Siege of Dieppe

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Siege of Dieppe
Part of the Hundred Years' War
Vigiles du roi Charles VII 66.gif
Date2 November 1442 – 14 August 1443 (1442-11-02 1443-08-14) (9 months, 1 week and 5 days)
Location
Dieppe, Normandy, France
49°55′N1°05′E / 49.92°N 1.08°E / 49.92; 1.08 Coordinates: 49°55′N1°05′E / 49.92°N 1.08°E / 49.92; 1.08
Result French victory
Belligerents
France moderne.svg France Royal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg England
Commanders and leaders
Dauphin Louis
Charles Desmarets
Antoine de Chabannes
John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury
William Peyto   (POW)
Strength
Garrison: Hundreds of men-at-arms [1]
Relief army: 1,600 men
600 men
200 artillery pieces
Casualties and losses
100 killed
Hundreds wounded
300 killed
14 executed
Artillery pieces captured

The Siege of Dieppe (2 November 1442 – 14 August 1443) took place during the Hundred Years War. English forces led by John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury besieged and failed to capture the French-held port of Dieppe in Normandy.

Contents

Prelude

The English commander John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury marched out with a core troop of 600 men from his headquarters in Jumièges, Normandy at the end of October 1442 to besiege the French-held port of Dieppe. [2] The French garrison of the castle of Charlemesnil surrendered to Talbot's army. [2]

Siege

Talbot built a wooden fort on the heights of Le Pollet east of Dieppe and installed a garrison of 500 men under Sir William Peyto along with 200 artillery pieces of various make and began to bombard Dieppe's fortifications and houses with them. [3]

On 12 August 1443 a French relief army of 1,600 men under the dauphin Louis arrived at Dieppe, which was garrisoned by several hundred men-at-arms led by Charles Desmarets. [1] Two more French armies had reinforced the town previously. [1] At 8 am on 14 August, the French attacked the English fort to the sound of trumpets. [4] The French had five or six wooden bridges on wheels and cranes that hoisted the bridges into position over the English walls. [5] The attacking French troops were repulsed by English missile and arrow fire and lost 100 killed and hundreds wounded. [5]

The citizens of Dieppe reinforced the French army with between 60 and 80 large crossbows and the dauphin ordered the attack renewed. [5] The English were defeated, with 300 killed and 14 French-speaking survivors hanged as traitors on the dauphin's orders. [5] Sir William Peyto, Sir John Ripley and Henry Talbot were captured, among others. [5] The fort was dismantled on the dauphin's orders and the artillery carried off to Dieppe's arsenal. [5]

Citations

  1. 1 2 3 Barker 2010, p. 313.
  2. 1 2 Barker 2010, p. 301.
  3. Barker 2010, pp. 301–302.
  4. Barker 2010, pp. 313–314.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Barker 2010, p. 314.

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