Shiv Pande, 2018
Shiv Pande MBE DL FRCGP (Hindi : शिव पांडे; born 25 October 1938) is an Indian-born general practitioner (GP) doctor in the United Kingdom. In the 1980s, Pande presented the UK's Asian television programme Aap Kaa Hak , which ran for fourteen years. He was chair of the British International Doctors' Association (BIDA), formerly known as the Overseas Doctors Association (ODA). In addition, he was the first Asian doctor to be elected as treasurer of the General Medical Council. He is a visiting professor at Gauhati University, India, and at the University of Bolton.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.
Aap Kaa Hak is a Hindi and Urdu language television series made by Granada Television and broadcast on Granada, Television North West, and other channels in Britain from 1980 to the early 1990s. Based on the English language series This is Your Right, also made by Granada, Aap Kaa Hak answers questions from South Asian migrants in the United Kingdom about social, legal and health matters. It is hosted by Indian-born physician Shiv Pande and Pakistan-born barrister Mukhtar Hussain.
The General Medical Council (GMC) is a public body that maintains the official register of medical practitioners within the United Kingdom. Its chief responsibility is to "protect, promote and maintain the health and safety of the public" by controlling entry to the register, and suspending or removing members when necessary. It also sets the standards for medical schools in the UK. Membership of the register confers substantial privileges under Part VI of the Medical Act 1983. It is a criminal offence to make a false claim of membership. The GMC is supported by fees paid by its members, and it became a registered charity in 2001.
He has helped raise funds for charity, including arranging a joint India-Pakistan cricket team to play against "the rest of the world" in 1985 to raise money for Mother Theresa's charity and the orphans of the Bhopal gas tragedy. In 2018, his story was one of those told in a book on migrant South Asian doctors and was simultaneously part of an exhibition on migrant doctors at the Royal College of General Practitioners in London.
The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) is the professional body for general (medical) practitioners in the United Kingdom. The RCGP represents and supports GPs on key issues including licensing, education, training, research and clinical standards. It is the largest of the medical royal colleges, with over 50,000 members. The RCGP was founded in 1952 in London, England and is a registered charity. Its motto is Cum Scientia Caritas – "Compassion [empowered] with Knowledge."
Pande was born on 25 October 1938 in central British India.Since his father had a business in Bombay (now Mumbai), Pande was able to stay with him and complete his early education in Mumbai.
The British Raj was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India. The region under British control was commonly called British India or simply India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or paramountcy, and called the princely states. The whole was also informally called the Indian Empire. As India, it was a founding member of the League of Nations, a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936, and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945.
Pande married Kala and they have three children, including two who became GPs.
After completing his MBBS in 1962and a master's degree in surgery from Vikram University, Indore, he spent nine years in surgery in various medical colleges before travelling to the Britain to train in surgery for two years. He was one of more than 10,000 South Asian doctors who sought work in Britain in the four decades after the Second World War.
Vikram University is a university in the city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Indore is the most populous and the largest city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It serves as the headquarters of both Indore District and Indore Division. It is also considered as an education hub of the state and first city to have campuses of both the Indian Institute of Technology and the Indian Institute of Management. Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, at an average altitude of 550 meters (1,800 ft) above sea level, it has the highest elevation among major cities of Central India. The city is 190 km (120 mi) west of the state capital of Bhopal. Indore had a census-estimated 2011 population of 1,994,397 and 2,170,295. The city is distributed over a land area of just 530 square kilometres (200 sq mi), making Indore the most densely populated major city in the central province. It comes under Tier 2 cities in India.
He initially worked in accident and emergency at the Royal Albert Infirmary, Wigan, followed by a position as a registrarin cardio-thoracic surgery at the London Chest Hospital, during which time his wife travelled from India to join him. Subsequently, he obtained placements at Broadgreen Hospital and Fazakerley Hospital, Liverpool. His two-year plan extended to four and he therefore remained.
The London Chest Hospital, located in Bethnal Green in London, adjacent to Victoria Park, was a hospital with a national reputation for treatment of cardiac and pulmonary disease. Since 1999 it had been run by the Barts Health NHS Trust. It closed in April 2015 as part of the creation of the Barts Heart Centre at St Bartholomew's Hospital, by consolidation of services from the London Chest Hospital and The Heart Hospital, part of University College London Hospital.
Broadgreen Hospital is a teaching hospital in the suburb of Broadgreen in the city of Liverpool, England. The hospital, alongside the Royal Liverpool University Hospital and Liverpool University Dental Hospital in the city centre is managed by the Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust.
Aintree University Hospital is a National Health Service hospital in Fazakerley, Merseyside. It is managed by Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
By 1975, his children were settling into secondary school and there were increasing job opportunities in general practice. He completed his one-year vocational training in Liverpool and whilst job searching, worked as a GP locum prior to being taken on as a partner with another Asian-born GP who had suffered a heart attack.This practice belonged to a Goan GP, Dr Paes, whose Welsh wife, Dilys, took care of the paperwork and whose daughter carried out the role of receptionist. Without an appointment system, patients turned up and waited their turn. Thereafter, Pande ran this practice and gained another practice in 1981.
Being single-handed and unable to always use an expensive locum service meant that Pande had to be available to patients twenty-four hours a day, every day of the year. Other difficulties included some female patients not wishing to disclose their problems to a male doctor. However, as an independent practitioner with some autonomy in decision-making, Pande had the freedom to appoint assistance from a nurse, and in Liverpool was the first single-handed GP to do so.
Pande became involved in television programmes for Asian people,He hosted a citizens' rights programme Aap Kaa Hak (This is Your Right), broadcast by Granada TV from 1980, for fourteen years. It was founded on the principles of Lord Michael Winstanley's English-language show This is Your Right . In a similar manner, Pande would respond to queries about health and welfare in Hindi and Urdu, whilst his Pakistani barrister friend answered the legal queries.
The show introduced Pande to numerous allied health professionals including dieticians and social workers, and he extended their services to his own practice, providing "children's health checks, vaccinations, and family-planning clinics".
He worked as broadcaster for the BBC North West TV and BBC Radio Merseyside, and for 24 years has been a Justice of Peace on the Liverpool bench. In 2002, he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Merseyside.
Pande has been chairman of the British International Doctors' Association, (BIDA), previously known as the Overseas Doctors Association (ODA). He was the first Asian doctor to be elected as treasurer of the General Medical Council.
In 1996, Pande initiated and oversaw the pilot of the first part of the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) test to be held in India. The innovation allowed thousands of young Indian doctors to sit the exam in their home country, rather than in Britain.
In 1984, Pande arranged for India's World Cup-winning cricketers to be involved in coaching unemployed Liverpool youngsters when the Indian cricketers visited the city in 1984.
A year later, hoping to achieve a similar success as the music world had done for the Ethiopian famine victims with Band Aid,he raised £20,000 for Mother Teresa's charity and the orphans of the Bhopal gas disaster by forming for the first time, a combined India-Pakistan XI cricket team to play against "the rest of the world". The match was held on 28 August 1985, at Old Trafford Cricket Ground, home of the Lancashire County Cricket Club, Manchester, one of the sponsors. Players included Clive Lloyd as captain of "the rest of the world", with Desmond Haynes, Alvin Kallicharran, Peter Lever and Graeme Fowler amongst others from Britain, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. The India-Pakistan team was captained by Gundappa Viswanath, and included Madan Lal, Kirti Azad, Dilip Doshi, Mudassar Nazar, Mohsin Khan and others. The crowd numbered almost 5,000, and it was televised by Granada TV. Pande personally presented the raised funds to Mother Teresa and the then prime minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi.
In addition, he raised funds for the 1993 Latur earthquake victims at a reception hosted by Prince Charles at Kensington Palace.
After 30 years in general practice,Pande retired in 2005.
In 2016, Pande was appointed visiting professor in ethics and leadership at Gauhati University, India.A year later, he was appointed visiting professor at the University of Bolton.
In 2018, his story was part of an exhibition at the RCGP in London on South Asian migrant doctors in the UK.His interview was one of forty-five oral histories in Julian M. Simpson's Migrant architects of the NHS; South Asian doctors and the reinvention of British general practice (1940s-1980s) , used to illustrate how imperial legacies and medical migration shaped healthcare in the UK in the decades following the founding of the NHS.
General practice is the name given in the United Kingdom to the service provided by General practitioners. In other countries similar services may be described as family medicine or primary care. The term Primary Care in the UK may also include services provided by community pharmacy, optometrist, dental surgery and community hearing care providers. The balance of care between primary care and secondary care - which usually refers to hospital based services - varies from place to place, and with time. In many countries there are initiatives to move services out of hospitals into the community, in the expectation that this will save money and be more convenient.
General Medical Services (GMS) is the term used to describe the range of healthcare that is provided by General Practitioners as part of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom. The NHS specifies what GPs, as independent contractors, are expected to do and provides funding for this work through arrangements known as the General Medical Services Contract. Today, the GMS contract is a UK-wide arrangement with minor differences negotiated by each of the four UK health departments. A new contract is issued each year.
Michael Dixon LVO, OBE, MA, FRCGP was chair of the NHS Alliance from 1998 to 2015 and is a past President of NHS Clinical Commissioners. He also chairs the College of Medicine. He is a Visiting Professor at University College London and the University of Westminster and National Clinical Champion for Social Prescribing.
John Henderson Hunt, Baron Hunt of Fawley, was a British general practitioner (GP) who, in 1952, co-founded the College of General Practitioners. In 1967 the royal prefix was approved and the college was renamed the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP). He became its president in the same year.
Maureen Baker is a Scottish medical doctor who was Chair of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) 2013–2016. She was previously Honorary Secretary of the RCGP 1999–2009.
Out-of-hours services are the arrangements to provide access to healthcare at times when General Practitioner surgeries are closed; in the United Kingdom this is normally between 6.30pm and 8am, at weekends, at Bank Holidays and sometimes if the practice is closed for educational sessions.
Aneez Esmail is a general practitioner and academic at the University of Manchester. He is a professor of general practice, a GP for three sessions a week and is the director of a research centre on patient safety in primary care. He is well known for his work over many years on racism in the British National Health Service. He has chaired a wide-ranging review of all postgraduate medical exams. He was medical adviser to the Shipman Inquiry. He was offered an OBE for his contribution to primary care and race relations in 2002, but declined it.
The British Association of Physicians of Indian Origin (BAPIO) is a voluntary organisation for doctors of Indian sub-continental origin in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1996. The president is Dr Ramesh Mehta of Bedford Hospital NHS Trust.
Nick Harding OBE BSc FRCGP FRCP HonMFPH DRCOG DOccMed PGDIP(Cardiology) SFFLM, born 21 December 1969, is a British general practitioner, Chair of the NHS Sandwell and West Birmingham Clinical Commissioning Group, and Senior Clinical Advisor to NHS England.
Professor Helen Jayne Stokes-Lampard PhD is a British medical academic and a general practitioner. She is Chair of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP), the UK's largest Medical Royal College, representing over 52,000 family doctors across the UK. She has an interest in women's health.
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George Francis Abercrombie, was a British physician who worked as a general practitioner (GP). In 1952, he co-founded the College of General Practitioners, later granted the royal prefix and renamed the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP). He became its president in 1967.
Nikita Kanani MBE is a General Practitioner and previously Chief Clinical Officer of the Bexley Clinical Commissioning Group. She is committed to improving service provision and access within the NHS. In 2018 she became the first woman to be Director of Primary Care in the NHS.
Harbans Lall Gulati was an Indian-born physician living in London, who was a councillor for both the Conservative and Labour parties. After the Second World War he took a special interest in the effect of rationing on the health of the population and was an active campaigner for the extension of mobile canteen services to older people who could not queue for rations. He had a special interest in ophthalmology and worked as a general practitioner in Battersea, London for over four decades.
Dipak Kumar Ray was an Indian-born physician who worked in general practice in Wales. He is best known for promoting equal opportunities and campaigning against racism in the medical profession in the 1970s.
This is Your Right was an advice programme made by Granada Television and presented by Michael Winstanley.
Migrant Architects of the NHS: South Asian Doctors and the Reinvention of British General Practice (1940s–1980s), written by Julian M. Simpson, and published by Manchester University Press in 2018, is a book which combines archival research, images and interviews to tell the story of the physicians who immigrated to Britain from South Asia and became general practitioners (GPs) during the first four decades of Britain's National Health Service (NHS).
Julian Malcolm Simpson is an independent scholar, writer, and historian of migration and healthcare. He is best known for the book Migrant Architects of the NHS: South Asian doctors and the reinvention of British general practice (1940s-1980s), published by Manchester University Press (2018), and which formed the basis of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP’s) exhibition commemorating the 70th anniversary of the NHS.