Sikasso

Last updated
Sikasso
City and urban commune
Le grand marche de Sikasso.jpg
Sikasso
Mali adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sikasso
Location within Mali
Coordinates: 11°19′N5°40′W / 11.317°N 5.667°W / 11.317; -5.667 Coordinates: 11°19′N5°40′W / 11.317°N 5.667°W / 11.317; -5.667
CountryFlag of Mali.svg  Mali
Region Sikasso
Cercle Sikasso Cercle
Founded by Mansa Douala
Area
[1]
  Total400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
410 m (1,350 ft)
Population
 (2009 census) [3]
  Total225,753
  Density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Map of Sikasso and surroundings, 1892 Pg111 Carte des environs de Sikasso.jpg
Map of Sikasso and surroundings, 1892

Sikasso (Bambara: ߛߌߞߊߛߏ tr. Sikaso) is a city in the south of Mali and the capital of the Sikasso Cercle and the Sikasso Region. It is Mali's second largest city with 225,753 residents in the 2009 census.

Contents

History

Sikasso was founded at the beginning of the nineteenth century by Mansa Douala. The town was a small village until 1876 when Tieba Traoré, whose mother came from Sikasso, became King of the Kénédougou Empire and moved its capital there. He established his palace on the sacred Mamelon hill (now home to a water tower) and constructed a tata or fortifying wall to defend against the attacks of both the Malinke conqueror Samori Ture and the French colonial army. The city withstood a long siege from 1887 to 1888 but fell to the French in 1898. [4] Rather than surrender to the colonial army, Tieba's brother Babemba Traoré, who had succeeded him as king, committed suicide, honoring the famous Bamanankan saying "Saya ka fisa ni maloya ye" (literally: death is preferable to shame).

Attractions today include the large market, Mamelon hill, the remains of Tieba Traoré's tata, and the nearby Missirikoro Grotto. The festival Triangle du balafon takes place every June, celebrating the traditional Malian instrument.

Sikasso's sister city is Brive-la-Gaillarde, France.

Geography

Located 375 kilometres (233 mi) southeast of Bamako, 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Côte d'Ivoire, and 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Burkina Faso, Sikasso acts as a crossroads between the coastal countries (Togo, Bénin, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire) and the landlocked Mali and Burkina Faso. Sikasso's ethnic groups include the Senufo Bamana,(mainly the Supyire), the Bobo (or Bobo Fing, lit. 'black Bobo'), and the Minianka (Mamara Senufo).

Sikasso has abundant agriculture. Sikasso's fruit and vegetable production guarantees the city's self-sufficiency, sparing it from reliance on international food aid.

Climate

Sikasso features a tropical wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification. The city receives just under 1,200 millimetres (47 in) of rain each year, most of which falls between May and October. August is the wettest month, with an average rainfall of 308.8 millimetres (12.16 in). The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season in March and April when the average daily maximum temperatures are just above 37 °C (98.6 °F). [5]

Climate data for Sikasso, Mali (1950–2000, extremes 1940–1994)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)40.5
(104.9)
41.2
(106.2)
42.1
(107.8)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
39.2
(102.6)
42.2
(108.0)
36.7
(98.1)
38.9
(102.0)
38.9
(102.0)
40.0
(104.0)
39.2
(102.6)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F)33.5
(92.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.4
(99.3)
37.3
(99.1)
35.6
(96.1)
32.9
(91.2)
30.7
(87.3)
29.9
(85.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.3
(91.9)
34.4
(93.9)
33.1
(91.6)
33.8
(92.8)
Average low °C (°F)15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
22.1
(71.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
22.4
(72.3)
21.5
(70.7)
21.4
(70.5)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
18.5
(65.3)
15.2
(59.4)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
10.0
(50.0)
13.0
(55.4)
16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.2
(63.0)
17.0
(62.6)
18.0
(64.4)
14.0
(57.2)
10.0
(50.0)
8.0
(46.4)
8.0
(46.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches)1.4
(0.06)
4.1
(0.16)
12.8
(0.50)
45.9
(1.81)
109.1
(4.30)
152.3
(6.00)
243.7
(9.59)
308.8
(12.16)
210.0
(8.27)
84.4
(3.32)
11.7
(0.46)
2.0
(0.08)
1,186.2
(46.71)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)0.20.62.35.49.912.717.020.014.59.01.40.293.2
Average relative humidity (%)31273348617279828071523856
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.1242.3237.6217.5242.0220.8203.2176.6190.7243.0257.6261.62,756
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization [5]
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990), [6] Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and humidity) [7]

Places of worship

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. [8] There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Diocese of Sikasso (Catholic Church), Église Chrétienne Évangélique du Mali (Christian and Missionary Alliance), Assemblies of God.

See also

Related Research Articles

Sikasso Region Region in Mali

Sikasso Region is the southern-most region of Mali. The region's capital city, Sikasso, is the country's second-largest city and is growing rapidly due to people fleeing the violence in Côte d'Ivoire to the south. Major ethnic groups include the Senoufo, known for masks and reverence for animals, the Samago, known for being Mali's best farmers, and the main ethnic group in Mali, the Bambara people. The local economy is based on farming and the Sikasso, which receives more rain than any other Malian region, is known for its fruits and vegetables.

Ségou Region Region in Mali

Ségou Region is an administrative region in Mali, situated in the centre of the country with an area of 64,821 km2. The region is bordered by Sikasso Region on the south, Tombouctou and Mopti on the east, Burkina Faso to the southeast and the Koulikoro Region to the west. In 2009 it had 2,336,255 inhabitants, making it the second most populous region of Mali. Its administrative capital is the town of Ségou.

Kati, Mali Commune and town in Koulikoro, Mali

Kati is an urban commune and the largest town in Mali's Koulikoro Region. The town is situated 15 km northwest of Bamako, Mali's capital, on the Dakar-Niger Railway. In the 2009 census, the commune had a population of 114,983.

The Kénédougou Kingdom, also referred to as the Kenedugu Kingdom, was a pre-colonial West African state established in the southern portion of present-day Mali.

Niéna Commune and town in Sikasso Region, Mali

Niéna is a small town and rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 1,040 square kilometers and includes the town and 42 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 32,265. The town is the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune. It is 76 km west of Sikasso on the RN7, the main road linking Sikasso and Bougouni.

Yorosso Cercle Cercle in Sikasso Region, Mali

Yorosso Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The main town (chef-lieu) is Yorosso.

Kadiolo Commune and town in Sikasso Region, Mali

Kadiolo is a town, rural commune and seat of the Kadiolo Cercle in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The town lies 85 km south of Sikasso, 13 km north of the border with the Ivory Coast and 30 km west of the border with Burkino Faso. The commune of Kadiolo covers an area of 783 square kilometers and includes the town and 19 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 59,932.

Zégoua Commune and town in Sikasso Region, Mali

Zégoua is a City and commune in the Cercle of Kadiolo in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 978 square kilometers and includes the town and 8 villages. In the 2017 census it had a population of 230,360. The city of Zégoua, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 2 km north of the border with the Ivory Coast and 14 km southeast of Kadiolo on the RN7, the main road linking Sikasso and Ouangolodougou.

Nimbougou Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Nimbougou is a village and rural commune in the Cercle of Kadiolo in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 238 square kilometers and includes 5 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 9,992. The village of Nimbougou, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 43 km northeast of Kadiolo and 8 km from the border with Burkina Faso The primary language is Senufo, specifically Suppire.

Farakala Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Farakala is a village and commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 280 square kilometers (110 sq mi) and includes 11 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 7,960. The village of Farakala lies 40 km (25 mi) west of Sikasso on the RN7 highway linking Sikasso and Bougouni.

Nongo-Souala Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Nongo-Souala is a village rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 264 square kilometers and includes four villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 4,578. The village of Nongo-Souala, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 50 km north of Sikasso.

Kouoro Commune and town in Sikasso Region, Mali

Kouoro is a small town and rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 472 square kilometers and includes the town and five villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 11,315. The town of Kouoro, the chef-lieu of the commune, is 75 km north of Sikasso, on the RN11, the main road linking Sikasso and Koutiala. It is also about 30 km west of the border with Burkina Faso.

Natien Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Natien is a village and rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 207 square kilometers and includes 9 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 7,404. The village of Natien, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 18 km west of Sikasso on the RN7, the main road linking Sikasso and Bougouni.

Sokourani-Missirikoro Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Sokourani-Missirikoro is a village and rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 88 square kilometers and includes five villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 4,478. The village of Sokourani-Missirikoro, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 13 km southwest of Sikasso. The main language spoken in the commune is Senufo.

Finkolo Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Finkolo is a village and rural commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 477 square kilometers and includes 11 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 22,429. The village of Finoko, the chef-lieu of the commune, is 18 km east-southeast of Sikasso on the N7, the small road that links Sikasso with Bobo-Dioulasso in Burkina Faso.

Boura, Mali Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Boura is a village and rural commune in the Cercle of Yorosso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 887 square kilometers and includes 15 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 22,735. The village of Boura, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 26 km east of Yorosso, just to the north of the road, the D14, that links Yorosso with Sanaba in Burkina Faso.

Koury, Mali Commune and town in Sikasso Region, Mali

Koury is a small town and rural commune in the Cercle of Yorosso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 712 square kilometers and includes the town and 16 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 54,435. The town, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 19 km south of Yorosso on the main road linking Koutiala in Mali with the town of Bobo-Dioulasso in Burkina Faso.

Mahou, Mali Commune and village in Sikasso Region, Mali

Mahou is a village and rural commune in the Yorosso Cercle in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 263 square kilometers and includes 4 villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 16,212. The village of Mahou, the administrative center (chef-lieu), is 30 km southeast of Yorosso on the border with Burkina Faso.

Tiankadi Commune in Sikasso Region, Mali

Tiankadi is a commune in the Cercle of Sikasso in the Sikasso Region of southern Mali. The commune covers an area of 70 square kilometers and includes three villages. In the 2009 census it had a population of 4,674. The village of Zibangolola, the administrative center (chef-lieu) of the commune, is 60 km northwest of Sikasso.

References

  1. "Common and Fundamental Operational Datasets Registry: Mali", United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs https://web.archive.org/web/20120106202217/http://cod.humanitarianresponse.info/country-region/mali, archived from the original on 2012-01-06Missing or empty |title= (help). commune_mali.zip (Originally from the Direction Nationale des Collectivités Territoriales, République du Mali)
  2. Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sikasso, Mali Archived 2008-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Sikasso) (PDF) (in French), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-27.
  4. L-G. Binger, Du Niger au golfe de Guinée, Hachette, 1892, p. 88
  5. 1 2 "World Weather Information Service – Sikasso". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  6. "Sikasso Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  7. "Klimatafel von Sikasso / Mali" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  8. J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 1793