Sinuiju

Last updated
Sinŭiju
신의주시
  transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   Revised Romanization Sinuiju-si
   McCune-Reischauer Sinŭiju-si
Aerial view of Downtown Sinuiju.jpg
Aerial view of Downtown Sinŭiju, from Dandong, China
Motto: 
The emblem Magnolia.
Sinuiju City in North Phyongan Province.svg
Map of North Pyongan showing the location of Sinŭiju
Sinuiju
North Korea adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sinŭiju
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 40°06′N124°24′E / 40.100°N 124.400°E / 40.100; 124.400 Coordinates: 40°06′N124°24′E / 40.100°N 124.400°E / 40.100; 124.400
CountryFlag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
Province North P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions 49 tong,
9 ri
Area
  Total180 km2 (70 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
  Total359,341 [1]
  Dialect
P'yŏngan
Time zone UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

Sinŭiju (Sinŭiju-si, Korean pronunciation:  [si.nɰi.dzu] ; known before 1925 in English as Yeng Byen City [2] [3] ) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong, Liaoning, China across the international border of the Yalu River. It is the capital of North P'yŏngan province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy. In recent years, the city, despite lagging behind the development in the capital Pyongyang, has seen a small construction boom[ contradictory ] and increasing tourism from China. [4]

Contents

Geography

A park near the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge Park near Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge - Sinuiju (DPRK).jpg
A park near the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge
A large square in the center of Sinuiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung Sinuiju main square & Kim Il Sung statue.jpg
A large square in the center of Sinŭiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung
Map of Sinuiju and Dandong (An-tung) Txu-oclc-6614368-nk51-12a.jpg
Map of Sinŭiju and Dandong (An-tung)

Sinŭiju is bordered by the Amnok River, and by P'ihyŏn and Ryongch'ŏn counties. The city's altitude is 1 metre (4 feet) above sea level. There are several islands at the mouth of the Amnok River - Wihwa-do, Rim-do, Ryuch'o-do and Tongryuch'o-do.

Administrative divisions

Sinuiju city is the heart of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region. The city is currently divided into 49 tong (neighbourhoods) and 9 ri (villages):

Name Chosŏn'gŭl Hanja
5-1-dong (O-il-dong)5-1동 (오일동)
Apkang-dong압강동
Chaeha-dong채하동
Chinseon 1-dong친선1동
Chinseon 2-dong친선2동
Cheongsong-dong청송동
Haebang-dong해방동
Kaehyeok-dong개혁동
Koseong-dong고성동 城洞
Keunhwa-dong근화동
Majeon-dong마전동
Minpho-dong민포동
Namha-dong남하동
Namjung-dong남중동
Nammin-dong남민동
Namsang-dong남상동
Namseo-dong남서동 西
Namsong-dong남송동
Baekun-dong백운동
Baeksa-dong백사동
Baekto-dong백토동
Bangjik-tong방직동
Bonbu-dong본부동
Panmun-dong판문동
Pungseo 1-dong풍서1동 西
Pungseo 2-dong풍서2동 西
Pyeonghwa-dong평화동
Ragwon 1-dong락원1동
Ragwon 2-dong락원2동
Rakcheong 1-dong락청1동
Rakcheong 2-dong락청2동
Ryeonsang 1-dong련상1동
Ryeonsang 2-dong련상2동
Ryusang 1-dong류상1동
Ryusang 2-dong류상2동
Sinnam-dong신남동
Sinpo-dong신포동
Sinwon-dong신원동
Seokha 1-dong석하1동
Seokha 2-dong석하2동
Songhan-dong송한동
Seonsang-dong선상동
Sumun-dong수문동
Dongha-dong동하동
Dongjung-dong동중동
Dongsang-dong동상동
Wai-dong와이동
Yeokcheon-dong역전동
Yeonha-dong연하동
Jungjae-ri중재리
Hadan-ri하단리
Ryucho-ri류초리
Samgyo-ri삼교리
Samryong-ri삼룡리
Sangdan-ri 상단리
Seongseo-ri성서리 西
Daji-ri 다지리
Toseong-ri토성리

History

Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Amrok River, Sinuiju is located 11 km (7 miles) south by southwest of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Amnok River to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river.

In the course of the Korean War, after being driven from P'yŏngyang, Kim Il Sung and his government temporarily moved its capital to Sinŭiju [5] [6] - although as UNC forces approached, the government again moved - this time to Kanggye. [6] Also, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the United States Air Force's strategic bombing of North Korea; 95 percent of the city was destroyed. [7] However, the city has since been rebuilt.

In 2018, a master plan for the redevelopment of the city was unveiled and shown to Kim Jong-un, which would have featured many high rise buildings and parks, centered around the road leading to the statues of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. Ultimately, this plan has yet to be fulfilled, with the only major work completed being the repaving of roads leading to the statues and the red coloured, circular apartment building behind and the Sinuiju Youth Open Air Theatre's completion, although the industrial areas in the city have seen some reconstruction. [8]

Economy

Waterfront on the Amnok River Waterfront at Sinuiji.jpg
Waterfront on the Amnok River

An important light industry centre in North Korea, Sinŭiju has a plant manufacturing enamelled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships. The area has recycling plants which recycle a wide range of material, including products that are banned for recycling in China. [9] [10] [11] The Sinŭiju Cosmetics Factory is located in South Sinŭiju (Namsinŭiju).

Trade with China

A substantial portion of North Korea's international trade, both legal and illegal, passes through Sinuiju and Dandong, across the Yalu River. [12]

Central market

Since 2002, commercial life has been centred on the Chaeha-dong Market. [13] Based on a satellite image taken on 30 October 2012, the market has been destroyed and is being made into a new park. [13]

Transportation

Sinuiju Ch'ongnyon Railway Station Sinuiju Railway Station DPRK.jpg
Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Railway Station

Sinŭiju can be reached from P'yŏngyang by air, railway and road. It can be reached from Dandong in China by crossing the Amnok River by bridge or boat. Foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong are sometimes permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they do not land. [14]

Air

Sinŭiju's airport has a single turf runway 03/21 measuring 991 metres by 61 metres (3250 feet by 213 feet). [15] Air Koryŏ operates passenger and cargo flights from P'yŏngyang.

Rail

Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is the northern terminus of the Korean State Railway's P'yŏngŭi Line from P'yŏngyang; the district is also served by several other stations on the P'yŏngŭi line, as well as the Tŏkhyŏn and Paengma lines. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong in Liaoning Province (China) by the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, which is 944 m (3,097 ft) long from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway. The factories of the city of Sinŭiju are provided with railway service via the Kang'an Line.

Urban transit

Sinuiju has a trolleybus line that runs from the city centre to the railway station. It was reopened in October 2020 with new trolleybuses derived from the Pyongyang Chollima-321 trolleybus. It formerly had another line running from the Sinuiju Chongnyon Station to Ragwon Machine Complex that closed between 2005 and 2009 with the reconstruction of the highway with a shifted alignment. [16]

Climate

Sinŭiju has a monsoonal humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa) with hot, humid and stormy summers and cold, dry winters with little snowfall.

Climate data for Sinuiju (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1957–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
15.5
(59.9)
22.0
(71.6)
28.4
(83.1)
32.0
(89.6)
37.0
(98.6)
36.9
(98.4)
37.1
(98.8)
33.0
(91.4)
28.9
(84.0)
21.5
(70.7)
13.9
(57.0)
37.1
(98.8)
Average high °C (°F)−0.8
(30.6)
2.9
(37.2)
8.8
(47.8)
16.1
(61.0)
22.0
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.2
(84.6)
25.6
(78.1)
18.3
(64.9)
8.7
(47.7)
0.5
(32.9)
15.5
(59.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.2
(20.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.2
(37.8)
10.1
(50.2)
16.2
(61.2)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
19.7
(67.5)
12.2
(54.0)
3.6
(38.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Average low °C (°F)−10.3
(13.5)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.4
(41.7)
11.5
(52.7)
17.0
(62.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70.0)
15.1
(59.2)
7.5
(45.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F)−25.0
(−13.0)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.0
(37.4)
10.7
(51.3)
10.0
(50.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−5.3
(22.5)
−15.0
(5.0)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.9
(0.23)
14.9
(0.59)
20.3
(0.80)
53.7
(2.11)
85.0
(3.35)
122.6
(4.83)
251.9
(9.92)
241.3
(9.50)
95.7
(3.77)
78.8
(3.10)
37.2
(1.46)
13.6
(0.54)
1,020.9
(40.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.13.23.86.47.79.812.610.45.75.65.24.076.5
Average snowy days3.53.12.10.30.10.00.00.00.00.11.94.415.5
Average relative humidity (%)60.259.961.863.770.078.084.281.773.768.065.662.569.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1991952272282372071632002202081691722,425
Source 1: Korea Meteorological Administration [17]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990), [18] [19] [lower-alpha 1] Meteo Climat (extremes) [20]

Places of interest

Ferris wheel in Sinuiju Never moving ferris wheel in Sinuiju (DPRK).jpg
Ferris wheel in Sinuiju

Facilities in Sinŭiju include Sinŭiju High School, Sinŭiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinŭiju Light Industry University, Sinŭiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.

There also is a Ferris wheel overlooking the Yalu River, reportedly broken. [21]

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. Station ID for Sinuiju is 47035 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

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References

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Further reading