The Shinwari (Pashto : شينواري) is an ethnic Pashtun tribe of Afghanistan and KPK . Among the famous Cricketers of Afghanistan are Rashid Khan and Samiullah Shinwari The Shinwari tribe is son of Kasi Pashtun tribe settled in the eastern disctricts of Nangarhar Province, in Haska Meyna, Achin, Rodat, Bati Kot, Kot, Chaprahar, Shinwar, Dor Baba and Nazian districts. A major portion of the tribe is centered in Jalalabad City of Afghanistan. These Shinwaris are mostly traders and businessmen. The Shinwari are also located in Kunar, Parwan, Kabul, Kunduz and Balkh Province . Reporting from 2010 states that there are around 400,000 Shinwari in Afghanistan.
The Shinwari tribe is settled in the southern districts of Nangarhar Province, in Haska Meyna, Achin, Rodat, Bati Kot, Kot, Chaprahar, Shinwar, Dor Baba and Nazian districts. A major portion of this tribe is also settled Jalalabad (Afghanistan), as well as in Parwan province of Afghanistan where they are concentrated in Shinwari, Ghorband, and Jabalussaraj districts. These Shinwaris are mostly traders and businessmen. There is also a significant minority of the tribe settled in Kohat and Hangu (Jangal Khel, Haji Abad, Mohallah Sangirh), Pakistan, a settlement 60 km south of Peshawar. In Afghanistan, the Shinwari are also located in Kunar province Bajawr agency and Lower Dir. At lower Dir, Village Munjai contains a huge dominant population of Shinwari Tribe, which had migrated from Afghanistan to Chamrakand( Momand agency and Bajaour Agency) in 1890s and settled in the fertile land of Munjai Village Dir Lower. Reporting from 2010 states that there are around 400,000 Shinwari in Afghanistan.
The elders of the Shinwari tribe in Nangarhar signed a pact, uniting against the Taliban. They promised that anyone supporting the Taliban, would be punished with fines and expulsion. This pact, which per The Times "appears to be the first" incident of an entire tribe declaring war against the Taliban, has invited comparison with the Sunni Awakening of 2006, which tipped the balance of power in Iraq against the Sunni insurgency. The pact also had economic implications that America offered over in development funding. Further, reports suggested the Shinwari were against Taliban interference with their traditional smuggling routes across the Pakistani border.
The security situation in Haska Mena is going worse day by day due to increased number of Taliban insurgents Groups Operating in Naria Aubo Village, Papen Village, Dara Village, Aughuz Village and other remote village of the districts, In December 2014, Most of the Taliban Groups have changed from Taliban to ISIS (DAESH) carrying out insurgent activities under the direct order of Abdul Khaliq, Who is the head of Taliban in Haska Mena. Several peoples were killed and Injured during their insurgent activities in Haska Mena District, The most common are:
In 1885, a British author described the Shinwari ("Shanwari" in his text):
During the Khost rebellion, the Shinwari aligned themselves with the Afghan Government and helped quell the revolt.
During the late 1928 riots, the Shinwari tribe were the first to openly rebel against king Amanullah Khan's imposition of various new laws, including the requirement to wear European dress, the rule that required them to send a quota of their daughters to Kabul for education and the impositions of taxes (they had never previously paid tax). The Shinwaris attacked Jalalabad, cutting off its water supply and closing the Kabul–Peshawar road. Amanullah responded by using his fledgling Air Force, including Soviet pilots, to bomb the Shinwaris. The use of foreign "infidels" to subjugate Muslims roused other tribes to revolt and the country descended into what would become the 1929 Afghan Civil War.
The Shinwaris are derived from the Kasi tribe, and are further distributed into sub-tribes:
|Tribe||Subtribes||Clans of Tribe||Subclans of Tribe||division of Tribe||Section of Subdivision||Minor Fractions||Other Fractions;|
|Shinwari||Mandizai/Manduzai||[Hamza khel] |
[ilyas khel] [Hasan khel]
|[Ahmed Khel][Maghdud khel] [Daulat khel] |
[kotwal] [kuki khel] [Musi khel] [Umar khel] [Da Oghaz khel] [Mahmud Khel]
|Haska Meyna District|
|Alisher khel||[Adal khel] [Ash khel]||[Khuga khel] [Mirdad khel] [Utar khel] |
]Piro khel] [Piset khel] [Shekmal khel]
|dir upper akhagram|
|Sangu khel||[Ghani khel]||[Haider khel] [kachkal khel] [Khani khel] |
[Karmu khel] [Mirjan khel] [Mai khel] [Soulor ptar] [Mullagoris
|Sephai||[Rahimdad khel] [Haider khel] |
[Suliman khel] [Babar khel] [Shabul khel]
|[Aka nmasi] [Ata nmasi] [Mama khel] |
[Aka khel] [Fatima nmasi] [Nimidar khel] [Mamai khel] [Lala nmasi] [ya khel]
|Soonkhel||found in nazyan|
|Haji||[Shibli Khel] [Abdur Rahim Khel]|
|[Mehmood khel] Shinwaris of Dir Upper, Munjai Village, Dir Lower, Ancestry of Malak Mehmood jan Shinwari (Mehmood jan Baba);||[baroon khan](malak sarfaraz khan)s/o (Malak Sardar Khan);||[said Ali Jan Malak] f/o (Malak Sher Muhammad Khan) |
[Shahab Uddin Shinwari Ex: Population planning officer) (s/o Malak Shah Zarin)
|Saif Ullah Shinwari live in Shangla Damorai|
|Sadaam Hussain Shinwari||Atta Ullah Shinwari Entrepreneur S/o Abdul Khaliq|
Senator Abdul Rahim Mirdad Khile s/o Sazan Khan .Of Shangla Damorai.
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7. http://www.rawa.org/temp/runews/rawanews.php?id=656 8. http://afghanistantimes.af/old/news_details.php?page=8&id=9738&&cid=3 9. http://www.pajhwok.com/en/search/site/%22haska%22 10. https://sites.google.com/site/wwwbomnaforg/all-news-updates/news-updates-december-2013/clasheskill4ineafghanistan 11. http://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2348647&Language=en