Shima Line

Last updated
Shima Line
KT number-M.svg
Kintetsu Limited Express trains at Kashikojima Station 2015-02-27 (16669627282).jpg
Shimakaze Limited Expresses at the line terminus, Kashikojima Station
Overview
Locale Mie Prefecture
Termini Toba
Kashikojima
Stations16
Service
Type Commuter rail
Operator(s) Kintetsu Railway
History
OpenedJuly 23, 1929
Technical
Line length24.52 km (15.24 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead
Route map

All lines are Kintetsu unless otherwise noted

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Osaka Namba
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Osaka Uehommachi
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Kyōto
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Yamato-Yagi
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Nagoya
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BSicon LSTRq.svg
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BSicon HST.svg
Ise-Nakagawa
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Ujiyamada
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0.0 Toba
1970-
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0.1(old) Toba
-1970
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BSicon STR.svg
Arrow Blue Down 001.jpeg Shima Line
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1.0 Nakanogō
1992-
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Ise-wan Ferry
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(old) Nakanogō
-1992
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Akasaki Tunnel
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2.3 Shima-Akasaki
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3.9 Funatsu
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5.5 Kamo
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6.9 Matsuo
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7.9 Shiraki
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Aomine Tunnel
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11.0 Gochi
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12.7 Kutsukake
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14.6 Kaminogō
(Old Shima-Isobe)
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16.0 Shima-Isobe
(Hasama)
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Arrow Blue Right 001.jpeg Original track - Closed 1993
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17.6 Anagawa
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(old) Anagawa
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Anagawa Tunnel
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20.4 Shima-Yokoyama
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21.3 Ugata
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23.1 Shima-Shimmei
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24.5 Kashikojima
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Shinjukō
Closed 1969

The Shima Line (志摩線, Shima-sen) is a railway line in Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by private railway operator Kintetsu Railway, connecting Toba Station in Toba with Kashikojima Station in Shima.

Contents

The line connects with the Toba Line at Toba Station. The Yamada Line, Toba Line, and Shima Line form a single train line that begins at Ise-Nakagawa Station and serves the Ise-Shima tourist region.

Service

 LO  Local (普通 futsū)

Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Nakagawa
Arrow Blue Down 001.jpeg For Kashikojima
(Locals stop at every station.)


 LE  Limited Express (特急 tokkyū)

Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Osaka Namba and Osaka Uehommachi ; via Nabari and Yamato-Yagi (Kashihara)
Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Kyoto ; via Yamato-Saidaiji (Nara)
Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Nagoya; via Tsu and Yokkaichi
Arrow Blue Down 001.jpeg For Kashikojima
(Seat reservations and limited express fee required.)


 NS  Non-stop Limited Express (ノンストップ特急 nonsutoppu tokkyū)

Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Osaka Namba
Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Nagoya
Arrow Blue Down 001.jpeg For Kashikojima
(Runs twice a day on weekends.)
(Seat reservations and limited express fee required.)

 SV  Premium Express Shimakaze (しまかぜ Shimakaze) [1]

Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Osaka Namba
Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Kyoto
Arrow Blue Up 001.jpeg For Nagoya
Arrow Blue Down 001.jpeg For Kashikojima
(Train to and from Osaka runs once a day except on Tuesday with some exceptions.)
(Train to and from Kyoto runs once a day except on Wednesday with some exceptions.)
(Train to and from Nagoya runs once a day except on Thursday with some exceptions.)
(Seat reservations, limited express fee and "Shimakaze" special vehicle fee required.)

Stations

Legend
Trains stop here
|Trains do not stop here
No.StationJapaneseDistance (km)TransfersLOLENSSVLocation
 M78  Toba 鳥羽0.0 Sangū Line
Toba Line
Toba Mie Prefecture
 M79  Nakanogō 中之郷1.0 Ise-wan Ferry |||
 M80  Shima-Akasaki 志摩赤崎2.3|||
 M81  Funatsu 船津3.9|||
 M82  Kamo 加茂5.5|||
 M83  Matsuo 松尾6.9|||
 M84  Shiraki 白木7.9|||
 M85  Gochi 五知11.0||| Shima
 M86  Kutsukake 沓掛12.7|||
 M87  Kaminogō 上之郷14.6|||
 M88  Shima-Isobe 志摩磯部16.0|
 M89  Anagawa 穴川17.6|||
 M90  Shima-Yokoyama 志摩横山20.4|||
 M91  Ugata 鵜方21.3
 M92  Shima-Shimmei 志摩神明23.1|||
 M93  Kashikojima 賢島24.5

History

During the Meiji era, travelers coming to modern-day Shima walked along the Ise-Isobe road, now known as Mie Route 32. In 1911, as the Meiji era neared its end, the government-owned Sangū Line (now owned by JR Central) was extended from the city of Ujiyamada (modern-day Ise) to Toba, making Toba the default origin of any railroad to Shima, and not Ujiyamada. During the 1910s, as the Taishō period began, many plans were put forth by various members of the railroad industry, but none were implemented.

Shima Electric Railway

In 1923, Shima Electric Railway (志摩電気鉄道, Shima Denki Tetsudō) was established by Kakuya Morimoto, and by 1924 the plan for a railroad to Shima was finally approved. This plan specified Toba Station as the origin, as well as a track gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in), allowing the line to connect directly with the Sangū Line (also 1,067 mm) in Toba. The original plan also specified that Ugata Station would be the terminus. However, shortly before construction began, a request was made to members of an already-established railway company, Tokyu Corporation, to see if the plan drawn up by Shima Electric Railway was sound. In the end, the only recommendation made was that the terminus be extended from Ugata to a nearby uninhabited island in Ago Bay called Kashiko Island, citing the island's natural beauty as conducive to establishing a profitable resort and tourism industry catering to travelers and pilgrims already coming to the area to visit nearby Ise Grand Shrine. Executives at Shima Electric Railway incorporated this suggestion into their plan and decided the line would include two stations on Kashiko Island: Kashikojima Station for tourists, and Shinjukō Station (真珠港駅, lit: Pearl Port Station), the new terminus, for use as a freight station by the area's marine industry. However, the people living near Ugata, the original terminus, opposed the new plan because they felt having the line's endpoint in their area would bring economic benefit. This period of opposition lasted for four years, during which people living near Ugata refused to sell the land needed by Shima Electric Railway to lay track leading to Kashiko Island, thereby delaying construction. After an agreement was reached, the line was finally completed and opened in 1929, five years after the original plan had been drafted.

In 1944, Shima Electric Railway, along with six other companies, merged to form Mie Transport (Sanco). Twenty years later, the railway department of Sanco split off to become a separate company called Mie Electric Railway (Sanden), however this organization was short-lived as it was bought up by railway giant Kinki Nippon Railway (Kintetsu) the following year, and thus in 1965 the line came under its current name and ownership.

Kintetsu renovation

In acquiring the line, Kintetsu now had a problem because the Shima Line, which originated at Toba Station, was not connected with the rest of Kintetsu's extensive rail network which stretched only as far as Ujiyamada Station in Ise. Moreover, the railway gauge and voltage used on the Shima Line were different from the majority of Kintetsu lines, including the nearby Yamada Line which terminated at Ujiyamada. For the time being, Kintetsu offered bus service between Ujiyamada and Toba, but in the late 1960s they decided it was worthwhile to create a rail connection between the two in hopes of attracting customers from the upcoming 1970 World's Fair in Osaka by offering direct rail service to the area. This was the impetus for the construction of the Toba Line, and to make direct service possible between the Shima Line, the under-construction Toba Line, the Yamada Line, and beyond, the Shima Line was closed for four months in late 1969 and early 1970 to change the gauge to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) and double the voltage to 1,500 V DC to match the other Kintetsu lines it would connect with. Other improvements were added such as the ATS system, a new switching network[ clarification needed ], and gentler curves. The renovated Shima Line and the newly built Toba Line opened together in March 1970, and Kintetsu began running limited express trains from Kintetsu Namba and Kintetsu Nagoya to Kashikojima just in time for the beginning of the World's Fair. The sharp increase of passengers on the line also motivated Kintetsu to invest money in a variety of tourism business enterprises in the Ise-Shima, especially along the Shima Line.

In 1986, it was decided that a second track on the Shima Line would assist in increasing the speed and number of trains on the line. Construction took several years and now most but not all of the line has dual tracks. The Aomine Tunnel between Shiraki and Gochi was also added to the line during this phase.

Timeline

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References