Sidney Bryan Berry

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Sidney Bryan Berry

LTG Sydney Bryan Berry.JPG

LTG Sidney Bryan Berry
Born February 10, 1926
Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Died July 1, 2013(2013-07-01) (aged 87)
Kennett Square, Pennsylvania
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1948-1980
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held A Company 1st Battalion 35th Infantry, Korea 1950-51, 1st Arm Rifle Battalion 54th Inf 4th Armor Div 1959-60, 1st Brigade 1st Div Republic of Viet Nam 1966-67, 101st Airborne Division, Assistant Division Commander, Republic of Viet Nam 1970-1971, 101st Airborne Div 1973-74, Superintendent, United States Military Academy, V Corps, US Army, Europe 1977-80. [1]
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (4)
Legion of Merit (4)
Distinguished Flying Cross (2)
Bronze Star for Valor
Air Medal (42)
Purple Heart (2)
Combat Infantryman Badge (2)

Sidney Bryan Berry (February 10, 1926 – July 1, 2013) was a United States Army Lieutenant General, Superintendent of West Point (1974–1977), and Commissioner of Public Safety for the state of Mississippi (1980–1984).

United States Army Land warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.

United States Military Academy The U.S. Armys federal service academy in West Point, New York, United States

The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy, or simply The Point, is a four-year federal service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort that sits on strategic high ground overlooking the Hudson River with a scenic view, 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. It is one of the four U.S. military service academies, and one of the five U.S. service academies.

Mississippi State of the United States of America

Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd most extensive and 34th most populous of the 50 United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the east, the Gulf of Mexico and Louisiana to the south, and Arkansas and Louisiana to the west. The state's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson, with a population of approximately 175,000 people, is both the state's capital and largest city.

Contents

Early life and education

Berry was born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi on February 10, 1926. [2] He received his appointment to the academy from Mississippi, graduating 160th in his class from West Point in 1948. [3] He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry branch, and assigned to his first unit in Japan in 1949. [3]

Hattiesburg, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Hattiesburg is a city in the U.S. state of Mississippi, primarily in Forrest County and extending west into Lamar County. The city population was 45,989 at the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 46,805 in 2015. It is the principal city of the Hattiesburg, Mississippi, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses Forrest, Lamar and Perry counties.

Military career

Berry's career spanned two wars. He first saw duty as a company commander in Korea. For service during the war in Korea, he was awarded two Silver Stars, a Bronze Star for Valor, a Purple Heart, and the Combat Infantryman Badge. [4] After duty in the Korean War, he earned a graduate degree from Columbia University (1951–1953). [4] He then served as an instructor at West Point in the Department of Social Sciences (1953–1956). [5] He was a military assistant to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara (1961–1964), traveling to Vietnam on multiple occasions. 1964-65, Berry was a student at the U.S. Army War College, in Carlisle Barracks, PA. [1] He also served a year at the Council of Foreign Relations in New York City (1967–1968). [6] He would serve two and a half years in Vietnam between 1965 and 1971. His second combat wound occurred in Vietnam during his first tour (1965–1966). His awards for his service in Vietnam included the Distinguished Service Medal, 2 Silver Stars, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, two Legions of Merit, the Purple Heart, 42 Air Medals, and a second Combat Infantryman Badge. [4] Berry became the 50th Superintendent of West Point in 1974. His time there would be trying, as he oversaw the integration of women in the summer of 1976 while at the same time dealing with a massive honor scandal involving cheating on an academic test involving the junior class. [7] [8] Following his tour as USMA Superintendent, LTG Berry commanded the V Corps, US Army, Europe, from 1977 to 1980, and retired from active military service on 1 March 1980. [9]

Korean War 1950–1953 war between North Korea and South Korea

The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border.

Columbia University private Ivy League research university in New York City

Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world.

Robert McNamara American businessman and Secretary of Defense

Robert Strange McNamara was an American business executive and the eighth United States Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He played a major role in escalating the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War. McNamara was responsible for the institution of systems analysis in public policy, which developed into the discipline known today as policy analysis.

Decorations

Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army) A military decoration of the United States Army

The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military, has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility. The performance must be such as to merit recognition for service that is clearly exceptional. Exceptional performance of normal duty will not alone justify an award of this decoration.

Silver Star military decoration of the United States Armed Forces

The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat. The Silver Star Medal is awarded primarily to members of the United States Armed Forces for gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States.

Legion of Merit military award of the United States Armed Forces

The Legion of Merit (LOM) is a military award of the United States Armed Forces that is given for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. The decoration is issued to members of the seven uniformed services of the United States as well as to military and political figures of foreign governments.

Post military

After retiring from the Army, Berry served as Mississippi's Commissioner of Public Safety, 1980–1984. He retired to Pennsylvania. [4] [10]

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

He died at a retirement home in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania on July 15, 2013 of complications from Parkinson's disease. He was 87 and is survived by his wife of 64 years, Anne; two daughters, a son and 12 grandchildren. [11]

Kennett Square, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Kennett Square is a borough in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is known as the Mushroom Capital of the World because mushroom farming in the region produces over a million pounds of mushrooms a day, totaling half of the United States mushroom crop. To celebrate this heritage, Kennett Square has an annual Mushroom Festival, where the town shuts down to have a parade, tour mushroom farms, and buy and sell food and other goods. It is also home to the corporate headquarters of Genesis HealthCare which administers elderly care facilities. The local high school is Kennett High School. Its population was 6,072 at the 2010 census.

Parkinsons disease long-term degenerative neurological disorder that mainly affects movement

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The symptoms generally come on slowly over time. Early in the disease, the most obvious are shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Thinking and behavioral problems may also occur. Dementia becomes common in the advanced stages of the disease. Depression and anxiety are also common, occurring in more than a third of people with PD. Other symptoms include sensory, sleep, and emotional problems. The main motor symptoms are collectively called "parkinsonism", or a "parkinsonian syndrome".

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References

  1. 1 2 USMA Register of Graduates
  2. Atkinson, p. 395.
  3. 1 2 1950 Register of Graduates and Former Cadets (PDF). West Point, NY: The West Point Alumni Foundation, Inc. 1950. p. 477. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-10.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy West Point, New York 2008. West Point, NY: The West Point Association of Graduates. 2008. pp. 3–143.
  5. Krueger, p.8.
  6. Krueger p.9.
  7. Atkinson, p. 397.
  8. "What Price Honor?". Time. 1976-06-07. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
  9. personal letters
  10. "US Military Academy at West Point-LTG Sidney Berry". All Experts.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
  11. http://www.recordonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20130715/NEWS/307150327/-1/SITEMAP

Bibliography

Military offices
Preceded by
William Allen Knowlton
Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
1974–1977
Succeeded by
Andrew Jackson Goodpaster