Simon Douglas Keynes
23 September 1952
|Occupation||Academic, historian, antiquarian|
|Education|| King's College School, Cambridge |
The Leys School
|Alma mater|| Trinity College, Cambridge |
(BA, PhD, LittD)
|Institutions||University of Cambridge|
Simon Douglas Keynes, FBA , FSA , FRHistS ( /ˈkeɪnz/ KAYNZ;born 23 September 1952) is Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon emeritus in the Department of Anglo-Saxon,Norse,and Celtic at Cambridge University,and a Fellow of Trinity College. 
Keynes is the fourth and youngest son of Richard Darwin Keynes and his wife Anne Adrian,and thus a member of the Keynes family (and,by extension,of the Darwin–Wedgwood family). Two of his elder brothers are the conservationist and author Randal Keynes and the medical scientist and fellow fellow of Trinity Roger Keynes. He is the grandson of the surgeon Geoffrey Keynes and Nobelist Edgar Douglas Adrian,1st Baron Adrian,grandnephew of the economist John Maynard Keynes and great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin. 
He was born in Cambridge and educated at King's College School,The Leys School and Trinity College,Cambridge.  He was lecturer in Anglo-Saxon History at Cambridge from 1978,reader in Anglo-Saxon History from 1992,and Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon,from 1999 until 2019. He has been a fellow of Trinity College since 1976.  From 1999 to 2006 he was head of the Department of Anglo-Saxon,Norse and Celtic.
He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society,the Society of Antiquaries of London and the British Academy,and sits on various of the latter's committees.  
Keynes is also co-editor of the journal Anglo-Saxon England ,and is on the editorial board of Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England. From 1993 to 2004 he was associate editor of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 
In 2017,Keynes became the recipient of a Festschrift ,Writing,Kingship and Power in Anglo-Saxon England.  He retired from his professorship on 1 October 2019,and was succeeded by Rosalind Love. 
For a full list up to 2017,see 'Publications by Simon Keynes',in Writing,Kingship and Power in Anglo-Saxon England,ed. by Rory Naismith and David A. Woodman (Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2017),pp. xv-xxx ISBN 9781316676066, doi : 10.1017/9781316676066.
Edmund I or Eadmund I was King of the English from 27 October 939 until his death on 26 May 946. He was the elder son of King Edward the Elder and his third wife, Queen Eadgifu, and a grandson of King Alfred the Great. After Edward died in 924, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Edmund's half-brother Æthelstan. Edmund was crowned after Æthelstan died childless in 939. He had two sons, Eadwig and Edgar, by his first wife Ælfgifu, and none by his second wife Æthelflæd. His sons were young children when he was killed in a brawl with an outlaw at Pucklechurch in Gloucestershire, and he was succeeded by his younger brother Eadred, who died in 955 and was followed by Edmund's sons in succession.
Eadwig, was King of the English from 23 November 955 until his death. He was the elder son of Edmund I and his first wife Ælfgifu, who died in 944. Eadwig and his brother Edgar were young children when their father was killed trying to rescue his seneschal from attack by an outlawed thief on 26 May 946. As Edmund's sons were too young to rule he was succeeded by his brother Eadred, who suffered from ill health and died unmarried in his early 30s.
Æthelbald was King of Wessex from 855 to 860. He was the second of five sons of King Æthelwulf. In 850, Æthelbald's elder brother Æthelstan defeated the Vikings in the first recorded sea battle in English history, but he is not recorded afterwards and probably died in the early 850s. The next year Æthelwulf and Æthelbald inflicted another defeat on the Vikings at the Battle of Aclea. In 855 Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome and appointed Æthelbald King of Wessex, while Æthelberht, the next oldest son, became King of Kent, which had been conquered by Wessex thirty years earlier.
Æthelberht was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. The following year Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome and appointed his oldest surviving son, Æthelbald, as king of Wessex while Æthelberht became king of the recently conquered territory of Kent. Æthelberht may have surrendered his position to his father when he returned from pilgrimage, but resumed the south-eastern kingship when his father died in 858.
Eadred was King of the English from 26 May 946 until his death. He was the younger son of Edward the Elder and his third wife Eadgifu, and a grandson of Alfred the Great. His elder brother, Edmund, was killed trying to protect his seneschal from an attack by a violent thief. Edmund's two sons, Eadwig and Edgar, were then young children, so Eadred became king. He suffered from ill health in the last years of his life and he died at the age of a little over thirty, having never married. He was succeeded successively by his nephews, Eadwig and Edgar.
The Elrington and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo-Saxon is the senior professorship in Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge.
Richard Darwin Keynes, CBE, FRS was a British physiologist. The great-grandson of Charles Darwin, Keynes edited his great-grandfather's accounts and illustrations of Darwin's famous voyage aboard HMS Beagle into The Beagle Record: Selections From the Original Pictorial Records and Written Accounts of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle, which won praise from the New York Review of Books and The New York Times Book Review.
Nothhelm was a medieval Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury. A correspondent of both Bede and Boniface, it was Nothhelm who gathered materials from Canterbury for Bede's historical works. After his appointment to the archbishopric in 735, he attended to ecclesiastical matters, including holding church councils. Although later antiquaries felt that Nothhelm was the author of a number of works, later research has shown them to be authored by others. After his death he was considered a saint.
Hector Munro Chadwick was an English philologist. Chadwick was the Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and the founder and head of the Department for Anglo-Saxon and Kindred Studies at the University of Cambridge. Chadwick was well known for his encouragement of interdisciplinary research on Celts and Germanic peoples, and for his theories on the Heroic Age in the history of human societies. Chadwick was a tutor of many notable students and the author of numerous influential works in his fields of study. Much of his research and teaching was conducted in cooperation with his wife, former student and fellow Cambridge scholar Nora Kershaw.
The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) is a database and associated website that aims to construct a prosopography of individuals within Anglo-Saxon England The PASE online database presents details of the lives of every recorded individual who lived in, or was closely connected with, Anglo-Saxon England from 597 to 1087, with specific citations to each primary source describing each factoid.
Bagsecg, also known as Bacgsecg, was a viking and a leader of the Great Army, which invaded England. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Bagsecg and Healfdene were joint commanders of the Great Army that invaded the Kingdom of Wessex during the northern winter of 870/71.
Dorothy Whitelock, was an English historian. From 1957 to 1969, she was the Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge. Her best-known work is English Historical Documents, vol. I: c. 500-1042, which she edited. It is a compilation of translated sources, with introductions.
Muiredach was an ealdorman in northern England in the reign of Edgar the Peaceable. He is recorded in subscriptions to two royal charters.
The Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic is one of the constituent departments of the University of Cambridge, and focuses on the history, material culture, languages and literatures of the various peoples who inhabited Britain, Ireland and the extended Scandinavian world in the early Middle Ages. It is based on the second floor of the Faculty of English at 9 West Road. In Cambridge University jargon, its students are called ASNaCs.
Michael Lapidge, FBA is a scholar in the field of Medieval Latin literature, particularly that composed in Anglo-Saxon England during the period 600–1100 AD; he is an emeritus Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, a Fellow of the British Academy, and winner of the 2009 Sir Israel Gollancz Prize.
Andrew Philip McDowell Orchard is a scholar and teacher of Old English, Norse and Celtic literature. He is Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Oxford and a fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. He was previously Provost of Trinity College, Toronto, from 2007 to 2013. In 2021, claims of sexual harassment and assault by Orchard were publicized, which were alleged at universities where he has worked, including the University of Cambridge, the University of Toronto,
Æthelstan A is the name given by historians to an unknown scribe who drafted charters, by which the king made grants of land, for King Æthelstan of England between 928 and 935. They are an important source for historians as they provide far more information than other charters of the period, showing the date and place of the grant, and having an unusually long list of witnesses, including Welsh kings and occasionally kings of Scotland and Strathclyde.
Rosalind Love is a British historian, medievalist, and academic. She has been a Fellow of Robinson College, Cambridge since 1993, and Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic at the University of Cambridge since 2019. She is an editorial board member of the Richard Rawlinson Center Series for Anglo-Saxon Studies, an imprint of de Gruyter, an editor for the Oxford University Press imprint Oxford Medieval Texts, and the publications secretary for the Henry Bradshaw Society.
The Faculty of English is a constituent part of the University of Cambridge. Its research focus is wide ranging: from Old English literature through to contemporary, and also associated themes such as digital humanities and the history of the book. One of its sub-divisions is the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, the only department in the world dedicated to the Early Middle Ages.
Agnes Jane Robertson M.A. PhD (1893-1959) was a historian of Anglo-Saxon England. She was a student of Hector Munro Chadwick in the Department of Anglo-Saxon and Kindred Studies at the University of Cambridge, matriculating in about 1918. She was a Pfeiffer Research Fellow of Girton College, Cambridge and a lecturer in the Department of Anglo-Saxon and Kindred Studies between 1932 and 1935. She was later a reader in English language at the University of Aberdeen, which gives the Agnes Jane Robertson Memorial Lecture in her honour.