Shropshire

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Shropshire
Salop
The Square, Shrewsbury.JPG
Shrewsbury, the county town of Shropshire
Motto(s): 
Floreat Salopia
("May Shropshire flourish")
Shropshire UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 52°37′N2°43′W / 52.617°N 2.717°W / 52.617; -2.717 Coordinates: 52°37′N2°43′W / 52.617°N 2.717°W / 52.617; -2.717
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region West Midlands
Established Ancient
Time zone UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police West Mercia Police
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Anna Turner JP [1] (from 2019)
High Sheriff Robert Anthony Morris-Eyton (2021/22)
Area3,487 km2 (1,346 sq mi)
  Ranked 13th of 48
Population (2021)498,073
  Ranked 42nd of 48
Density143/km2 (370/sq mi)
EthnicityFigures for Shropshire UA: [2]
93.8% White, British
1.9% White, other
1.5% S. Asian
0.9% Mixed
0.6% White, Irish
0.6% Black
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
17.4
(63.3)
21.5
(70.7)
25.2
(77.4)
26.7
(80.1)
31.2
(88.2)
35.7
(96.3)
34.9
(94.8)
29.6
(85.3)
28.1
(82.6)
18.4
(65.1)
15.4
(59.7)
35.7
(96.3)
Average high °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
8.1
(46.6)
10.3
(50.5)
13.2
(55.8)
16.3
(61.3)
19.1
(66.4)
21.1
(70.0)
20.7
(69.3)
18.1
(64.6)
14.2
(57.6)
10.3
(50.5)
7.7
(45.9)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.3
(39.7)
4.6
(40.3)
6.3
(43.3)
8.6
(47.5)
11.5
(52.7)
14.4
(57.9)
16.3
(61.3)
16.0
(60.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
6.9
(44.4)
4.5
(40.1)
9.8
(49.6)
Average low °C (°F)1.2
(34.2)
1.2
(34.2)
2.3
(36.1)
3.9
(39.0)
6.8
(44.2)
9.6
(49.3)
11.5
(52.7)
11.4
(52.5)
9.3
(48.7)
6.6
(43.9)
3.5
(38.3)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F)−21.4
(−6.5)
−12.9
(8.8)
−12.2
(10.0)
−5.9
(21.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.5
(36.5)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−25.2
(−13.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)57.4
(2.26)
43.3
(1.70)
43.4
(1.71)
47.1
(1.85)
53.6
(2.11)
59.0
(2.32)
57.6
(2.27)
64.2
(2.53)
61.1
(2.41)
68.8
(2.71)
60.8
(2.39)
66.3
(2.61)
682.5
(26.87)
Average snowfall mm (inches)26
(1.0)
19
(0.7)
3
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
27
(1.1)
80
(3.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)12.110.810.210.410.010.110.510.510.011.312.513.1131.6
Average snowy days3.02.91.10.30.00.00.00.00.00.00.21.69.1
Average relative humidity (%)90878483828483838688909086
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.874.9114.6158.1194.9187.5193.3168.0134.797.561.849.91,487.8
Mean daily daylight hours 8.39.911.914.015.816.816.314.712.710.68.77.712.3
Average ultraviolet index 2223444433223
Source 1: Met Office [33] European Climate Assessment and Dataset [34]
Source 2: WeatherAtlas [35]

Geology

Shropshire has a huge range of different types of rocks, stretching from the Precambrian until the Holocene. In the northern part of the county there are examples of Jurassic, Carboniferous, Permian and Triassic. Centrally, Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous and Permian predominate. And in the south it is predominantly Silurian and Quaternary. Shropshire has a number of areas with Silurian and Ordovician rocks, where a number of shells, corals and trilobites can be found. Mortimer Forest and Wenlock Edge are examples where a number of fossils can be found.

Statistical

For Eurostat purposes, the county (less the unitary district of Telford and Wrekin) is a NUTS 3 region (code UKG22). The two Shropshire unitary areas (covering all of the ceremonial county), together with the authorities covering the ceremonial county of Staffordshire, comprise the "Shropshire and Staffordshire" NUTS 2 region.

Emblems

Flag

The Shropshire county flag, based on the coat of arms granted in 1896. Flag of Shropshire.svg
The Shropshire county flag, based on the coat of arms granted in 1896.

The Shropshire county flag was registered with the Flag Institute in March 2012. [36] It shows three leopard heads ('loggerheads') on a gold and blue background.

Coat of arms

Shropshire's blazon is erminois, three pile azure, two issuant from the chief and one in base, each charged with a leopard's face. The arms were officially granted on 18 June 1896 and continued by the new authority in 2009. The heads are often referred to as "the loggerheads". This is thought to originate from the practice of carving a leopard head as a motif on the head of the log used as a battering ram. [37]

County flower

Drosera rotundifolia, Shropshire's county flower Drosera-rotundifolia.jpg
Drosera rotundifolia , Shropshire's county flower

In a national poll in 2002, conducted by Plantlife International, the round-leaved sundew ( Drosera rotundifolia ) was chosen as Shropshire's county flower. [38] The round-leaved sundew is a crimson-coloured insectivorous plant that requires a boggy habitat. Due to habitat loss its range is now dramatically reduced, [39] and Shropshire's Longmynd is one of the few areas in England where it can now be found. [40]

Shropshire Day

Shropshire's county day is on 23 February, the feast day of St Milburga, abbess of Wenlock Priory. St Milburga was the daughter of Anglo-Saxon king Merewalh, who founded the abbey within his sub-kingdom of Magonsæte. [41] The town adjoining the priory is now known as Much Wenlock, and lies within the boundaries of the modern county of Shropshire.

Motto

Shropshire's motto is Floreat Salopia, meaning "May Shropshire flourish". BR loco No.31147 was named 'Floreat Salopia', frequently seen on trains through Shrewsbury, on 30 May 1993 and denamed on 31 May 1997 when it was presumably withdrawn from service.

Towns and villages

Shropshire has no cities, but 22 towns, of which two can be considered major. Telford is the largest town in the county with a population of 138,241 (which is approximately 30% of the total Salopian populace); whereas the county town of Shrewsbury has a lower, but still sizeable population of 71,715 (15%). The other sizeable towns are Oswestry, Bridgnorth, Newport and Ludlow. The historic town of Wellington now makes up part of the Telford conurbation. The majority of the other settlements can be classed as villages or towns such as Much Wenlock or Whitchurch. Several villages have larger populations than the smallest town, Clun. The largest of these, Bayston Hill, is the 10th most populous settlement in the county. The names of several villages close to the border are of Welsh origin, such as Gobowen and Selattyn.

The larger settlements are primarily concentrated in a central belt that roughly follows the A5/M54 roadway. Other settlements are concentrated on rivers, for example Bridgnorth and Ironbridge on the Severn, or Ludlow on the Teme, as these waterways were historically vital for trade and a supply of water. [42]

Central Telford Skyline - geograph.org.uk - 75673.jpg
Telford
Old Shrewsbruy Market Hall -England.jpg
Shrewsbury
Oswestry, Shropshire.jpg
Oswestry
Bridgnorth - Old Market Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1323006.jpg
Bridgnorth
Parish Church of St. Nicholas, Newport, Shropshire.jpg
Newport
Ludlow, Shropshire.jpg
Ludlow

Ceremonial county of Shropshire
Telford and Wrekin shown within
ShropshireCountyMap2009.jpg
  Rivers,   Motorways,   'A' Roads,   Settlements
Largest settlements (by population) 2011:

Telford (138,241)
Shrewsbury (71,715)
Oswestry (15,613)
Bridgnorth (12,212)
Newport (11,387)
Ludlow (10,500)
Market Drayton (10,407)
Whitchurch (9,781)
Shifnal (7,094)
Bayston Hill (village) (5,079)
Wem (5,142)
Broseley (4,929)
Church Stretton (4,671)
Albrighton (village) (4,157)
Ellesmere (3,835)
Highley (village) (3,605)
Pontesbury (village) (3,500)
Shawbury (village) (2,872)
Prees (village) (2,688)
Much Wenlock (2,605)
Craven Arms (2,289)
Cleobury Mortimer (1,962)
Bishop's Castle (1,893)
Baschurch (village) (1,475)
Ruyton-XI-Towns (village) (1,379)
Clun (680)

The town of Telford was created by the merger and expansion of older, small towns to the north and east of The Wrekin. These towns now have sizeable populations that now make up the population of Telford: Wellington (20,430), [43] Madeley (17,935), [44] Dawley (11,399) [45] and Oakengates (8,517), [46] [47] but the Telford and Wrekin borough towns incentive aims to make Oakengates into the largest of the towns. [48]

Historically, all or parts of the towns of Halesowen, Smethwick and Oldbury, as well as the Quinton suburb of Birmingham, were in Shropshire. [49]

Politics

ShropshireParliamentaryConstituency2001Results.svg
Election results 2001
ShropshireParliamentaryConstituency2005Results.svg
Election results 2005 & 2010

Parliamentary constituencies

The county has five parliamentary constituencies, four of which returned Conservative MPs at the 2005 general election and one, Telford, returned a Labour MP. This is a marked change from the 2001 general election result, where the county returned only one Conservative, three Labour and a Liberal Democrat MP to the House of Commons (see maps to the right) (Labour = Red, Conservatives = Blue and Liberal Democrats = Orange).

The current MPs of Shropshire are:

Constituency19921997200120052010201520172021
Ludlow CON  Christopher Gill  LD   Matthew Green CON Philip Dunne
North Shropshire CON  John Biffen CON  Owen Paterson  LD  Helen Morgan
Shrewsbury & Atcham CON  Derek Conway  LAB   Paul Marsden LD  Paul Marsden CON Daniel Kawczynski
Telford LAB  Bruce Grocott* LAB  Bruce Grocott LAB  David Wright CON Lucy Allan
The Wrekin LAB  Peter Bradley CON Mark Pritchard

2021 refers to the by election in North Shropshire only.

Divisions and environs

Shrewsbury is Shropshire's county town and seat of Shropshire Council. Shrewsbury Christmas.jpg
Shrewsbury is Shropshire's county town and seat of Shropshire Council.

Most of the ceremonial county of Shropshire is covered for purposes of local government by Shropshire Council, a unitary authority established in 2009. Telford and Wrekin is a unitary authority, with borough status, which forms part of the county for various functions such as Lord Lieutenant but is a separate local authority from Shropshire Council. Many services are shared by both authorities, such as the fire and rescue service, and the two authorities co-operate on some projects such as mapping flood risk.

The whole county (including Telford and Wrekin) is served by the Shropshire Fire and Rescue Service. Shropshireladder.jpg
The whole county (including Telford and Wrekin) is served by the Shropshire Fire and Rescue Service.

The new unitary authority for Shropshire, Shropshire Council, divides the county into three areas, each with its own area committee: North, Central and South. These area committees deal with town and country planning matters.

With the parishing of the formerly unparished area of Shrewsbury in 2008, the entire ceremonial county is now parished. The sizes of parishes varies enormously in terms of area covered and population resident. Shrewsbury is the most populous parish in the county (and one of the most populous in England) with over 70,000 residents, whilst Boscobel is the smallest parish in Shropshire by geographical area and by population, with just 12 residents according to the 2001 census. [50] The smaller parishes (with populations of less than 200) usually have a joint parish council with one or more neighbouring parishes, or in some instances, have a parish meeting (such as in Sibdon Carwood). The urban area of Telford is divided into many parishes, each covering a particular suburb, some of which are historic villages or towns (such as Madeley). The parish remains an important sub-division and tier of local government in both unitary authority areas of Shropshire.

Local government 1974–2009

The ceremonial county prior to the 2009 local government restructuring, with just Telford & Wrekin as a unitary authority (shown yellow) Shropshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
The ceremonial county prior to the 2009 local government restructuring, with just Telford & Wrekin as a unitary authority (shown yellow)

In 1974 the non-metropolitan county of Shropshire was constituted, covering the entire county. There was a two-tier system of local government, constituting a county council (as the upper tier) and six district councils – Bridgnorth, North Shropshire, Oswestry, Shrewsbury and Atcham, South Shropshire and The Wrekin. In 1998 The Wrekin became a unitary authority, administratively separate from the county council, and became Telford and Wrekin. The two-tier structure remained in the remainder of the county and was the least populated two-tier area in England.

Oswestry and Shrewsbury & Atcham were each granted borough status in 1974. Telford and Wrekin became a borough in 2002.

2009 restructuring

Shropshire's Shirehall is located opposite Lord Hill's Column. Shirehall and Lord Hill Column.JPG
Shropshire's Shirehall is located opposite Lord Hill's Column.

In 2006 a local government white paper supported proposals for new unitary authorities to be set up in England in certain areas. Existing non-metropolitan counties with small populations, such as Cornwall, Northumberland and Shropshire, were favoured by the government to be covered by unitary authorities in one form or another (the county either becoming a single unitary authority, or be broken into a number of unitary authorities). For the counties in the 2009 reorganisation, existing unitary authority areas within the counties' ceremonial boundaries (such as Telford and Wrekin) were not to be affected and no boundary changes were planned.

Shropshire County Council, supported by South Shropshire District Council and Oswestry Borough Council, proposed to the government that the non-metropolitan county of Shropshire become a single unitary authority. This was opposed by the other three districts in the county, with Shrewsbury & Atcham Borough Council taking their objection to the High Court in a judicial review.

The proposal to create a Shropshire unitary authority, covering the area of the existing non-metropolitan county, was supported by the DCLG and 1 April 2009 was set as the date for the re-organisation to take place. The first elections to Shropshire Council took place on 4 June 2009, with the former Shropshire County Council being the continuing authority and its councillors became the first members of the new Shropshire Council on 1 April.

Part of the proposals include parishing and establishing a town council for Shrewsbury. The parish was created on 13 May 2008 and is the second most populous civil parish in England (only Weston-super-Mare has a greater population) with a population of over 70,000.

Political control of councils

Shropshire Council has been under Conservative control since the first election held in 2009; Telford and Wrekin Council has been under Labour control since 2011.

Transport

Montgomery Canal at Maesbury Marsh Montgomery Canal at Maesbury Marsh.jpg
Montgomery Canal at Maesbury Marsh
The direct InterCity from Shrewsbury to London Euston with a DVT and mailbags delivering the Royal Mail at a time when British Rail ran the network. 82109 - Shrewsbury (8959190070).jpg
The direct InterCity from Shrewsbury to London Euston with a DVT and mailbags delivering the Royal Mail at a time when British Rail ran the network.

Shropshire is connected to the rest of the United Kingdom via a number of road and rail links. Historically, rivers and later canals in the county were used for transport also, although their use in transport is now significantly reduced. The county's main transport hub is Shrewsbury, through which many significant roads and railways pass and join.

Canals in Britain were originally constructed for the transport of goods, but are now mainly used for leisure. In northern Shropshire three canals with a total navigable length of 41 miles (66 km) are managed by the Canal & River Trust: the Shropshire Union Canal (from north of Adderley to near Knighton), the Llangollen Canal (from Chirk Aqueduct to Grindley Brook) and the Montgomery Canal (from its beginning at Frankton Junction to Llanymynech). In addition, the Shrewsbury and Newport Canal potentially could be restored in the future. [51]

The M54 Motorway runs through the east of the county, as far as Wellington. M54, Westbound to Telford. - geograph.org.uk - 1247312.jpg
The M54 Motorway runs through the east of the county, as far as Wellington.

Major roads in the county include the M54 motorway, which connects Shropshire to the rest of the motorway network, and more specifically to the West Midlands county. The A5 also runs through the county, in an east–west direction. The road formerly ran through Shrewsbury, although a large dual-carriageway bypass has since been built. Other major trunk roads in the county include the north–south A49, the A53 and the A41.

There are a number of major railway lines running through the county, including the Welsh Marches Line, the Heart of Wales Line, the Cambrian Line, the Shrewsbury to Chester Line and the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury Line, as well as heritage railways including the well established Severn Valley Railway. The Cambrian Heritage Railway exists in Oswestry. The three train operating companies working in the county are West Midlands Trains, Transport for Wales and Avanti West Coast. A new company, Wrexham & Shropshire, commenced services from Shropshire to London Marylebone, in spring 2008 but the service was discontinued on 28 January 2011 leaving Shrewsbury without a direct link to the capital. [52] Virgin Trains (the operator at the time) recommenced services from Shrewsbury to London Euston on 11 December 2014, having withdrawn them in the late 1990s. [53]

Two major water supply aqueducts run across Shropshire; the Elan aqueduct running through South Shropshire carrying water from Elan Valley to Birmingham and the Vyrnwy Aqueduct running through North Shropshire delivering water from Lake Vyrnwy to Liverpool.

Economy

The Royal Air Force's Defence Helicopter Flying School is based at RAF Shawbury Squirrel Helicopter at RAF Shawbury MOD 45151116.jpg
The Royal Air Force's Defence Helicopter Flying School is based at RAF Shawbury
Shrewsbury's town centre contains the Darwin, Pride Hill and Riverside shopping centres, as well as more traditional historic retail areas. PridehillCB.jpg
Shrewsbury's town centre contains the Darwin, Pride Hill and Riverside shopping centres, as well as more traditional historic retail areas.
Telford Plaza in Telford Town Centre TelfordPlaza.JPG
Telford Plaza in Telford Town Centre

Traditionally, agriculture has dominated the economy of Shropshire . [54] The area later became more service-oriented. The county town of Shrewsbury, the historic castle-dominated Ludlow, the International Olympic Movement's reputed birthplace Much Wenlock and the industrial birthplace of Ironbridge Gorge are the foremost tourist areas in Shropshire, [55] along with the restored canal-network which provides narrowboat holidays on the Shropshire Union Canal and other canals in the region. The natural beauty of the county draws people to all areas.

Industry is mostly found in Telford, Oswestry, Whitchurch, Market Drayton and Shrewsbury, though small industrial estates have developed in most of the market towns as well as on former airfields in rural areas. In towns such as Whitchurch, much of the high street is predominantly composed of small independent business which specialise in handmade items or antiques. Many of the businesses in Shropshire are family run such as Raven Yard Antiques, a family run antiques shop located in Watergate Street, Whitchurch. [56] Shrewsbury is becoming[ when? ] a centre for distribution and warehousing, as it is located on a nodal point of the regional road-network. [57] [58]

In Telford, a new rail freight facility was opened in 2009 by Telford and Wrekin Council at Donnington [59] with the future goal of extending the line[ which? ] to Stafford. [58]

Telford and Shrewsbury are the county's two main retail centres, with contrasting styles of shopping – Shrewsbury's largely historic streets and Telford's large modern mall, Telford Shopping Centre. [60] Shrewsbury also has two medium-sized shopping centres, the indoor "Pride Hill" and "Darwin" centres (both located on Pride Hill), [61] and a smaller, partially covered, "Riverside Mall". Shrewsbury's location as the nearest substantial town for those in a large area of mid-Wales helps it draw in considerable numbers of shoppers, notably on Saturdays.

Well-known companies in Shropshire include Müller Dairy (UK) Ltd in Market Drayton. [62] The Royal Air Force operates two bases at RAF Cosford and RAF Shawbury, [63] and the charity PDSA has its head office in Priorslee, Telford. [64]

Statistics

Below is the chart of regional gross value added for the non-metropolitan county (that is, excluding Telford & Wrekin) of Shropshire at current basic prices, [65] with figures in millions of British pounds sterling.

YearRegional Gross Value Added [66] Agriculture [67] Industry [68] Services [69]
19952,3882386181,533
20002,9771777392,061
20033,5771978432,538

With the statistics for the borough of Telford and Wrekin included, the following represents the ceremonial county:

YearRegional Gross Value Added [66] Agriculture [67] Industry [68] Services [69]
19954,1512661,4832,403
20005,0491971,5123,340
20035,9472181,6934,038

Education

Shrewsbury School, with its boathouse on the River Severn in the foreground. Shrewsbury School and boathouse.JPG
Shrewsbury School, with its boathouse on the River Severn in the foreground.

The Shropshire Council area has a completely comprehensive education system, whilst in the borough of Telford and Wrekin there are two selective schools, both of which are located in Newport — these are the Haberdashers' Adams School and Newport Girls' High School (both of which are ranked within the top thirty schools in the country). In Telford itself is the Thomas Telford School, ranked as one of the best comprehensive schools in England. [70]

Some Shropshire children attend schools in Wales, including Llanfyllin High School. [71]

The county has many independent schools, including Ellesmere College, founded in 1884, Shrewsbury School, founded in 1552, and Oswestry School, founded in 1407.

There are three sixth-form colleges located in Shropshire: the New College, Telford, Shrewsbury Sixth Form College and Ludlow College. Adams' Grammar and Newport Girls' High Schools both provide sixth-form education as well as secondary education.

There are also two institutions of higher education in Shropshire, the Telford campus of the University of Wolverhampton and in Edgmond, near Newport, Harper Adams University, which formerly offered mostly agriculture-based degrees but is expanding its range of provision. A third higher education institution was created in Shrewsbury in 2015, which is a campus of the University of Chester. [72]

In Ironbridge, the University of Birmingham operates the Ironbridge Institute in partnership with the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, which offers postgraduate and professional development courses in heritage.

Shropshire has the highest educational attainment in the West Midlands region. [73]

Places of interest

Notable people

Charles Darwin, 1854 Charles Darwin aged 51.jpg
Charles Darwin, 1854
Clive of India statue in Shrewsbury's Square Clive of india statue in shrewsbury.jpg
Clive of India statue in Shrewsbury's Square
Captain Matthew Webb, 1883 Captain Matthew Webb.jpg
Captain Matthew Webb, 1883
Wilfred Owen, 1920 plate Wilfred Owen plate from Poems (1920).jpg
Wilfred Owen, 1920 plate
William Penny Brookes, 1875 William Penny Brookes 1875.jpg
William Penny Brookes, 1875

Cultural references

A 1984 film adaptation of A Christmas Carol was filmed in Shrewsbury. Scrooge's fictional grave remains in the churchyard of St. Chad's Church. EbenezerScroogeGrave.JPG
A 1984 film adaptation of A Christmas Carol was filmed in Shrewsbury. Scrooge's fictional grave remains in the churchyard of St. Chad's Church.

Sport

The New Meadow football stadium, home to Shrewsbury Town Football Club. STFC - New Meadow (Aerial).jpg
The New Meadow football stadium, home to Shrewsbury Town Football Club.
Hawkstone Motocross Circuit Hawkstone international 2007 hawkstone hill 01 jamie clarke.jpg
Hawkstone Motocross Circuit

There are a significant number of sporting clubs and facilities in Shropshire, many of which are found in Shrewsbury and Telford in addition to a number of clubs found locally throughout the county. Shropshire is home to a variety of established amateur, semi-pro and professional sports clubs.

The county is home to one of five National Sports Centres. Situated at Lilleshall Hall just outside Newport in Lilleshall, this is where the 1966 England National football team trained for two weeks prior to their success in the World Cup of 1966.

Football

The three highest football (and only professional) clubs in the county are Shrewsbury Town (EFL League One), A.F.C. Telford United (National League North) and The New Saints (Welsh Premier League) in Oswestry.

There are numerous semi-professional football clubs in the lower leagues. The governing body in the county is the Shropshire Football Association, who organise a number of county-wide cup competitions, including the Shropshire Senior Cup. In 2020 the Shropshire County Football League was created, replacing the Shropshire Premier League. As of the 2022–23 football season the following Shropshire clubs play in these English leagues (the highest team of each club shown only):

Level LeagueClubs
3 League One Shrewsbury Town
6 National League North AFC Telford United
9 Midland League Premier Division Market Drayton Town, Shifnal Town, Whitchurch Alport
10 Midland League Division One AFC Bridgnorth, Haughmond, Shawbury United
North West Counties League Division One South Ellesmere Rangers

Also, some clubs situated near the Welsh border play in the Welsh league system:

Level LeagueClubs
1 Cymru Premier The New Saints
4 Mid Wales Football League Northern Division Bishop's Castle Town

Other sports

The historic Wenlock Olympian Society Annual Games (begun 1850) are held annually in Much Wenlock during the second weekend in July. A four-day festival, the Games include cricket, volleyball, tennis, bowls, badminton, triathlon, 10k road race, track and field events, archery, five-a-side football, veteran cycle events, clay pigeon shooting and a golf competition.

The county has a number of private and public golf courses, including the Church Stretton Golf Club, situated on the slopes of the Long Mynd. It is the oldest 18-hole golf course in Shropshire, opened in 1898, and one of the highest in the United Kingdom. There is one notable horse racing racecourse in Shropshire, near Ludlow, the Ludlow Racecourse.

Shropshire Star Newport Nocturne Bike race 2006 Nocturanl barlie.jpg
Shropshire Star Newport Nocturne Bike race 2006

The area also has a rich motorsports heritage, with the Loton Park Hillclimb and Hawkstone Park Motocross Circuit situated near Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury Motocross Club has staged motocross events in the area for over 30 years. There is additionally an ice hockey club in the county, the Telford Tigers.

One of the biggest one-day events in Shropshire and the biggest one-day cycle race in the UK is the Shropshire Star Newport Nocturne, founded 1970; held every four years, it is Britain's only floodlit cycle race. [81]

The county has one American football team, Shropshire Revolution, which was founded in 2006, and is a club in the British American Football League. Former teams in the county have included the Wrekin Giants, which ran from 1985 to 1989 and the Shropshire Giants which ran in 1989. Shropshire has a number of rugby clubs, including Newport (Salop) Rugby Union Football Club, the highest-leveled team in the county, playing in the National League 3 Midlands.

See also

Notes

  1. RAF Shawbury is located approximately 7 miles (11 km) NE of Shrewsbury, and 12 miles (19 km) NW of Telford.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Telford</span> Town in Shropshire, England

Telford is a town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England, about 15 miles (24 km) east of Shrewsbury, 21 miles (34 km) south west of Stafford, 19 miles (31 km) north west of Wolverhampton and 28 miles (45 km) from Birmingham in the same direction. With an estimated population of 175,271 in 2017 and 142,723 in Telford itself, Telford is the largest town in Shropshire and one of the fastest-growing towns in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Telford and Wrekin</span> Unitary authority area and borough in West Midlands, United Kingdom

Telford and Wrekin is a borough and unitary authority in Shropshire, England. In 1974, a non-metropolitan district of Shropshire was created called The Wrekin, named after a prominent hill to the west of Telford. In 1998, the district became a unitary authority and was renamed "Telford and Wrekin", which remains part of the Shropshire ceremonial county and shares institutions such as the Fire and Rescue Service and Community Health with the rest the county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Wrekin</span> Hill in Shropshire, England

The Wrekin is a hill in east Shropshire, England. It is located some five miles (8 km) west of Telford, on the border between the unitary authorities of Shropshire and Telford and Wrekin. Rising above the Shropshire Plain to a height of 407 metres above sea level, it is a prominent and well-known landmark, signalling the entrance to Shropshire for travellers westbound on the M54 motorway. The Wrekin is contained within the northern salient of the Shropshire Hills AONB. The hill is popular with walkers and tourists and offers good views of Shropshire. It can be seen well into Staffordshire and the Black Country, and even as far as the Beetham Tower in Manchester, Winter Hill in Lancashire and Cleeve Hill in Gloucestershire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ironbridge Gorge</span> Deep river valley in Shropshire, England

The Ironbridge Gorge is a deep gorge, containing the River Severn in Shropshire, England. It was first formed by a glacial overflow from the long drained away Lake Lapworth, at the end of the last ice age. The deep exposure of the rocks cut through by the gorge exposed commercial deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone and fireclay, which enabled the rapid economic development of the area during the early Industrial Revolution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shropshire Wildlife Trust</span>

The Shropshire Wildlife Trust is a wildlife trust covering the geographic county of Shropshire, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Much Wenlock</span> Small town and parish in England

Much Wenlock is a market town and parish in Shropshire, England, situated on the A458 road between Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth. Nearby, to the northeast, is the Ironbridge Gorge, and the new town of Telford. The civil parish includes the villages of Homer, Wyke, Atterley, Stretton Westwood and Bourton. The population of the civil parish, according to the 2001 census, was 2,605, increasing to 2,877 at the 2011 Census. Notable historic attractions in the town are Wenlock Priory and the Guildhall.

Shropshire was established during the division of Saxon Mercia into shires in the 10th century. It is first mentioned in 1006. After the Norman Conquest it experienced significant development, following the granting of the principal estates of the county to eminent Normans, such as Roger De Montgomery and his son Robert de Bellême.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rail transport in Shropshire</span> Overview of rail transport in Shropshire, England

The English county of Shropshire has a fairly large railway network, with 19 National Rail stations on various national lines; there are also a small number of heritage and freight lines, including the famous heritage Severn Valley Railway running along its eastern border with Worcestershire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ludlow (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the UK

Ludlow is a constituency in Shropshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Philip Dunne, a member of the Conservative Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Wrekin (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

The Wrekin is a constituency in the House of Commons of the British Parliament, located in the county of Shropshire in the West Midlands of England. It has existed continuously since its creation by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and is named after a prominent landmark hill in the area, The Wrekin. The constituency has periodically swung back and forth between the Labour and Conservative parties since the 1920s, and has been held since 2005 by a Conservative MP, Mark Pritchard.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madeley, Shropshire</span> Human settlement in England

Madeley is a constituent town and civil parish in Telford and Wrekin in Shropshire, England. The parish had a population of 17,935 at the 2001 census.

The geology of Shropshire is very diverse with a large number of periods being represented at outcrop. The bedrock consists principally of sedimentary rocks of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic age, surrounding restricted areas of Precambrian metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks. The county hosts in its Quaternary deposits and landforms, a significant record of recent glaciation. The exploitation of the Coal Measures and other Carboniferous age strata in the Ironbridge area made it one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution. There is also a large amount of mineral wealth in the county, including lead and baryte. Quarrying is still active, with limestone for cement manufacture and concrete aggregate, sandstone, greywacke and dolerite for road aggregate, and sand and gravel for aggregate and drainage filters. Groundwater is an equally important economic resource.

Shropshire Archives is located in Shrewsbury, England, and is the archives and local studies service for the historic county of Shropshire, which includes the borough of Telford and Wrekin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shropshire Council</span> British administrative body

Shropshire Council is the local authority of Shropshire, in England, comprising the ceremonial county of Shropshire except Telford and Wrekin. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined.

Shropshire Council elections are held every four years. Shropshire Council is the local authority for the unitary authority area of Shropshire, within the larger ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. The unitary authority was created on 1 April 2009 as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, taking over the functions of the abolished Shropshire County Council and the five non-metropolitan districts of Bridgnorth, North Shropshire, Oswestry, Shrewsbury and Atcham, and South Shropshire. The Telford and Wrekin district had already become a separate unitary authority in 1998. Since the last full review of boundaries in 2009, 74 councillors have been elected from 63 electoral divisions.

The Archdeacon of Salop is a senior ecclesiastical officer in the Church of England Diocese of Lichfield. The incumbent is Paul Thomas.

The Marches Local Enterprise Partnership is one of 39 Local Enterprise Partnerships set up by the UK Government to drive economic development in England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shropshire (district)</span> District in West Midlands

Shropshire is a district with the status of a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Shropshire, in the West Midlands region of England. It is named after the historic county of Shropshire. It covers the former districts of Bridgnorth, North Shropshire, Oswestry, Shrewsbury and Atcham and South Shropshire. These were merged into the modern-day unitary authority of Shropshire. The large town of Telford was not affected by this as it has been a unitary authority since 1996 under Telford and Wrekin borough. It contains 188 civil parishes.

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Further reading