Shindand District

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Shindand

شین‌‌‌‌‌‌ډن‌‌‌‌‌‌ډ‬
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Shindand
Location within Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°18′13″N62°08′24″E / 33.3036°N 62.1400°E / 33.3036; 62.1400 Coordinates: 33°18′13″N62°08′24″E / 33.3036°N 62.1400°E / 33.3036; 62.1400
Country Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Herat Province
Capital Shindand
Time zone UTC+4:30
Shindand District (in south) on Herat province map Herat districts.png
Shindand District (in south) on Herat province map

Shīnḍanḍ District (شین‌‌‌‌‌‌ډن‌‌‌‌‌‌ډ, formerly known as Sabzwār, سبزوار) [1] is one of the 16 districts of Herat Province, in western Afghanistan, and is situated in the southern part of that province. It borders Adraskan District to the north, Ghor Province to the east and Farah Province to the south and west. The population was 173,800 (as of 2012). [2] [3] The district center is the town of Shindand, which boasts a very active market area. Shindand Air Base is located near the town. The main Herat-Kandahar road passes through the district. The Zerkoh Valley is in the district.

Contents

History

Its ancient name was Esfezar [4] as still an Iranian small city, more a village, close to the border of Afghanistan on the Iranian side. Notable historical sites in Shindand include Qala-Dokhtar and Qala Rustam-Zal.

Divisions

Shindand District is divided into five bigger districts, namely: Zawol, Zerkoh, Poshteh-Koh, Kooh-Zoor and Qasaba. Shindand District is one of the most diverse and wide districts in Afghanistan, representing thirty different Afghan tribes which include both Tajik and Pashtun groups and sub-groups. Ismail Khan, the current Minister of Energy and Water is still ruling in this district and have major support, specially among his Tajik fellows. Ismail Khan hails from Shindand province.

Demography

In terms of tribal and ethnic groups, Shindand is one of the most diverse districts in Herat Province. Around 60 percent of the population is Pashtun and around 40% percent consists of Tajik and Aimaq Hazara (Timuris and other sub-tribes) and some Balochi people. However, sixty percent of Tajiks live within the city of Shindand, which includes Qasaba and surrounding districts. The main languages spoken in the district are Pashto and Dari Persian.

Climate

Shindand is sunny and windy all year long. Though the winds pick up during the months of May through September, called Badayeh-Sado-Bist Roozeh (120 Day Winds). The rainy season is from November/December to March/April, though the rains are scattered.

Notes

  1. Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1971) An Historical Guide To Afghanistan Chapter 15, Afghan Tourist Organization, Kabul OCLC 241390
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. STABILITY IN KEY AREAS (SIKA) – WEST - SHINDAND DISTRICT PROFILE, p. 1, http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00JG5G.pdf
  4. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Band 22,Ausgaben 1-7, p. 157-159

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