Sidi Barrani

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Sidi Barrani
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Sidi Barrani
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°36′39″N25°55′32″E / 31.61083°N 25.92556°E / 31.61083; 25.92556 Coordinates: 31°36′39″N25°55′32″E / 31.61083°N 25.92556°E / 31.61083; 25.92556
CountryFlag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
Governorate Matruh
Population
 (2006)
  Total14,393
Time zone UTC+2 (EST)

Sidi Barrani (Egyptian Arabic : سيدي براني pronounced  [ˈsiːdi bɑɾˈɾɑːni] ) is a town in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, about 95 km (59 mi) east of the border with Libya, and around 240 km (150 mi) from Tobruk, Libya.

Contents

Named after Sidi es-Saadi el Barrani, a Senussi sheikh who was a head of its Zawiya, [1] the village is mainly a Bedouin community. It has food, gasoline outlets and one small hotel, but virtually no tourist activity or visited historical curiosities. It is the site of an Egyptian air force base. [2]

History

Located close to the Roman city of Zygra, in the Roman province of Libya Inferior, Sidi Barrani is often mentioned in historical records to mark the limit of the initial Italian invasion of Egypt from Libya. The Italian Tenth Army built a series of forts in the vicinity.

American Field Service volunteers, providing ambulance services and serving with the British 8th Army were based in the area, in June 1942, 30 miles east of Sidi Barrani.[ citation needed ]

Sidi Barrani was a destination during the total solar eclipse on October 3, 2005, as expeditions traveled to the best observation point, Zawiet Mahtallah, 27 km (17 mi) east of Sidi Barrani. [3]

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), but it is part of the northern coast of Egypt which has moderated temperatures.

Climate data for Sidi Barrani
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)17.9
(64.2)
18.8
(65.8)
20.2
(68.4)
22.2
(72.0)
24.1
(75.4)
27
(81)
28.2
(82.8)
29
(84)
28.1
(82.6)
26.4
(79.5)
23.5
(74.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)13.1
(55.6)
13.9
(57.0)
15.3
(59.5)
17.5
(63.5)
19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.6
(65.5)
14.5
(58.1)
19.3
(66.8)
Average low °C (°F)8.4
(47.1)
9
(48)
10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
22.1
(71.8)
20.4
(68.7)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.0
(59.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)39
(1.5)
17
(0.7)
11
(0.4)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
18
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
33
(1.3)
148
(5.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org [4]

In Kurt Vonnegut's novel Bluebeard , Sidi Barrani is the site where Dan Gregory (a tormenting magazine illustrator and Nazi sympathizer) was killed on 7 December 1940 during the Battle of Sidi Barrani. The battle continued until 10 December, in which 30,000 British troops defeated almost 80,000 Italian soldiers holding the town.

"Did I ever tell you about the time I was in Sidi Barrani?" was a catchphrase for Sam Costa in the BBC radio comedy show Much-Binding-in-the-Marsh which ran from 1944 to 1954 and was initially about life on a mythical Royal Air Force (RAF) station.

Spike Milligan was, according to his memoirs, posted to Sidi Barrani during the Second World War.

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Action of Agagia battle

The Action of Agagia took place east of Sidi Barrani in Egypt on 26 February 1916, during the Senussi Campaign between German and Ottoman-instigated Senussi forces and the British army in Egypt. On 11 December 1915, a British column had been attacked at Duwwar Hussein along the Matruh–Sollum track. In the Affair of Wadi Senba, the Senussi were defeated and two days later a Senussi attack at Wadi Hasheifiat was repulsed. The British returned to Matruh until 25 December, then surprised the Senussi at the Affair of Wadi Majid but the Senussi got away. At the Affair of Halazin on 23 January, the Senussi were defeated and again slipped away.

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Attack on Nibeiwa

The Attack on Nibeiwa took place on 9 December 1940 near Nibeiwa, Egypt, when the Italian fortified camp held by the Maletti Group, the armoured force of the 10th Army, was overrun by British and Indian troops. The attack was the opening engagement of Operation Compass a British raid which, if successful, would be followed up to try to expel the Italians from Egypt. Italy had declared war on France and Britain on 10 June and in the Italian invasion of Egypt from 9–16 September 1940, the Italian 10th Army had reached Sidi Barrani and dug in to await the completion of the Via della Vittoria, an extension of the Via Balbia, being built from the frontier; the Maletti Group garrisoned a camp at Nibeiwa,12 mi (19 km) south of the port of Sidi Barrani.

References

  1. Souar men Beladi magazine, no. 2, Souar men tharikh at Tariqa as Sanusiya, Maktab as Seraj li Di'aya wal I'lan, p. 39.
  2. "US says Russia has deployed forces to Egypt air base". Middle East online. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  3. "Valoria La Buena annular eclipse expedition Oct. 3, 2005" (report), Solar Physics Group, Astrophysics Lab, University of Rome, January 10, 2007, webpage (mostly Italian): ICRA-solar: mentions the Sidi Barrani observation area.
  4. "Climate: Sidi al Barrani – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 17 August 2013.