Siege of Dieppe

Last updated
Siege of Dieppe
Part of the Hundred Years' War
Vigiles du roi Charles VII 66.gif
Date2 November 1442 – 14 August 1443 (1442-11-02 1443-08-14) (9 months, 1 week and 5 days)
Dieppe, Normandy, France
49°55′N1°05′E / 49.92°N 1.08°E / 49.92; 1.08 Coordinates: 49°55′N1°05′E / 49.92°N 1.08°E / 49.92; 1.08
Result French victory
France moderne.svg France Royal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg England
Commanders and leaders
Dauphin Louis
Charles Desmarets
Antoine de Chabannes
John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury
William Peyto   (POW)
Garrison: Hundreds of men-at-arms [1]
Relief army: 1,600 men
600 men
200 artillery pieces
Casualties and losses
100 killed
Hundreds wounded
300 killed
14 executed
Artillery pieces captured

The Siege of Dieppe (2 November 1442 – 14 August 1443) took place during the Hundred Years War. English forces led by John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury besieged and failed to capture the French-held port of Dieppe in Normandy.



The English commander John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury marched out with a core troop of 600 men from his headquarters in Jumièges, Normandy at the end of October 1442 to besiege the French-held port of Dieppe. [2] The French garrison of the castle of Charlemesnil surrendered to Talbot's army. [2]


Talbot built a wooden fort on the heights of Le Pollet east of Dieppe and installed a garrison of 500 men under Sir William Peyto along with 200 artillery pieces of various make and began to bombard Dieppe's fortifications and houses with them. [3]

On 12 August 1443 a French relief army of 1,600 men under the dauphin Louis arrived at Dieppe, which was garrisoned by several hundred men-at-arms led by Charles Desmarets. [1] Two more French armies had reinforced the town previously. [1] At 8 am on 14 August, the French attacked the English fort to the sound of trumpets. [4] The French had five or six wooden bridges on wheels and cranes that hoisted the bridges into position over the English walls. [5] The attacking French troops were repulsed by English missile and arrow fire and lost 100 killed and hundreds wounded. [5]

The citizens of Dieppe reinforced the French army with between 60 and 80 large crossbows and the dauphin ordered the attack renewed. [5] The English were defeated, with 300 killed and 14 French-speaking survivors hanged as traitors on the dauphin's orders. [5] Sir William Peyto, Sir John Ripley and Henry Talbot were captured, among others. [5] The fort was dismantled on the dauphin's orders and the artillery carried off to Dieppe's arsenal. [5]


  1. 1 2 3 Barker 2010, p. 313.
  2. 1 2 Barker 2010, p. 301.
  3. Barker 2010, pp. 301–302.
  4. Barker 2010, pp. 313–314.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Barker 2010, p. 314.

Related Research Articles

John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset English nobleman and military commander (1404–1444)

John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, 3rd Earl of Somerset was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years War. He was the maternal grandfather of Henry VII.

John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury 15th-century English nobleman and military officer

John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, 1st Earl of Waterford, 7th Baron Talbot, KG, known as "Old Talbot", was an English nobleman and a noted military commander during the Hundred Years' War. He was the most renowned in England and most feared in France of the English captains in the last stages of the conflict. Known as a tough, cruel, and quarrelsome man, Talbot distinguished himself militarily in a time of decline for the English. Called the "English Achilles" and the "Terror of the French", he is lavishly praised in the plays of Shakespeare. The manner of his death, leading a charge against artillery, has come to symbolize the passing of the age of chivalry. He also held the subsidiary titles of 10th Baron Strange of Blackmere and 6th Baron Furnivalljure uxoris.

Siege of Rouen (1418–1419) Siege in 1418–19 during the Hundred Years War

The siege of Rouen was a major event in the Hundred Years' War, where English forces loyal to Henry V captured Rouen, the capital of Normandy, from the Norman French.

John V, Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1399 to 1442

John V, sometimes numbered as VI, bynamed John the Wise, was Duke of Brittany and Count of Montfort from 1399 to his death. His rule coincided with the height of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. John's reversals in that conflict, as well as in other internal struggles in France, served to strengthen his duchy and to maintain its independence.

Arthur III, Duke of Brittany

Arthur III, more commonly known as Arthur de Richemont, was briefly Duke of Brittany from 1457 until his death. He is noted primarily, however, for his role as a leading military commander during the Hundred Years' War. Although Richemont briefly sided with the English once, he otherwise remained firmly committed to the House of Valois. He fought alongside Joan of Arc, and was appointed Constable of France. His military and administrative reforms in the French state were an important factor in assuring the final defeat of the English in the Hundred Years' War.

Battle of Castillon Battle that ended the Hundred Years War

The Battle of Castillon took place on 17 July 1453 in Gascony near the town of Castillon-sur-Dordogne, between England and France. Historians regard this decisive French victory as marking the end of the Hundred Years' War.

Jean Bureau French artillery commander

Jean Bureau was a French artillery commander active primarily during the later years of the Hundred Years' War. Along with his brother, Gaspard, he is credited with making French artillery the most effective in the world. As Master Gunner of Artillery in the armies of Charles VII, Bureau acquired a reputation as an effective artillery officer during the Normandy campaign (1449–1450), when his bombardments helped capture the towns of Rouen, Harfleur, and Honfleur, and aided in the French victory at Formigny. Bureau commanded the victorious French army at the decisive Battle of Castillon in 1453.

Battle of Patay 1429 battle during the Hundred Years War

The Battle of Patay was the culminating engagement of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years' War between the French and English in north-central France. The French cavalry inflicted a severe defeat on the English. Many of the English knights and men-at-arms on horses were able to escape but crippling losses were inflicted on the corps of veteran English longbowmen, which was not reconstituted after the battle. This victory was to the French what Agincourt was to the English. Although credited to Joan of Arc, most of the fighting was done by the vanguard of the French army as English units fled, and the main body of the French army were unable to catch up to the vanguard as it pursued the English for several miles.

Caus Castle 12th-century castle in England built within an Iron Age hillfort

Caus Castle is a ruin of a hill fort and medieval castle in the civil parish of Westbury in the English county of Shropshire. It is situated up on the eastern foothills of the Long Mountain guarding the route from Shrewsbury, Shropshire to Montgomery, Powys on the border between England and Wales. It was destroyed during the English Civil War and has been in ruins since.

Thomas Rempston (died 1458)

Sir Thomas Rempston II was a medieval English soldier, landowner, and a leading military commander during the Hundred Years' War in France. He dedicated his career, as his father had done before him, to the service of the House of Lancaster, the ruling dynasty of England. Much of the Rempston family's fortunes were in fact owed to this. However, several ransoms contracted by Sir Thomas while campaigning in France, coupled with the fact that his long-living mother held many of his estates in dower, meant that he had to endure several financial difficulties for much of his life.

The siege of Saint-Denis was the last instance of cooperation between the English and their Burgundian allies in the Hundred Years' War. Saint-Denis, the traditional burial place of the kings of France, was located in the outskirts of English-held Paris, and had been captured by the French a couple of months earlier. The enemy presence there critically endangered the English position in the capital, and, aiming to retake it urgently, the English moved onto the town in August with a handful of Burgundian auxiliaries. The siege was undertaken during the peace congress of Arras, during which no end to the fighting was seen, as both sides struggled to gain ground around and over Paris. The English were victorious at St. Denis after the French garrison surrendered due to lack of external support.

Lancaster's chevauchée of 1356 in Normandy was an English offensive directed by Henry, Earl of Lancaster, in northern France during 1356, as a part of the Hundred Years' War. The offensive took the form of a chevauchée, a large mounted raid and lasted from 22 June to 13 July. During its final week the English were pursued by a much larger French army under King John II that failed to force them to battle.

Siege of Pontoise Battle of the Hundred Years War

The Siege of Pontoise took place during the Hundred Years War. French forces led by King Charles VII of France besieged and captured the last English stronghold in Île de France, eliminating the English threat to Paris.

The Siege of Creil took place during the Hundred Years War. French forces led by King Charles VII of France besieged and captured the English-held town and castle north of Paris.

Siege of Montargis

The Siege of Montargis took place during the Hundred Years War. A French relief army under Jean de Dunois routed an English force led by the Earl of Warwick.

Château de Creil

The Château de Creil is an ancient fortified castle and a former royal residence located in Creil in the Oise department of the Hauts-de-France region of France. Only one tower remains.

William Peyto Lord of Chesterton was an English knight from Warwickshire. He was the son of William de Peyto and Joan Thornbury.

Charles Desmarets, was a French knight. He was a son of Antoine des Marets.

Siege of Breteuil Siege during the Hundred Years War

The siege of Breteuil was the investment of the Norman town of Breteuil, held by partisans of Charles II, King of Navarre, by French forces. It lasted from April to about 20 August 1356. It was interrupted on 5 July when a small English army commanded by Henry, Earl of Lancaster relieved and resupplied it. The French king, John II, attempted to bring Lancaster to battle with the much larger French royal army, but Lancaster marched away and the attempt failed. John then renewed the siege of Breteuil.

Edward Hull (knight)

Sir Edward Hull KG was an English knight who served as Constable of Bordeaux and a military commander during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War. Born into a Lancastrian-supporting family, his parents were both members of Henry IV's royal household. Hull became close to Henry VI and his wife, Margaret of Anjou. He served on campaign in France and as an ambassador to European powers. Hull held numerous offices including as Esquire of the Body to the king, Knight of the Body and carver to the queen, a feoffee of the Duchy of Lancaster, justice of the peace and sheriff of both Somerset and Dorset, and Devon.