Sinsheim

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Sinsheim
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Coat of arms
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Sinsheim
Location of Sinsheim within Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district
BavariaHesseRhineland-PalatinateHeidelbergHeilbronnHeilbronn (district)Karlsruhe (district)MannheimNeckar-Odenwald-KreisEberbachAltlußheimAngelbachtalBammentalBrühlDielheimDossenheimEberbachEberbachEberbachEdingen-NeckarhausenEdingen-NeckarhausenEpfenbachEppelheimEschelbronnGaibergHeddesbachHeddesheimHeiligkreuzsteinachHelmstadt-BargenHemsbachHirschberg an der BergstraßeHockenheimIlvesheimKetschLadenburgLaudenbachLeimenLeimenLobbachMalschMauerMeckesheimMühlhausenNeckarbischofsheimNeckargemündNeidensteinNeulußheimNußlochOftersheimPlankstadtRauenbergReichartshausenReilingenSandhausenSankt Leon-RotSchönauSchönbrunnSchriesheimSchwetzingenSchwetzingenSinsheimSpechbachWaibstadtWalldorfWeinheimWeinheimWiesenbachWieslochWilhelmsfeldZuzenhausenSinsheim
Sinsheim
Coordinates: 49°15′N08°53′E / 49.250°N 8.883°E / 49.250; 8.883 Coordinates: 49°15′N08°53′E / 49.250°N 8.883°E / 49.250; 8.883
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
   Mayor Jörg Albrecht
Area
  Total 127.01 km2 (49.04 sq mi)
Elevation 154 m (505 ft)
Population (2017-12-31) [1]
  Total 35,439
  Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 74871-74889
Dialling codes 07260, 07261, 07265, 07266, 07268
Vehicle registration HD
Website www.sinsheim.de
Historical buildings in the principal street Sinsheim Hauptstr 127-133.jpg
Historical buildings in the principal street
Burg Steinsberg Weiler-sh-burgsteinsberg.jpg
Burg Steinsberg
The monastery Stift Sunnisheim Sinsheim Stift Sunnisheim Sunnisheimgebaude.jpg
The monastery Stift Sunnisheim

Sinsheim (German pronunciation: [ˈzɪnshaɪ̯m] ) is a town in south-western Germany, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-Württemberg about 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-east of Heidelberg and about 28 kilometres (17 mi) north-west of Heilbronn in the district Rhein-Neckar.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Baden-Württemberg State in Germany

Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France. It is Germany’s third-largest state, with an area of 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi) and 11 million inhabitants. Baden-Württemberg is a parliamentary republic and partly sovereign, federated state which was formed in 1952 by a merger of the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern. The largest city in Baden-Württemberg is the state capital of Stuttgart, followed by Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Other cities are Freiburg im Breisgau, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Pforzheim, Reutlingen and Ulm.

Heidelberg Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Heidelberg is a university town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In the 2016 census, its population was 159,914, with roughly a quarter of its population being students.

Contents

Geography

Overview

It consists of a town centre and 12 suburbs with a total population of 35,373 (as of December 2011). Its area encompasses 127 square kilometers (49 sq mi). The Elsenz, an unnavigable left-bank tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town, reaching the Neckar at Neckargemünd.

Subdivisions

The list below shows the 12 suburban villages (Stadtteile) [2] Population data was as of 31 December 2004 and the one of Sinsheim (the town proper) was of 12,229.

VillagePopulation
Wappen Adersbach.svg Adersbach565
COA Duhren.svg Dühren 2,374
COA Ehrstadt.svg Ehrstädt638
Wappen Eschelbach.svg Eschelbach2,353
COA Hasselbach.svg Hasselbach299
COA Hilsbach.svg Hilsbach2,199
VillagePopulation
COA Hoffenheim.svg Hoffenheim 3,286
COA Reihen.svg Reihen2,086
COA Rohrbach (Sinsheim).svg Rohrbach2,020
Wappen Steinsfurt.png Steinsfurt3,295
Wappen Waldangelloch.svg Waldangelloch1,740
COA Weiler.svg Weiler2,008

History

The region around Sinsheim has been settled since 700,000 BC, as shown by the finding of the fossil Homo heidelbergensis in the village of Mauer, about 12 km (7 miles) north of Sinsheim. The Romans ruled the area from 90 AD to 260 AD. The city was possibly founded in about 550 AD by the Frankish nobleman Sunno. It was first historically mentioned in 770 AD in the Codex of the cloister Lorsch. Since 1192, the town had city rights, a privilege first granted by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

<i>Homo heidelbergensis</i> Extinct species of the genus Homo

Homo heidelbergensis is an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus homo, which radiated in the Middle Pleistocene from about 700,000 to 300,000 years ago, known from fossils found in Southern Africa, East Africa and Europe. African H. heidelbergensis has several subspecies. The subspecies are Homo heidelbergensis heidelbergensis, Homo heidelbergensis daliensis, Homo rhodesiensis, and Homo heidelbergensis steinheimensi. The derivation of Homo sapiens from Homo rhodesiensis has often been proposed, but is obscured by a fossil gap from 400–260 kya. The species was originally named Homo heidelbergensis due to the skeleton's first discovery in Heidelberg, Germany.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula, dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

Franks people

The Franks were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine, on the edge of the Roman Empire. Later the term was associated with Romanized Germanic dynasties within the collapsing Roman Empire, who eventually commanded the whole region between the rivers Loire and Rhine. They then imposed power over many other post-Roman kingdoms and Germanic peoples, and still later they were given recognition by the Catholic Church as successors to the old rulers of the Western Roman Empire.

Sinsheim was affected by wars and poverty from the 1500s to the 1700s. Sinsheim-born revolutionary Franz Sigel became a famous Union general in the American Civil War.

Franz Sigel Union Army general; U.S. civil servant

Franz Sigel was a German American military officer, revolutionist and immigrant to the United States who was a teacher, newspaperman, politician, and served as a Union major general in the American Civil War. His ability to recruit German-speaking immigrants to the Union armies received the approval of President Abraham Lincoln, but he was strongly disliked by General-in-Chief Henry Halleck.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

The Elsenz Valley Railway and Sinsheim station were opened in 1868 and the nearby Steinsfurt–Eppingen line was opened in 1900; electricity and public water pipes were introduced into the city from 1910 on. The World Wars and the Great Depression kept Sinsheim from growing until the A6 Autobahn was built in 1968. It connected Sinsheim to national and international roads, with Mannheim, Stuttgart, Frankfurt am Main, Heilbronn, Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen all now within 1 hour by car. While traditionally being an agricultural town, the highway made it into a small industrial centre, but it has been hit by recession and international outsourcing in recent years.

Elsenz Valley Railway

The Elsenz Valley Railway (Elsenztalbahn) or Neckargemünd–Bad Friedrichshall railway is an electrified, partly double-tracked main line in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, running from Heidelberg via Sinsheim to Bad Friedrichshall, that, for part of its course, follows the Elsenz river that gives it its name. The crossing stations on the single-tracked sections were controlled by mechanical signal boxes until 2008, but are now controlled by electronic interlockings.

Steinsfurt–Eppingen railway railway line

The Steinsfurt–Eppingen railway, which opened in 1900, is a 12.9 km long, single-track and electrified branch line along the Elsenz river in the Kraichgau region of the German state of Baden-Württemberg, between the Sinsheim district of Steinsfurt and Eppingen, connecting the Elsenz Valley Railway and the Kraichgau Railway. Since 2006, the Baden-Württemberg Regional Transport Company has marketed the line as the Kraichgau–Stromberg Railway. The line is part of line S5 of the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn, opened between Heidelberg and Eppingen on 12 December 2009.

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

Demographics

The numbers are estimates, census results(¹) or official data of the statistical offices (only primary residences).

YearPopulation
14th centuryca. 1,200
1705823
17981,705
18522,854
1 December 18712,716
1 December 1880 ¹2,990
1 December 1890 ¹2,952
1 December 1900 ¹3,011
1 December 1910 ¹3,327
8 October 1919 ¹3,184
16 June 1925 ¹3,497
16 June 1933 ¹3,767
17 May 1939 ¹3,900
YearPopulation
December 1945 ¹4,101
13 September 1950 ¹5,860
6 June 1961 ¹6,532
27 May 1970 ¹8,056
31 December 197525,373
31 December 198026,658
27 May 1987 ¹27,454
31 December 199029,307
31 December 199532,828
31 December 200034,171
31 December 200535,524
31 December 200635,605
31 December 201135,373

¹ census results

Main sights

The Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum as seen from the Bundesautobahn 6 Vliegmuseum langs A6 Duitsland.jpg
The Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum as seen from the Bundesautobahn 6

Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum situated in the suburb Steinsfurt, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year. In 1989, a trade fair area was established that features all kinds of industrial and popular events.

Additionally, Sinsheim has a medieval city core; the Altes Rathaus (old Town Hall) is a museum for the town and its role in the 1848 revolution. An old fortress, Burg Steinsberg in the village of Weiler, overlooks Sinsheim. With its octagonal tower, dating back to the 13th century, the fortress has sometimes been called the "compass" of the Kraichgau region, and nowadays contains a restaurant.

Sport

The Rhein-Neckar-Arena 090103 RheinNeckarArena.JPG
The Rhein-Neckar-Arena

Stadium

On September 19, 2006 the mayor of Sinsheim announced a stadium would be built not far from the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, for the town's most successful football club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Construction of the 100 million stadium, which seats 30,164, was funded by Dietmar Hopp, a co-founder and major share holder of software giant SAP and a former player in the youth system of TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. The club christened their new stadium "Rhein Neckar-Arena" on 31 January 2009 with a 2–0 win over Energie Cottbus.

Personalities

Related Research Articles

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis District in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is a Landkreis (district) in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Bergstraße, Odenwaldkreis, Neckar-Odenwald, Heilbronn, Karlsruhe, the independent city of Speyer, the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis, and the independent cities of Mannheim and Heidelberg. The administrative headquarters are based in the city of Heidelberg, which does not form part of the district itself.

Bad Wimpfen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Bad Wimpfen  is a historic spa town in the district of Heilbronn in the Baden-Württemberg region of southern Germany. It lies north of the city of Heilbronn, on the river Neckar.

Eppingen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Eppingen   is a town in the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. The town has the second-largest population in the district.

Bad Rappenau Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Bad Rappenau  is a town in the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Heilbronn.

Waibstadt Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Waibstadt is a town in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion football stadium

The Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion is a football ground in Sinsheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The 6,350-capacity stadium is the home of 1899 Hoffenheim II and the Hoffenheim women's section. It had been home to the Hoffenheim senior men's side until their promotion to the First Bundesliga for 2008–09. It is named after SAP SE co-founder and 1899 Hoffenheim chairman, Dietmar Hopp.

Bammental Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Bammental is a municipality in Rhein-Neckar Kreis of Baden-Württemberg.

Meckesheim Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Meckesheim is a village in south western Germany. It is located between Heidelberg and Sinsheim in the Rhein-Neckar district in the state of Baden-Württemberg.

Rhein-Neckar-Arena football stadium

Rhein-Neckar-Arena, currently known as PreZero Arena and previously as Wirsol Rhein-Neckar-Arena[ˈvɪʁzɔl-] for sponsorship reasons, is a multi-purpose stadium in Sinsheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is used mostly for football matches and hosts the home matches of 1899 Hoffenheim. The stadium has a capacity of 30,150 people. It replaced TSG 1899 Hoffenheim's former ground, the Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion.

The Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn forms the backbone of the urban rail transport network of the Rhine Neckar Area, including the cities of Mannheim, Heidelberg and Ludwigshafen.

Hoffenheim Stadtteil of Sinsheim in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Hoffenheim is a village in Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It belongs to the municipality of Sinsheim and, as of 2006, it has a population of 3,272.

Bad Friedrichshall Hauptbahnhof railway station in Bad Friedrichshall, Germany

Bad Friedrichshall Hauptbahnhof is a regionally important junction station and a former border station in the city of Bad Friedrichshall in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. The modern Elsenz Valley Railway and Neckar Valley Railway branch from the Franconia Railway here. Until 1993 it was the starting point of the Lower Kocher Valley Railway.

Sinsheim (Elsenz) Hauptbahnhof railway station in Sinsheim, Germany

Sinsheim (Elsenz) Hauptbahnhof — called Sinsheim (Elsenz) station until 2010 — is a station on the Neckargemünd–Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld railway in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. The station falls within the area of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar and is an important station in the Kraichgau. In the area of the city of Sinsheim, there are also stations at Hoffenheim, Sinsheim Museum/Arena, Steinsfurt and Reihen.

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim (women)

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim Frauen is the women's football section of German club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim, based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg, inside the Rhine-Neckar. The team currently plays in the Frauen-Bundesliga, the highest level of women's football in Germany.

Bad Rappenau station German railway station

Bad Rappenau station is the station of Bad Rappenau, a spa town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located at kilometre 27.9 on the Elsenz Valley Railway (Elsenztalbahn) or Neckargemünd–Bad Friedrichshall railway and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 5 station.

Meckesheim station railway station in Meckesheim, Germany

Meckesheim station is a small railway junction in Meckesheim, North Baden in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located on the Neckargemünd–Bad Friedrichshall railway and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station. The Schwarzbach Valley Railway branches off the Elsenz Valley Railway to Aglasterhausen in Meckesheim. Until 1990, the Wiesloch–Meckesheim/Waldangelloch railway also branched off via Schatthausen to Wiesloch Stadt and Wiesloch-Walldorf.

Bad Wimpfen station railway station in Bad Wimpfen, Germany

Bad Wimpfen station is a station in a station in the spa town of Bad Wimpfen in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is at the kilometre 33.8 point on the Elsenz Valley Railway. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 6 station. The station building is heritage-listed.

References

  1. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. (in German) Stadtteile of Sinsheim (municipal website)

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