Shijiazhuang

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Shijiazhuang

石家庄市

Shihkiachwang, Shimen
Skyline of Shijiazhuang 2012.jpg
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Chang'An Park.jpg
Zhaozhou Bridge.jpg
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Shijiazhuang Museum Square.jpg
Clockwise from the top: Skyline of Shijiazhuang, Chang'an Park, Linji Temple, Hebei Museum Cultural Square, Anji Bridge, Shijiazhuang TV Tower
Shijiazhuang
Location of Shijiazhuang Prefecture within Hebei (China).png
Location of Shijiazhuang City jurisdiction in Hebei
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Shijiazhuang
Location of the city centre in Hebei
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Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang (North China Plain)
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Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang (China)
Coordinates(Hebei People's Government): 38°02′16″N114°31′49″E / 38.0377°N 114.5304°E / 38.0377; 114.5304 Coordinates: 38°02′16″N114°31′49″E / 38.0377°N 114.5304°E / 38.0377; 114.5304
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Settled204 B.C. (Changshan Commandery)
EstablishedJune 24, 1925
Municipal seat Chang'an District
Government
   Party Secretary Xing Guohui (邢国辉)
  MayorDeng Peiran (邓沛然)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 15,848 km2 (6,119 sq mi)
  Urban
[1]
518.81 km2 (200.31 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 2,194.1 km2 (847.1 sq mi)
Elevation
83 m (272 ft)
Population
 (2019 [2] )
   Prefecture-level city 11,031,200
  Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
   Urban
3,262,400
  Urban density6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
  Districts
5,065,600
Demonym(s) Shijiazhuangnese, Villager (colloq.)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
050000
ISO 3166 code CN-HE-01
Licence plate prefixes 冀A
City Flower Rosa Chinensis
City Tree Styphnolobium
GaWC World City level classification Sufficiency
GDP (2018)¥548,600 billion
$81,252 billion
GDP per capita (2018)¥53,799
$7,968
Rapid transit Shijiazhuang Metro.svg
Website www.SJZ.gov.cn
Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang (Chinese characters).svg
"Shíjiāzhuāng" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 石家庄
Traditional Chinese 石家莊
Postal Shihkiachwang
Literal meaning"Shí (stone) family's village"
Shimen
Simplified Chinese 石门
Traditional Chinese 石門
Literal meaning"Stone gate"

Shijiazhuang (Chinese :石家庄, [ʂɻ̩̌.tɕjá.ʈʂwáŋ] ) formerly known as Shimen and romanized as Shihkiachwang, is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei Province. [3] Administratively a prefecture-level city, it is about 266 kilometres (165 mi) southwest of Beijing, [4] and it administers eight districts, two county-level cities, and 12 counties.

Contents

As of 2015 it had a total population of 10,701,600 [5] with 4,303,700 in the central (or metro) area comprising the seven districts and the county of Zhengding largely conurbated with the Shijiazhuang metropolitan area as urbanization continues to proliferate. [6] Shijiazhuang's total population ranked twelfth in mainland China. [7]

Shijiazhuang experienced dramatic growth after the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. The population of the metropolitan area has more than quadrupled in 30 years [ citation needed ] as a result of industrialization and infrastructural developments. From 2008 to 2011, Shijiazhuang implemented a three-year plan which concluded with the reorganization of the city resulting in an increase of green areas and new buildings and roads. A train station, airport and a subway system have been opened. [8]

Shijiazhuang is situated east of the Taihang Mountains, a mountain range extending over 400 km (250 mi) from north to south with an average elevation of 1,500 to 2,000 m (4,900 to 6,600 ft), making Shijiazhuang a place for hiking, outdoor trips, and cycling.

Name

The city's name, Shijiazhuang (Chinese : ), first appeared during Ming dynasty. The literal meaning of the name is "Shi family's village". The origin of the name is disputed. One story claimed that the Wanli Emperor sent 24 officers and their families to the area, after which the group splits into 2 settlements consisting of 10 and 14 families. The Imperial Court then named the settlements "village of 10 families" ( ) and "village of 14 families" ( ), respectively. Since Chinese characters for ten ( ; shí) and stone ( ; shí) are homophones, it's speculated that the city name gradually evolved into its current spelling. Another explanation is that the settlement was named after the highest-ranking official amongst the group, surnamed Shi. [9]

At first, the settlement was officially known as "Shijia", as "zhuang" was used to denote the fact that it was a village, instead of being part of its name. This was further evidenced on June 24, 1925, when the Republican government ordered the village to be established as an autonomous city under the name Shijia. The city ended up established as Shimen ( ) on August 29, 1925, after the merger with another village, Xiumen (Chinese: ; lit.: 'auspicious gate'). [10] Despite the rename, however, many documents from the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War still referred to the city as "Shijiazhuang" or "Shizhuang". To avoid confusion and association with the Japanese Army, its name was ultimately reverted to Shijiazhuang on December 26, 1947. [11] [12] Since then, many terms regarding the city have been stemmed from the "zhuang" suffix, including its nickname "international village" ( ), [13] and the colloquial demonym, "villagers" ( ). [14]

History

Qin and Han dynasties

In pre-Han times (i.e., before 206 BC), the site of the city of Shiyi in the state of Zhao was located in this area. After taking over Zhao, Qin Shi Huang established Hengshan Commandery in the region. It became part of the Zhao Principality under Western Han. The land was briefly granted to Liu Buyi (劉不疑), son of the Emperor Hui, during Empress Dowager Lü's reign. The territory was then passed to Liu Hong, Emperor Houshao of Han, after Buyi's death. It was then granted to Liu Chao (劉朝), another son of Emperor Hui. During the defeat of the Lü clan, Liu Chao was killed and the territory became a commandery of Zhao once again. Later, due to a naming taboo of Emperor Wen of Han, whose personal name is Liu Heng, its name was changed to Changshan. [15] From Han (206 BC–AD 220) to Sui (581–618) times it was the site of a county seat named Shiyi.

Tang dynasty

With the reorganization of local government in the early period of the Tang dynasty (618–907), Hengshan county was abolished, and it was reestablished as a prefecture. It was renamed as Zhen Prefecture due to a naming taboo with Emperor Muzong of Tang, whose personal name was Li Heng.

Ming and Qing dynasties

The name "Shijiazhuang" was first mentioned in 1535 on a stele of a local temple. Shijiazhuang was then little more than a local market town, subordinated to the flourishing city of Zhengding a few miles to the north.

Republican era

The growth of Shijiazhuang into one of China's major cities began in 1905, when the BeijingWuhan (Hankou) railway reached the area, stimulating trade and encouraging local farmers to grow cash crops. Two years later the town became the junction for the new Shitai line, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan, Shanxi. The connection transformed the town from a local collecting centre and market into a communications centre of national importance on the main route from Beijing and Tianjin to Shanxi, and later, when the railway from Taiyuan was extended to the southwest, to Shaanxi as well. The city also became the centre of an extensive road network.

City seal during the Japanese occupation Ri Zhan Shi Qi Shi Men Shi Shi Hui .JPG
City seal during the Japanese occupation

Pre-World War II Shijiazhuang was a large railway town as well as a commercial and collecting centre for Shanxi and regions farther west and for agricultural produce of the North China Plain, particularly grain, tobacco, and cotton. By 1935 it had far outstripped Zhengding as an economic centre. At the end of World War II the character of the city changed when it took on an administrative role as the preeminent city in western Hebei, and developed into an industrial city. Some industries, such as match manufacturing, tobacco processing, and glassmaking, had already been established before the war.

On November 12, 1947, the city was captured by Communist forces. Xibaipo, a village about 90 km (56 mi) from downtown Shijiazhuang, in Pingshan County was the location of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the headquarters of the People's Liberation Army during the decisive stages of the Chinese Civil War between May 26, 1948 and March 23, 1949, at which point they were moved to Beijing. Today, the area is a memorial site. [16]

People's Republic

After 1949 the industrialisation of the city gathered momentum. Its population more than tripled in the decade 1948–58. In the 1950s, the city experienced a major expansion in the textile industry, with large-scale cotton spinning, weaving, printing, and dyeing works. In addition there are plants processing local farm produce. In the 1960s it was the site of a new chemical industry, with plants producing fertilizer and caustic soda. Shijiazhuang also became an engineering base, with a tractor-accessory plant. There are important coal deposits at Jingxing and Huailu, now named Luquan, a few miles to the west in the foothills of the Taihang Mountains, which provide fuel for a thermal-generating plant supplying power to local industries.

In 1967, Tianjin was again carved out of Hebei, remaining a separate entity today, and thus the provincial capital was moved to Baoding. It was chaotic in the midst of the Cultural Revolution, and under the direction of Mao Zedong, in 1968, to "prepare for war and natural disasters", Shijiazhuang became the provincial capital.

On the early hours of March 16, 2001, 4 apartment buildings were leveled after a series of explosions rocked the city, killing 108 while injuring 38. The perpetrator was a deaf, unemployed man named Jin Ruchao who police arrested weeks later. Jin confessed that he had delivered the bombs via taxi and stated that the bombings were an act of revenge on his relatives, who were among the tenants of the apartments. Jin and his accomplices were later executed. [17]

Shijiazhuang's administrative divisions saw changes in the 2010s. In 2013, the county-level city of Xinji, although still part of Shijiazhuang prefecture, is now directly administered by the Hebei province. Later, the State Council of the People's Republic of China approved more adjustments to the city's divisions. Qiaodong District was dissolved and merged into Chang'an and Qiaoxi districts. Three county-level cities, Gaocheng, Luquan, and Luancheng, became urban districts. [18]

Geography

Map including Shijiazhuang (labeled as SHIH-MEN (SHIHKIACHWANG) Shi Men 
) (AMS, 1954) Txu-oclc-10552568-nj50-5.jpg
Map including Shijiazhuang (labeled as SHIH-MEN (SHIHKIACHWANG) 石門) (AMS, 1954)

Shijiazhuang is located in south-central Hebei, and is part of the Bohai Economic Rim. Its administrative area ranges in latitude from 37° 27' to 38° 47' N, and the longitude 113° 30' to 115° 20' E. The prefecture-level city reaches a 148 kilometres (92 mi) north–south extent and a 175 kilometres (109 mi) wide from east to west. The prefecture has borders stretching 760 kilometres (472 mi) long and covers an area of 15,722 square kilometres (6,070 sq mi). Bordering prefecture-level cities in Hebei are Hengshui (E), Xingtai (S), and Baoding (N/NE). To the west lies the province of Shanxi.

The city stands at the edge of the North China Plain, which rises to the Taihang Mountains to the west of the city, and lies south of the Hutuo River. From west to east, the topography can be summarised as moderately high mountains, then low-lying mountains, hills, basin, and finally plains. Out of the eight east–west routes across the Taihang Mountains, the fifth, the Niangzi Pass, connects the city directly with Taiyuan, Shanxi.

The mountainous part of the prefecture consists of parts of:

The Hutuo River Basin in the east juts into:

Climate

The city has a continental, monsoon-influenced semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), characterised by hot, humid summers due to the East Asian monsoon, and generally cold, windy, very dry winters that reflect the influence of the Siberian anticyclone. Spring can see sandstorms blowing in from the Mongolian steppe, accompanied by rapidly warming, but generally dry, conditions. Autumn is similar to spring in temperature and lack of rainfall. January averages −2.3 °C (27.9 °F), while July averages 26.8 °C (80.2 °F); the annual mean is 13.38 °C (56.1 °F). With the monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 45 percent in July to 61 percent in May, the city receives 2,427 hours of sunshine annually. More than half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone.

Air quality

A park in Shijiazhuang during a smoggy day Gong Yuan  - panoramio (7).jpg
A park in Shijiazhuang during a smoggy day

According to the National Environmental Analysis released by Tsinghua University and The Asian Development Bank in January 2013, Shijiazhuang is one of ten most air-polluted cities in the world. Also according to this report, 7 of 10 most air-polluted cities are in China, including Taiyuan, Beijing, Urumqi, Lanzhou, Chongqing, Jinan and Shijiazhuang. [20] As air pollution in China is at an all-time high, several northern cities are among the most polluted cities and has one of the worst air quality in China. Reporting on China's air quality has been accompanied by what seems like a monochromatic slideshow of the country's several cities smothered in thick smog. According to a survey made by "Global voices China" in February 2013, Shijiazhuang is among China's 10 most polluted cities along with other cities including major Chinese cities like Beijing and Zhengzhou, and 6 other prefectural cities all in Hebei Province. [21] These cities are all situated in traditional geographic subdivision of "Huabei (North China) Region".

A dense wave of smog began in the Central and Eastern part of China on 2 December 2013 across a distance of around 1,200 kilometres (750 mi), [22] including Shijiazhuang and surrounding areas. A lack of cold air flow, combined with slow-moving air masses carrying industrial emissions, collected airborne pollutants to form a thick layer of smog over the region. [23] Officials blamed the dense pollution on lack of wind, automobile exhaust emissions under low air pressure, and coal-powered district heating system in North China region. [24] Prevailing winds blew low-hanging air masses of factory emissions (mostly SO2) towards China's east coast. [25]

Administration divisions

Shijiazhuang has direct administrative jurisdiction over:

Map
NameChinesePinyinPopulation (2010)Area (km2)Density (/km2)
City proper
Chang'an District 长安区Cháng'ān Qū560,6431104,362
Qiaoxi District 桥西区Qiáoxī Qū596,1645311,248
Xinhua District 新华区Xīnhuá Qū625,119926,795
Yuhua District 裕华区Yùhuá Qū574,5721014,888
Luancheng District 栾城区Luánchéng Qū328,933347948
Gaocheng District 藁城区Gàochéng Qū775,110836927
Luquan District 鹿泉区Lùquán Qū432,936603718
Suburban
Jingxing Mining District 井陉矿区Jǐngxíng Kuàngqū95,170561,699
Zhengding County 正定县Zhèngdìng Xiàn466,807568822
Satellite cities
Xinji City 辛集市Xīnjí Shì615,919951648
Jinzhou City 晋州市Jìnzhōu Shì537,679619868
Xinle City 新乐市Xīnlè Shì487,652625780
Rural
Jingxing County 井陉县Jǐngxíng Xiàn309,8821,381224
Xingtang County 行唐县Xíngtáng Xiàn406,3531,025396
Lingshou County 灵寿县Língshòu Xiàn333,5581,546216
Gaoyi County 高邑县Gāoyì Xiàn186,478222840
Shenze County 深泽县Shēnzé Xiàn250,264296845
Zanhuang County 赞皇县Zànhuáng Xiàn244,7991,210202
Wuji County 无极县Wújí Xiàn502,662524959
Pingshan County 平山县Píngshān Xiàn433,4292,951147
Yuanshi County 元氏县Yuánshì Xiàn418,466849493
Zhao County 赵县Zhào Xiàn571,077714800

Economy

In 2014, the GDP of Shijiazhuang reached CNY(RMB) ¥510.02 billion (about $80.45 billion in USD), an increase of 12 percent over the previous year. [26]

Shijiazhuang has become a major industrial city in North China and is considered to be the economic center of Hebei province. The city is a major base for the pharmaceutical and textile industries. [ citation needed ] Other sectors include machinery and chemicals, building materials, light industry and electronics. With abundant agricultural resources, Shijiazhuang has 590,000 hectares [ citation needed ] of cultivated land and is the main source of cotton, pears, dates and walnuts in Hebei province.

In 2008, total imports reached US$1.393 billion, an increase of 42.1 percent over the previous year. Exports increased by 34.9 percent to US$5.596 billion. [ citation needed ]

2006 World Bank reported that Shijiazhuang was spending less than RMB400 per capita on education, as opposed to Beijing (RMB1,044) and Weihai (RMB1,631). [27]

Development zones

The zone was established in March 1991 as a state-level development zone and is divided into three districts. National highways 107, 207, 307, 308 pass through the zone. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) away from Shijiazhuang Railway Station, 105 km (65 mi) away from Tianjin Port. Industries include pharmaceuticals, electronic information, mechanical production, automobile manufacturing, chemicals production and logistics. [28]

The Eastern District, located in the eastern part of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi), and serves as the primary section of the New High-tech Industrial Development Zone. The district focuses on the establishment of new high-tech enterprises. There are plans to expand the district into an area of 9.8 km2 (3.8 sq mi). [ citation needed ] A railway line operated by Shijiazhuang Oil Refinery runs through the zone from north to south, so enterprises in the zone can build lines of their own.

The Western District, located in the southwest of Shijiazhuang, covers an area of 8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi). It focuses on small- and medium-sized technology enterprises and technology incubation. Liangcun District, which borders the Western District, covers 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi), and focuses on the pharmaceutical industry and the petrochemical industry. [ citation needed ]

By 2009, some 2,600 enterprises had settled in the zone, of which 185 were foreign-funded enterprises. Firms from Japan, the US, the Republic of Korea, Germany, Italy, Canada, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan had established themselves in the zone. [27]

Dairy centre

The city is a centre for the dairy trade, being the headquarters of the Sanlu Group. Sanlu became Shijiazhuang's largest taxpayer since it had become the largest formula seller in China for a continuous 15-year period. Richard McGregor, author of The Party: The Secret World of China's Communist Rulers , said that Sanlu became "an invaluable asset for a city otherwise struggling to attract industry and investment on a par with China's premier metropolises." [29]

Both the dairy trade and Sanlu were affected by the 2008 Chinese milk scandal. The chairman and general manager of Sanlu, and several party officials, including the vice-mayor in charge of food and agriculture, Zhang Fawang, were reportedly removed from office. [30] [31] [32] Mayor Ji Chuntang reportedly resigned on 17 September. [33]

Transportation

Rail and roads

Shijiazhuang Railway Station Eastern facade of Shijiazhuang Railway Station (20160615145320).jpg
Shijiazhuang Railway Station

Shijiazhuang is a transportation hub at the intersection point of the BeijingGuangzhou, TaiyuanDezhou, and ShuozhouHuanghua railroads. The new Shijiazhuang railway station (opened December 2012) has a rare distinction of being served by both the "conventional" Beijing–Guangzhou Railway and the new Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway. Such an arrangement is fairly uncommon on China's high-speed rail network, as typically high-speed lines are constructed to bypass city cores, where the older "conventional" train stations are. [34] In Shijiazhuang's case, to make it possible to bring the new high-speed railway into the central city, a 5 km (3.1 mi) long railway tunnel was constructed under the city. This is the first time a high-speed railway has been run under a Chinese city. [35] [36] There is also a smaller Shijiazhuang North Railway Station, used by trains going west toward Taiyuan without entering Shijiazhuang's city centre. The city is served by many expressways, including the Shitai, BeijingShenzhen and TaiyuanCangzhou Expressways.

Metro Rail

Line 1 and Line 3 of the Shijiazhuang Metro began operation on June 26, 2017. Line 1 Phase 2, Line 2 Phase 1, Line 3 Phase 2 and the remaining two ends of Line 3 Phase 1 are currently under construction. Line 1 Phase 2, Line 2 Phase 1, and the two ends of Line 3 Phase 1 will start operation in 2020. There will be three metro lines extending 80.4 km (50.0 mi) under operation in Shijiazhuang by 2021 when Line 3 Phase 2 completes. The latest metro plan of Shijiazhuang includes 6 lines in total. The railway company is drafting a new plan of 1,000 km (620 mi) urban rail transit system incorporating metro, urban rapid commuter rail and tramways, and expects there will be 200 km (120 mi) rail transit lines under operation or construction by the end of 13th Five Year Plan (2020). [37]

Airport

The Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport is the province's center of air transportation. It is about 30 kilometers northeast of the city. There are 32 domestic routes arriving at and departing from Shijiazhuang, including destinations such as Shanghai, Shenzhen and Dalian. The airport serves 12 international destinations including four routes to Russia. The airport is being expanded and will be capable of being an alternate airport to Beijing Capital International Airport. [27]

With the opening of the Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway at the end of 2012, the airport got its own train station, making available fast, although infrequent, train service between the airport and Shijiazhuang Railway Station, as well as other stations in the region. [38]

Cycling

Most large roads in the city feature a separate cycle lane and, combined with the city being flat, make it ideal for cycling. Thousands of cyclists use the city each day and often there are more cyclists waiting at a crossroad than cars.

Military

Shijiazhuang is headquarters of the 27th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Beijing Military Region responsible for defending China's capital.

Culture

City centre

Lerthai Shopping Complex in downtown Shi Jia Zhuang Le Tai Zhong Xin  - panoramio.jpg
Lerthai Shopping Complex in downtown

The city of Shijiazhuang is similar to Beijing in that all roads run from north to south and east to west, making the city easy to navigate. Many roads have cycle paths making it cyclist friendly. In the heart of the city is the Hebei Museum which was refurbished in 2013 and 2014. It holds regular events, mostly showing traditional Chinese art and artifacts. The Yutong International Sports Centre hosts the Shijiazhuang Ever Bright football matches as well as holding pop concerts.

Shijiazhuang Zoo is located on the west side of the city. The zoo has 3,000 animals of 250 species including flamingos, golden monkeys, manchurian tigers, Indian elephants, giraffes, chimpanzees, kangaroos, seals, white tigers, springboks and pandas. Near the Shijiazhuang Zoo are the Botanical Gardens (Chinese :石家庄植物园), offering a range of exotic and native plants both to view and purchase. The Martyrs Memorial (烈士纪念馆) can be found in the centre of the city, commemorating the soldiers lost in war.

Places of interest

Nantianmen (Nan Tian Men 
), the main entrance to Baodu Zhai. Nantianmen, Baodu Zhai.jpg
Nantianmen (南天门), the main entrance to Baodu Zhai.

Baodu Zhai (Chinese :抱犊寨; pinyin :Bàodúzhài), or Baodu Village, is an ancient fortified hilltop settlement located on the west side of the city, the mountain contains walks and buddhist statues. [39] [ better source needed ] Close to Baodu Zhai is Fenglong Mountain (封龙山) is situated 5 km (3.1 mi) outside of Shijiazhuang to the west, the mountain features walks and a large stone Buddha statue situated on top of the mountain. Mount Cangyan (苍岩山; Cāngyán Shān; 'Green Cliff Mountain') is a scenic area in Jingxing County, famous for its combination of natural mountain scenery with historical man-made structures. It was featured in a scene of the Chinese movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.

Mount Cangyan in 2007 Mount cangyan 2007.jpg
Mount Cangyan in 2007

The Longxing Temple (Chinese :隆興寺; pinyin :Lóngxīng Sì) is an ancient Buddhist monastery located just outside the city. It has been referred to as the "First Temple south of Beijing". The Anji Bridge (also known as Zhaozhou Bridge) (安濟橋; Ānjì Qiáo; 'Safe crossing bridge') is the world's oldest open-spandrel stone segmental arch bridge. Credited to the design of a craftsman named Li Chun, the bridge was constructed in the years 595-605 during the Sui dynasty (581–618). It is the oldest standing bridge in China. The Pagoda of Bailin Temple (從諗禪師舍利塔; Cóngshěn Chánshī Shělìtǎ or 趙州塔; Zhàozhōu Tǎ) is an octagonal-based brick Chinese pagoda built in 1330 during the reign of Emperor Wenzong, ruler of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).

City parks

Shijiazhuang city centre contains a range of parks. The largest park is found in the centre of the city known as Chang'an Park (Chinese :长安公园), the park includes an underground shopping mall, a theatre, a museum, a lake, bars and restaurants. Another park is found on the south east side of the city: Century Park (世纪公园), Century Park contains a lake in the centre with an amusement park to the north side. On the northwest side of the city is Water Park (水上公园) which features a large lake, amusement rides, short walks and various restaurants. As well as these three large parks there are smaller parks scattered across the city.

Shopping

The largest mall in the city is the Wanda shopping mall on the southeast side of the city along with the Lerthai Shopping Complex in the centre of the city and Wondermall on the southwest side. The Wanda mall includes an IMAX theatre.

Food

During the summer barbecue restaurants (Chinese :烧烤) open, selling a whole range of foods, the most popular of which are lamb kebabs (羊肉串). Thousands of restaurants can be found across the city offering a range of Chinese as well as western cuisine open around the clock.

Notable people

Sports

Shijiazhuang Ever Bright F.C. (Chinese :石家庄永昌; pinyin :Shíjiāzhuāng Yǒngchāng) is a Chinese football club based in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, which competes in the Chinese Super League. It plays in the 37,000-seat Yutong International Sports Centre. The team changed to their current name on February 24, 2014 . [40] [41]

Yutong International Sports Center (裕彤国际体育中心) is a multi-use stadium, used mostly for football matches. The capacity is 38,500.

Hospitals

Education

Universities and colleges

Twin towns and sister cities

Shijiazhuang's twin towns and sister cities [45] are:

Flag of Japan.svg Nagano, Nagano Prefecture, Japan (April 19, 1981)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada (May 31, 1985)
Flag of the United States.svg Des Moines, Iowa, United States (August 8, 1986)
Flag of the United States.svg Edison, New Jersey, United States (Date unknown) [46]
Flag of Italy.svg Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (September 22, 1987)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Corby, England, United Kingdom (October 5, 1994)
Flag of Japan.svg Ayagawa, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan (May 23, 1995)
Flag of Italy.svg Solofra, Avellino, Italy (August 17, 1997)
Flag of South Korea.svg Cheonan, South Chungcheong, South Korea (August 26, 1997)
Flag of Mexico.svg Querétaro City, Querétaro, Mexico (September 2, 1997)
Flag of Sweden.svg Falkenberg, Halland County, Sweden (August 6, 2002)
Flag of Vietnam.svg Nam Định, Nam Định Province, Vietnam (December 27, 2004)
Flag of Hungary.svg Nagykanizsa, Zala County, Hungary (2007)

See also

Related Research Articles

Hebei Province of China

Hebei is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the North China region. The modern province was established in 1911 as Chihli Province. Its capital and largest city is Shijiazhuang. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (), named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei literally means "north of the river", referring to its location entirely to the north of the Yellow River.

Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport

Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport is the primary airport serving Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province, China. The airport is the hub for Hebei Airlines and a focus city for both China United Airlines and Spring Airlines. It is also the sole airport in China that Antonov An-225 can operate.

Changan District, Shijiazhuang District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Chang'an District is one of eight districts of the prefecture-level city of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province, North China, located in the northeast of the urban core of the city. The area is 110.24 km2 (42.56 sq mi). There are 426,500 residents, among which 109,700 residents are farmers. The leading pharmaceutical manufacturer in China, North China Pharmaceutical Group Corp (NCPC) located in Chang'an District, Shijiazhang.

Luquan District District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Luquan, formerly Huolu County until 1994, is one of eight districts of the prefecture-level city of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province, North China. Luquan lies in the foothills of the Taihang Mountains and is around 17 kilometres (11 mi) west of the provincial capital, Shijiazhuang, which administers Luquan. The town of Huolu, locally pronounced “Huailu”, is the urban center of the city.

Beijing–Shijiazhuang high-speed railway is a 281-kilometre high-speed rail line operated by China Railway High-speed between Beijing and Shijiazhuang that opened on 26 December 2012 after 4 years of construction. The total investment is 43.87 billion yuan. The design speed is 350 km/h (220 mph), and the opening cut travel times between Beijing and Shijiazhuang from 2 hours to about 1 hour. This railway is the northern section of the 2,100 km (1,300 mi) high-speed Jinggang line connecting Beijing and Guangzhou, but also speeds up trains between Beijing and Taiyuan, which continue on the Shitai passenger railway.

The Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan high-speed railway, or the Shitai passenger railway is a 190-kilometre long (120 mi) high-speed railway operated by China Railway High-speed, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan, respectively the provincial capitals of Hebei and Shanxi, at 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph). The railway opened on April 1, 2009. It now forms part of the Qingdao–Yinchuan passageway.

Xinhua District, Shijiazhuang District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Xinhua District is one of eight districts of the prefecture-level city of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province, North China, located in the northwest of the urban core of Shijiazhuang.

Shijiazhuang railway station

The Shijiazhuang railway station is the main railway station of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei Province of the People's Republic of China. Over the city's history, the name has been applied to several different facilities located in the main Beijing-Guangzhou railway corridor. The current Shijiazhuang railway station was opened in December 2012; it is one of the very few stations in this railway corridor that serve both the ("conventional") Beijing–Guangzhou Railway and the new Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway.

Shijiazhuang North railway station

The Shijiazhuang North railway station is one of the passenger railway stations in Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province, China. It serves the east-west railway corridor passing through the city, i.e. the Shijiazhuang–Jinan high-speed railway and the Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan high-speed railway, as well as these lines' conventional predecessors.

Sunzhuang Township, Jingxing County is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Xinzhuang Township, Jingxing County is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Nanwangzhuang Township is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Shang'an is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Tianchang, Jingxing County is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Xiulin, Jingxing County is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Weizhou, Jingxing County is a township-level division of Jingxing County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Zhufutun was a town of Zhengding County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. In 2010, it forms the core area of Zhengding New Area. Since April 11, 2019, it has been split as Sanlitun Subdistrict and Zhufutun Subdistrict of Zhengding New Area. In 2017, Zhengding New Area was merged with Zhengding County and the territory of the previous Zhufutun Town is still informally called the Zhengding New Area.

Xin'an, Zhengding County is a township-level division of Zhengding County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Xinchengpu town is a township-level division of Zhengding County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Zhengding Airport railway station

The Zhengding Airport railway station is a station on the Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway. It is located in Xinchengpu Town in Hebei's Zhengding County, near Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport.

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