Silverdale, Lancashire

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Silverdale
Chimney near Browns Houses - geograph.org.uk - 952458.jpg
Chimney near Jenny Brown's Point
Location map United Kingdom City of Lancaster.svg
Red pog.svg
Silverdale
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Location map United Kingdom Morecambe Bay.svg
Red pog.svg
Silverdale
Location on Morecambe Bay
Lancashire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Silverdale
Location within Lancashire
Area12.41 km2 (4.79 sq mi)  [1]
Population1,519 (2011)
  Density 122/km2 (320/sq mi)
OS grid reference SD460749
Civil parish
  • Silverdale
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARNFORTH
Postcode district LA5
Dialling code 01524
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
54°10′01″N2°49′37″W / 54.167°N 2.827°W / 54.167; -2.827 Coordinates: 54°10′01″N2°49′37″W / 54.167°N 2.827°W / 54.167; -2.827

Silverdale is a village and civil parish within the City of Lancaster district of Lancashire, England. The village stands on Morecambe Bay, near the border with Cumbria, 4.5 miles (7 km) north west of Carnforth and 8.5 miles (14 km) of Lancaster. The parish had a population of 1,519 recorded in the 2011 census.

Contents

Silverdale forms part of the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The RSPB's Leighton Moss nature reserve is close to the village train station. [2] The National Trust owns several pieces of land in the area. [3] The former Tarmac-owned Trowbarrow quarry is now a SSSI and popular climbing location. [4] The Lancashire Coastal Way footpath goes from Silverdale to Freckleton, and the Cumbria Coastal Way goes from Silverdale to Gretna.

It is served by nearby Silverdale railway station on the line from Lancaster to Barrow in Furness.

Governance

Silverdale is in the UK Parliamentary Constituency of Morecambe and Lunesdale, represented since 2010 by David Morris (Conservative), who was re-elected with an increased majority in May 2015, [5] a reduced majority in June 2017, [6] and an increased majority in December 2019. [7]

Before Brexit, it was in the North West England European Parliamentary Constituency.

Silverdale has a parish council, the lowest level of local government. In May 2019 five parish councillors were elected unopposed and two more were later co-opted. [8]

Silverdale is in the non-metropolitan district of the City of Lancaster. The Silverdale ward includes the parishes of Yealand Conyers and Yealand Redmayne and has a total population of 2,035. [9] On Lancaster City Council it is represented by one Liberal Democrat councillor, elected for a four-year term in May 2019. [10]

Silverdale is in the non-metropolitan county of Lancashire. On Lancashire County Council it forms part of Lancaster Rural North electoral division, and is represented by one Conservative councillor re-elected for a four-year term in May 2021. [11]

Silverdale was previously in Lancaster Rural District until its abolition in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. [12]

Geography

Nearby towns and cities: Lancaster, Carnforth, Kendal, Grange-over-Sands

Nearby villages: Arnside, Warton, Yealand Conyers, Yealand Redmayne, Yealand Storrs

Protected areas

Silverdale is within the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The parish includes several Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), including: Eaves Wood, [13] Gait Barrows, [14] Hawes Water [15] (not to be confused with Haweswater reservoir in Cumbria), Jack Scout, [16] Leighton Moss, [17] Silverdale Golf Course, [18] and Trowbarrow Quarry, [19] and the whole of Morecambe Bay is also an SSSI. [20]

Listed buildings

There are 20 listed buildings in Silverdale. The parish church [21] and Slackwood Farmhouse [22] are grade II* listed, while Lindeth Tower, the Silverdale Hotel, the lime kiln in Bottom's Lane, the chimney or tower at Jenny Brown's Point, twelve houses (four with barns) and two sets of entrance piers are grade II listed. [23]

Demography

The parish had a population of 1,519 recorded in the 2011 census, [1] This was a slight decrease from the 1,545 recorded in the 2001 census. [24] The area of the parish is calculated by the Office for National Statistics as 12.4149 square kilometres (4.7934 sq mi), giving a population density of 120 inhabitants per square kilometre (310/sq mi). The ONS also identifies "Silverdale built-up area", covering the core of the village but not extending east of Bottoms Lane or south of Lindeth Tower, which has a 2011 population of 1,326, an area of 1.015 square kilometres (0.392 sq mi) and a density of 1,310 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,400/sq mi). [25]

In 2011 98.9% of the residents of the parish were white and 96.8% born in the United Kingdom. Their average age was 50.9 years and their median age 56, compared to figures for City of Lancaster district of 39.21 and 38 years. [1] [26]

Culture and community

The parish church of St John Silverdale church.jpg
The parish church of St John

The Gaskell Memorial Hall in the centre of the village hosts a wide range of activities and events. The Silverdale Village Players [27] perform an annual Pantomime and another production each year, and the Silverdale Handbell Ringers (founded 1906, and formally the Silverdale Church Handbell Ringers) entertain at Christmas. The village has a Women's Institute, affiliated to the "Cumbria-Westmorland" Federation of Women's Institutes although Silverdale was not in Westmorland. [28] [29]

The Silverdale Village Institute is a registered charity and provides a building and playing field for public use. [30] In 2013 its committee rejected a proposal for a skatepark on the field. [31] The well-attended 2014 AGM saw a silent demonstration by the village's children in support of a skate park, and a major change in committee membership. [32]

The annual Silverdale and Arnside Art and Craft Trail, when local and visiting artists display their works in many venues in the two villages, takes place each summer. [33]

In February 2012 The Royal Hotel, a public house in a prominent location in the centre of Silverdale, became the subject of a dispute when its new owner announced his intention to use the pub and its gardens as the basis for a residential development. Local opposition led to the original submission being withdrawn. Revised plans were subsequently approved by Lancaster City Council's planning committee [34] and in April 2016 a refurbished Royal Hotel opened its doors to trade once again. [35]

The Royal Hotel pictured in January 2014 The Royal Hotel Silverdale, photographed in early 2014 after almost two years of closure..jpg
The Royal Hotel pictured in January 2014

Education

Silverdale Primary School (full name "Silverdale St John's Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School") [36] is housed in a Victorian building with more recent extensions, and has around 80 pupils. [37] It was graded "Good" in its 2006 Ofsted report and an "Interim Assessment Statement" in 2010 stated that "the school's performance has been maintained", but in its 2012 inspection it was graded as "Satisfactory". In 2013 it again achieved a "Good" rating. [38] There is no secondary school in the village.

Bleasdale School, formerly Bleasdale House School, is a day and residential special school for pupils with profound and multiple learning difficulties, with 20 pupils aged 2–19. [39] It was graded "Outstanding" in its 2012 Ofsted school inspection report [40] and "Good" in its 2013 Ofsted social care inspection report. [41]

The village has a branch library open 18 hours/week. [42] Its premises were an outbuilding of Bleasdale School, and were an electrician's shop before becoming a library in the 1960s. The library benefitted from a major refurbishment in December 2011, [43] [44] was closed on 29 September 2016 despite protests from the village community, [45] [46] and reopened on 1 November 2017. [47]

Religious buildings

St John's Church is the Anglican parish church [48] and a Grade II* listed building, built in 1885-86. [21] The Methodist church was also built in the 19th century. Silverdale is within the Anglican Diocese of Blackburn, the Catholic Diocese of Lancaster and the North Lancashire Methodist Circuit. [49]

Sport

The village has a bowls club and cricket team. Silverdale golf club, located near the railway station to the east of the village centre, was founded on 10 November 1906 and play started on 6 April 1907. Its original 9 hole course was extended to 12 holes in 1992 and to 18 holes in 2002. [50]

Silverdale Hoard

Items from the Silverdale Hoard Silverdale Hoard.jpg
Items from the Silverdale Hoard

In September 2011 a metal detectorist unearthed the Silverdale Hoard, an early 10th-century Viking hoard comprising 201 silver coins, jewellery, ingots and hacksilver that had been buried in a lead container in the vicinity of Silverdale. [51] The hoard was bought by Lancashire Museums Service, and was displayed in Lancaster City Museum during 2013 and the Museum of Lancashire, Preston, during 2014. [52]

The Matchless shipwreck

On 3 September 1894 the Morecambe pleasure boat Matchless capsized off Jenny Brown's Point on a trip from Morecambe to Grange-over-Sands. 25 holidaymakers from the industrial towns of Lancashire and Yorkshire drowned, the largest loss of lives in a single incident in Morecambe Bay. [53]

Leeds Children's Charity

The Leeds Children's Charity (LCC) from 1904 to 2016 provided holidays for needy children from Leeds at its Silverdale Holiday Centre, which was to the north of the village centre overlooking Morecambe Bay. [54] (The centre was actually across the county boundary so in Far Arnside, Cumbria, though very strongly associated with Silverdale). The charity was previously named the Leeds Children's Holiday Camp Association (LCHCA), and earlier the Leeds Poor Children's Holiday Camp Association. In its last years about 275 children each year were brought for a free five-day holiday, sometimes having never left Leeds before and seeing cows in fields for the first time. During their stay, they participated in a range of outdoor and indoor activities. The Association is a registered charity, and each year's Lady Mayoress of Leeds serves as its President. Its patrons include Matthew Lewis, the Leeds-born actor best known as Neville Longbottom in the Harry Potter films. [55] It is supported by donations from individuals and organisations in Leeds and Silverdale and elsewhere.

Frances McNeil has written a history of the Holiday Camp in her 2004 book Now I am a swimmer. [56]

In late 2015 it was announced that 2016 would be the final season of children's holidays at the Silverdale centre. The site was sold to the owner of the adjacent Holgates caravan site. [57] The Leeds Children's Charity offered children holidays instead at Lineham Farm, near Leeds, and by 2021 the charity had merged with the Lineham Farm Trust to form a new charity, Leeds Children's Charity at Lineham Farm. [58]

Notable residents

The shore, looking north Silverdale shore.jpg
The shore, looking north

See also

Related Research Articles

Leighton Moss RSPB reserve

Leighton Moss RSPB reserve is a nature reserve in Lancashire, England, which has been in the care of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds since 1964. It is situated at Silverdale near Carnforth, on the edge of Morecambe Bay and in the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Carnforth Human settlement in England

Carnforth is a market town and civil parish in the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England, situated at the north east end of Morecambe Bay. The parish of Carnforth had a population of 5,350 recorded in the 2001 census, and forms part of the City of Lancaster. The 2011 Census measured a population of 5,560.

City of Lancaster City and Non-metropolitan district in England

The City of Lancaster is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area, which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms, rural hinterland and a section of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The district has a population of 146,038 (mid-2019 est.), and an area of 222.5 square miles (576.2 km2).

Arnside Human settlement in England

Arnside is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, historically part of Westmorland, near the border with Lancashire, England. The Lake District National Park is located a few miles North. Travelling by road, Arnside is 22 miles (35 km) to the south of Kendal, 25.3 miles (40.7 km) to the east of Ulverston, 35.2 miles (56.6 km) to the east of Barrow-in-Furness, 15.7 miles (25.3 km) to the west of Lancaster and 14.3 miles (23.0 km) to the east of Grange-over-Sands. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 2,301, increasing at the 2011 census to 2,334.

Morecambe and Lunesdale (UK Parliament constituency)

Morecambe and Lunesdale is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Morris, a Conservative.

Yealand Conyers Human settlement in England

Yealand Conyers is a village and civil parish in the English county of Lancashire. It is in the City of Lancaster district.

Yealand Redmayne Human settlement in England

Yealand Redmayne is a village and civil parish in the English county of Lancashire.

Arnside and Silverdale

Arnside and Silverdale is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, on the border between Lancashire and Cumbria, adjoining Morecambe Bay. One of the smallest AONBs, it covers 29 square miles (75 km2) between the Kent Estuary, the River Keer and the A6 road. It was designated in 1972.

Warton, Lancaster Human settlement in England

Warton is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the City of Lancaster in north Lancashire in the north-west of England, close to the boundary with Cumbria, with a population of around 2,000, measured at the 2011 Census to be 2,360. It is a village steeped in history; its earliest recording as a settlement is made in Domesday Book written in 1086. The nearest town to Warton is Carnforth, which was originally part of Warton parish. It has connections to the first President of the United States, George Washington: Washington's ancestor of seven generations, Lawrence Washington, is rumoured to have helped build the village church of St Oswald. The parish covers an area in excess of 11,000 acres (45 km2) and is predominantly rural. The parish of Warton had a population of 2,315 recorded in the 2001 census, and 2,360 in the 2011 census.

Warton Crag

Warton Crag is a limestone hill in north west Lancashire, England. It lies to the north west of Warton village, in City of Lancaster district. At 163 metres (535 ft) it is the highest point in the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and is listed as a "HuMP" or "Hundred Metre Prominence", having a "drop" or "prominence" of 126 metres (413 ft) with its parent being Hutton Roof Crags. Two areas are Local Nature Reserves, called Warton Crag and Warton Crag Quarry. Different sections are owned by Lancashire County Council, the Wildlife Trust for Lancashire, Manchester and North Merseyside, Lancaster City Council and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

Far Arnside Human settlement in England

Far Arnside is a hamlet in the South Lakeland district, in the county of Cumbria, England.

Trowbarrow Quarry

Trowbarrow Quarry is a disused limestone quarry near Silverdale, Lancashire, England, which is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest and a Local Nature Reserve. It is a popular rock climbing area.

Hawes Water (Silverdale) Lake and SSSI in Lancashire, England

Hawes Water, sometimes called Hawes Tarn, is a lake in north west Lancashire, England, in the parish of Silverdale, the Arnside and Silverdale AONB, and the Gait Barrows National Nature Reserve (NNR). It is one of only two natural fresh-water lakes in the county, along with Marton Mere. It is a marl lake and the focus of an eponymous Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and has been the subject of several research studies. Little Hawes Water is a smaller lake to the north east. To the south of the lake, and included in the SSSI, is the area of Haweswater Moss.

<i>Matchless</i> (pleasure yacht)

The Matchless was a British pleasure yacht which sank in Morecambe Bay, off north west England, in 1894 with the loss of 25 lives.

Mourholme

Mourholme, Maurholme, Morhull or Merhull was a manor and castle in north Lancashire, England, in the present parish of Warton, north of Carnforth. The castle of "Merhull" was surrendered to King John in 1216 by Gilbert Fitz Reinfred. It is not known whether it was built of timber or of stone.

Lancaster Rural District was a rural district in the county of Lancashire, England. It was created in 1894 and abolished in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972.

Bay Cycle Way

The Bay Cycle Way is an 80-mile (130 km) cycling route around Morecambe Bay in Lancashire and Cumbria in north west England. Most of it forms National Cycle Route 700, while other sections are waymarked as NCN 6, NCN 69 and NCN 70.

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Further reading