|• Chosŏn'gŭl||신 의 주 시|
|• Hancha||新 義 州 市|
|• Revised Romanization||Sinuiju-si|
The emblem Magnolia.
|Administrative divisions||49 tong,|
|• Total||180 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Sinŭiju (Sinŭiju-si, Korean pronunciation: [si.nɰi.dzu] ; known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City ) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong, Liaoning, China across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy. In recent years, the city, despite lagging behind the development in the capital Pyongyang, has seen a small construction boom[ contradictory ] and increasing tourism from China.
Sinŭiju is bordered by the Amnok River, and by P'ihyŏn and Ryongch'ŏn counties. The city's altitude is 1 metre (4 feet) above sea level. There are several islands at the mouth of the Amnok River - Wihwa-do, Rim-do, Ryuch'o-do and Tongryuch'o-do.
Sinuiju city is the heart of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region. The city is currently divided into 49 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):
|5-1-dong (O-il-dong)||5-1동 (오일동)||五 一 洞|
|Apkang-dong||압강동||鴨 江 洞|
|Chaeha-dong||채하동||彩 霞 洞|
|Chinseon 1-dong||친선1동||親 善 一 洞|
|Chinseon 2-dong||친선2동||親 善 二 洞|
|Cheongsong-dong||청송동||靑 松 洞|
|Haebang-dong||해방동||解 放 洞|
|Kaehyeok-dong||개혁동||改 革 洞|
|Keunhwa-dong||근화동||芹 花 洞|
|Majeon-dong||마전동||麻 田 洞|
|Minpho-dong||민포동||敏 浦 洞|
|Namha-dong||남하동||南 下 洞|
|Namjung-dong||남중동||南 中 洞|
|Nammin-dong||남민동||南 敏 洞|
|Namsang-dong||남상동||南 上 洞|
|Namseo-dong||남서동||南 西 洞|
|Namsong-dong||남송동||南 松 洞|
|Baekun-dong||백운동||白 雲 洞|
|Baeksa-dong||백사동||白 沙 洞|
|Baekto-dong||백토동||白 土 洞|
|Bangjik-tong||방직동||紡 織 洞|
|Bonbu-dong||본부동||本 部 洞|
|Panmun-dong||판문동||板 門 洞|
|Pungseo 1-dong||풍서1동||豊 西 一 洞|
|Pungseo 2-dong||풍서2동||豊 西 二 洞|
|Pyeonghwa-dong||평화동||平 和 洞|
|Ragwon 1-dong||락원1동||樂 園 一 洞|
|Ragwon 2-dong||락원2동||樂 園 二 洞|
|Rakcheong 1-dong||락청1동||樂 清 一 洞|
|Rakcheong 2-dong||락청2동||樂 清 二 洞|
|Ryeonsang 1-dong||련상1동||蓮 上 一 洞|
|Ryeonsang 2-dong||련상2동||蓮 上 二 洞|
|Ryusang 1-dong||류상1동||柳 上 一 洞|
|Ryusang 2-dong||류상2동||柳 上 二 洞|
|Sinnam-dong||신남동||新 南 洞|
|Sinpo-dong||신포동||新 浦 洞|
|Sinwon-dong||신원동||新 元 洞|
|Seokha 1-dong||석하1동||石 下 一 洞|
|Seokha 2-dong||석하2동||石 下 二 洞|
|Songhan-dong||송한동||送 鷴 洞|
|Seonsang-dong||선상동||仙 上 洞|
|Sumun-dong||수문동||水 門 洞|
|Dongha-dong||동하동||東 下 洞|
|Dongjung-dong||동중동||東 中 洞|
|Dongsang-dong||동상동||東 上 洞|
|Wai-dong||와이동||瓦 耳 洞|
|Yeokcheon-dong||역전동||驛 前 洞|
|Yeonha-dong||연하동||煙 下 洞|
|Jungjae-ri||중재리||中 斉 里|
|Hadan-ri||하단리||下 端 里|
|Ryucho-ri||류초리||柳 草 里|
|Samgyo-ri||삼교리||三 橋 里|
|Samryong-ri||삼룡리||三 龍 里|
|Sangdan-ri||상단리||上 端 里|
|Seongseo-ri||성서리||城 西 里|
|Daji-ri||다지리||多 智 里|
|Toseong-ri||토성리||土 城 里|
Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Amrok River, Sinuiju is located 11 km (7 miles) south by southwest of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Amnok River to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river.
In the course of the Korean War, after being driven from P'yŏngyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved its capital to Sinŭiju- although as UNC forces approached, the government again moved - this time to Kanggye. Also, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the United States Air Force's strategic bombing of North Korea; 95 percent of the city was destroyed. However, the city has since been rebuilt.
In 2018, a master plan for the redevelopment of the city was unveiled and shown to Kim Jong-un, which would have featured many high rise buildings and parks, centered around the road leading to the statues of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. Ultimately, this plan has yet to be fulfilled, with the only major work completed being the repaving of roads leading to the statues and the red coloured, circular apartment building behind and the Sinuiju Youth Open Air Theatre's completion, although the industrial areas in the city have seen some reconstruction.
An important light industry centre in North Korea, Sinŭiju has a plant manufacturing enamelled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships. The area has recycling plants which recycle a wide range of material, including products that are banned for recycling in China.The Sinŭiju Cosmetics Factory is located in South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju).
A substantial portion of North Korea's international trade, both legal and illegal, passes through Sinuiju and Dandong, across the Yalu River.
Since 2002, commercial life has been centred on the Chaeha-dong Market.Based on a satellite image taken on 30 October 2012, the market has been destroyed and is being made into a new park.
Sinŭiju can be reached from P'yŏngyang by air, railway and road. It can be reached from Dandong in China by crossing the Amnok River by bridge or boat. Foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong are sometimes permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they do not land.
Sinŭiju's airport has a single turf runway 03/21 measuring 991 metres by 61 metres (3250 feet by 213 feet).Air Koryŏ operates passenger and cargo flights from P'yŏngyang.
Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is the northern terminus of the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngŭi Line from P'yŏngyang; the district is also served by several other stations on the P'yŏngŭi line, as well as the Tŏkhyŏn and Paengma lines. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong in Liaoning Province (China) by the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, which is 944 m (3,097 ft) long from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway. The factories of the city of Sinŭiju are provided with railway service via the Kang'an Line.
Sinuiju has a trolleybus line that runs from the city centre to the railway station. It was reopened in October 2020 with new trolleybuses derived from the Pyongyang Chollima-321 trolleybus. It formerly had another line running from the Sinuiju Chongnyon Station to Ragwon Machine Complex that closed between 2005 and 2009 with the reconstruction of the highway with a shifted alignment.
Sinŭiju has a monsoonal humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa) with hot, humid and stormy summers and cold, dry winters with little snowfall.
|Climate data for Sinuiju (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1957–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||9.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.8|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−10.3|
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||5.9|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.1||3.2||3.8||6.4||7.7||9.8||12.6||10.4||5.7||5.6||5.2||4.0||76.5|
|Average snowy days||3.5||3.1||2.1||0.3||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||1.9||4.4||15.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||60.2||59.9||61.8||63.7||70.0||78.0||84.2||81.7||73.7||68.0||65.6||62.5||69.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||199||195||227||228||237||207||163||200||220||208||169||172||2,425|
|Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration|
|Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), Meteo Climat (extremes)|
Facilities in Sinŭiju include Sinŭiju High School, Sinŭiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinŭiju Light Industry University, Sinŭiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.
There also is a Ferris wheel overlooking the Yalu River, reportedly broken.
The Yalu River, known by Koreans as the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China. Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea and China. Its valley became the scene of several military conflicts in the past centuries.
Wŏnsan, previously known as Wŏnsanjin (元山津), Port Lazarev, and Genzan (元山), is a port city and naval base located in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea, along the eastern side of the Korean Peninsula, on the Sea of Japan and the provincial capital. The port was opened by occupying Japanese forces in 1880. Before the 1950–1953 Korean War, it fell within the jurisdiction of the then South Hamgyŏng province, and during the war it was the location of the Blockade of Wŏnsan. The population of the city was estimated at 329,207 in 2013. Notable people from Wŏnsan include Kim Ki-nam, a diplomat and former Vice Chairman of the ruling Workers' Party of Korea.
Ryongch'ŏn County is a kun (county) in North P'yǒngan province, North Korea, at the mouth of the Yalu River. The county seat is Ryongch'ŏn-ŭp, about 20 km (12 mi) from the border with China. The area has a reported population of 27,000 and is a centre of chemical and metalworking production.
The Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, or China–North Korea Friendship Bridge, is a bridge across the Yalu or Amnok River on the China–North Korea border. It connects the cities of Dandong in China and Sinuiju of North Korea, by railway and roadway but pedestrians are not allowed to cross between either side. The bridge serves as one of the few ways to enter or leave North Korea.
The P'yŏngŭi Line is an electrified main trunk line of the Korean State Railway of North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Sinŭiju on the border with China. It is the main corridor for overland traffic between North Korea and China, and is one of the country's most important rail lines. A bridge over the Yalu River connects Sinŭiju to the Chinese city of Dandong and the Shendan Line of the China Railway to Shenyang and Chinese points beyond.
P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk is one of the 18 guyŏk of P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It is bordered by the Taedong River in the south and the Pothonggang Canal in the north and Potong River in the west, and to the east by Chung-guyŏk, from which it is separated by the yard area of P'yŏngyang railway station.
Rail transport in North Korea is provided by Korean State Railway which is the only rail operator in North Korea. It has a network of over 6,000 km of track, of which the vast majority is standard gauge; there is, however, nearly 400 km of narrow-gauge lines (762 mm) in various locations around the country.
Pyongyang station is the central railway station of P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It is located in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Chung-guyŏk.
Sinanju Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a satellite railway station in Sinanju, a town in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Anju-si, South P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the junction point of the P'yŏngŭi and Kaech'ŏn lines of the Korean State Railway. It is located near the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River, which forms the boundary between South P'yŏngan and North P'yŏngan provinces.
Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is a railway station in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Chŏngju city, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the junction of the P'yŏngŭi and P'yŏngbuk lines of the Korean State Railway.
Sŏnch'ŏn station is a railway station in Sŏnch'ŏn-ŭp, Sŏnch'ŏn County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is on located on the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway.
Yŏmju station is a railway station in Yŏmju-ŭp, Yŏmju County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the junction point of the P'yŏngŭi and Paengma lines of the Korean State Railway.
Sinuiju Chongnyon station, also known as Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn station, is a railway station in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the northern terminus of the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway, and the starting point of the Kang'an Line, which is an industrial line serving the factories of Sinŭiju.
Uiju Airfield is an airport in Uiju County, Pyongan-bukto, North Korea.
The Korean State Railway, commonly called the State Rail is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of North Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Chang Jun Song.
The P'yŏngbu Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngyang to Kaesŏng in North Korea and further south across the DMZ to Seoul in South Korea; the name comes from the two (theoretical) termini of the line: P'yŏngyang and Busan.
The New Yalu River Bridge, or Korea-China Amnok River Bridge, is a road bridge across the Amnok River between Dandong, Liaoning Province, China, and Sinuiju, North Korea. The cable-stayed bridge, which is 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) long including the supporting roads, is intended as a replacement for the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge. Construction began in October 2011 and is mostly complete and connected with Xingdan Road, but the project stalled between 2014 and 2019, with work unfinished on the North Korean side. By 2021, construction on the North Korean side has been mostly completed, with the bridge being expected to open soon.
The China–North Korea border is the international border separating the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). It runs for 1,352 km (840 mi) from the estuary of the Yalu River in the Korea Bay in the west to the tripoint with Russia in the east.
The Shenyang–Dandong railway or Shendan Railway is a China Railway line connecting the Liaoning cities of Shenyang and Dandong, with an onward connection to Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station in Sinŭiju, North Korea, on the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway. The line is 277 km (172 mi) in length and is subordinate to the Shenyang Railway Bureau. It is the most important of the railway lines connecting China with the DPRK.
The Kangan Line, also spelled Kang'an Line, is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Sinŭiju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Kang'an.
China accounts for about 90 percent of North Korea’s trade. Half of that business is estimated to flow through Dandong...
Further in shore I spotted Sinuiju’s signature monument, the Ferris wheel that doesn’t move.