Shitara, Aichi

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Shitara

設楽町
Shitara Town Office and Shitara Town Library ac.jpg
Shitara Town Hall and Library
Flag of Shitara, Aichi.svg
Flag
Emblem of Shitara, Aichi.svg
Emblem
Shitara in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Shitara in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Shitara
 
Coordinates: 35°6′N137°34′E / 35.100°N 137.567°E / 35.100; 137.567 Coordinates: 35°6′N137°34′E / 35.100°N 137.567°E / 35.100; 137.567
Country Japan
Region Chūbu region
Tōkai region
Prefecture Aichi
District Kitashitara
Government
  -MayorKazutoshi Kato
Area
  Total273.94 km2 (105.77 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total4,531
  Density17/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Japanese beech
- Flower Rhododendron
Phone number0536-62-0511
Address2 Idate, Taguti, Shitara-chō, Kitashitara-gun, Aichi-ken 441-2301
Website Official website
Shimotsugu, Shitara Landscape of Shimotsugu, Shitara-cho 2017.jpg
Shimotsugu, Shitara

Shitara (設楽町, Shitara-chō) is a town located in Kitashitara District, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the town had an estimated population of 4,531 in 2,133 households, [1] and a population density of 16.5 persons per km². The total area of the town was 273.94 square kilometres (105.77 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Shitara is located in the extreme northeast corner of Aichi Prefecture. Much of the town’s area is covered by mountains and forest, and portions of the town are within the borders of the Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities

Aichi Prefecture

Nagano Prefecture

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Shitara has decreased drastically and is only a third of what it was 60 years ago.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 14,975    
1970 10,732−28.3%
1980 9,321−13.1%
1990 8,225−11.8%
2000 6,959−15.4%
2010 5,767−17.1%

Climate

The town has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Shitara is 11.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2310 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C. [3]

History

During the Edo period, most of present Shitara was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration, the area was organized into several villages within Kitashitara District with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Taguchi Village, the site of the district administrative office, was elevated to town status on October 10, 1900. The town of Shitara was established on September 30, 1956 through the merger of Taguchi with the neighboring villages of Damine, Nagura and Furikusa. The village of Tsugu was also formed on the same day through the merger of Kamitsugu and Shimotsugu villages. Shitara and Tsugu merged on October 1, 2005.

Economy

The primary industry of Shitara is agriculture, with rice, tomatoes, cabbage and daikon as the main crops. Production of hydroelectric power generation is also a major contributor to the local economy.

Education

Shitara has five public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education.

Primary schools

Junior High schools

High schools

Foreign Exchange Program

Transportation

Railway

Shitara does not have any passenger railway services.

Highway

Local attractions

Notable people from Shitara

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References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Shitara, Aichi at Wikimedia Commons