Siberian Federal District

Last updated

Coordinates: 55°N83°E / 55°N 83°E / 55; 83

Contents

Siberian Federal District

Сибирский федеральный округ
Map of Russia - Siberian Federal District (2018 composition).svg
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Country Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative centre Novosibirsk
Government
  Presidential Envoyseat vacant
Area
[1]
  Total4,361,800 km2 (1,684,100 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
 (2010)
  Total17,178,298 [2]
  Rank3rd
  Density3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)
Time zones
Omsk Oblast UTC+06:00 (Omsk Time)
most of the district UTC+07:00 (Krasnoyarsk Time)
Irkutsk Oblast UTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)
Federal subjects10 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2019)0.796 [3]
high · 7th
Website sfo.gov.ru

Siberian Federal District (Russian : Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, Sibirsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 17,178,298 according to the 2010 Census, [2] living in an area of 4,361,800 square kilometers (1,684,100 sq mi). [1] The entire federal district lies within the continent of Asia.

Krasnoyarsk Krai Pervyi, tumannyi.jpg
Krasnoyarsk Krai

The district was created by presidential decree on 13 May 2000 and covers around 30% of the total land area of Russia. [4] In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin. [5]

Demographics

Federal subjects

The district comprises the West Siberian (part) and East Siberian economic regions and ten federal subjects:

Siberian Federal District (numbered, 2018 composition).svg
#Flag Federal subject Area in km2 [1] Population (2010)Capital/Administrative center
1 Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic 92,900206,168 Gorno-Altaysk
2 Flag of Altai Krai.svg Altai Krai 168,0002,419,755 Barnaul
3 Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Irkutsk Oblast 774,8002,248,750 Irkutsk
4 Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Kemerovo Oblast 95,7002,763,135 Kemerovo
5 Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,366,8002,828,187 Krasnoyarsk
6 Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Novosibirsk Oblast 177,8002,665,911 Novosibirsk
7 Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Omsk Oblast 141,1001,977,665 Omsk
8 Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Tomsk Oblast 314,4001,047,394 Tomsk
9 Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Republic 168,600307,930 Kyzyl
10 Flag of Khakassia.svg Republic of Khakassia 61,600532,403 Abakan
The geographic "center of Asia", Tuva Republic Tsentr Azii avgust 2015g.jpg
The geographic "center of Asia", Tuva Republic

Religion

Religion in the Siberian Federal District as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [6] [7]
Russian Orthodoxy
28.9%
Other Orthodox
1.9%
Other Christians
5.2%
Islam
1.4%
Buddhism
1.2%
Native faiths
1.6%
Spiritual but not religious
33.2%
Atheism and irreligion
18.7%
Other and undeclared
7.9%

According to a 2012 survey [6] 28.9% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Siberian Federal District (excluding Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.9% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 1.4% is an adherent of Islam, 1.2% is an adherant of Buddhism, and 1.6% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, or Tuvan Shamanism. In addition, 33.2% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 18.7% is atheist, and 7.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [6]

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys

  1. Leonid Drachevsky (18 May 2000 – 9 September 2004)
  2. Anatoly Kvashnin (9 September 2004 – 9 September 2010)
  3. Viktor Tolokonsky (9 September 2010 – 12 May 2014)
  4. Nikolay Rogozhkin (12 May 2014 – 28 July 2016)
  5. Sergey Menyaylo (28 July 2016 – 9 April 2021) [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

Irkutsk Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Irkutsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in southeastern Siberia in the basins of the Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska Rivers. The administrative center is the city of Irkutsk. It had a population of 2,428,750 at the 2010 Census.

Tomsk Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Tomsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It lies in the southeastern West Siberian Plain, in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. Population: 1,078,923.

Kemerovo Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Kemerovo Oblast, also known as Kuzbass (Кузба́сс) and Kemerovo Oblast — Kuzbass after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia, located in southwestern Siberia, where the West Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian Mountains. The oblast, which covers an area of 95,500 square kilometers (36,900 sq mi), shares a border with Tomsk Oblast in the north, Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Republic of Khakassia in the east, the Altai Republic in the south, and with Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai in the west. Kemerovo is the administrative center of the oblast, though Novokuznetsk is the largest city in the oblast, in terms of size. Kemerovo Oblast is one of Russia's most urbanized regions, with over 70% of the population living in its nine principal cities. Its ethnic composition is predominantly Russian, but Ukrainians, Tatars, and Chuvash also live in the oblast. The population recorded during the 2010 Census was 2,763,135.

Krasnoyarsk Krai First-level administrative division of Russia

Krasnoyarsk Krai is a federal subject of Russia, with its administrative center in the city of Krasnoyarsk, the third-largest city in Siberia. Comprising half of the Siberian Federal District, Krasnoyarsk Krai is the largest krai in the Russian Federation, the second largest federal subject and the third largest subnational governing body by area in the world, after Sakha and the Australian state of Western Australia. The krai covers an area of 2,339,700 square kilometers (903,400 sq mi), which is nearly one quarter the size of the entire country of Canada, constituting roughly 13% of the Russian Federation's total area and containing a population of 2,828,187, or just under 2% of its population, per the 2010 Census.

Khakassia First-level administrative division of Russia

Khakassia, officially the Republic of Khakassia, is a federal subject of Russia. Its capital city is Abakan, which is also the largest city in the republic. As of the 2010 Census, the republic's population was 532,403.

Southern Federal District Federal district of Russia

The Southern Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its territory lies mostly on the Pontic-Caspian steppe of southern Russia. The Southern Federal District shares borders with Ukraine, the Azov Sea, and the Black Sea in the west, and Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea in the east. The Southern Federal District was originally called the North Caucasian Federal District when it was founded in May 2000, but was renamed for political reasons on 21 June 2000. On 19 January 2010, the Southern Federal District was split in two, with its former southern territories forming a new North Caucasian Federal District.

Ural Federal District Federal district of Russia

Ural Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 12,080,523 according to the 2010 Census.

Altai Krai First-level administrative division of Russia

Altai Krai is a federal subject of Russia. It borders clockwise from the west, Kazakhstan, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo Oblasts, and the Altai Republic. The krai's administrative center is the city of Barnaul. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the krai was 2,419,755.

Agin-Buryat Okrug

Agin-Buryat Okrug, or Aga Buryatia, is an administrative division of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia. It was a federal subject of Russia until it merged with Chita Oblast to form Zabaykalsky Krai on March 1, 2008. Prior to the merger, it was called Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug. Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Aginskoye.

Central Federal District Federal District of Russia

The Central Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. The word "Central" has a political and historical meaning, being the core of the Russian state and its predecessor, the Grand Duchy of Muscovy. Geographically, the district is situated in the extreme west of present-day Russia; although it can be considered as the central region of European Russia. The district covers an area of 650,200 square kilometers (251,000 sq mi), and recorded a population of 38,427,537 in the 2010 Census. The Presidential Envoy to the Central Federal District is Igor Shchyogolev.

Far Eastern Federal District Federal district of Russia

The Far Eastern Federal District is the largest of the eight federal districts of Russia but the least populated, with a population of 8,371,257 according to the 2010 Census. The federal district lies entirely within the easternmost part of Asia and is coextensive with the Russian Far East.

Buryatia First-level administrative division of Russia

The Republic of Buryatia is a federal subject of Russia, located in Siberia. Formerly part of the Siberian Federal District, it has been a part of the Russian Far East since 2018. Its capital is the city of Ulan-Ude. Its area is 351,300 square kilometers (135,600 sq mi) with a population of 972,021.

Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky (town) Town in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky is a town and the administrative center of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located along the Balyaga River in the valley between Zagan-Daban and Zagorinsky mountain ranges, 413 kilometers (257 mi) southwest of Chita. Population: 18,549 (2010 Census); 21,164 (2002 Census); 28,291 (1989 Census).

Borzya Town in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

Borzya is a town and the administrative center of Borzinsky District in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located 349 kilometers (217 mi) southeast of Chita, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 31,379 (2010 Census); 31,460 (2002 Census); 36,373 (1989 Census).

Zabaykalsky Krai First-level administrative division of Russia

Zabaykalsky Krai is a federal subject of Russia that was created on March 1, 2008 as a result of a merger of Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug, after a referendum held on the issue on March 11, 2007. Formerly part of the Siberian Federal District, the Krai is now part of the Russian Far East as of November 2018 in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The administrative center of the krai is located in the city of Chita. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 1,107,107.

Novy Uoyan Urban-type settlement in Buryatia, Russia

Novy Uoyan is an urban locality in Severo-Baykalsky District of the Republic of Buryatia, Russia, located in the basin of the Upper Angara River, 550 kilometers (340 mi) from Ulan-Ude, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 3,963.

North Caucasian Federal District Federal district of Russia

North Caucasian Federal District is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. It is located in extreme southern Russia, in the geographical area of the North Caucasus. The federal district was split from Southern Federal District on 19 January 2010. The population of the federal subjects comprising the federal district was 9,428,826 according to the 2010 Census, living in an area of 170,400 square kilometers (65,800 sq mi). The current Envoy is Yury Chaika.

Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District District in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-one in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai, and borders Khiloksky District in the east, Krasnochikoysky District in the south, and the Republic of Buryatia in the west and north. The area of the district is 8,700 square kilometers (3,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 37,900, with the population of the administrative center accounting for 48.9% of that number.

Khilok, Zabaykalsky Krai Town in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

Khilok is a town and the administrative center of Khiloksky District in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located on the Khilok River, a right-hand tributary of the Selenga, 261 kilometers (162 mi) west of Chita, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 11,539 (2010 Census); 11,152 (2002 Census); 13,858 (1989 Census).

Ust-Karsk Urban-type settlement in Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia

Ust-Karsk, formerly known as Ust-Kara is an urban-type settlement in the Sretensky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia. The settlement is located on the northern bank of the Shilka River, near the mouth of its left tributary, the Kara River. Population: 1,899 (2010 Census); 2,035 (2002 Census); 2,541 (1989 Census).

References

  1. 1 2 3 "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  4. "Siberia Federal District, Russia (Siberian)". RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  5. "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  7. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.
  8. "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.