Shulan

Last updated
Shulan

舒兰市
China Jilin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shulan
Location of the city
Coordinates(Shulan municipal government): 44°24′21″N126°57′56″E / 44.4059°N 126.9655°E / 44.4059; 126.9655 Coordinates: 44°24′21″N126°57′56″E / 44.4059°N 126.9655°E / 44.4059; 126.9655
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Prefecture-level city Jilin City
City Seat Baiqi (白旗镇)
Area
[1]
   County-level city 4,557.0 km2 (1,759.5 sq mi)
  Urban
180.00 km2 (69.50 sq mi)
Elevation
234 m (768 ft)
Population
 (2017) [1]
   County-level city 703,000
  Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
   Urban
133,200
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)

Shulan (simplified Chinese :舒兰; traditional Chinese :舒蘭; pinyin :Shūlán) is a county-level city in northern Jilin province, Northeast China. [2] It falls under the administration of Jilin City, 71 kilometres (44 mi) to the south-southwest.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Shulan is divided into 5 subdistricts, 10 towns, and 5 townships. [2] [3] The city is also home to a National Economic and Technological Development Zone. [3] The following table shows the township-level subdivisions of Shulan:

Township-Level Subdivisions of Shulan City [3]
English NamePinyinHanziSubdivision Type
Beicheng Subdistrict Běichéng Jiēdào北城街道 Subdistrict
Nancheng Subdistrict Nánchéng Jiēdào南城街道 Subdistrict
Huancheng Subdistrict Huánchéng Jiēdào环城街道 Subdistrict
Jishu Subdistrict Jíshū Jiēdào吉舒街道 Subdistrict
Binhe Subdistrict Bīnhé Jiēdào滨河街道 Subdistrict
Baiqi Báiqí Zhèn白旗镇 Town
Chaoyang Chāoyáng Zhèn朝阳镇 Town
Shangying Shàngyíng Zhèn上营镇 Town
Ping'an Píng'ān Zhèn平安镇 Town
Shuiquliu Shuǐqūliǔ Zhèn水曲柳镇 Town
Fate Fǎtè Zhèn法特镇 Town
Xihe Xīhé Zhèn溪河镇 Town
Xiaocheng Xiǎochéng Zhèn小城镇 Town
Kaiyuan Kāiyuán Zhèn开原镇 Town
Jinma Jīnmǎ Zhèn金马镇 Town
Lianhua Township Liánhuā Xiāng莲花乡 Township
Liangjiashan Township Liàngjiǎshān Xiāng亮甲山乡 Township
Xin'an Township Xīn'ān Xiāng新安乡 Township
Qili Township Qīlǐ Xiāng七里乡 Township
Tiande Township Tiāndé Xiāng天德乡 Township

Geography

The city spans an area of approximately 4,557 square kilometers in area, bounded by the Songhua River to its west. [2] The Hulan River also flows through the city. [2] The city has an average elevation of 740 meters in height. [2] Shulan is home to a total of 318 species of animals which are classified as protected by the government, including sables, tigers, oriental storks, black storks, Asian black bears, yellow-throated martens, lynx, red deer, hazel grouse, Siberian cranes, swans, and various types of hawks and eagles. [4]

Climate

The average annual temperature of Shulan 4.3 °C, and the annual precipitation averages 683 millimeters. [2]

History

From the Xia Dynasty through the Qin Dynasty, the region of present-day Shulan was inhabited by the Sushen People. [5] Afterwards, during the Han Dynasty, the area fell under the jurisdiction of the Xuantu Commandery. [5] Upon the establishment of the Dongdan Kingdom, the area began inhabited by the Jurchen People. [5]

Shulan's historical sites include the tombs of Wanyan Xiyin, the erstwhile "Chief Shaman" of the Jurchens and, later, the chief minister of the early Jin Empire, and his family members. Since 1961, they have been listed on the provincial register of the protected historical sites. [6]

During the Qing Dynasty, the so-called Outer Willow Palisade, separating the Mongolian and Manchurian lands to the west and east respectively, ended near the town of Fate (法特镇) within today's Shulan. [7]

Economy

Like much of China, Shulan experienced vast economic growth throughout the 2000's, with the city's GDP increasing from 4.309 billion Renminbi in 2005 to 12.801 by 2010. [8] During this time, the city's average wages also rose dramatically, from 8,039 Renminbi in 2005 to 22,896 Renminbi five years later. [9] The city's GDP peaked in 2014 at 21.052 billion Renminbi, and has remained stable at approximately 20 billion during the latter 2010's. [8] During this economic slowdown, the Shulan's tertiary sector has grown in importance, accounting for 53.7% of the city's GDP as of 2018. [10]

Agriculture

As of 2018, the city's crop planting area is 134,000 hectares, including 48,000 hectares of rice, 79,000 hectares of corn, and 77,000 hectares of soybeans, and the city achieved total grain output of 914,000 tons. [10] Shulan's animal husbandry sector includes 1.222 million live pigs, 327,000 heads of cattle, 1.201 million heads of chickens, and 1.806 million heads of swan. [10] The city has also developed a considerable forestry industry. [10]

Natural Resources

Mineral deposits in Shulan include lignite, silica, white granite, and peat. [2] The city also has China's only significant deposit of ball clay. [2] Shulan's proven basic reserves of coal are 211 million tons, mainly lignite. [4] The proven reserves of molybdenum in the city are 710,300 tons, which are mainly distributed in a few small towns. [4] The city also has proven reserves totaling 97.097 million tons of ball clay, 5.67 million cubic meters of basalt, and about 200 million cubic meters of granite. [4] There is also considerable reserves of mineral water. [4]

Education

There are 184 schools in the city, including 4 high schools, 1 vocational high school, 20 junior high schools, 95 primary schools, and 1 special education school. [10] The city has a total of 53,000 students. [10]

Transportation

Key roadways which pass through Shulan include China National Highway 202, Jilin Provincial Highway 204, and Jilin Provincial Highway 205. [2] The Labin Railway and the Jilin-Shulan Railway pass through the city. Major railway stations in the city include the Fengguang, Jishu, Dongfu, Ma'anling, Shangying, Xiaocheng, Shuiqiliu, Ping'an, and Shulan stations. [2]

Related Research Articles

Jilin Province of China

Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Tangshan Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Tangshan is a coastal, industrial prefecture-level city in the northeast of Hebei province. The city's industrialization began in 1870, when Kailuan Group established coal mines in the region. It's the birthplace of China's first standard-gauge railway, the first railway plant, the first steam locomotive, and the first cement factory. It was hailed as China's "cradle of industrialization". Even today, Tangshan is a hub of steel, energy, chemical, and ceramics production. Ping opera, which originated from the city's Luanzhou county, is one of the five most popular Chinese operas.

Benxi Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Benxi is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, south-southeast of the provincial capital Shenyang. Its population was 1,709,538 at the 2010 census whom 1,011,377 lived in the built-up area made of 3 urban districts. It was founded as a metallurgical center in 1915. Benxi Iron and Steel Company (Bengang) is the largest employer in the city, and used to be the fourth-largest steel company in China. The second-largest industry in Benxi is coal mining. Benxi has pollution problems due to steel production and coal mining.

Emperor Taizu of Jin Emperor of the Jin dynasty

Emperor Taizu of Jin, personal name Aguda, sinicised name Min, was the founder and first emperor of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty, which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries. He was initially the chieftain of the Wanyan tribe, the most dominant among the Jurchen tribes which were subjects of the Khitan-led Liao dynasty. Starting in 1114, Aguda united the Jurchen tribes under his rule and rebelled against the Liao dynasty. A year later, he declared himself emperor and established the Jin dynasty. By the time of his death, the Jin dynasty had conquered most of the Liao dynasty's territories and emerged as a major power in northern China. In 1145, he was posthumously honoured with the temple name Taizu by his descendant, Emperor Xizong.

Zhangjiagang County-level city in Jiangsu, Peoples Republic of China

Zhangjiagang, formerly Shazhou County, is a county-level city under the administration of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China and one of the many ports along the Yangtze river.

Luohe Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Luohe is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province, China. It is surrounded by the cities of Xuchang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian and Pingdingshan on its north, east, south and west respectively. Its population was 2,544,266 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,294,974 lived in the built-up area made up of Yancheng, Shaoling and Yuanhui districts.

Jishou County-level city in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Jishou is a county-level city and the seat of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan province, China.

Liaoyuan Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Liaoyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is bounded on the west and south by Tieling of Liaoning province, west and north by Siping, and east by Tonghua and Jilin City. Liaoyuan lies some 100 km (62 mi) south of Changchun, the provincial capital. Covering an area of 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi), Liaoyuan is the smallest among the prefecture-level divisions of Jilin. Liaoyuan has a total population of 1,176,645 in the prefecture, while the urban area has a population of 462,233.

Siping, Jilin Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Siping, formerly Ssupingkai, is a prefecture-level city in the west of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. Located in the middle of the Songliao Plain and at the intersection of Jilin, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia, Siping covers an area of 14,323 km2 (5,530 sq mi). At the 2015 census, Siping has a total population of 3.36 million while the urban population is 625,000.

Gushen, also known as Wushi or Hushe, and better known by his sinicised name Wanyan Xiyin, was a Jurchen noble and civil minister who lived in the founding and early years of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty (1115–1234), which ruled northern China between the 12th and 13th centuries. He was a chief adviser to Aguda, the founder and first emperor of the Jin dynasty. Described by modern writers as the "Chief Shaman" of the pre-Jin Jurchen state, he became deeply interested in Han Chinese culture, and is particularly known as the creator of the first writing system for the Jurchen language.

Jingshan, Hubei County-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Jingshan is a county-level city of Jingmen City, in central Hubei Province, People's Republic of China. It is named after nearby Mount Jingyuan (京源山). It is bordered on the north by the Dahong Mountain and on the south by the Jianghan Plain. The county has an area of over 3,520 square kilometres (1,360 sq mi). It has one economic development zone, jurisdiction 14 towns. Jingshan is located approximately one hour's drive from the provincial capital Wuhan.

Houma, Shanxi County-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Houma is a county-level city in the southwest of the Shanxi province of the People's Republic of China, on the Fen River - the tributary of Yellow River; it is under the administration of Linfen City. Houma has an area of 220.1 km2 (85.0 sq mi) and has a population of 251,000 as of 2017.

Zhangwan District District in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Zhangwan District is a district of the city of Shiyan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Hengyang County County in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Hengyang County is a county and the 5th most populous county-level division in the Province of Hunan, China; it is under the administration of Hengyang prefecture-level city. Located in the north of Hengyang City and the south east of Hunan province, the county is bordered to the north by Shuangfeng County, to the west by Shaodong County, to the south by the counties of Qidong and Hengdong and the districts of Zhengxiang, Shigu and Zhuhui, to the east by Nanyue District and Hengshan County. Hengyang County covers 2,558.61 km2 (987.88 sq mi) with a population of 1,235,100. The county has 17 towns under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Xidu Town (西渡镇).

Panshi County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Panshi is a city of south-central Jilin province of Northeast China. It is under the administration of Jilin City.

Yicheng County County in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Yicheng County is a county in the prefecture-level city of Linfen, in the south of Shanxi Province, China. The county spans an area of 1,168 square kilometres, and is home to 323,517 people as of 2019.

Xu Jianyi is a former Chinese politician and entrepreneur. He was the Chairman of FAW Group, the delegate of the 17th and 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the member of the 11th and 12th National People's Congress. On March 15, 2015, Xu Jianyi was placed under investigation by the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency.

The 4301/4302 Jilin-Shulan Through Train is a Chinese passenger train service running between Jilin City to Shulan express passenger trains by the Shenyang Railway Bureau, Jilin passenger segment responsible for passenger transport task, Jilin originating on the Shulan train. 25B Type Passenger trains running along the Jishu Railway across Jilin and other provinces and cities, the entire 90 km. Jilin Railway Station to Shulan Railway Station running 2 hours and 11 minutes, use trips for 4301; Shulan Railway Station to Jilin Railway Station to run 1 hour and 59 minutes, use trips for 4302.

Jing Junhai is a Chinese politician, serving since 2018 as the Governor of Jilin. Jing spent much of his career in Shaanxi province.

Lin Wu is a Chinese politician and the current Governor of Shanxi province. Previously, he served as the deputy governor and the chief of the CPC Organization Department of Jilin province.

References

  1. 1 2 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 舒兰市概况地图 (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  3. 1 2 3 行政区划. Shulan People's Government. 2019-01-04. Archived from the original on 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 自然资源 (in Chinese). Shulan People's Government. 2019-08-05. Archived from the original on 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  5. 1 2 3 历史沿革 (in Chinese). Shulan People's Government. 2019-01-04. Archived from the original on 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  6. 完颜希尹家族墓地 [Wanyan Xiyin Family Tombs Site] (in Chinese). Jilin Library.
  7. Willow Palisade in Encyclopædia Britannica Online; Chinese spelling of place names as per 柳条边
  8. 1 2 中国 | 国内生产总值:吉林:吉林市:舒兰市 | 经济指标. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  9. 中国 | 平均工资:吉林:吉林市:舒兰市 | 经济指标. www.ceicdata.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 经济发展 (in Chinese). Shulan People's Government. 2019-08-05. Archived from the original on 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2020-05-11.