Sidi Daoud

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Sidi Daoud viewed from the east bank Sidi-Daoud-Algeria.jpg
Sidi Daoud viewed from the east bank

Sidi Daoud (Arabic : سيدي داوود) is a farming town in north-central Algeria, on the west bank of the Sebaou River , a few kilometers downstream from its mouth. It is the capital of a municipality dominated by the mountain of Bouberak, including the coastal village of Sahel Bouberak and the zawiya of Sidi Amar Cherif [1] . This municipality is one of three constituting the Baghlia District in eastern Boumerdès Province. As of 2008, the population of the municipality is 16,900. [2]

Algeria country in North Africa

Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties).

Sebaou River

The Sebaou River, or Oued Sebaou is the main river of the western Kabylie region of Algeria, which flows into the Mediterranean near the coastal town of Dellys in Boumerdès Province.

River delta Silt deposition landform at the mouth of a river

A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment that is carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or another river that cannot carry away the supplied sediment. The size and shape of a delta is controlled by the balance between watershed processes that supply sediment, and receiving basin processes that redistribute, sequester, and export that sediment. The size, geometry, and location of the receiving basin also plays an important role in delta evolution. River deltas are important in human civilization, as they are major agricultural production centers and population centers. They can provide coastline defense and can impact drinking water supply. They are also ecologically important, with different species' assemblages depending on their landscape position.

Contents

History

During the early colonial period, the area around Sidi Daoud was called Issers-Djedian, after the tribe inhabiting it. After defeating the 1871 Mokrani Revolt against colonial rule, the French government launched an extensive program of land expropriation to punish groups that had fought against them; from the Issers ed Djedian, they expropriated 2486 hectares of land in 1873 [3] to found the new settlement of Bois-Sacré (Sacred Wood), thought to be a corruption of the Arabic place name Bou-Askri (place of the soldier) [4] . In 1909 it was renamed Abbo, after the French settler Adraste Abbo who had proposed the project of founding it. In 1958, it became part of the former department of Algiers. After Algeria's independence in 1962, the town took the name of Sidi Daoud.

Mokrani Revolt

The Mokrani Revolt, known locally as the Unfaq urrumi,, which broke out on 16 March 1871, was the most important local uprising against French colonial power in Algeria since the conquest in 1830 : more than 250 tribes rose up, around a third of the population of the country. It was led by the Kabyles of the Biban mountains commanded by Cheikh Mokrani and his brother Boumezrag, as well as Cheikh El Haddad, head of the Rahmaniyya religious fraternity.

Notable people


Sofiane el-Fassila, also known as Harek Zoheir حارك زهير, served as the second-in-command of Al Qaeda in North Africa until Algerian security forces killed him.

Gabriel Abbo was a French politician.

Notes

  1. La ville «lieu du Soldat», une histoire méconnue
  2. Alain Mahé, 2001, Histoire de la Grande Kabylie, XIXe-XXe siècles, p. 586
  3. DE BOIS-SACRE A ABBO : LE NOM DU VILLAGE

Coordinates: 36°51′N3°51′E / 36.850°N 3.850°E / 36.850; 3.850

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


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