Sinuiju Special Administrative Region

Last updated
Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region
Flag of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region.svg
Emblem of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region.svg
Map of Sinuiju SAR (EN).svg
Map of Sinuiju Special Administrative Region, with the region highlighted in pink
Country North Korea
Region Kwansŏ
Government
  TypeSpecial Administrative Region with its own Basic Law
Area
  Total132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population
 (1998 (est.))
  Total349,500
  Density2,600/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Dialect P'yŏngan
Split from North P'yŏngan in 2002.
Sinuiju Special Administrative Region
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Sinuiju Teukbyeol Haengjeonggu
McCune–Reischauer Sinŭiju T'ŭkpyŏl Haengjŏnggu
Sinuiju
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised Romanization Sinuiju
McCune–Reischauer Sinŭiju
A train station in Sinuiju City, Sinuiju SAR. Sinuiju Railway Station DPRK.jpg
A train station in Sinŭiju City, Sinuiju SAR.

Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region is a special administrative region (SAR) of North Korea proclaimed in 2002 (but has yet to be put into "de facto" operation), on the border with China. It was established in September 2002 [1] in an area including parts of Sinŭiju and the surrounding area, in an attempt to introduce market economics, and is directly governed as in the case of "Directly Governed Cities". The special administrative region was modelled after China's Special Administrative Regions (SARs), Hong Kong and Macau, and, like them, has a "Basic Law" (기본법; Kibonpŏp).

Contents

Chinese-Dutch businessman Yang Bin was appointed to be the first governor by the SPA Presidium in 2002. Before he formally assumed his post, he was arrested by Chinese authorities and sentenced to 18 years in prison for tax evasion and other economic crimes. While the North Korean authorities soon announced that the development of the Sinŭiju SAR would continue and the SAR was put under the administration of its Commission of Foreign Economic Cooperation Promotion, the plans for the SAR seem to have been abandoned. As of April 2008, the SAR reforms still have not been put into effect, and it is widely believed[ who? ] that North Korea has abandoned the project after the governor's arrest. Julie Sa (沙日香) was appointed governor in 2004. [2]

Between 2013 and 2018, a smaller Sinuiju International Economic Zone was developed, backed by the state-owned Sinuiju Zone Development Corporation. It hopes to develop high value projects such as software development, computer manufacturing and trade-related services. [3]

Area included in the Special Administrative Region

The order below follows the order given in the original decree (in Korean) .

Sinŭiju city (신의주시; 新義州市)

Ŭiju county (의주군; 義州郡)

Yŏmju county (염주군; 鹽州郡)

Ch'ŏlsan county (철산군; 鐵山郡)

Due to the areas included in the Special Administrative Region, it is not one single contiguous region, as to get from Sinŭiju city to Yŏmju county, one must pass through another county outside the region first.

Transportation

The SAR is served by rail at the Sinuiju Cheongnyeon Station. This station is a terminus station for trains from Pyongyang. Rail traffic from the station continues across the Sino–Korean Friendship Bridge over to China over the Yalu River. Public transport consists of trolleybuses.

Economy

A few factories exist in Sinuiju, some producing consumer products for local use. [4]

Related Research Articles

Kaesong Special City in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea

Kaesong (개성) is a special city in the southern part of North Korea, and the capital of Korea during the Taebong kingdom and subsequent Goryeo dynasty. The city is near the Kaesong Industrial Region close to the border with South Korea and contains the remains of the Manwoldae palace. Called Songdo while it was the ancient capital of Goryeo, the city prospered as a trade centre that produced Korean ginseng. Kaesong now functions as the DPRK's light industry centre.

Administrative divisions of North Korea

The administrative divisions of North Korea are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were created in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces and four special municipalities. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, dongs (neighborhoods), ris (villages), and workers’ districts.

Rason Special city in Kwanbuk, North Korea

Rason is a North Korean city and ice-free port in the Sea of Japan in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

Songgan County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Songgan County is a kun, or county, in central Chagang province, North Korea. It borders Rangrim to the east, Wiwon to the west, Kanggye to the north and Chonchon and Ryongrim to the south. It was formed in 1952 from parts of Chonchon and Changgang, as part of a general reorganization of local government.

Seongdong District Autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Seongdong District (Seongdong-gu) is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. It is situated on the north bank of the Han River. It is divided into 20 dong (neighbourhoods).

Seongbuk District Autonomous District in Sudogwon, South Korea

Seongbuk District (Seongbuk-gu) is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. It is located in the mid-north part of the city. The current Mayor is Kim Young-bae (김영배), who has been mayor since July 1, 2010.

Four Commanderies of Han Chinese commanderies set up to control the populace in the former Gojoseon area

The Four Commanderies of Han were Chinese commanderies located in the north of the Korean Peninsula and part of the Liaodong Peninsula from around the end of the second century BC through the early 4th AD, for the longest lasting. The commanderies were set up to control the populace in the former Gojoseon area as far south as the Han River, with a core area at Lelang near present-day Pyongyang by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty in early 2nd century BC after his conquest of Wiman Joseon. As such, these commanderies are seen as Chinese colonies by some scholars. Though disputed by North Korean scholars, Western sources generally describe the Lelang Commandery as existing within the Korean peninsula, and extend the rule of the four commanderies as far south as the Han River. However, South Korean scholars assumed its administrative areas to Pyongan and Hwanghae provinces.

Sadong-guyŏk, or Sadong District, is one of the 18 guyŏk, and one of the six, that constitute East Pyongyang, North Korea. It is on the eastern bank of the Taedong River, and the mouth of the Nam River. It is north of Ryŏkp'o-guyŏk, east of Taedonggang-guyŏk and north east of Tongdaewŏn-guyŏk. It was established in September 1959.

Hyŏngjesan-guyŏk, or Hyŏngjesan District is one of the 18 guyŏk that constitute Pyongyang, North Korea.

Sunan-guyŏk, or Sunan District is one of the 18 guyŏk that constitute Pyongyang, North Korea.

Mangyongdae-guyok

Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk or Man'gyŏngdae District (Korean: 만경대구역) is one of the 18 guyŏk (wards) that constitute P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It began as a village, Man'gyŏngdae-ri, South P'yŏngan Province and became a district of P'yŏngyang in September 1959. The area is surrounded by several hills, the highest one named Man'gyŏng Hill because one can enjoy a bird's-eye view of the surrounding scenic landscape, and the village at its foot is called Man'gyŏngdae. Man'gyŏngdae was the birthplace of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung.

Xiuyu District District in Fujian, Peoples Republic of China

Xiuyu District is a district of the city of Putian, Fujian, People's Republic of China. The district executive, legislature and judiciary are in Hushi Town (笏石镇), together with the CPC and PSB branches.

Suxian District District in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Suxian District is one of two urban districts in the prefecture-level city of Chenzhou, Hunan province, China.

Jangdan-myeon Myeon in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea

Jangdan-myeon is a myeon (township) under the administration of Paju, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. As of 2019, it administers the following eight villages:

References

  1. in 12 Sept. 2002 by the Standing Committee of Supreme People's Assembly
  2. Californian May Oversee N. Korea Economic Zone, Los Angeles Times , September 8, 2004
  3. Clément, Théo (28 October 2019). "Failed Attempts at Cross-Border Economic Integration: The View from Sinuiju". 38 North. The Henry L. Stimson Center. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  4. "Sinuiju Travel Guide | KTG® Tours | North Korea".

Coordinates: 40°06′02″N124°23′37″E / 40.10056°N 124.39361°E / 40.10056; 124.39361