Singleton, New South Wales

Last updated
Singleton
New South Wales
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Singleton
Coordinates 32°34′0″S151°10′11″E / 32.56667°S 151.16972°E / -32.56667; 151.16972 Coordinates: 32°34′0″S151°10′11″E / 32.56667°S 151.16972°E / -32.56667; 151.16972
Population 16,921 (2015) [1]
Postcode(s) 2330
Elevation 40 m (131 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Singleton Shire Council
County Northumberland
State electorate(s) Upper Hunter
Federal Division(s) Hunter
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
24.7 °C
76 °F
11.1 °C
52 °F
645.4 mm
25.4 in

Singleton is a town on the banks of the Hunter River in New South Wales, Australia. Singleton is 197 kilometres (122 mi) north-north-west of Sydney, and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Newcastle. [2] At June 2015, Singleton had an urban population of 16,921. [1]

Hunter River (New South Wales) river

The Hunter River is a major river in New South Wales, Australia. The Hunter River rises in the Liverpool Range and flows generally south and then east, reaching the Tasman Sea at Newcastle, the second largest city in New South Wales and a major harbour port. Its lower reaches form an open and trained mature wave dominated barrier estuary.

New South Wales state of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Contents

Singleton's main urban area includes the town centre, Singleton Heights, Dunolly, Darlington, The Retreat, Wattle ponds and Hunterview. Surrounding rural villages include Broke, Camberwell, Jerrys Plains, Goorangoola/Greenlands and Belford.

Broke, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Broke is a village of approximately 292 people in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia in Singleton Shire. It is located 157 kilometres (98 mi) to the north of Sydney on the original early colonial road from Sydney to Singleton.

Camberwell is a small village just off the New England Highway in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is 196 kilometres north of Sydney and 15 kilometres northwest of Singleton in Singleton Shire.

Jerrys Plains is a village in the Hunter Region in New South Wales, Australia about 33 kilometres west of Singleton on the Golden Highway. The surrounding countryside is home to some substantial horse-breeding properties, notably the Australian branch of Ireland's giant Coolmore Stud, as well as viticulture and coal mining.

Singleton is located on the north-eastern part of the geological structure known as the Sydney basin, which borders the New England region. [3]

New England (New South Wales) Region in New South Wales, Australia

New England or New England North West is the name given to a generally undefined region in the north of the state of New South Wales, Australia about 60 kilometres (37 miles) inland, that includes the Northern Tablelands and the North West Slopes regions.

History

Singleton was established in the 1820s. In its early years, it was also called Patrick's Plains. [4] The Main Northern railway line reached Singleton in 1863 and was the end of the line until 1869. The town retains many historic buildings, including the original court house built in 1841, various large churches and many traditional Australian pubs. The countryside surrounding Singleton contains an unusual number of fine old mansions, reflecting the aristocratic nature of land grants when the area was settled. They include 'Neotsfield' (1828), the elaborate 'Baroona' (1829), 'Abbey Green' (1865) and stunning 'Minimbah' (1877).

Australian pub

An Australian pub or hotel is a public house or pub for short, in Australia, and is an establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises. They also provide other services, as entertainment venues, serving meals and providing basic accommodation.

Singleton was subject to the major flooding of the Hunter River in 1955, causing extensive damage to the town. When the area was being settled, the government originally attempted to create a town at Whittingham in a flood-free area, but the town grew by the river nonetheless. An embankment was constructed following the 1955 floods to help protect the town against any future flooding. [ citation needed ]

1955 Hunter Valley floods

The Hunter Valley Floods of 23rd of February 1955 was a major flood on the Hunter River in New South Wales, Australia. They were one of the most devastating natural disasters in Australia's history.

Singleton High School is a rural high school located in Singleton, New South Wales, Australia. It is the second biggest rural high school in the state of New South Wales, with over 1200 students attending. Singleton High School opened in 1940.

Singleton railway station, New South Wales railway station at Singleton, New South Wales, Australia

Singleton railway station is located on the Main Northern line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Singleton. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Climate

Singleton has a humid subtropical climate with hot wet summers and cool drier winters.

Climate data for Singleton
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)44.4
(111.9)
40.0
(104)
41.0
(105.8)
34.7
(94.5)
28.2
(82.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.0
(78.8)
30.4
(86.7)
33.0
(91.4)
39.0
(102.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.4
(106.5)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F)30.6
(87.1)
29.6
(85.3)
27.7
(81.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.1
(70)
18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
20.1
(68.2)
23.1
(73.6)
26.0
(78.8)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F)17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63)
15.2
(59.4)
11.1
(52)
8.6
(47.5)
5.6
(42.1)
4.8
(40.6)
5.0
(41)
8.0
(46.4)
10.7
(51.3)
13.5
(56.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.1
(52)
Record low °C (°F)9.6
(49.3)
9.6
(49.3)
7.5
(45.5)
2.5
(36.5)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−3.9
(25)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41)
8.1
(46.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)70.2
(2.764)
107.6
(4.236)
75.1
(2.957)
38.3
(1.508)
37.8
(1.488)
31.7
(1.248)
41.7
(1.642)
27.6
(1.087)
44.1
(1.736)
32.8
(1.291)
59.2
(2.331)
86.6
(3.409)
649.4
(25.567)
Average precipitation days10.110.19.17.18.18.47.16.88.36.610.59.9102.1
Average relative humidity (%)49525451605754444343464750
Source: [5]

Transport

The town is located at the junction of the New England Highway and Putty Road. The Golden Highway branches northwest from the New England Highway ten kilometres south of Singleton. Singleton is also served by local and long-distance rail services. Singleton railway station on the Main Northern railway line is located at the southern end of the town centre. There are also bus services, both intercity and local.

Economy

Major industries near Singleton include coal mining, electricity generation, light industry, vineyards, horse breeding and cattle production. Dairying was once a mainstay in the area, but has declined. [ citation needed ]

The largest employment industry is coal mining, which employs 24 percent of the town's workforce. [6] Defence is the second largest employer with almost 4 percent of the workforce. [6]

The Lone Pine army barracks is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Singleton.

Media

Print

The Singleton Argus is a bi-weekly newspaper which was established in 1874. It is currently owned and published by Fairfax Media. The weekly newspaper that serves Singleton and the Hunter Valley is The Hunter Valley News, [7] which, along with the Newcastle Herald newspaper (daily, except Sundays), is published by Fairfax Media.

Radio

Radio Stations serving both Newcastle and the Hunter Valley can be received in Singleton.

Television

Singleton is part of the Newcastle-Hunter Region television market, which is served by 5 television networks, three commercial and two national services (which include new sub-channels that started in 2009 for the commercial networks and in recent years from the national services).

Tourism

One of the world's largest sundials, Singleton Singleton Sundial Feb 2010.jpg
One of the world's largest sundials, Singleton

Heritage sites

Singleton Shire contains a number of buildings and other sites that are on the Register of the National Estate [8]

Education

Singleton is home to a number of educational facilities. These include schools operated by NSW Department of Education and two non-government schools at both Primary and Secondary levels; as well as a TAFE campus, Singleton Community College and a number of pre-schools. St Catherine's Catholic College provides classes from kindergarten to year 12, while Australian Christian College has classes from pre-kindergarten to year 10.

Schools operated by NSW Department of Education include:

Hunter Institute of TAFE operates a campus in Singleton. It provides training and further education as well as collaborating with secondary schools for students completing Senior years.

Notable people

Sister city

Flag of Japan.svg  Japan - Takahata, Yamagata, Japan [9]

See also

References

  1. 1 2 "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2014-15: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2005 to 2015". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2015.
  2. Robinson's Road Atlas of Australia, Lansdowne Press, 1983
  3. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/image/0007/96847/20758.gif
  4. Gee, Valma. "Patrick's Plains". Family History society of Singleton. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  5. "Climate statistics for Singleton". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
  6. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Singleton (SUA)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 November 2016. Blue pencil.svg
  7. "Hunter Valley News". huntervalleynews.net.au. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  8. The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp.2/210-211
  9. "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.