Shippensburg, Pennsylvania

Last updated
Shippensburg, Pennsylvania
Borough
Shipoldmain.JPG
Cumberland County Pennsylvania Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Shippensburg Highlighted.svg
Location of Shippensburg in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.
USA Pennsylvania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shippensburg
Location in Pennsylvania and the United States
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shippensburg
Shippensburg (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°02′58″N77°31′26″W / 40.04944°N 77.52389°W / 40.04944; -77.52389 Coordinates: 40°02′58″N77°31′26″W / 40.04944°N 77.52389°W / 40.04944; -77.52389
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
Counties Cumberland and Franklin
Settled1730
Incorporated1819
Government
  TypeBorough Council
  MayorKathy Coy [1]
Area
[2]
  Total2.03 sq mi (5.26 km2)
  Land2.03 sq mi (5.25 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
686 ft (209 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total5,492
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
5,565
  Density2,744.08/sq mi (1,059.39/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
17257
Area code 717
FIPS code 42-70352
Website www.borough.shippensburg.pa.us
DesignatedJune 01, 1948 [4]

Shippensburg is a borough in Cumberland and Franklin counties in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Settled in 1730, Shippensburg lies in the Cumberland Valley, 41 miles (66 km) southwest of Harrisburg, and is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 5,492 at the 2010 census. [5] Of this, 4,416 were in Cumberland County, and 1,076 were in Franklin County.

Contents

Shippensburg was incorporated as a borough on January 21, 1819. In the past, there were furniture factories, engine and pump works, and other industrial works located within the town. Shippensburg is the home of the Beistle Company, the oldest manufacturer of decorations and party goods in the U.S. In May 2012, Volvo Construction Equipment began a $100 million expansion project to bring its American headquarters to Shippensburg. [6]

Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, one of 14 universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, is located just north of the borough limits in Shippensburg Township.

History

Shippensburg is the oldest community of the Cumberland Valley, and the second oldest west of the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania (after York to the east). In July 1730, 12 Scots-Irish families came to the site of the present-day Shippensburg and built cabin homes along Burd's Run. Shippensburg began as the western outpost of colonial settlement.

The village received its name from Edward Shippen, a prominent resident of Lancaster (and onetime mayor of Philadelphia) who obtained the patent to the land from the heirs of William Penn. Edward Shippen's granddaughter, Peggy Shippen, was historically notable as the wife of General Benedict Arnold, who betrayed the Continental Army by defecting to the British during the American Revolutionary War.

In 1735, Samuel Perry built the Widow Piper's Tavern, which stands at the southwest corner of East King Street and Queen Street. This building was selected as the place for the first Cumberland County Courts in 1750 and 1751. The building has been restored and serves today as the home of the Shippensburg Civic Club.

On July 9, 1755, Edward Morris, the governor of Shippensburg, ordered that a fort be built after he learned of General Braddock's defeat at the hands of the French and Indians. His intent was to provide protection for the troops and colonists during the French and Indian War. Over the next year, several buildings, a 70-foot-deep (21 m) well, and a log palisade were built. Fort Morris was garrisoned until the early 1760s but preserved for several more years due to the efforts of Edward Shippen. There is also a record that an officer and eighteen provincial troops were stationed in Shippensburg during the winter of 1763-1764. On March 24, 1761, Shippen wrote, "I desire everybody in Shippensburg to take care of ye Fort for I will suffer a log of it to be thrown down on any pretense whatever."

Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania was founded in 1871 as a normal school.

In 2009, a team of archaeologists reported they had discovered the site of Fort Morris on Burd Street. Among the artifacts found were pottery, coins, buttons, musket balls, flints and musket parts. Some of these artifacts are housed in Shearer Hall on the Shippensburg University campus, while others are currently on display at the Shippensburg Historical Society.

The Shippensburg Historic District, Dykeman's Spring, the Benjamin Blythe Homestead, Cumberland Valley State Normal School Historic District, the Shippen House, and Widow Piper's Tavern are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [7]

Geography

Shippensburg is located in south-central Pennsylvania at 40°2′58″N77°31′26″W / 40.04944°N 77.52389°W / 40.04944; -77.52389 (40.049453, -77.523830), [8] primarily in Cumberland County, but extending west into Franklin County.

U.S. Route 11 passes through the center of town as King Street; US 11 leads northeast 20 miles (32 km) to Carlisle, the Cumberland County seat, and southwest 11 miles (18 km) to Chambersburg, the Franklin County seat. Pennsylvania Route 696 leads north out of Shippensburg as Earl Street and south as Fayette Street. Via PA 696 it is 6 miles (10 km) north to Newburg and 3 miles (5 km) south to Exit 24 on Interstate 81. Pennsylvania Route 533 leads west out of town as Morris Street, 5 miles (8 km) to Orrstown. Pennsylvania Route 174 (Walnut Bottom Road) split east from US 11 at the east edge of the borough, leading 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to Exit 29 on Interstate 81 and 6 miles (10 km) to the village of Walnut Bottom in South Newton Township.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough of Shippensburg has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.18%, is water. [5] Gum Run flows through the center of town, entering from the south and becoming Middle Spring Creek, a north-flowing tributary of Conodoguinet Creek and part of the Susquehanna River watershed. Outside the town, the area consists of mostly field and pasture, some forest, few streams and water holes.

Climate

Climate data for Shippensburg, Pennsylvania (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1911–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)71
(22)
82
(28)
87
(31)
94
(34)
97
(36)
101
(38)
105
(41)
102
(39)
104
(40)
95
(35)
83
(28)
75
(24)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)38.3
(3.5)
42.0
(5.6)
51.4
(10.8)
64.2
(17.9)
74.2
(23.4)
82.9
(28.3)
87.4
(30.8)
85.3
(29.6)
77.7
(25.4)
65.8
(18.8)
53.4
(11.9)
42.3
(5.7)
63.7
(17.6)
Daily mean °F (°C)30.2
(−1.0)
32.9
(0.5)
41.0
(5.0)
52.5
(11.4)
62.5
(16.9)
71.3
(21.8)
75.7
(24.3)
73.7
(23.2)
66.2
(19.0)
54.8
(12.7)
43.7
(6.5)
34.5
(1.4)
53.2
(11.8)
Average low °F (°C)22.1
(−5.5)
23.8
(−4.6)
30.7
(−0.7)
40.8
(4.9)
50.7
(10.4)
59.6
(15.3)
64.0
(17.8)
62.1
(16.7)
54.7
(12.6)
43.7
(6.5)
34.0
(1.1)
26.6
(−3.0)
42.7
(5.9)
Record low °F (°C)−16
(−27)
−10
(−23)
−1
(−18)
15
(−9)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
45
(7)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
3
(−16)
−8
(−22)
−16
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.17
(81)
2.66
(68)
3.70
(94)
3.64
(92)
4.01
(102)
4.00
(102)
3.98
(101)
3.34
(85)
4.32
(110)
3.33
(85)
2.98
(76)
3.36
(85)
42.49
(1,079)
Average snowfall inches (cm)9.8
(25)
10.3
(26)
6.7
(17)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.8
(2.0)
5.4
(14)
33.6
(85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)10.99.810.711.613.211.710.510.09.59.38.99.8125.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)5.24.92.60.20.00.00.00.00.00.10.82.616.4
Source: NOAA [9] [10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 1,159
1820 1,2477.6%
1830 1,62130.0%
1840 1,473−9.1%
1850 1,5686.4%
1860 1,84317.5%
1870 2,06512.0%
1880 2,2137.2%
1890 2,188−1.1%
1900 3,22847.5%
1910 3,4577.1%
1920 4,37226.5%
1930 4,345−0.6%
1940 5,24420.7%
1950 5,7229.1%
1960 6,1387.3%
1970 6,5366.5%
1980 5,261−19.5%
1990 5,5315.1%
2000 5,5861.0%
2010 5,492−1.7%
2019 (est.)5,565 [3] 1.3%
Sources: [11] [12] [13]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 5,586 people, 2,397 households, and 1,138 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,772.0 people per square mile (1,067.7/km²). There were 2,602 housing units at an average density of 1,291.2 per square mile (497.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.16% White, 3.44% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 2,397 households, out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.5% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 17.6% under the age of 18, 28.5% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $27,660, and the median income for a family was $39,896. Males had a median income of $29,387 versus $21,775 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,816. About 9.4% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Festivals

Yearly, in the last full week of July, the Shippensburg Community Fair is held. Begun in 1958, the fair bills itself as Pennsylvania's largest bi-county fair. The fair includes agricultural exhibits, a craft show, food vendors, and carnival rides amongst other things.

Every summer on the last Saturday of August, Shippensburg holds the Corn Festival, an event that brings regional artisans and vendors to operate stands downtown. The downtown is closed to traffic for at least 5 blocks for most of the day. Average attendance at the festival is estimated at 60,000 - 70,000 each year. In 2021, the Corn Festival was held at the Shippensburg Fairgrounds.

Education

The town is served by the Shippensburg Area School District.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumberland Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Cumberland Township is a township in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,162 at the 2010 census. In 1863, the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg took place mainly in Cumberland Township, which surrounds the borough of Gettysburg on three sides.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hyndman, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Hyndman is a borough in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 859.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wyalusing, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Wyalusing is a borough in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 596 as of the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shippen Township, Cameron County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Shippen Township is a township in Cameron County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,922 at the 2020 census. The borough of Emporium, the county seat, lies enclaved within the eastern part of the township, but is not part of it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

East Pennsboro Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 20,228 at the 2010 census, up from 18,254 at the 2000 census. East Pennsboro is the second most populous municipality in Cumberland County. The township is located along the western banks of the Susquehanna River, across from Harrisburg. There are many large corporations based in East Pennsboro Township that use the Camp Hill postal address, including the Rite Aid Corporation and Gannett Fleming.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Mechanicsburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. The borough is eight miles (13 km) west of Harrisburg. It is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle metropolitan statistical area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 8,981.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Cumberland, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

New Cumberland is a borough in easternmost Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. New Cumberland was incorporated on March 21, 1831. The population was 7,277 at the 2010 census. The borough is noted for its historic downtown which includes landmarks like the historic West Shore Theater and the yearly Apple Festival, which gathers hundreds of vendors and thousands of visitors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Newburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 336 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newville, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Newville is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, west of Carlisle. The population was 1,326 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Newton Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

North Newton Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,430 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shippensburg Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Shippensburg Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States, adjacent to the borough of Shippensburg. The population of the township was 5,429 at the 2010 census, up from 4,504 at the 2000 census. The township is the location of Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Middleton Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

South Middleton Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 14,663 at the 2010 census, up from 12,939 at the 2000 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southampton Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Southampton Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,359 at the 2010 census, up from 4,787 at the 2000 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

West Pennsboro Township is a township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 5,561 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wormleysburg, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Wormleysburg is a borough in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,070 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orrstown, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Orrstown is a borough in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 262 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southampton Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania</span> Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Southampton Township is a township in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 7,987 at the 2010 census, up from 6,138 at the 2000 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sykesville, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Sykesville is a borough in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,157 at the 2010 census. The borough was named for Jacob B. Sykes, an early resident.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Quarryville, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Quarryville is a borough in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,852 at the 2020 census, up from 2,576 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumberland County, Pennsylvania</span> County in Pennsylvania, United States

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the population was 259,469. Its county seat is Carlisle.

References

  1. "Message from the Mayor". Shippensburg Borough. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  5. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Shippensburg borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  6. "Volvo expansion underway in Shippensburg", ABC27 News
  7. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  10. "Station: Shippensburg, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  12. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  14. "about". sujatha baliga. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  15. Kelly, John (2019-09-26). "Restorative Justice Leader sujatha baliga Named a MacArthur Genius". The Chronicle of Social Change. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  16. "Recalling Andy Enfield's days as a Greyhound". Shippensburg News Chronicle.
  17. Twitchell, Ralph Emerson. The Leading Facts of New Mexican History, vol. 4, p. 463. Torch Press, 1917.