|• Chosŏn'gŭl||신 의 주 시|
|• Hancha||新 義 州 市|
|• Revised Romanization||Sinuiju-si|
Aerial view of Downtown Sinŭiju, from Dandong, China
The emblem Magnolia.
Map of North Pyongan showing the location of Sinŭiju
|Administrative divisions||49 tong,|
|• Total||180 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Sinŭiju (Korean pronunciation: [si.nɰi.dzu] ); Sinŭiju-si, known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City ) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong, China across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy. In recent years, the city, despite lagging behind the development in the capital Pyongyang, has seen a small construction boom and increasing tourism from China.
Sinŭiju is bordered by the Amnok River, and by P'ihyŏn and Ryongch'ŏn counties. The city's altitude is 4 feet, or about one meter, above sea level. There are several islands at the mouth of the Amnok River - Wihwa-do, Rim-do, Ryuch'o-do and Tongryuch'o-do.
Sinuiju city is the heart of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region. The city is currently divided into 49 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):
|5-1-dong (O-il-dong)||5-1동 (오일동)||五 一 洞|
|Apkang-dong||압강동||鴨 江 洞|
|Chaeha-dong||채하동||彩 霞 洞|
|Chinseon 1-dong||친선1동||親 善 一 洞|
|Chinseon 2-dong||친선2동||親 善 二 洞|
|Cheongsong-dong||청송동||靑 松 洞|
|Haebang-dong||해방동||解 放 洞|
|Kaehyeok-dong||개혁동||改 革 洞|
|Keunhwa-dong||근화동||芹 花 洞|
|Majeon-dong||마전동||麻 田 洞|
|Minpho-dong||민포동||敏 浦 洞|
|Namha-dong||남하동||南 下 洞|
|Namjung-dong||남중동||南 中 洞|
|Nammin-dong||남민동||南 敏 洞|
|Namsang-dong||남상동||南 上 洞|
|Namseo-dong||남서동||南 西 洞|
|Namsong-dong||남송동||南 松 洞|
|Baekun-dong||백운동||白 雲 洞|
|Baeksa-dong||백사동||白 沙 洞|
|Baekto-dong||백토동||白 土 洞|
|Bangjik-tong||방직동||紡 織 洞|
|Bonbu-dong||본부동||本 部 洞|
|Panmun-dong||판문동||板 門 洞|
|Pungseo 1-dong||풍서1동||豊 西 一 洞|
|Pungseo 2-dong||풍서2동||豊 西 二 洞|
|Pyeonghwa-dong||평화동||平 和 洞|
|Ragwon 1-dong||락원1동||樂 園 一 洞|
|Ragwon 2-dong||락원2동||樂 園 二 洞|
|Rakcheong 1-dong||락청1동||樂 清 一 洞|
|Rakcheong 2-dong||락청2동||樂 清 二 洞|
|Ryeonsang 1-dong||련상1동||蓮 上 一 洞|
|Ryeonsang 2-dong||련상2동||蓮 上 二 洞|
|Ryusang 1-dong||류상1동||柳 上 一 洞|
|Ryusang 2-dong||류상2동||柳 上 二 洞|
|Sinnam-dong||신남동||新 南 洞|
|Sinpo-dong||신포동||新 浦 洞|
|Sinwon-dong||신원동||新 元 洞|
|Seokha 1-dong||석하1동||石 下 一 洞|
|Seokha 2-dong||석하2동||石 下 二 洞|
|Songhan-dong||송한동||送 鷴 洞|
|Seonsang-dong||선상동||仙 上 洞|
|Sumun-dong||수문동||水 門 洞|
|Dongha-dong||동하동||東 下 洞|
|Dongjung-dong||동중동||東 中 洞|
|Dongsang-dong||동상동||東 上 洞|
|Wai-dong||와이동||瓦 耳 洞|
|Yeokcheon-dong||역전동||驛 前 洞|
|Yeonha-dong||연하동||煙 下 洞|
|Jungjae-ri||중재리||中 斉 里|
|Hadan-ri||하단리||下 端 里|
|Ryucho-ri||류초리||柳 草 里|
|Samgyo-ri||삼교리||三 橋 里|
|Samryong-ri||삼룡리||三 龍 里|
|Sangdan-ri||상단리||上 端 里|
|Seongseo-ri||성서리||城 西 里|
|Daji-ri||다지리||多 智 里|
|Toseong-ri||토성리||土 城 里|
Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Amrok River, Sinuiju is located 7 miles south by southwest of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Amnok River to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river.
In the course of the Korean War, after being driven from P'yŏngyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved its capital to Sinŭiju- although as UNC forces approached, the government again moved - this time to Kanggye. Also, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the United States Air Force's strategic bombing of North Korea; 95 percent of the city was destroyed. However, the city has since been rebuilt.
An important light industry centre in North Korea, Sinŭiju has a plant manufacturing enamelled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships. The area has recycling plants which recycle a wide range of material, including products that are banned for recycling in China.The Sinŭiju Cosmetics Factory is located in South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju).
A substantial portion of North Korea's international trade, both legal and illegal, passes through Sinuiju and Dandong, across the Amnok River.
Since 2002, commercial life has been centred on the Chaeha-dong Market.Based on a satellite image taken on 30 October 2012, the market has been destroyed and is being made into a new park.
Sinŭiju can be reached from P'yŏngyang by air, railway and road. It can be reached from Dandong in China by crossing the Amnok River by bridge or boat. Foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong are sometimes permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they do not land.
Sinŭiju's airport has a single turf runway 03/21 measuring 3,250 by 213 feet (991 by 65 metres). Air Koryŏ operates passenger and cargo flights from P'yŏngyang.
Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is the northern terminus of the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngŭi Line from P'yŏngyang; the district is also served by several other stations on the P'yŏngŭi line, as well as the Tŏkhyŏn and Paengma lines. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong in Liaoning Province (China) by the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, which is 944 m (3,097 ft) long from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway. The factories of the city of Sinŭiju are provided with railway service via the Kang'an Line.
Sinuiju has a trolleybus line that runs from the city centre to the railway station. It was reopened in October 2020 with new trolleybuses derived from the Pyongyang Chollima-321 trolleybus.
Sinŭiju has a monsoonal humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa) with hot, humid and stormy summers and cold, dry winters with little snowfall.
|Climate data for Sinuiju (1981–2010, extremes 1957–present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||9.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||−1.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.2|
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||9.5|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.8||2.8||3.7||6.1||8.1||9.6||13.3||9.9||6.4||5.6||4.8||3.6||76.7|
|Average snowy days||4.5||3.5||2.4||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.3||2.0||4.0||17.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||63.3||60.4||62.3||65.5||71.5||78.4||85.4||82.2||74.8||68.9||66.0||63.9||70.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||199||195||227||228||237||207||163||200||220||208||169||172||2,425|
|Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration|
|Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), Meteo Climat (extremes)|
Facilities in Sinŭiju include Sinŭiju High School, Sinŭiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinŭiju Light Industry University, Sinŭiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.
There also is a Ferris wheel overlooking the Amnok River, reportedly broken.
The Yalu River, also called by Koreans the Amrok River or Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China. Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion of Paektu Mountain, the Yalu forms the border between North Korea and China. Its valley became the scene of military conflicts in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, World War II, and the Korean War of 1950-1953.
North Pyongan Province, written before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen) is a western province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former P'yŏng'an Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Sinŭiju. In 2002, Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region—near the city of Sinuiju—was established as a separately governed Special Administrative Region.
The Gyeongui Line is a railway line between Seoul Station and Dorasan Station in Paju. Korail operates the Seoul Metropolitan Subway service between Seoul Station and Imjingang Station.
Ryongch'ŏn County is a kun (county) in North P'yǒngan province, North Korea, at the mouth of the Yalu River. The county seat is Ryongch'ŏn-ŭp, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the border with China. The area has a reported population of 27,000 and is a centre of chemical and metalworking production.
Dandong, formerly known as Andong, is a coastal prefecture-level city in southeastern Liaoning province, in the northeastern region of People's Republic of China.
The Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, or China–North Korea Friendship Bridge, is a bridge across the Amnok River on the China–North Korea border. It connects the cities of Dandong in China and Sinuiju of North Korea, by railway and roadway but pedestrians are not allowed to cross between either side. The bridge serves as one of the few ways to enter or leave North Korea.
The P'yŏngŭi Line is an electrified main trunk line of the Korean State Railway of North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Sinŭiju on the border with China. It is the main corridor for overland traffic between North Korea and China, and is one of the country's most important rail lines. A bridge over the Yalu River connects Sinŭiju to the Chinese city of Dandong and the Shendan Line of the China Railway to Shenyang and Chinese points beyond.
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Sŏnch'ŏn station is a railway station in Sŏnch'ŏn-ŭp, Sŏnch'ŏn County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is on located on the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway.
Yŏmju station is a railway station in Yŏmju-ŭp, Yŏmju County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the junction point of the P'yŏngŭi and Paengma lines of the Korean State Railway.
Sinuiju Chongnyon station, also known as Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn station, is a railway station in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea. It is the northern terminus of the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway, and the starting point of the Kang'an Line, which is an industrial line serving the factories of Sinŭiju.
Sinuiju Airfield is an airport near Sinuiju, Pyongan-bukto, North Korea.
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The P'yŏngbu Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngyang to Kaesŏng in North Korea and further south across the DMZ to Seoul in South Korea; the name comes from the two (theoretical) termini of the line: P'yŏngyang and Busan.
The Shenyang–Dandong railway or Shendan Railway is a China Railway line connecting the Liaoning cities of Shenyang and Dandong, with an onward connection to Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station in Sinŭiju, North Korea, on the P'yŏngŭi Line of the Korean State Railway. The line is 277 km (172 mi) in length and is subordinate to the Shenyang Railway Bureau. It is the most important of the railway lines connecting China with the DPRK.
The Kangan Line, also spelled Kang'an Line, is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Sinŭiju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Kang'an.
The Yangsi Line was a non-electrified standard-gauge railway line of the Korean State Railway in North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Namsi (Yŏmju) on the P'yŏngŭi Line to South Sinŭiju, likewise on the P'yŏngŭi Line, with which it was merged in 1964.
China accounts for about 90 percent of North Korea’s trade. Half of that business is estimated to flow through Dandong...
Further in shore I spotted Sinuiju’s signature monument, the Ferris wheel that doesn’t move.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sinuiju .|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Sinuiju .|
Largest cities or towns in North Korea
|Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.||Rank||Name||Administrative division||Pop.|
|1||Pyongyang||Pyongyang Capital City||3,255,288||11||Sunchon||South Pyongan||297,317|| |
|2||Hamhung||South Hamgyong||768,551||12||Pyongsong||South Pyongan||284,386|
|3||Chongjin||North Hamgyong||667,929||13||Haeju||South Hwanghae||273,300|
|4||Nampo||South Pyongan Province||366,815||14||Kanggye||Chagang||251,971|
|6||Sinuiju||North Pyongan||359,341||16||Tokchon||South Pyongan||237,133|
|7||Tanchon||South Hamgyong||345,875||17||Kimchaek||North Hamgyong||207,299|
|8||Kaechon||South Pyongan||319,554||18||Rason||Rason Special Economic Zone||196,954|
|9||Kaesong||North Hwanghae||308,440||19||Kusong||North Pyongan||196,515|