is also a major regional service city and the seat of local government and civic administration for the City of Greater Shepparton, which includes the surrounding towns of Tatura, Merrigum, Mooroopna, Murchison, Dookie, Toolamba and Grahamvale.

Toponomy

The name of Shepparton is derived from the surname of one of the area's first European settlers, Sherbourne Sheppard, and not, as is sometimes imagined, from Shepperton, England. [6]

The Yorta Yorta name for the area is 'Kanny-goopna' with 'goopna' meaning 'deep waterholes by which people camped'. The name for the junction of the Bokrne and Goulburn rivers is 'Marangan', meaning deep pond or lagoon in an unknown Eastern Kulin language. [5]

History

Prior to the white settlement of Australia, the area was inhabited by the Yorta Yorta, an indigenous Australian people traditionally occupying the land around the junction of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers in present-day northern Victoria and southern New South Wales. [7] The Yorta Yorta tribe which inhabited the Shepparton area were known as the Kailtheban. [8]

Surveyor General Thomas Mitchell was the first European to be recorded travelling through the area, crossing the Goulburn River in 1836 on his return to Sydney from an expedition to survey the Darling River and its tributaries.[ citation needed ] On Mitchell's recommendation,[ citation needed ] Joseph Hawdon and Charles Bonney would follow two years later, camping on the town site by the Goulburn River in 1838 while droving cattle from Albury to Adelaide. [9]

The first permanent settlement in the area was the "Tallygaroopna" sheep station, established in the early 1840s.[ citation needed ] By 1843 the station was being run by a man named Sherbourne Sheppard, the town's eventual namesake. [9] With the advent of the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s, the area became a popular river crossing point for miners travelling east from the Bendigo and Ballarat goldfields. As there was yet no bridge across the Goulburn River, Irish entrepreneur Patrick Macguire soon set up a punt service to ferry travellers across the river, erecting the town's first building in the process, the punt house. Macguire sold the building to John Hill in 1853, who converted it into a hotel, the Emu Bush Inn. This settlement soon became known as Macguire's Punt, a name it would keep into the 1870s. [10] A post office opened in February 1854, but closed in July that same year. [11]

The settlement was first surveyed in 1855 by Assistant Surveyor J.G.W. Wilmot. By this time, in addition to Macguire's Punt, it had also become known as Sheppard town, Sheppardton, and Shepparton. [9] [10] The post office reopened in May 1858, [11] and two years later the Governor of Victoria officially declared Shepparton a township on 24 September 1860. [2] It remained a small settlement of a half-dozen buildings into the 1870s despite adding a police station, a general store, a blacksmith, a foundry, and a public hall which remains the city's oldest building.[ citation needed ] Shepparton's first bridge over the Goulburn River was completed in 1878 and named Dainton's Bridge after James Henry Dainton, the bridge's chief engineer. [12] The first church, St. Patrick's, opened in 1879.[ citation needed ]

Wyndham Street, Shepparton in 1908 Wyndham street shepparton 1908.jpg
Wyndham Street, Shepparton in 1908

The railway from Seymour reached the town in 1880. [13] A mechanics institute opened between 1880 and 1888 as Shepparton rapidly developed into a major manufacturing and service centre.[ citation needed ]

During the Victorian railway boom the railways expanded, and by the turn of the century Shepparton was central to a large network of regional branch lines on the Toolamba–Echuca railway line — lines leading to Cobram, Nathalia, Dookie, Picola and Katamatite. [14] Rail-served industries helped Shepparton grow into a city. While these lines experienced a brief boom, almost all of them would later close. The Goulburn River also developed as a secondary transport hub, with paddle steamers and ferries operating at The Barges.[ citation needed ]

Wyndham Street in 1951. The Shepparton Post Office and tower (built 1882) was the city's major landmark. Urban renewal from 1966 onwards has resulted in the replacement of all buildings pictured. Shepparton 1951.jpg
Wyndham Street in 1951. The Shepparton Post Office and tower (built 1882) was the city's major landmark. Urban renewal from 1966 onwards has resulted in the replacement of all buildings pictured.

In the post-war era the city's population virtually tripled, with immigration to the city becoming a major factor, [15] particularly migrants from Italy. During the post-war boom of the 1960s and '70s successive local councils began a progress campaign to modernise the city and many older buildings were replaced with newer buildings.[ citation needed ]

Geography

Climate

Shepparton has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk) [16] climate, with hot summers and cool winters. The hottest summer month is January, when the average maximum temperature is 31.8 °C (89.2 °F). In winter, the weather becomes coldest in July when the minimum averages 3.4 °C (38.1 °F) and the maximum gets to 13.2 °C (55.8 °F). On 7 February 2009, a maximum of 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) was recorded in the city.

Although the rainfall in Shepparton is fairly sparse, winter sees the most rain days. Rainfall is quite low throughout the year. Even with the wettest month being in November, the rainfall still averages at 50.1 millimetres (1.97 in). The driest month in terms of rainfall and rain days is January, which receives an average of 27.5 millimetres (1.08 in) over 4.6 days. [17]

The average wind speed in Shepparton is 4.03 metres per second. [18]

Climate data for Shepparton Airport (YSHT)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.2
(115.2)
46.1
(115.0)
39.7
(103.5)
34.4
(93.9)
25.7
(78.3)
21.5
(70.7)
20.6
(69.1)
24.8
(76.6)
31.8
(89.2)
36.8
(98.2)
41.2
(106.2)
42.8
(109.0)
46.2
(115.2)
Average high °C (°F)31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88.0)
27.4
(81.3)
22.5
(72.5)
17.6
(63.7)
14.2
(57.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.0
(59.0)
18.3
(64.9)
22.2
(72.0)
26.2
(79.2)
28.9
(84.0)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F)15.2
(59.4)
15.1
(59.2)
12.3
(54.1)
8.5
(47.3)
5.6
(42.1)
3.9
(39.0)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
5.4
(41.7)
7.3
(45.1)
10.7
(51.3)
12.7
(54.9)
8.6
(47.5)
Record low °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
5.0
(41.0)
3.4
(38.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
0.3
(32.5)
4.0
(39.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)27.5
(1.08)
40.5
(1.59)
32.2
(1.27)
33.7
(1.33)
33.9
(1.33)
39.7
(1.56)
42.8
(1.69)
45.7
(1.80)
37.2
(1.46)
31.5
(1.24)
50.1
(1.97)
31.8
(1.25)
441.6
(17.39)
Average precipitation days4.64.75.35.49.911.914.812.79.88.26.85.499.5
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)28333543566668615344383146
Source: Bureau of Meteorology. [17]

Urban structure

Central business district

The Maude Street Mall SheppartonMaudeStreetMall.JPG
The Maude Street Mall

The Maude Street Mall is the city's main shopping centre, while Wyndham Street is the main civic and commercial street. Located off the Maude Street Mall is a 76-metre (249 ft) tall communications tower, erected 1967–68, with an observation deck at 35 m (115 ft) accessible via a 160-step stairway. The observation deck offers views over the city and surrounding countryside.

Suburbs

Shepparton has three nearby towns which could be considered suburbs. They are Mooroopna to the west, Kialla (and Kialla Lakes house and land subdivision) to the south, and Shepparton East to the east. Nearby, in the northeast, also lies the locality of Grahamvale.

Economy

SPC Ardmona factory SheppartonSPC.JPG
SPC Ardmona factory

Shepparton's main industries are agriculture and associated manufacturing. Australia's largest processor of canned fruits, SPC Ardmona, has a production facility in Shepparton. Seasonal fruits, such as peaches, pears and apricots are preserved into a variety of packaging.

The Manufacturing industry has evolved to cater for the needs of local primary producers.

Other major manufacturers in the city include Campbells Soup Company, Rubicon Water, and Pental.

Shepparton is a major regional commercial and shopping centre and service economy for the Greater Shepparton area.

Shepparton is a major centre for infrastructure and civic services. The majority of the region's emergency response facilities are located there. The administrative headquarters for the Country Fire Authority (CFA) District 22 and one of only two Independent Rescue Agencies in Victoria are located in Shepparton. The Search and Rescue Squad originally started out as a "Dive and Recovery Unit" recovering lost property and persons from the rivers, lakes and water ways in the region.[ citation needed ]

Arts and culture

The city hosts the Moooving Art project, which involves local artists painting fibreglass cows, which are then displayed in tourist locations throughout the city and surrounding townships. [19] The project is an artistic representation of the strong dairy industry prevalent in the Shepparton area.

Kidstown is Located between Shepparton and Mooroopna, it has two giant slides, a 35-metre (115 ft) flying fox and a train that goes right around the playground.

The city is home to a large swimming centre called Aquamoves, [20] two performing arts centres, one in Mooroopna named WestSide, due to its geographical location and the other the Eastbank Centre located in Shepparton (which houses the centres' box office). Collectively the centres are called Riverlinks Venues".

Shepparton is also home of the Shepparton Art Museum, more commonly known as SAM. SAM houses the world's most significant collection of Australian ceramics,[ citation needed ] and is home to the biennial Sidney Myer Fund Australian Ceramic Award and the Indigenous Ceramic Art Award. The museum features the surrealist sculpture Woman and Child by artist Sam Jinks.

Shepparton is also home to the Shepparton Theatre Arts Group (STAG), [21] the city's premier theatrical group. STAG was formed in 1975 after an amalgamation between the Shepparton Dramatic Society and the Shepparton Light Music Company. The group presents one dramatic/comedic play, one musical and one rock revue each year. The Goulburn Valley Concert Orchestra, a community symphony orchestra, gives an annual major concert and a series of cafe concerts every year.

Sport

Shepparton is home to the John McEwan Reserve, a sports field which is part of the Greater Shepparton Regional Sports Precinct. The complex contains space for a variety of sports including soccer, AFL, netball and others. It was redeveloped by the state and federal governments and opened in 2017. [22] It is named after John McEwen, the Prime Minister of Australia from 19 December 1967 to 10 January 1968. [23] [24] The ground has a capacity of 3,200 and is the home ground for a number of teams including the Goulburn Valley Suns, [23] [22] and has hosted a number of matches in the A and W soccer leagues.[ citation needed ]

Association Football is popular in Shepparton with four senior clubs entering teams into competitions run by the North Eastern Soccer League; Shepparton (formerly Lemnos), Shepparton South and Shepparton United Teams are entered in men's, women's, boys' and girls' divisions.[ citation needed ] Shepparton is also home to the Goulburn Valley Suns Football Club. The soccer club was established in 2013, and currently competes in the National Premier Leagues.[ citation needed ]

Australian Rules Football is also popular in Shepparton. The main league, called the Goulburn Valley Football League (GVFL), includes 3 teams from the city. There are also other smaller leagues, such as the Murray Football League, Kyabram & District Football League and the Picola & District Football League which have teams from in and around Greater Shepparton. There is also a junior league in the schools (SDJFA). The city plays a major role in a team where the Australian Football League (AFL) frequently scouts for new talents to AFL clubs, which is the Murray Bushrangers.[ citation needed ]

Basketball is another popular sport in Shepparton.[ citation needed ] The Shepparton Lady Gators represent the Shepparton and Mooroopna region in women's basketball playing in the Big V division two competition. The men's team has gone into an extended recess after being one of the most successful country-based basketball teams in Australia, winning the CVIBL title in 1994 and the 2000, 2001 and 2003 Big V Championship ABA titles under the tutelage of Russell Parker. In 2011 the men's team returned to the court in the Country basketball league. They achieved success in 2015 winning a BIG V championship under the captaincy of leading scorer Matt Bartlett.[ citation needed ]

Cycling is popular in Shepparton due to the flat terrain and extensive network of routes.[ citation needed ] The Goulburn Valley Hospice runs the annual Shepparton Fruit Loop Ride for cyclists. There is a velodrome facility located in the city's north and a world class BMX track as well as an extensive range of bike paths throughout the city and surrounding areas.[ citation needed ]

Shepparton Harness Racing Club conducts regular meetings at its racetrack in the city. [25]

The Shepparton Greyhound Racing Club holds regular greyhound racing meetings at its track on the Goulburn Valley Highway, Kialla, the track opened on 10 December 2005. Previously the racing had been held at the Shepparton Showgrounds from 1973 until 2005. [26] [27]

Golfers play at the course of the Shepparton Golf Club on Golf Drive. [28]

Shepparton is also home to the Goulburn Valley Hockey Association. Hockey, whilst not having as great a following in previous years, still has a strong competition. The Shepparton field was resurfaced in 2015 with works to commence on a second field in the near future. The Goulburn Valley Hockey Association fields men's, women's and junior teams from the Shepparton Strikers, Shepparton Youth Club, Mooroopna, Benalla, Echuca and Euroa. The Hockey Association also features in State Hockey Championships for men and women at both Senior and Masters competitions and also provide teams for the Junior Country Championships.[ citation needed ]

Military

The Royal Australian Navy has named two warships HMAS Shepparton after the city, and the 8th/7th Battalion of the Royal Victoria Regiment has a depot in the city's southeast.

Demographics

St. Brendan's Catholic Church St. Brendan's Catholic Church, Shepparton.jpg
St. Brendan's Catholic Church
Shepparton Albanian Mosque Albanian Mosque (Shepparton) 18.jpg
Shepparton Albanian Mosque

In the 2016 Census, there were 49,672 people in Shepparton - Mooroopna. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.8% of the population. 74.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 2.3%, Afghanistan 1.5%, England 1.3%, Italy 1.3% and New Zealand 1.1%. 74.7% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 2.5%, Italian 1.9%, Punjabi 1.7%, Hazaraghi 1.0% and Dari 1.0%. [29]

Religion

The most common responses for religion were No Religion 26.7%, Catholic 24.5% and Anglican 11.0%. Christianity was the largest religious group reported overall (58.0%) (this figure excludes not stated responses). [29]

Shepparton included a small Jewish community dating from 1913, but it disbanded in 1966. In 2015, the city of Shepparton commemorated the site of the Jewish community's synagogue with a monument. [30]

Shepparton is home to a multicultural Muslim community numbering some 3,500 (5.5%). [31] There are 4 mosques in the city (Shia: Afghan, Iraqi; Sunni: Turkish, Albanian). [31] The Shepparton Albanian Mosque is the first [32] [33] and oldest [34] [35] mosque in Victoria, built (late 1950s) by Albanian Australians whose local presence dates back to the interwar period. [36]

Governance

City of Greater Shepparton Council Complex at Welsford Street Shepparton Council Offices Cow.JPG
City of Greater Shepparton Council Complex at Welsford Street
Former courts, part of the regional courts complex on High Street SheppartonCourtHouse.JPG
Former courts, part of the regional courts complex on High Street

Shepparton is the seat of local government and administrative centre for the City of Greater Shepparton Local Government Area. The council was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the City of Shepparton, Shire of Shepparton, and parts of the Shire of Rodney, Shire of Euroa, Shire of Goulburn, Shire of Tungamah, Shire of Violet Town and Shire of Waranga. The council office complex is located at 90 Welsford Street and the council meets in the Chambers there. The council consists of seven councillors, elected once every four years by postal voting.

In state politics, Shepparton is located in the Legislative Assembly district of Shepparton which had been safely held by the National/Country Party since the seat was created in 1945. In the 2014 Victorian state election, Independent candidate Suzanna Sheed won the seat.

In federal politics, Shepparton is located in a single House of Representatives division—the Division of Nicholls. The Division, formerly the Division of Murray, has been a safe Coalition seat since its inception in 1949 and was the seat of John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia, as well the seat of Sharman Stone, currently Ambassador of Australia for Women and Girls, who served as member of parliament for the Division of Murray from 1996 to 2016.

Law enforcement is overseen from regional police headquarters in Welsford Street. It is one of two police stations in the urban area, with the second at Mooroopna and administers stations in several surrounding towns in the LGA. Justice is conducted at the Shepparton Courts complex at 14 High Street, a multi-jurisdictional centre that includes a Magistrates' Court, County Court, Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) and Coroners Court. Corrections, are handled locally at the Community Correctional Centre on Wyndham Street.

Public safety and emergency services are provided by several state funded organisations including local volunteer based organisations. Storms and flooding are handled by the State Emergency Service (SES). Bushfires are handled by the Country Fire Authority.

Education

Shepparton has numerous primary schools, such as state schools Bourchier Street Primary, Gowrie Street Primary, Guthrie Street Primary, St Georges Road Primary School, Grahamvale Primary, Kialla West Primary, Kialla Primary, Wilmot Road Primary, Shepparton East Primary and Orrvale Primary. Catholic primary schools include St. Brendan's (shares a campus with Notre Dame College, Shepparton), St. Mel's and St. Lukes (shares a location with Notre Dame College, Shepparton Emmaus Campus.) It also has two schools catering for students with disabilities, called Verney Road School and Berry Street School.

There are seven secondary schools in the Shepparton Region: Mooroopna Secondary College; McGuire College; Shepparton Ace College; Shepparton High School; Wanganui Park Secondary College; the Catholic Notre Dame College; the private Goulburn Valley Grammar School.

The University of Melbourne's School of Rural Health and Rural Clinical School of the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences are also based in Shepparton.

La Trobe University also has a campus offering a range of degree programs including Arts, Business/Commerce, Nursing/Health Sciences, and Education. Approximately 400 students attend the university which provides day, evening, part-time, and full-time study options.

Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE has three campuses, one in Fryers Street which hosts the organisation's administration department as well as many teaching departments, the William Orr Campus, a 120 hectare property in Wanganui Road and another newer campus located in the vicinity of the McGuire College Australian Rules Football field and bus stop on Archer Street.

Transport

Shepparton station and goods yard Shepparton station overview.jpg
Shepparton station and goods yard

The city is located at the junction of the Midland Highway and the Goulburn Valley Highway, the latter which is being progressively converted to freeway standard. The Peter Ross-Edwards Causeway connects Shepparton to Mooroopna.

V/Line runs bus coach services to Wangaratta, Bendigo and Griffith, New South Wales. A dedicated bus service to Shepparton from Melbourne Airport is also run twice daily passing through Seymour and Nagambie.

Shepparton railway station is serviced by V/Line rail services on the Shepparton line to and from Melbourne and to Mooroopna railway station.

Shepparton Airport, located south of the city on the Goulburn Valley Highway and is home to Gawne Aviation. Shepparton also has buses that run around the suburbs and Mooroopna

Media

Newspapers

The Shepparton Adviser is a free newspaper delivered to a CAB-audited 32,004 homes, farms and businesses each week. This circulation equates to a conservative readership estimate of 70,000 per week (Circulation Audit Bureau) and includes direct delivery to 1,500 local RMB addresses via Australia Post. The Shepparton Adviser is independently owned and is the largest circulating established free newspaper in the Goulburn and Murray Valleys.

The Shepparton News is a paid morning daily newspaper published by the McPherson Media Group. It has an audited average daily distribution of 12–14,000. From the same publisher, The Country News, with an audited circulation of 55,000 is aimed at the farming community in the Goulburn Valley and surrounding regions, and is included as an insert in the Shepparton News, Riverine Herald (Echuca), Seymour Telegraph, Cobram Courier, McIvor Times (Heathcote), Pastoral Times (Deniliquin), Benalla Ensign, Euroa Gazette, Southern Riverina News (Finley), Kyabram Free Press and the Campaspe Valley News (Rochester).

Radio stations

Television stations

Shepparton is served by three commercial television networks and two publicly owned services:

The new digital channels broadcast by all the networks in addition to the main stations are available on Freeview to viewers in Shepparton and the wider Goulburn and Murray Valley regions.

Of the three main commercial networks:

Southern Cross previously aired Weeknights, a local news magazine program each weeknight from March 2011 before ceasing local production in June 2015. [40]

On 5 May 2011, analogue television transmissions ceased in regional Victoria and some border regions including the Goulburn Valley and parts of the Southern Riverina in New South Wales. All local free-to-air television services are now broadcasting in digital transmission only as part of the Federal Government's plan for Digital terrestrial television in Australia.

Notable people

Academia

Arts and music

Politics and business

Sport

Clubs and associations

See also

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The Yorta Yorta, also known as Jotijota, are an Aboriginal Australian people who have traditionally inhabited the area surrounding the junction of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers in present-day north-eastern Victoria and southern New South Wales.

Shire of Rodney Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The Shire of Rodney was a local government area in the Goulburn Valley region, about 170 kilometres (106 mi) north of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia, located between Kyabram and Shepparton. The shire covered an area of 1,009.92 square kilometres (389.9 sq mi), and existed from 1886 until 1994.

Shire of Shepparton Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The Shire of Shepparton was a local government area in the Goulburn Valley region, about 180 kilometres (112 mi) north of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The shire covered an area of 927.49 square kilometres (358.1 sq mi), and existed from 1884 until 1994. From 1927 onwards, Shepparton itself was managed by a separate entity, ultimately known as the City of Shepparton.

City of Shepparton Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The City of Shepparton was a local government area in the Goulburn Valley region, about 180 kilometres (112 mi) north of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The city covered an area of 26.71 square kilometres (10.3 sq mi), and existed from 1927 until 1994. It excluded areas such as Mooroopna and Kialla, which are now considered to be suburbs.

Kialla, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Kialla is a bounded rural locality of the City of Greater Shepparton local government area in the Goulburn Valley, Victoria, Australia. At the 2016 census, Kialla and surrounding area had a population of approximately 6,800.

Mooroopna Football Club

The Mooroopna Football Netball Club, nicknamed the Cats, is an Australian rules football and netball club based in the rural town of Mooroopna, Victoria.

Ardmona, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Ardmona is a locality in the Goulburn Valley of central Victoria, Australia. It is 10 km west of Shepparton and located in the City of Greater Shepparton local government area. The Midland Highway passes through the south of Ardmona.

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