Shinshiro

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Shinshiro

新城市
Nagashinofestival.JPG
Battle of Nagashino Festival
Flag of Shinshiro, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Shinshiro, Aichi.svg
Seal
Shinshiro in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Shinshiro in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Shinshiro
 
Coordinates: 34°54′57.3″N137°29′55″E / 34.915917°N 137.49861°E / 34.915917; 137.49861 Coordinates: 34°54′57.3″N137°29′55″E / 34.915917°N 137.49861°E / 34.915917; 137.49861
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi
Government
  MayorRyoji Hozumi (since October 2005)
Area
  Total499.23 km2 (192.75 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total44,581
  Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• Tree Prunus serrulata
• Flower Lilium auratum
• Bird Eurasian scops-owl
Phone number0536-23-1111
Address6-1 Higashi-Iribune, Shinshiro-shi, Aichi-ken 441-1392
Website Official website
DownTown of ShinshiroCity Xin Cheng Shi Jie Di Jing Se .jpg
DownTown of ShinshiroCity

Shinshiro (新城市, Shinshiro-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 44,581 in 17,691 households, [1] and a population density of 89.3 persons per km². The total area of the city is 499.23 square kilometres (192.75 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Shinshiro is located in east-central Aichi Prefecture. Much of the northern and eastern portion of the city area is covered in mountains and forest, and most is within the borders of the Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Shinshiro has started to decline rapidly over the past 20 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 59,891    
1970 54,042−9.8%
1980 54,239+0.4%
1990 54,583+0.6%
2000 53,603−1.8%
2010 49,871−7.0%

Climate

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Shinshiro is 15.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1931 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.0 °C. [3]

History

Battle of Nagashino in 1575 Nagashino Teppo-Ashigaru.jpg
Battle of Nagashino in 1575

The area of present-day Shinshiro was part of the territories of the Okudaira clan, the predecessors of the Matsudaira clan and Tokugawa clan during the Sengoku period. Their stronghold, Nagashino Castle in what is now the northern part of Shinshiro, was the site of the Battle of Nagashino, between the forces of Oda Nobunaga and the Takeda clan. Noda Castle, at which Takeda Shingen was wounded at the Siege of Noda was also located within the borders of Shinshiro. During the Edo period, most of the area was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate through hatamoto administrators.

After the start of the Meiji period, Shinshiro Town in Minamishitara District, Aichi Prefecture was proclaimed on 1 October 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. The area of the town expanded through annexation of neighboring villages in 1955 and 1956. The city of Shinshiro was proclaimed on 1 November 1958.

On 1 October 2005, the town of Hōrai, and the village of Tsukude (both from Minamishitara District) were merged into Shinshiro. The city of Shinshiro now covers all of former Minamishitara District.

Government

Shinshiro City Hall Shinshiro City Hall ac (2).jpg
Shinshiro City Hall

Shinshiro has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 14 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Shinshiro is a regional commercial center, with the economy concentrated on agriculture, especially chicken farming, and light manufacturing.

Education

Shinshiro has 13 public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. There are also one private high school.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (central).svg Central Japan Railway Company - Iida Line

Highway

Sister city relations

Shinshiro was part of the 1998 summit of worldwide cities named "New Castle" with:

Flag of Germany.svg Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Flag of Switzerland.svg Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Flag of France.svg Neufchâteau, Vosges, France
Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Delaware, USA
Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Indiana, USA
Flag of the United States.svg New Castle, Pennsylvania, USA
Flag of England.svg Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Flag of England.svg Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Flag of South Africa.svg Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Flag of Japan.svg Shinshiro, Japan

Local attractions

Notable people from Shinshiro

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Nagashino Castle

Nagashino Castle was a Sengoku period Japanese castle located in what is now Shinshiro, eastern Aichi Prefecture, Japan. It is noteworthy as the site of the crucial Battle of Nagashino between the combined forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu and Oda Nobunaga against Takeda Katsuyori in 1575. The site has been protected by the central government as a National Historic Site since 1929, the first time a former castle site had received such protection.

Noda Castle

Noda Castle was a Sengoku period castle located in eastern Mikawa Province in what is today part of the city of Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Aichi Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

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Torii Station (Aichi) Railway station in Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

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Hon-Nagashino Station Railway station in Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

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Yuya-Onsen Station Railway station in Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

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Hōrai-ji

Hōrai-ji (鳳来寺), Buddhist temple of the Shingon sect in Shinshiro, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Its main image is a statue of Yakushi Nyōrai. The temple is located on the 695 metres (2,280 ft) Mount Horai and is accessed by a flight of 1425 steps. The grounds have been designated Place of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monument since 1931. The area is also noted for its population of Eurasian scops owl, the prefectural bird of Aichi Prefecture.

References

  1. Shinshiro City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Shinshiro population statistics
  3. Shinshiro climate data
  4. "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.