Shraavana

Last updated

Shraavana
rkssaabndhnm3.jpg
Tying the Rakhi on the wrist
Native nameश्रावण  (Sanskrit)
Calendar Hindu calendar
Month number4
Season Rainy
Gregorian equivalent July-August
Significant days
  Ashadha
Bhadra  

Śrāvaṇa (Sanskrit : श्रावण) is the fourth month of the Hindu calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Śrāvaṇa is the fourth month of the Hindu year, beginning in late July from the first day of the full moon and ending in the third week of August, the day of the next full moon. In the Tamil calendar, it is known as Āvani and is the fifth month of the solar year. In lunar religious calendars, Śrāvaṇa begins on the new moon and is the fourth month of the year. Srabon (Bengali : শ্রাবণ; also spelt Sravan) is the fourth month of the Bengali calendar. It is also the fourth month of the Nepali calendar. This is also the second month of Varsha (rainy) season.

Contents

The month of Shravana is very important for the entire sub-continent of India as it is connected to the arrival of the South-West monsoons. For many Hindus, the month of Shraavana is a month of fasting. Many Hindus will fast every Monday to the Lord Shiva and/or every Tuesday to the Goddess Parvati. Fasting on Tuesdays of this month is known locally as "Mangala Gauri Vrat". [1]

Festivals

Shravana is considered to be a holy month in the Hindu calendar due to the numerous festivals that are celebrated during this time. Also special worship of Lord Shiva and fasting is observed on Mondays. [2]

Dashamaa Vart

Dashamaa Vart is dedicated to Goddess Dashamaa and observed on the 1st day of Shraavana as per traditional Followed by Gujarat. [3]

Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami marks the birth of Lord Sri Krishna on the eighth day after the full moon and is celebrated with great pomp across the world, especially in the Vaishnava traditions. [4] [5]

Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan also called Rakhi Purnima or simply Rakhi in many parts of India and Nepal, is a Hindu religious festival. [6] The festival signifies and celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. It is celebrated on Shraavana Poornima (Full Moon). In simple words, Raksha bandhan means "Bond of Protection" [7]

Naryal Poornima

In western India and parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Goa, Shraavana Poornima (full moon) day is celebrated as Narali Purnima. On this day, an offering of a coconut (naryal in Gujarati, naral in Marathi) is made to the sea, as a mark of respect to Lord Varuna, the God of the Sea. In the coastal regions of Maharashtra i.e. Konkan, a coconut is offered to the sea for calming it down after the monsoon season. Narali Purnima is the beginning of the fishing season, and the fishermen, who depend on the sea for a living, make an offering to Lord Varuna so that they can reap bountiful fish from the sea. Fishermen start fishing in the sea after this ceremony. [8] [9]

Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is also celebrated in many parts of India on the fifth day after Amavasya of Shraavana month. The snake god Nāga is worshiped. The last day of the Shraavana is celebrated as Pola, where the bull is worshiped by farmers from Maharashtra. [10]

Basava Panchami

In Karnataka Basava Panchami (Kannada: ಬಸವ ಪಂಚಮಿ) is celebrated on the fifth day after amavasya. In 1196 AD this day Lingayat dharma guru Basava merged with god.[ clarification needed ]

Avani Avittam

In southern and central parts of India including Maharashtra , Goa, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Odisha, Shraavana Poornima day is when many communities perform the rituals of Avani Avittam or Upakarma.

Shri Baladeva birthday

Shraavana Poornima day is also celebrated as Shri Baladeva's birth ceremony. Lord Krishna's elder brother Prabhu Balarama was born on this Poornima. [11] [12]

Gamha Purnima

Gamha Purnima is celebrated in Odisha. On this date, all the domesticated cows and bullocks are decorated and worshipped. Various kinds of country-made cakes called pitha and sweets, mitha , are made and distributed within families, relatives and friends. In Oriya Jagannath culture, the lord Krishna and Radha enjoy the rainy season of Shravana starting from Shukla Pakhya Ekadashi (usually four days before Purnima) and ending on Rakhi Purnima with a festival called Jhulan Yatra. Idols of Radha-Krishna are beautifully decorated on a swing called Jhulan, hence the name Jhulan Yatra. [13] [14]

Kajari Purnima

In central parts of India such as Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand Shraavana Poornima day is celebrated as Kajari Purnima. It is an important day for farmers and women blessed with a son. On the ninth day after Shravana Amavasya, the preparations of the Kajari festival start. This ninth day is called Kajari Navami and varied rituals are performed by women who have sons until Kajri Purnima or the full moon day. [15] [16]

Pavitropana

In parts of Gujarat, Shraavana Poornima day is celebrated as Pavitropana. On this holiday, people perform the grand pooja or the worship of Lord Shiva. It is the culmination of the prayers done throughout the year. [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

Pavitra Ekadashi

On Ekadashi Day [11th day], Vaishnavas in Gujarat and Rajasthan celebrate it as the birth of Pushtimarga, the path of grace. On this day, Lord Krishna appeared in front of Shri Vallabhacharya. Shri Vallabhacharya offered him a thread (soothan), which was pious (pavitra). Since that day every year, Pavitra Ekadashi is celebrated. Such threads are offered from Ekadashi till Raksha Bandhan.

Jandhyam Poornima

Jandhyam is Sanskrit for 'sacred thread', and Poornima denotes the full moon in Sanskrit. Jandhyala Purnima is observed on the full moon day (Poornima) in the month of Shraavan in Andhra Pradesh. Brahmins perform the sacred thread changing ceremony on this day and it is also known as Yajurveda Nutanasahitha Upakarma. [22] [23]

Salono

In Haryana and Punjab, in addition to celebrating Raksha Bandhan, people observe the festival of Salono. [24] Salono is celebrated by priests solemnly tying amulets on people's wrists for protection against evil [25] [26] The day is dedicated to local saints involving devotees receiving such amulets. [27] In Haryana, the festival of Salono also involves sisters tying threads on brothers to ward off evil. [28] Despite the two festivals being similar in their practices, Salono and Raksha Bandhan are distinct observances with the threads tied for Salono being called ponchis. [29] [30]

Pola

Pola is a festival respecting bulls and oxen which is celebrated by farmers in Maharashtra. Pola is a thanksgiving festival of farmers and their families for their bulls. It is celebrated in Maharashtra to acknowledge the importance of bulls and oxen, who are a crucial part of agriculture and farming activities. It falls on the last day or the new moon day of Shraavana.

Shravani Mela

Shravani Mela is a major festival time at Deoghar in Jharkhand with thousands of saffron-clad pilgrims bringing holy water around 100 km on foot from the Ganges at Sultanganj, Bihar. [31] Shravan is also the time of the annual Kanwar Yatra, the annual pilgrimage of devotees of Shiva, known as Kanwaria make to Hindu pilgrimage places of Haridwar, Gaumukh and Gangotri in Uttarakhand to fetch holy waters of Ganges River [32]

Hindu saint Sri Guru Raghavendra Swami, who advocated Sri Madhvacharya's Dvaita philosophy, achieved Videha Mukti on Sraavana Bahula Dwitiya in 1671 AD .

Being the period when the monsoon falls the over heated plains of India, the season is celebrated in various texts, such as Sanskrit text, Meghaduta by Kalidasa. Many films too have been made with Sawan in their title, like Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke , (1969), Sawan Bhadon (1970), Solva Sawan (1979), Sawan Ko Aane Do (1979), Pyaasa Sawan (1980), etc.

Also in Hindustani classical music, many song are theme around, Radha-Krishna during the rainy season, plus Bollywood songs, e.g., Sawan ki Ritu Aai, Sawan ka Mahina Pawan kare Sor' and 'Rim jhim gire Saawan'.

During Shraavana the Hindu community in the regions of Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka practice a vegetarian diet. This is because during the monsoon season it is difficult to get seafood; it is thought that most fish spawn during this period and abstaining from fishing in Shraavana will lead to increased fish throughout the year.

See also

Related Research Articles

Raksha Bandhan Hindu annual rite from South Asia

Raksha Bandhan is a popular, traditionally Hindu, annual rite, or ceremony, which is central to a festival of the same name celebrated in South Asia, and in other parts of the world significantly influenced by Hindu culture. On this day, sisters of all ages tie a talisman, or amulet, called the Rakhi, around the wrists of their brothers, symbolically protecting them, receiving a gift in return, and traditionally investing the brothers with a share of the responsibility of their potential care.

Jyeshtha (month) 3rd month of the Hindu calendar

Jyeshtha or Jyēṣṭha is a month of the Hindu calendar. In India's national civil calendar, Jyestha is the third month of the year. Known as Joishtho in Bengali, it is the second month of the Bengali calendar.

Ashadha 4th month of the Hindu calendar

Ashadha or Aashaadha or Aadi is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to June/July in the Gregorian calendar. In India's national civil calendar, this month is the fourth month of the year, beginning on 22 June and ending on 22 July. In Vedic Jyotish, Āsāṛh begins with the Sun's entry into Gemini. It is the first of the two months that comprise the monsoon season.

Bhai Dooj

Bhai Dooj, Bhaubeej, Bhai Tika or Bhai Phonta is a festival celebrated by Hindus on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar or of Shalivahan Shaka calendar month of Kartika. It is celebrated during the Diwali or Tihar festival and Holi festival. The celebrations of this day are similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. On this day, brothers give gifts to their sisters. In the southern part of the country, the day is celebrated as Yama Dwitiya. In the Kayastha community, two Bhai Doojs are celebrated. The more famous one comes on the second day after Diwali. But the lesser-known one is celebrated a day or two after Diwali. In Haryana and Uttar Parades a ritual also followed, a dry coconut with klewa tied along its width for worshipping is also used at the time of doing aarti of a brother.

Sharad Purnima

Sharad Purnima is a harvest festival celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin, marking the end of the monsoon season. On this auspicious day, many divine pairs like Radha Krishna, Shiva Parvati and Lakshmi Narayan are worshipped along with the moon and are offered flowers and kheer. Deities in temples are usually dressed in white color signifying the brightness of moon. Many people observe full day fasting on this day.

Ekadashi Eleventh day of the lunar fortnight

(Ē)Ekādaśī ("Eleventh"), also spelled as (Ē)Ekādaśi, is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of each of the two lunar phases which occur in an vedic calendar month - the Shukla Pakṣa and the Kṛṣṇa Pakṣa It is according to the Vedic medical texts of Ayurveda and is mentioned in detail in many original treatises such as Charaka Samhita and Susruta Samhita.

<i>Teej</i> Hindu festival

Teej is the generic name for a number of Hindu festivals that are celebrated by women. Haryali Teej and Hartalika Teej welcome the monsoon season and are celebrated primarily by girls and women, with songs, dancing and prayer rituals. The monsoon festivals of Teej are primarily dedicated to Parvati and her union with Shiva. Women often fast in celebration of Teej. Hartalika Teej is celebrated in all parts of Nepal and most of the parts of North India. Teej festivals are traditionally observed by women to celebrate the monsoons during the months of Shravan and Bhadrapada of Hindu calendar. Women often pray to Parvati and Shiva during Teej.

Upākarma "Beginning", also called Āvaṇi Aviṭṭam, Āvaṇi Aviṭṭam, Janivārada Huṇṇime, Gahmā Pūrṇimā, Jaṁdhyāla Paurṇami is a Vedic ritual practiced by Hindus of the Brahmin caste. This ritual is also practiced by the Kshatriya and Vaishya,(VISHWAKARMA)[ [Varna community, who are dvijas and therefore have the rights to do Sandhyavandanam, the daily prayer offered to sun god thrice a day.

Kartik Purnima Hindu and Jain holy day

Kartika Purnima is a Hindu, Sikh and Jain cultural festival, celebrated on the Purnima day or the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November–December). It is also known as Tripuri Purnima and Tripurari Purnima. It is sometimes called Deva-Diwali or Deva-Deepawali, the festival of lights of the gods. Karthika Deepam is a related festival celebrated in South India and Sri Lanka on a different date. Kartik Puja is also related with the baby-birth among the Bengalis who believe worshipping Kartik for three consecutive years will bless them with a male child.

Chaturmas

Chaturmas is a holy period of four months, beginning on Shayani Ekadashi—the eleventh day of the bright half, Shukla paksha, of Ashadh —until Prabodhini Ekadashi, the eleventh day of the bright half of Kartik in Hinduism.

Prabodhini Ekadashi

Prabodhini Ekadashi also known as Devotthan Ekadashi or Devthan, is the 11th lunar day (ekadashi) in the bright fortnight of the Hindu month of Kartik. It marks the end of the four-month period of Chaturmas, when god Vishnu is believed to sleep. It is believed that Vishnu sleeps on Shayani Ekadashi and wakes on Prabodhini Ekadashi, thus giving this day the name "Prabodhini Ekadashi", Vishnu-prabodhini and Hari-prabodhini, Dev-Prabodhini Ekadashi, Utthana ekadashi, Deothan, Dev uthav ekadashi or Dev Oothi ekadashi. The end of Chaturmas, when marriages are prohibited, signifies the beginning of the Hindu wedding season. It is also known as Kartiki Ekadashi, Kartik Shukla ekadashi and Kartiki. Prabodhini Ekadashi is followed by Kartik Poornima, which day is celebrated as Dev Diwali or Diwali of gods.

Haragapur is a village in Belgaum district in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is attached to NH-4. Places to visit are Shivaji Fort, Mallikarjun Temple & Navanath Mandir. Village is located on Hilltop. Language spoken here is Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ)

Punjabi festivals are various festive celebrations observed by Punjabis in Pakistan, India and the diaspora Punjabi community found worldwide. The Punjabis are a diverse group of people from different religious background that affects the festivals they observe. According to a 2007 estimate, the total population of Punjabi Muslims is about 90 million, with 97% of Punjabis who live in Pakistan following Islam, in contrast to the remaining 30 million Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus who predominantly live in India.

Pūrṇimā is the word for full moon in Sanskrit. The day of Purnima is the day (Tithi) in each month when the full moon occurs, and marks the division in each month between the two lunar fortnights (paksha), and the Moon is aligned exactly in a straight line, called a syzygy, with the Sun and Earth. Full moon is considered the third of the four primary phases of the Moon; the other three phases are new moon, first quarter moon, and third quarter moon. The full moon shows 100% illumination, causes high tides, and can concur with lunar eclipses.

Here is a list of glossary of Culture of India in alphabetical order:

Kwati (soup) Nepali bean soup

Kwāti is a mixed soup of nine types of sprouted beans. It is a traditional Newari dish consumed on the festival of Guni Punhi, the full moon day of Gunlā which is the tenth month in the Nepal Era lunar calendar. It is also known and widely consumed as Gedagudi in the Mithila Region of Nepal, historically aligned down to Kingdom of Newar.

Jhulan Purnima Popular Vaishnavite festival

Jhulan Yatra is one of the most important festivals for the followers of Lord Krishna celebrated in the monsoon month of Shravan. According to Gregorian calendar, this festival falls in the period of July-August. After Holi and Janmashtami, it is the biggest and most popular religious occasion of the Vaishnavas. Known for its spectacular display of decorated swings, song and dance, Jhulan is a joyful festival celebrating the Radha Krishna amour coupled with the romantic fervor of the rainy season in India.

World Sanskrit Day, also known as Vishva-samskrita-dinam, is an annual event focused around the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit that incorporates lectures about the language and is aimed to promote its revival and maintenance. It is celebrated on Shraavana poornima, that is the full moon day of the Shraavana month in the Hindu calendar. The Sanskrit organisation Samskrita Bharati is involved in promoting the day. In the year 2021, this day is celebrated on August 22.

References

  1. "2022 Sawan Somwar, Shravan Somwar Vrat dates for New York City, New York, United States".
  2. Sawan Ke Somwar: https://www.bhaktibharat.com/en/festival/sawan-somwar
  3. "Hindu Blog".
  4. Ellwood, Robert (1998). The Encyclopedia of World Religions . New York: Infobase Publishing. pp.  199. ISBN   0-8160-6141-6.
  5. ( Krishna was born at 12 o'clock on that day.)
  6. K. Moti Gokulsing, Wimal Dissanayake (4 February 2009), Popular culture in a globalised India, Taylor & Francis, 2009, ISBN   978-0-415-47667-6 , retrieved 16 August 2011, ... Raksha Bandhan: A popular festival of Indian Sub-continent where sister ties a thread on brother's wrist, signifying love and/or seeking protection ...
  7. "Meaning of Raksha Bandhan, Significance of Rakhi, Rakshabandhan Significance, Meaning of Rakhi" . Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  8. "Narali Purnima - Narali Pournima Maharashtra, Narali Pournima Festival India".
  9. "Narali Poornima/ Coconut Festival". Magicalmumbai.com. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  10. Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Kolhapur District. Vol. 1. Directorate of Govt. Print., Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1976. p. 280.
  11. "Balaram Jayanti". Iskconbangalore.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  12. "Balaram Jayanti 2010". Iskconbangalore.org. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  13. http://www.orissa.gov.in/portal/LIWPL/event_archive/Events_Archives/89RakshaBandhan_GamhaPurnima.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  14. "Lord Jagannath: Festivals - Gamha Purnima, Festival of lord jagannath, Jagannath Puri, Jagannath Temple". orissa.oriyaonline.com. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  15. "Sri Sathya Sai Bal Vikas". Sssbalvikas.org. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  16. Author shubham95. "Raksha Bandhan - Mythology". Mythology.nuvvo.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.{{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  17. "Pavitropana, Pavitropana Festival". Raksha-bandhan.com. 21 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  18. John Marshall / Jaya Tirtha Charan Dasa. "PAvitropAna - PutradA EkAdasi". Salagram.net. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  19. "Pavitra Ekadashi 2011 – Pavitropana Ekadasi ~ Hindu Blog". Hindu-blog.com. 6 June 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  20. "Pavitropana Ekadasi". Archive.is. 20 December 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  21. "Pavitra Ekadashi Vrat - How To Observe Pavitropana Ekadashi Vrat, Story Of Pavitra Ekadashi Fasting". Festivals.iloveindia.com. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  22. Jandhyala Purnima
  23. "I Love Hyderabad". 10 October 2007. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  24. Kumar Suresh Singh, Madan Lal Sharma, A. K. Bhatia, Anthropological Survey of India (1994)
  25. Haryana District Gazetteers: Rohtak district gazetteer, 1910
  26. Census of India, 1961, Volume 15, Issue 6, Part 22
  27. Karnal District Gazetteer Archived 1 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  28. Shakti M. Gupta (1991) Festivals, Fairs, and Fasts of India
  29. Gwilym Beckerlegge (2001) World Religions Reader
  30. Lewis, Oscar (1865) Village Life in Northern India: Studies in a Delhi Village
  31. Fasts and festivals of India by Manish Verma, page 41
  32. "SPOTLIGHT: The long walk for worship". Frontline, (The Hindu). 14–27 August 2004. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)

1.Sawan somvar Vrat katha