Siping, Jilin

Last updated
Siping

四平市
Siping Martyr Cenotaph 2017.jpg
Siping martyr cenotaph, in Siping
Location of Siping Prefecture within Jilin (China).png
Location of Siping City (yellow) in Jilin (light grey) and China
China Jilin location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Siping
Location of the city centre in Jilin
Coordinates(Siping municipal government): 43°10′00″N124°21′02″E / 43.1668°N 124.3506°E / 43.1668; 124.3506 Coordinates: 43°10′00″N124°21′02″E / 43.1668°N 124.3506°E / 43.1668; 124.3506
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
County-level divisions 7
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Siping SecretaryHan Fuchun
  MayorGuo Lingji
Area
   Prefecture-level city 14,323 km2 (5,530 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017) [1]
118.11 km2 (45.60 sq mi)
Elevation
164 m (538 ft)
Population
 (2010)
   Prefecture-level city 3,386,325
  Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2017) [1]
680,600
  Urban density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
136000
Area code(s) 0434
ISO 3166 code CN-JL-03
GDP CN¥320.66 billion (2006)
License Plate Prefix吉C
Major Nationalities Han: 91.6%
Website siping.gov.cn

Siping (Chinese :四平; pinyin :Sìpíng), formerly Ssupingkai (四平街; Sìpíngjiē), is a prefecture-level city in the west of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. Located in the middle of the Songliao Plain and at the intersection of Jilin, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia, Siping covers an area of 14,323 km2 (5,530 sq mi). At the 2015 census, Siping has a total population of 3.36 million while the urban population is 625,000.[ citation needed ]

Contents

History

Siping's history can be stretched to 3000 years ago during Shang Dynasty. The Kingdom of Yan Ruins indicate that the Han Chinese People started moving into Northeast region of China during the Spring and Autumn period. Ancient ethnic tribes such as the Fuyu, the Goguryeo, the Khitans, the Jurchen, the Mongols, the Manchus, and Koreans have left behind cultural artifacts, including Hanzhou, Xinzhou, and the Yehe Tribe Cultural Artifacts.

Yehe Town in Siping is also the hometown of two empresses of the Qing Dynasty, Empress Dowager Cixi and Empress Dowager Longyu. [2]

However, Siping was a place of little importance until the completion of the railway between Changchun and the port of Dalian in 1902. With a rapidly growing population, Siping became a regional commercial center. After 1907, Siping's economy experienced steady growth under the administration of the South Manchuria Railway Company. The construction of a railway linked to Baicheng in northwestern Jilin Province was completed in 1923, while a railway running south to Tonghua and to Korean Peninsula was built in 1939. A new town was built after 1921, going by the name Ssupingkai. After 1932, under the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, some agriculture-based industry including brewing, oil pressing and flour milling grew up. In the latter part of World War II, the Japanese completed a project in the construction of a refinery for the production of synthetic petroleum from coal.

Communist troops in the Battle of Siping. Battle of Siping02.jpg
Communist troops in the Battle of Siping.

Siping was the site of several major battles during the Chinese Civil War between the Chinese Communist and Nationalist forces from 1945 to 1949. [3] After the war, Siping was virtually destroyed. [4]

Siping grew rapidly after the Communist government was established in 1949, being the third largest city in Jilin Province.

Geography and climate

Siping is located in the transition between plains and hilly terrain, with hills to the southeast and the Songliao Plain to the northwest. The city has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, due to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, with a January mean temperature of −13.2 °C (8.2 °F). Spring and fall are somewhat short transitional periods, with some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers are hot and humid, with a prevailing southeasterly wind due to the East Asian monsoon; July averages 23.7 °C (74.7 °F). Snow is usually light during the winter, and annual rainfall is heavily concentrated from June to August. The annual mean temperature is 7.12 °C (44.8 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in July to 71% in January and February, there are 2,684 hours of bright sunshine annually, with autumn and winter being especially sunny.

Climate data for Siping, Jilin (1981−2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−7.5
(18.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
5.4
(41.7)
15.7
(60.3)
22.6
(72.7)
27.1
(80.8)
28.1
(82.6)
27.5
(81.5)
22.9
(73.2)
14.7
(58.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−13.2
(8.2)
−8.4
(16.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.6
(49.3)
16.6
(61.9)
21.6
(70.9)
23.7
(74.7)
22.7
(72.9)
16.6
(61.9)
8.4
(47.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−10.0
(14.0)
7.1
(44.8)
Average low °C (°F)−17.9
(−0.2)
−13.5
(7.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
3.6
(38.5)
10.6
(51.1)
16.4
(61.5)
19.7
(67.5)
18.3
(64.9)
10.9
(51.6)
2.9
(37.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−14.4
(6.1)
2.1
(35.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)5.8
(0.23)
5.1
(0.20)
16.8
(0.66)
28.2
(1.11)
50.2
(1.98)
89.1
(3.51)
167.6
(6.60)
148.9
(5.86)
43.9
(1.73)
26.9
(1.06)
14.5
(0.57)
7.2
(0.28)
604.2
(23.79)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)4.44.45.17.310.412.715.312.08.56.85.44.797.0
Average relative humidity (%)66595248526478786962626563
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.0209.2249.2246.3263.6246.0212.2222.5241.1225.5182.8181.12,683.5
Percent possible sunshine 71716862595446526466636561
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 19712000) [5] [6]

Administrative divisions

Siping prefecture includes two districts, two counties and two county-level cities. Four commodity grain bases in Jinlin Province, namely Lishu County, Yitong Manchu Autonomous County, and Shuangliao City, are under the administration of Siping.Gongzhuling City is under the administration of Jilin Province.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2013 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
Tiexi District 铁西区Tiěxī Qū2.7 ten thousand1621,721
Tiedong District 铁东区Tiědōng Qū3.7 ten thousand945354
Shuangliao City 双辽市Shuāngliáo Shì4.1 ten thousand3,121135
Lishu County 梨树县Líshù Xiàn7.9 ten thousand3,545221
Yitong Manchu Autonomous County 伊通满族自治县Yītōng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn4.7 ten thousand2,523188

Economy

Siping has GDP of RMB 1266.3 billion Yuan in 2015, representing a rise of 6.4% year on year. [7] The city's GDP ranked fourth in Jilin Province(2010). Agricultural products processing, electricity and thermal power, pharmaceutical, and chemicals are the pillar industries. Private economy is also a major contributor of the industrial sector.

Transport

Siping is a transportation hub in Jilin Province. The Qiqihar-Siping, Siping-Meihekou and Beijing–Harbin railways The city is served by both the Siping Railway Station and Siping East Railway Station ( IATA : OSQ).The Harbin-Beijing Highspeed Railway also run through the Siping East Railway Station.The new airport will be completed in 2030.

With the Highway, the city run through Beijing-Harbin highway, JiTong highway, Daqiang-Guangzhou Highway, Changchun-Shenzhen Expressway, ChangYing highway, TieChao highway (Beijing-Siping highway), Yi Liao Expressway and Changchun-Liaoyuan highway. The city of Siping also has a ring first grade highway, which is connected to the 102 National Road and 303 National Road in the four directions.

Siping is 550 kilometers away from Dalian international shipping center. It is only 1 hours away from Changchun Longjia Airport and Shenyang Taoxian International Airport. The Siping local dual-use airport is about to open domestic flights.

Notable people

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

Jilin Province of China

Jilin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China. Its capital and largest city is Changchun. Jilin borders North Korea and Russia to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west. Along with the rest of Northeast China, Jilin underwent an early period of industrialization. However, Jilin's economy, characterized by heavy industry, has been facing economic difficulties with privatization. This prompted the central government to undertake a campaign called "Revitalize the Northeast". The region contains large deposits of oil shale.

Changchun Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China. Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun is administered as a sub-provincial city, comprising 7 districts, 1 county and 2 county-level cities. According to the 2010 census of China, Changchun had a total population of 7,674,439 under its jurisdiction. The city's metro area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010, as the Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet. It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin.

Qiqihar Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Qiqihar is the second-largest city in the Heilongjiang province of China, in the west central part of the province. The built-up area made up of Longsha, Tiefeng and Jianhua districts had 979,517 inhabitants, while the total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,367,003 at the 2010 census. These are mainly Han Chinese, though the city is also home to thirty-four minorities including Manchus, Daur, and Mongols.

Jilin City Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Jilin City Is the second-largest city and former capital of Jilin province in northeast China. As of the 2010 census, 4,413,517 people resided within its administrative area of 27,166.37 square kilometres (10,488.99 sq mi) and 1,975,121 in its built-up area consisting of four urban districts. A prefecture-level city, it is the only major city nationally that shares its name with its province.

Taian Prefecture-level city in Shandong, Peoples Republic of China

Tai'an is a prefecture-level city in Western Shandong Province of the People's Republic of China. Centered on Mount Tai, the city borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Zibo to the east, Linyi to the southeast, Liaocheng to the extreme west and Jining to the south. To the west, Tai'an is separated from the province of Henan by the Yellow River.

Mudanjiang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Mudanjiang, alternately romanized as Mutankiang, is a prefecture-level city in the southeast part of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It was called Botankou under Japanese occupation. It serves as a regional transport hub with a railway junction and an international airport connecting with several major Chinese cities as well as Incheon International Airport serving Seoul. Mudanjiang is located 248 km (154 mi) from Vladivostok, Russia. In 2011 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 93.48 billion with a 15.1% growth rate. In 2015 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 118.63 billion.

Gongzhuling County-level & Sub-prefectural city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Gongzhuling is a county-level city under the administration of Changchun. It is located in western Jilin province of Northeast China, halfway between Siping and Changchun, along the main railway line in the Northeast. Major employers in the city include Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, located on the north side of the railway and several factories which manufacture auto parts. There is major military presence in the area, including a PLA base and a military airport.

Tongliao Prefecture-level city in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China

Tongliao is a prefecture-level city in eastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. The area is 59,535 square kilometres (22,987 sq mi) and population is 3,139,153 ; the city proper has 898,895 inhabitants (2010). The city was the administrative centre of the defunct Jirem League.

Baicheng Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Baicheng is a prefecture-level city in the northwestern part of Jilin province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north and west and Heilongjiang to the east and northeast. At the 2010 census, 2,033,058 people lived within its administrative area of 25,683 km2 (9,916 sq mi).

Liaoyuan Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Liaoyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China. It is bounded on the west and south by Tieling of Liaoning province, west and north by Siping, and east by Tonghua and Jilin City. Liaoyuan lies some 100 km (62 mi) south of Changchun, the provincial capital. Covering an area of 5,125 km2 (1,979 sq mi), Liaoyuan is the smallest among the prefecture-level divisions of Jilin. Liaoyuan has a total population of 1,176,645 in the prefecture, while the urban area has a population of 462,233.

Jixi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Yuncheng Prefecture-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

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Beijing–Harbin railway

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Pengzhou County-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

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Linjiang County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

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Suifenhe County-level & Sub-prefectural city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Anda, Heilongjiang County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Tonghe County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Siping East railway station

Siping East railway station is a railway station of the Harbin–Dalian section of the Beijing–Harbin High-Speed Railway. It is located in Siping, in the Jilin province of China. It is one of two railway stations in the city, the other being Siping railway station.

References

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