Silvana Mangano

Last updated

Silvana Mangano
Silvana Mangano 1956.jpg
Silvana Mangano in 1956
Born(1930-04-21)21 April 1930
Died16 December 1989(1989-12-16) (aged 59)
Resting place Pawling, New York, U.S.
Occupationactress
Years active1945–1987
Spouse(s) Dino De Laurentiis
(m.1949–1988; divorced)
Children Veronica
Raffaella
Francesca
Federico (died 1981)

Silvana Mangano (Italian pronunciation:  [silˈvaːna ˈmaŋɡano] ; 21 April 1930 [1] – 16 December 1989 [2] ) was an Italian actress.

Contents

Raised in poverty during World War II, Mangano trained as a dancer and worked as a model before winning a "Miss Rome" beauty pageant in 1946. [2] This led to work in films; she achieved notable success in Bitter Rice (1949) and continued working in films for almost four more decades.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

<i>Bitter Rice</i> 1950 film by Giuseppe De Santis

Bitter Rice is a 1949 Italian film made by Lux Film, written and directed by Giuseppe De Santis. Produced by Dino De Laurentiis, starring Silvana Mangano, Raf Vallone, Doris Dowling and Vittorio Gassman, Bitter Rice was a commercial success in Europe and the United States. It was a product of the Italian neorealism style. The Italian title of the film is based on a pun; since the Italian word riso can mean either "rice" or "laughter", riso amaro can be taken to mean either "bitter laughter" or "bitter rice".

Early life

Born in Rome to an Italian father and an English mother (Ivy Webb from Croydon), Mangano lived in poverty during the Second World War. Trained for seven years as a dancer, she was supporting herself as a model.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Croydon town in South London, England

Croydon is a large town in the south of Greater London, England, 9.5 miles (15.3 km) south of Charing Cross. The principal settlement in the London Borough of Croydon, it is one of the largest commercial districts outside Central London, with an extensive shopping district and night-time economy.

In 1946, at age 16, Mangano won the "Miss Rome" beauty pageant and through this, she obtained a role in a Mario Costa film. One year later, she became a contestant in the Miss Italia contest. The contest that year became a springboard for a pool of potential actresses, including the winner Lucia Bosé "The Queen", Mangano and several other future stars of Italian cinema such as Gina Lollobrigida, Eleonora Rossi Drago and Gianna Maria Canale.

Gina Lollobrigida Italian actress

Luigina "Gina" Lollobrigida is an Italian actress, photojournalist and sculptor. She was one of the highest profile European actresses of the 1950s and early 1960s, a period in which she was an international sex symbol.

Eleonora Rossi Drago Italian actress

Eleonora Rossi Drago, born Palmira Omiccioli, was an Italian film actress. She was born in Quinto al Mare, Genoa, Italy, and had the leading role in Le amiche. She appeared in Un maledetto imbroglio. In 1960, for her performance in Estate violenta, she won the best actress prize of the Mar del Plata Film Festival and the Nastro d'argento. In 1964, she appeared in La Cittadella. She died in Palermo, Italy.

Gianna Maria Canale Italian actress

Gianna Maria Canale was an Italian film actress.

Film career

Mangano in 1958 Silvana Mangano 1958.jpg
Mangano in 1958
Mangano in 1974 Silvana Mangano 1974.jpg
Mangano in 1974

Mangano's earliest connection with filmmaking occurred through her romantic relationship with actor Marcello Mastroianni. This led her to a film contract, though it would take some time for Mangano to ascend to international stardom with her performance in Bitter Rice (Riso Amaro, Giuseppe De Santis, 1949). Thereafter, she signed a contract with Lux Film, in 1949, and later married Dino De Laurentiis, who was on the verge of becoming a known producer. [1]

Marcello Mastroianni Italian actor

Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni was an Italian film actor. His prominent films include: La Dolce Vita; ; La Notte; Divorce Italian Style; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow; Marriage Italian Style; The 10th Victim; A Special Day; City of Women; Henry IV; Dark Eyes; and Everybody's Fine. His honours included British Film Academy Awards, Best Actor awards at the Cannes Film Festival and two Golden Globe Awards.

Giuseppe De Santis Italian film director

Giuseppe De Santis was an Italian film director. One of the most idealistic neorealist filmmakers of the 1940s and 1950s, he wrote and directed films punctuated by ardent cries for social reform.

Lux Film was an Italian film distribution company founded by Riccardo Gualino in 1934.

Though she never scaled the heights of her contemporaries Sophia Loren and Gina Lollobrigida, Mangano remained a favorite star between the 1950s and 1970s, appearing in Anna (Alberto Lattuada, 1951), The Gold of Naples ( L'oro di Napoli , Vittorio De Sica, 1954), Mambo (Robert Rossen, 1955), Theorem ( Teorema , Pier Paolo Pasolini, 1968), Death in Venice (Morte a Venezia, Luchino Visconti, 1971), and The Scientific Cardplayer (1972).

Sophia Loren Italian actress

Sofia Villani Scicolone,, known by her stage name Sophia Loren, is an Italian film actress and singer. Encouraged to enroll in acting lessons after entering a beauty pageant, Loren began her film career in 1950 at age 16. She appeared in several bit parts and minor roles in the early part of the decade, until her five-picture contract with Paramount in 1956 launched her international career. Notable film appearances around this time include The Pride and the Passion, Houseboat, and It Started in Naples.

<i>Anna</i> (1951 film) 1951 film by Alberto Lattuada

Anna is a 1951 Italian melodrama film directed by Alberto Lattuada and starring the same trio as Bitter Rice: Silvana Mangano as Anna, the sinner who becomes a nun; Raf Vallone as Andrea, the rich man who loves her; and Vittorio Gassman as Vittorio, the wicked waiter who sets Anna on a dangerous path.

Alberto Lattuada Italian film director

Alberto Lattuada was an Italian film director.

Personal life

Married to film producer Dino De Laurentiis from 1949, the couple had four children: Veronica, Raffaella, Francesca, and Federico. [2] Veronica's daughter Giada De Laurentiis is the host of Everyday Italian and Giada at Home on the Food Network. Raffaella co-produced with her father on Mangano's penultimate film, Dune (David Lynch, 1984). Federico died in an airplane crash in 1981 in Alaska. [2] De Laurentiis and Mangano separated in 1983, and Mangano began divorce proceedings in 1988. [3]

Following surgery on 4 December 1989 that left her in a coma, Mangano died of lung cancer in Madrid, Spain on 16 December 1989. [1]

Filmography

Although it was actually sung by Flo Sandon's, Silvana Mangano was credited on the record label of "El Negro Zumbón", which is from the soundtrack of the film Anna (1951) and was a hit song in 1953. A clip of the opening of this performance is featured in the film Cinema Paradiso (1988).

Related Research Articles

Dino De Laurentiis Italian film producer

Agostino "Dino" De Laurentiis was an Italian-American film producer. Along with Carlo Ponti, he was one of the producers who brought Italian cinema to the international scene at the end of World War II. He produced or co-produced more than 500 films, of which 38 were nominated for Academy Awards. He also had a brief acting career in the late 1930s and early 1940s.

Giada De Laurentiis American television chef and food writer

Giada Pamela De Laurentiis is an Italian-born American chef, writer, and television personality. She is the host of Food Network's Giada at Home. She also appears regularly as a contributor and guest co-host on NBC's Today. De Laurentiis is the founder of the catering business GDL Foods. She is a winner of the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lifestyle Host, the Gracie Award for Best Television Host, and in 2012, she was inducted into the Culinary Hall of Fame.

<i>Teorema</i> (film) 1968 film by Pier Paolo Pasolini

Teorema is a 1968 Italian allegorical mystery film written and directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini and starring Terence Stamp, Laura Betti, Silvana Mangano, Massimo Girotti and Anne Wiazemsky. Pasolini's sixth film, it was the first time he worked primarily with professional actors. In this film, an upper-class Milanese family is introduced to, and then abandoned by, a divine force. Two prevalent motifs are the desert and the timelessness of divinity.

<i>The Witches</i> (1967 film) 1967 film by 5 different directors: Luchino Visconti, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Vittorio De Sica, Mauro Bolognini, Franco Rossi

The Witches is a 1967 comedy anthology film produced by Dino De Laurentiis in 1965. It consists of 5 short stories, directed by Luchino Visconti, Franco Rossi, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Mauro Bolognini and Vittorio De Sica. Each story is about witches and features Silvana Mangano.

Armando Trovajoli Italian composer

Armando Trovajoli was an Italian film composer and pianist with over 300 credits as composer and/or conductor, many of them jazz scores for exploitation films of the Commedia all'italiana genre. He collaborated with Vittorio De Sica on a number of projects, including one segment of Boccaccio '70. Trovajoli was also the author of several Italian musicals: among them, Rugantino and Aggiungi un posto a tavola.

Luigi Comencini Italian film director

Luigi Comencini was an Italian film director. Together with Dino Risi, Ettore Scola and Mario Monicelli, he was considered among the masters of the commedia all'italiana genre.

The Nastro d'Argento is a film award assigned each year, since 1946, by Sindacato Nazionale dei Giornalisti Cinematografici Italiani the association of Italian film critics.

Silvana Pampanini Italian actress and director

Silvana Pampanini was an Italian film actress, director and singer. She caused sensation when she took part in the 1946 Miss Italy contest and the following year she started her movie career. Her original plans to be an opera singer never materialized.

<i>Ulysses</i> (1954 film) 1954 adventure film based on Homers epic poem Odyssey directed by Mario Camerini and Mario Bava

Ulysses is a 1954 Italian fantasy-adventure film based on Homer's epic poem Odyssey. The movie was directed by Mario Camerini, who co-wrote the screenplay with writer Franco Brusati. The original choice for director was Georg Wilhelm Pabst but he quit at the last minute. The film's cinematographer Mario Bava co-directed the Polyphemus Cyclops segment (uncredited).

<i>The Scientific Cardplayer</i> 1972 film by Luigi Comencini

The Scientific Cardplayer is the English language title of a 1972 Italian comedy-drama film directed by Luigi Comencini. The screenplay was written by Rodolfo Sonego.

Raffaella De Laurentiis is an Italian film producer. Films that she has produced include Conan the Barbarian, Conan the Destroyer, Dune, Prancer, Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story, all films in the Dragonheart series, The Forbidden Kingdom and Kull the Conqueror.

Veronica De Laurentiis is an Italian author and actress. She is the daughter of Silvana Mangano and Dino De Laurentiis. At eighteen, she was cast in the film Waterloo, starring Rod Steiger and Christopher Plummer. The film was produced by her father. She then retired from acting following the birth of her first child, Giada De Laurentiis, in 1970.

De Laurentiis is an Italian surname, and may refer to:

<i>This Angry Age</i> 1957 film by René Clément

This Angry Age is a 1958 Italian-American drama film directed by René Clément, produced by Dino De Laurentiis, and starring Anthony Perkins and Silvana Mangano. It is an adaptation of Marguerite Duras' 1950 novel, The Sea Wall. The original novel was adapted again in 2008 by Rithy Panh as The Sea Wall, starring Isabelle Huppert.

<i>Death Laid an Egg</i> 1968 film by Giulio Questi

Death Laid an Egg is a 1968 giallo film directed by Giulio Questi. Written by Questi and Franco Arcalli, the film stars Ewa Aulin, Gina Lollobrigida and Jean-Louis Trintignant.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Mort de Silvana Mangano La magicienne". Le Monde . 18 December 1989. p. 10.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Flint, Peter B. (17 December 1989). "Silvana Mangano Is Dead at 59; Starred as Peasant in "Bitter Rice"". New York Times . Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  3. Obituary: Dino De Laurentiis, Daily Telegraph, 11 November 2010